使用Mongodb 做对象缓存

mongodb高效的访问速度,用来快速存取数据再合适不过了,缓存神马的,可以用这个的

另外,有的时候,如果仅仅存储几条数据,单独去建立一张表代价太大,这个时候,不妨试试这个

 

先发一个mongodb数据访问帮助类

public class MongdbHelper : IDisposable { public MongoServer Server { get; private set; } public MongoDB.Driver.MongoDatabase Database { get; private set; } public MongoCollection DataSet { get; set; } public MongdbHelper( string dbName, string tableName) { Server = MongoServer.Create("mongodb://localhost/?socketTimeoutMS=2400000"); Database = Server.GetDatabase(dbName); DataSet = Database.GetCollection(tableName); } public MongdbHelper(string connectionString, string dbName, string tableName) { Server = MongoServer.Create(connectionString); Database = Server.GetDatabase(dbName); DataSet = Database.GetCollection(tableName); } public void Dispose() { Server.Disconnect(); } public static List GetOnColumn(string dbName, string tableName, string column, Func convert) { try { using (MongdbHelper db = new MongdbHelper(dbName, tableName)) { List results = new List(); var r = db.DataSet.FindAll(); r.SetFields(column); foreach (var c in r) { results.Add(convert(c[column])); } return results; } } catch { return null; } } public static bool IsExist(string dbName, string tableName, string column, object value) { try { using (MongdbHelper db = new MongdbHelper(dbName, tableName)) { IMongoQuery query = new QueryDocument() { { column, value.ToString() } }; var results = db.DataSet.FindOne(query); return results != null; } } catch { return false; } } }

 

再来看具体的实现:

原理:将对象通过序列化操作后以二进制的方式存储到mongodb中

存实现:

/// 
        /// 存储数据
        /// 
        /// 
        /// 
        /// 
        public static void Set(string key, T value)
        {
            try
            {
                using (MongdbHelper db = new MongdbHelper(DefaultDbName, DefaultTableName))
                {
                    IMongoQuery query = new QueryDocument()
                {
                    {"Key",key}
                };
                    var document = db.DataSet.FindOne(query);
                    if (document != null)
                    {
                        document["Value"] = SerializeHelper.BinarySerialize(value);
                        document["Type"] = value.GetType().Name;
                        document["Date"] = DateTime.Now.ToString();
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        IDictionary newDict = new Dictionary();
                        newDict.Add("Value", SerializeHelper.BinarySerialize(value));
                        newDict.Add("Key", key);
                        newDict.Add("Type", value.GetType().Name);
                        newDict.Add("Date", DateTime.Now.ToString());
                        document = new BsonDocument(newDict);
                    }
                    db.DataSet.Save(document);
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                throw new Exception("保存数据出错", ex);
            }
        }

取实现:

/// 
        /// 获取对象
        /// 
        /// 
        /// 
        /// 
        public static T Get(string key)
        {
            using (MongdbHelper db = new MongdbHelper(DefaultDbName, DefaultTableName))
            {

                IDictionary dict = new Dictionary();
                dict.Add("Key", key);

                IMongoQuery query = new QueryDocument()
                {
                    {"Key",key}
                };

                // 查询
                var document = db.DataSet.FindOne(query);

                if (document != null)
                {
                    try
                    {
                        byte[] bytes = ((MongoDB.Bson.BsonBinaryData)document["Value"]).Bytes;

                        #region 反序列化字节数组

                        if (string.Equals(document["Type"].ToString(), typeof(T).Name, StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase))
                        {
                            return SerializeHelper.BinaryDeSerialize(bytes);
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            return default(T);
                        }

                        #endregion
                    }
                    catch
                    {
                        return default(T);
                    }
                }
                return default(T);

            }
        }

另外,为了方便存储单个对象的数据,例如配置信息,增加下面两个方法:

/// 
        /// 存储对象 
        /// 适用于只有单个对象或单条记录的数据,例如系统配置
        /// 
        /// 
        /// 
        public static void Set(T value)
        {
            Set(typeof(T).Name, value);
        }

        /// 
        /// 获取对象
        /// 适用于只有单个对象或单条记录的数据,例如系统配置
        /// 
        /// 
        /// 
        public static T Ge()
        {
            return Get(typeof(T).Name);
        }

 

完整代码:

public class SerializeHelper
    {
        /// 
        /// 反序列化
        /// 
        /// 
        /// 
        /// 
        public static T BinaryDeSerialize(byte[] serializedObject)
        {
            MemoryStream serializationStream = new MemoryStream();
            serializationStream.Write(serializedObject, 0, serializedObject.Length);
            serializationStream.Seek(0L, SeekOrigin.Begin);
            object obj2 = new BinaryFormatter().Deserialize(serializationStream);
            serializationStream.Close();
            serializationStream.Dispose();
            return (T)obj2;
        }

        /// 
        /// 序列化
        /// 
        /// 
        /// 
        public static byte[] BinarySerialize(object obj)
        {
            MemoryStream serializationStream = new MemoryStream();
            new BinaryFormatter().Serialize(serializationStream, obj);
            serializationStream.Seek(0L, SeekOrigin.Begin);
            byte[] buffer = serializationStream.ToArray();
            serializationStream.Close();
            serializationStream.Dispose();
            return buffer;
        }
    }

    /// 
    /// 简易的mongodb数据存储服务
    /// 
    public class DataService
    {
        /// 
        /// 数据接名
        /// 
        static string DefaultDbName = "MongodbService";

        static string DefaultTableName = "DataSet";

 
        /// 
        /// 获取对象
        /// 
        /// 
        /// 
        /// 
        public static T Get(string key)
        {
            using (MongdbHelper db = new MongdbHelper(DefaultDbName, DefaultTableName))
            {

                IDictionary dict = new Dictionary();
                dict.Add("Key", key);

                IMongoQuery query = new QueryDocument()
                {
                    {"Key",key}
                };

                // 查询
                var document = db.DataSet.FindOne(query);

                if (document != null)
                {
                    try
                    {
                        byte[] bytes = ((MongoDB.Bson.BsonBinaryData)document["Value"]).Bytes;

                        #region 反序列化字节数组

                        if (string.Equals(document["Type"].ToString(), typeof(T).Name, StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase))
                        {
                            return SerializeHelper.BinaryDeSerialize(bytes);
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            return default(T);
                        }

                        #endregion
                    }
                    catch
                    {
                        return default(T);
                    }
                }
                return default(T);

            }
        }

        /// 
        /// 存储数据
        /// 
        /// 
        /// 
        /// 
        public static void Set(string key, T value)
        {
            try
            {
                using (MongdbHelper db = new MongdbHelper(DefaultDbName, DefaultTableName))
                {
                    IMongoQuery query = new QueryDocument()
                {
                    {"Key",key}
                };
                    var document = db.DataSet.FindOne(query);
                    if (document != null)
                    {
                        document["Value"] = SerializeHelper.BinarySerialize(value);
                        document["Type"] = value.GetType().Name;
                        document["Date"] = DateTime.Now.ToString();
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        IDictionary newDict = new Dictionary();
                        newDict.Add("Value", SerializeHelper.BinarySerialize(value));
                        newDict.Add("Key", key);
                        newDict.Add("Type", value.GetType().Name);
                        newDict.Add("Date", DateTime.Now.ToString());
                        document = new BsonDocument(newDict);
                    }
                    db.DataSet.Save(document);
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                throw new Exception("保存数据出错", ex);
            }
        }


        /// 
        /// 存储对象 
        /// 适用于只有单个对象或单条记录的数据,例如系统配置
        /// 
        /// 
        /// 
        public static void Set(T value)
        {
            Set(typeof(T).Name, value);
        }

        /// 
        /// 获取对象
        /// 适用于只有单个对象或单条记录的数据,例如系统配置
        /// 
        /// 
        /// 
        public static T Ge()
        {
            return Get(typeof(T).Name);
        }

    }

 

使用举例:

有这个一个用户类:

/// 
    /// 简易的用户模型
    /// 
    [Serializable]
    public class UserModel
    {
        public int UserId
        {
            get;
            set;
        }

        public string UserName
        {
            get;
            set;
        }

        public string Name
        {
            get;
            set;
        }
    }

可以用这样的方式来进行存取:

public UserModel CurrentUser
        {
            get
            {
                if (currentUser == null)
                {
                    if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(CurrentUserName))
                    {
                        currentUser = DataService.Get(this.CurrentUserName);

                        if (currentUser == null)
                        {
                            var user = IoC.Resolve().FindByAccountName(CurrentUserName);
                            if (user != null)
                            {
                                currentUser = new UserModel
                                {
                                    UserName = CurrentUserName,
                                    Name = user.Name,
                                    UserId = user.ID
                                };

                                // 保存到mongodb 长久存储
                                DataService.Set(this.CurrentUserName, currentUser);
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
                return currentUser;
            }
        }
posted @ 2012-03-15 14:28  JadePeng  阅读(4907)  评论(1编辑  收藏  举报