应用程序框架实战二十六:查询对象

  信息系统的查询需求千变万化,在仓储中为每个查询需求创建一个特殊方法,将导致大量乏味而臃肿的接口。

  一种更加可行的办法是,在应用层服务中描述查询需求,并通过仓储执行查询。

  为了能够更好的描述查询需求,可以将查询功能从仓储中抽取出来,专门创建一个查询对象。

  查询最复杂的部分是条件过滤,这也是查询对象的主要职责。查询对象可以认为是规约模式的一个变种,允许查询对象动态创建查询条件。

  在Util.Domains项目Repositories目录中,创建查询对象基接口IQueryBase,代码如下。

using System;
using System.Linq.Expressions;

namespace Util.Domains.Repositories {
    /// <summary>
    /// 查询对象
    /// </summary>
    /// <typeparam name="TEntity">实体类型</typeparam>
    public interface IQueryBase<TEntity> : IPager where TEntity : class, IAggregateRoot {
        /// <summary>
        /// 获取谓词
        /// </summary>
        Expression<Func<TEntity, bool>> GetPredicate();
        /// <summary>
        /// 获取排序
        /// </summary>
        string GetOrderBy();
    }
}

  IQueryBase接口主要用来支持将查询对象传入仓储中。

  在仓储接口IRepository中增加两个方法,代码如下。

        /// <summary>
        /// 查询
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="query">查询对象</param>
        IQueryable<TEntity> Query( IQueryBase<TEntity> query );
        /// <summary>
        /// 分页查询
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="query">查询对象</param>
        PagerList<TEntity> PagerQuery( IQueryBase<TEntity> query );

  在仓储类Repository中实现这两个方法,代码如下。

        /// <summary>
        /// 查询
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="query">查询对象</param>
        public IQueryable<TEntity> Query( IQueryBase<TEntity> query ) {
            return FilterBy( Find(), query );
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 过滤
        /// </summary>
        protected IQueryable<TEntity> FilterBy( IQueryable<TEntity> queryable, IQueryBase<TEntity> query ) {
            var predicate = query.GetPredicate();
            if ( predicate == null )
                return queryable;
            return queryable.Where( predicate );
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 分页查询
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="query">查询对象</param>
        public virtual PagerList<TEntity> PagerQuery( IQueryBase<TEntity> query ) {
            return Query( query ).PagerResult( query );
        }

  以上代码完成了将查询对象传入仓储并获取结果,下面开始实现查询对象。

  在Util.Datas项目Queries目录中,创建IQuery接口,代码如下。

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Linq.Expressions;
using Util.Domains;
using Util.Domains.Repositories;

namespace Util.Datas.Queries {
    /// <summary>
    /// 查询对象
    /// </summary>
    /// <typeparam name="TEntity">实体类型</typeparam>
    /// <typeparam name="TKey">实体标识类型</typeparam>
    public interface IQuery<TEntity, TKey> : IQueryBase<TEntity> where TEntity : class,IAggregateRoot<TKey> {
        /// <summary>
        /// 添加谓词,仅能添加一个条件,如果参数值为空,则忽略该条件
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="predicate">谓词</param>
        /// <param name="isOr">是否使用Or连接</param>
        IQuery<TEntity, TKey> Filter( Expression<Func<TEntity, bool>> predicate, bool isOr = false );

        /// <summary>
        /// 过滤条件
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="propertyName">属性名</param>
        /// <param name="value"></param>
        /// <param name="operator">运算符</param>
        IQuery<TEntity,TKey> Filter( string propertyName, object value, Operator @operator = Operator.Equal );

        /// <summary>
        /// 添加查询条件
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="criteria">查询条件</param>
        IQuery<TEntity,TKey> Filter( ICriteria<TEntity> criteria );

        /// <summary>
        /// 过滤int数值段
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TProperty">属性类型</typeparam>
        /// <param name="propertyExpression">属性表达式,范例:t => t.Age</param>
        /// <param name="min">最小值</param>
        /// <param name="max">最大值</param>
        IQuery<TEntity,TKey> FilterInt<TProperty>( Expression<Func<TEntity, TProperty>> propertyExpression, int? min,int? max );

        /// <summary>
        /// 过滤double数值段
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TProperty">属性类型</typeparam>
        /// <param name="propertyExpression">属性表达式,范例:t => t.Age</param>
        /// <param name="min">最小值</param>
        /// <param name="max">最大值</param>
        IQuery<TEntity,TKey> FilterDouble<TProperty>( Expression<Func<TEntity, TProperty>> propertyExpression, double? min,
            double? max );

        /// <summary>
        /// 过滤日期段,不包含时间
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TProperty">属性类型</typeparam>
        /// <param name="propertyExpression">属性表达式,范例:t => t.Age</param>
        /// <param name="min">最小值</param>
        /// <param name="max">最大值</param>
        IQuery<TEntity,TKey> FilterDate<TProperty>( Expression<Func<TEntity, TProperty>> propertyExpression, DateTime? min,
            DateTime? max );

        /// <summary>
        /// 过滤日期时间段,包含时间
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TProperty">属性类型</typeparam>
        /// <param name="propertyExpression">属性表达式,范例:t => t.Age</param>
        /// <param name="min">最小值</param>
        /// <param name="max">最大值</param>
        IQuery<TEntity,TKey> FilterDateTime<TProperty>( Expression<Func<TEntity, TProperty>> propertyExpression,
            DateTime? min, DateTime? max );

        /// <summary>
        /// 过滤decimal数值段
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TProperty">属性类型</typeparam>
        /// <param name="propertyExpression">属性表达式,范例:t => t.Age</param>
        /// <param name="min">最小值</param>
        /// <param name="max">最大值</param>
        IQuery<TEntity,TKey> FilterDecimal<TProperty>( Expression<Func<TEntity, TProperty>> propertyExpression, decimal? min,
            decimal? max );

        /// <summary>
        /// 与连接,将传入的查询条件合并到当前对象
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="query">查询对象</param>
        IQuery<TEntity,TKey> And( IQuery<TEntity,TKey> query );

        /// <summary>
        /// 与连接,将传入的查询条件合并到当前对象
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="predicate">谓词</param>
        IQuery<TEntity,TKey> And( Expression<Func<TEntity, bool>> predicate );

        /// <summary>
        /// 或连接,将传入的查询条件合并到当前对象
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="query">查询对象</param>
        IQuery<TEntity,TKey> Or( IQuery<TEntity,TKey> query );

        /// <summary>
        /// 或连接,将传入的查询条件合并到当前对象
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="predicate">谓词</param>
        IQuery<TEntity,TKey> Or( Expression<Func<TEntity, bool>> predicate );

        /// <summary>
        /// 添加排序,支持多次调用OrderBy创建多级排序
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TProperty">属性类型</typeparam>
        /// <param name="expression">属性表达式</param>
        /// <param name="desc">是否降序</param>
        IQuery<TEntity,TKey> OrderBy<TProperty>( Expression<Func<TEntity, TProperty>> expression, bool desc = false );

        /// <summary>
        /// 添加排序,支持多次调用OrderBy创建多级排序
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="propertyName">排序属性</param>
        /// <param name="desc">是否降序</param>
        IQuery<TEntity,TKey> OrderBy( string propertyName, bool desc = false );

        /// <summary>
        /// 获取列表
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="queryable">数据源</param>
        List<TEntity> GetList( IQueryable<TEntity> queryable );

        /// <summary>
        /// 获取分页列表
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="queryable">数据源</param>
        PagerList<TEntity> GetPagerList( IQueryable<TEntity> queryable );
    }
}

  查询对象中定义的过滤方法默认都是以And方式连接,所以需要增加专门的Or连接方法。当查询需求比较复杂时,可以创建多个查询对象进行合并,从而创建更为复杂的查询条件。

  为了使用方便,查询对象本身还提供了获取数据的方法,需要传入IQueryable 对象,以便执行实际的查询操作。

  在Util.Datas项目Queries目录中,创建查询对象实现类Query,代码如下。

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Linq.Expressions;
using Util.Datas.Queries.Criterias;
using Util.Datas.Queries.OrderBys;
using Util.Domains;
using Util.Domains.Repositories;

namespace Util.Datas.Queries {
    /// <summary>
    /// 查询对象
    /// </summary>
    /// <typeparam name="TEntity">实体类型</typeparam>
    /// <typeparam name="TKey">实体标识类型</typeparam>
    public class Query<TEntity, TKey> : Pager, IQuery<TEntity, TKey> where TEntity : class ,IAggregateRoot<TKey> {

        #region 构造方法

        /// <summary>
        /// 初始化查询对象
        /// </summary>
        public Query() {
            OrderBuilder = new OrderByBuilder();
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 初始化查询对象
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="pager">分页对象</param>
        public Query( IPager pager ) : this() {
            Page = pager.Page;
            PageSize = pager.PageSize;
            TotalCount = pager.TotalCount;
            OrderBy( pager.Order );
        }

        #endregion

        #region 属性

        /// <summary>
        /// 查询条件
        /// </summary>
        private ICriteria<TEntity> Criteria { get; set; }

        /// <summary>
        /// 排序生成器
        /// </summary>
        private OrderByBuilder OrderBuilder { get; set; }

        #endregion

        #region GetPredicate(获取谓词)

        /// <summary>
        /// 获取谓词
        /// </summary>
        public Expression<Func<TEntity, bool>> GetPredicate() {
            if ( Criteria == null )
                return null;
            return Criteria.GetPredicate();
        }

        #endregion

        #region GetOrderBy(获取排序)

        /// <summary>
        /// 获取排序
        /// </summary>
        public string GetOrderBy() {
            Order = OrderBuilder.Generate();
            if ( string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace( Order ) )
                Order = "Id desc";
            return Order;
        }

        #endregion

        #region 过滤条件

        /// <summary>
        /// 添加谓词,仅能添加一个条件,如果参数值为空,则忽略该条件
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="predicate">谓词</param>
        /// <param name="isOr">是否使用Or连接</param>
        public IQuery<TEntity, TKey> Filter( Expression<Func<TEntity, bool>> predicate,bool isOr = false ) {
            predicate = QueryHelper.ValidatePredicate( predicate );
            if ( predicate == null )
                return this;
            if ( isOr )
                Or( predicate );
            else 
                And( predicate );
            return this;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 过滤条件
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="propertyName">属性名</param>
        /// <param name="value"></param>
        /// <param name="operator">运算符</param>
        public IQuery<TEntity, TKey> Filter( string propertyName, object value, Operator @operator = Operator.Equal ) {
            return Filter( Lambda.ParsePredicate<TEntity>( propertyName, value, @operator ) );
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 添加查询条件
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="criteria">查询条件</param>
        public IQuery<TEntity, TKey> Filter( ICriteria<TEntity> criteria ) {
            And( criteria.GetPredicate() );
            return this;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 过滤int数值段
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TProperty">属性类型</typeparam>
        /// <param name="propertyExpression">属性表达式,范例:t => t.Age</param>
        /// <param name="min">最小值</param>
        /// <param name="max">最大值</param>
        public IQuery<TEntity, TKey> FilterInt<TProperty>( Expression<Func<TEntity, TProperty>> propertyExpression, int? min, int? max ) {
            return Filter( new IntSegmentCriteria<TEntity, TProperty>( propertyExpression, min, max ) );
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 过滤double数值段
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TProperty">属性类型</typeparam>
        /// <param name="propertyExpression">属性表达式,范例:t => t.Age</param>
        /// <param name="min">最小值</param>
        /// <param name="max">最大值</param>
        public IQuery<TEntity, TKey> FilterDouble<TProperty>( Expression<Func<TEntity, TProperty>> propertyExpression, double? min, double? max ) {
            return Filter( new DoubleSegmentCriteria<TEntity, TProperty>( propertyExpression, min, max ) );
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 过滤日期段,不包含时间
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TProperty">属性类型</typeparam>
        /// <param name="propertyExpression">属性表达式,范例:t => t.Age</param>
        /// <param name="min">最小值</param>
        /// <param name="max">最大值</param>
        public IQuery<TEntity, TKey> FilterDate<TProperty>( Expression<Func<TEntity, TProperty>> propertyExpression, DateTime? min, DateTime? max ) {
            return Filter( new DateSegmentCriteria<TEntity, TProperty>( propertyExpression, min, max ) );
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 过滤日期时间段,包含时间
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TProperty">属性类型</typeparam>
        /// <param name="propertyExpression">属性表达式,范例:t => t.Age</param>
        /// <param name="min">最小值</param>
        /// <param name="max">最大值</param>
        public IQuery<TEntity, TKey> FilterDateTime<TProperty>( Expression<Func<TEntity, TProperty>> propertyExpression, DateTime? min, DateTime? max ) {
            return Filter( new DateTimeSegmentCriteria<TEntity, TProperty>( propertyExpression, min, max ) );
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 过滤decimal数值段
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TProperty">属性类型</typeparam>
        /// <param name="propertyExpression">属性表达式,范例:t => t.Age</param>
        /// <param name="min">最小值</param>
        /// <param name="max">最大值</param>
        public IQuery<TEntity, TKey> FilterDecimal<TProperty>( Expression<Func<TEntity, TProperty>> propertyExpression, decimal? min, decimal? max ) {
            return Filter( new DecimalSegmentCriteria<TEntity, TProperty>( propertyExpression, min, max ) );
        }

        #endregion

        #region 连接

        /// <summary>
        /// 与连接,将传入的查询条件合并到当前对象
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="query">查询对象</param>
        public IQuery<TEntity, TKey> And( IQuery<TEntity, TKey> query ) {
            return And( query.GetPredicate() );
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 与连接,将传入的查询条件合并到当前对象
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="predicate">谓词</param>
        public IQuery<TEntity, TKey> And( Expression<Func<TEntity, bool>> predicate ) {
            if ( Criteria == null ) {
                Criteria = new Criteria<TEntity>( predicate );
                return this;
            }
            Criteria = new AndCriteria<TEntity>( Criteria.GetPredicate(), predicate );
            return this;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 或连接,将传入的查询条件合并到当前对象
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="query">查询对象</param>
        public IQuery<TEntity, TKey> Or( IQuery<TEntity, TKey> query ) {
            return Or( query.GetPredicate() );
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 或连接,将传入的查询条件合并到当前对象
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="predicate">谓词</param>
        public IQuery<TEntity, TKey> Or( Expression<Func<TEntity, bool>> predicate ) {
            if ( Criteria == null ) {
                Criteria = new Criteria<TEntity>( predicate );
                return this;
            }
            Criteria = new OrCriteria<TEntity>( Criteria.GetPredicate(), predicate );
            return this;
        }

        #endregion

        #region OrderBy(排序)

        /// <summary>
        /// 添加排序,支持多次调用OrderBy创建多级排序
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TProperty">属性类型</typeparam>
        /// <param name="expression">属性表达式</param>
        /// <param name="desc">是否降序</param>
        public IQuery<TEntity, TKey> OrderBy<TProperty>( Expression<Func<TEntity, TProperty>> expression, bool desc = false ) {
            return OrderBy( Lambda.GetName( expression ), desc );
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 添加排序,支持多次调用OrderBy创建多级排序
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="propertyName">排序属性</param>
        /// <param name="desc">是否降序</param>
        public IQuery<TEntity, TKey> OrderBy( string propertyName, bool desc = false ) {
            OrderBuilder.Add( propertyName, desc );
            GetOrderBy();
            return this;
        }

        #endregion

        #region Clear(清理)

        /// <summary>
        /// 清理
        /// </summary>
        public void Clear() {
            Criteria = null;
            OrderBuilder = new OrderByBuilder();
        }

        #endregion

        #region GetList(获取列表)

        /// <summary>
        /// 获取列表
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="queryable">数据源</param>
        public List<TEntity> GetList( IQueryable<TEntity> queryable ) {
            return Execute( queryable ).OrderBy( Order ).ToList();
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 执行过滤和分页
        /// </summary>
        private IQueryable<TEntity> Execute( IQueryable<TEntity> queryable ) {
            queryable.CheckNull( "queryable" );
            queryable = FilterBy( queryable );
            GetOrderBy();
            return queryable;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 过滤
        /// </summary>
        private IQueryable<TEntity> FilterBy( IQueryable<TEntity> queryable ) {
            if ( Criteria == null )
                return queryable;
            return queryable.Where( Criteria.GetPredicate() );
        }

        #endregion

        #region GetPagerList(获取分页列表)

        /// <summary>
        /// 获取分页列表
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="queryable">数据源</param>
        public PagerList<TEntity> GetPagerList( IQueryable<TEntity> queryable ) {
            return Execute( queryable ).PagerResult( this );
        }

        #endregion
    }
}

  应用层服务可以这样查询。

        public PagerList<ApplicationDto> Query( ApplicationQuery query ) {
            return new Query<Application>(query)
                .Filter( t => t.Code == query.Code )
                .Filter( t => t.Name.Contains( query.Name ) )
                .Filter( t => t.Enabled == query.Enabled )
                .FilterDate( t => t.CreateTime, query.BeginCreateTime, query.EndCreateTime )
                .GetPagerList( Repository.Find() ).Convert( t => t.ToDto() );
        }

        public PagerList<ApplicationDto> Query2( ApplicationQuery query ) {
            var queryObject = new Query<Application>( query )
                .Filter( t => t.Code == query.Code )
                .Filter( t => t.Name.Contains( query.Name ) )
                .Filter( t => t.Enabled == query.Enabled )
                .FilterDate( t => t.CreateTime, query.BeginCreateTime, query.EndCreateTime );
            return Repository.PagerQuery( queryObject ).Convert( t => t.ToDto() );
        }

 

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  谢谢大家的持续关注,我的博客地址:http://www.cnblogs.com/xiadao521/

posted @ 2015-01-20 22:24  何镇汐  阅读(...)  评论(...编辑  收藏