iOS仿京东分类菜单实例实现

在APP开发过程中此功能还是比较常见的模块,左边为菜单展示,右边为菜单下数据的展示,选择不同的菜单右边的数据源进行更新,此实例主要运用到UITableView,UICollectionView,OC谓词一些知识,结合Masonry进行布局;实现的效果如下:

 

 

涉及的知识点:

1:UITableView的运用,包含选中与非选中行不同展示,默认行分隔线的色彩跟与左边距离的调整,自动滚动到最顶端的实现等

2:UICollectionView的运用,包含单元格的加载,及重用时遇到的错乱问题,记录滚动位置的当前值;

3:数组的运用,包含运用谓词对数组过滤

 

一:左边表格单元行的实现内容

1.1 左边单元行的数据实体,(注意:offsetScorller是为了后面记录右边数据的滚动位置值)

#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>

@interface leftTagModel : NSObject

//ID值
@property(assign,nonatomic)long tagID;
//名称
@property(copy,nonatomic)NSString *tagName;
//图标地址(为后期可能带图标做准备)
@property(copy,nonatomic)NSString *tagImageUrl;

//这个来定位右边数据源滚动的位置
@property(assign,nonatomic) float offsetScorller;
@end

1.2左边单元行的创建(注意:关于行的背影色以及字体显示色彩的修改)

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>
#import "leftTagModel.h"

@interface leftTableCell : UITableViewCell

@property(strong,nonatomic)leftTagModel *curLeftTagModel;
//是否被选中
@property(assign,nonatomic)BOOL hasBeenSelected;

@end
#import "leftTableCell.h"

@interface leftTableCell()
@property(strong,nonatomic)UIView *leftColorView;
@property(strong,nonatomic)UILabel *nameLabel;
@end

//左边色彩条宽度
static const CGFloat leftColorViewWidth=3;
//文字字体大小
static const CGFloat textFontSize=15;



@implementation leftTableCell

- (id)initWithStyle:(UITableViewCellStyle)style reuseIdentifier:(NSString *)reuseIdentifier
{
    self = [super initWithStyle:style reuseIdentifier:reuseIdentifier];
    if (self) {
        //设置背影色
        self.backgroundColor=[UIColor grayColor];
        self.accessoryType = UITableViewCellAccessoryNone;
        
        if (self.leftColorView==nil) {
            self.leftColorView=[[UIView alloc]init];
            self.leftColorView.backgroundColor=[UIColor blueColor];
            self.leftColorView.hidden=YES;
            [self.contentView addSubview:self.leftColorView];
            [self.leftColorView mas_makeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {
                make.left.mas_equalTo(self.contentView.mas_left).with.offset(0);
                make.top.mas_equalTo(self.contentView.mas_top).with.offset(0);
                make.bottom.mas_equalTo(self.contentView.mas_bottom).with.offset(0);
                make.width.mas_equalTo(leftColorViewWidth);
            }];
        }
        
        if (self.nameLabel==nil) {
            self.nameLabel=[[UILabel alloc]init];
            self.nameLabel.font=[UIFont systemFontOfSize:textFontSize];
            self.nameLabel.textAlignment=NSTextAlignmentCenter;
            [self.nameLabel sizeToFit];
            [self.contentView addSubview:self.nameLabel];
            [self.nameLabel mas_makeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {
                make.center.mas_equalTo(self.contentView);
                make.height.mas_equalTo(@20);
            }];
        }
    }
    return self;
}


- (void)awakeFromNib {
    // Initialization code
}

- (void)setSelected:(BOOL)selected animated:(BOOL)animated {
    [super setSelected:selected animated:animated];

    // Configure the view for the selected state
}

/**
 *  @author wujunyang, 15-10-10 14:10:52
 *
 *  @brief  设置选中跟没有选中的变化
 *
 *  @param hasBeenSelected 是否被选中
 *
 *  @since <#version number#>
 */
-(void)setHasBeenSelected:(BOOL)hasBeenSelected
{
    _hasBeenSelected=hasBeenSelected;
    if (_hasBeenSelected) {
        self.backgroundColor=[UIColor whiteColor];
        self.nameLabel.textColor=[UIColor greenColor];
        self.leftColorView.hidden=NO;
    }
    else
    {
        self.backgroundColor=[UIColor grayColor];
        self.nameLabel.textColor=[UIColor blackColor];
        self.leftColorView.hidden=YES;
    }
}

-(void)setCurLeftTagModel:(leftTagModel *)curLeftTagModel
{
    _curLeftTagModel=curLeftTagModel;
    self.nameLabel.text=_curLeftTagModel.tagName;
}

@end

 

二:右边列表的单元格实现

2.1右边单元格实体(注意tagID是为跟左边的数据源进行关联)

#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>

@interface noHeadRightModel : NSObject

//实体leftTageModel中的主键值
@property(assign,nonatomic)long tagID;

@property(assign,nonatomic)long roomID;
@property(copy,nonatomic)NSString *roomName;
@property(copy,nonatomic)NSString *roomImageUrl;
@end

2.2单元格的实现

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>
#import "noHeadRightModel.h"

@interface rightCollectionViewCell : UICollectionViewCell

@property(strong,nonatomic)noHeadRightModel *curNoHeadRightModel;

+(CGSize)ccellSize;

@end
#import "rightCollectionViewCell.h"

@interface rightCollectionViewCell()
@property(strong,nonatomic)UIImageView *roomImageView;
@property(strong,nonatomic)UILabel *roomLabel;
@end

static const CGFloat collectionCellHeight=80;
static const CGFloat labelHeight=20;

@implementation rightCollectionViewCell

//这边很关键 CollectionViewCell重用
- (id)initWithFrame:(CGRect)frame
{
    self = [super initWithFrame:frame];
    if (self) {
        if (self.roomImageView==nil) {
            self.roomImageView=[[UIImageView alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0, 0, ([UIScreen mainScreen].bounds.size.width-80-10*3)/3, collectionCellHeight-labelHeight)];
            self.roomImageView.contentMode=UIViewContentModeScaleAspectFill;
            self.roomImageView.clipsToBounds = YES;
            self.roomImageView.layer.masksToBounds = YES;
            self.roomImageView.layer.cornerRadius = 2.0;
            [self.contentView addSubview:self.roomImageView];
        }
        
        if (self.roomLabel==nil) {
            self.roomLabel=[[UILabel alloc]init];
            self.roomLabel.font=[UIFont systemFontOfSize:15];
            self.roomLabel.textAlignment=NSTextAlignmentCenter;
            [self.roomLabel sizeToFit];
            [self.contentView addSubview:self.roomLabel];
            [self.roomLabel mas_makeConstraints:^(MASConstraintMaker *make) {
                make.top.mas_equalTo(self.roomImageView.mas_bottom).with.offset(2);
                make.centerX.mas_equalTo(self.roomImageView).with.offset(0);
                make.height.mas_equalTo(labelHeight);
            }];
        }
    }
    return self;
}

-(void)setCurNoHeadRightModel:(noHeadRightModel *)curNoHeadRightModel
{
    _curNoHeadRightModel=curNoHeadRightModel;
    self.roomImageView.image=[UIImage imageNamed:_curNoHeadRightModel.roomImageUrl];
    self.roomLabel.text=_curNoHeadRightModel.roomName;
}


+(CGSize)ccellSize
{
    return CGSizeMake(([UIScreen mainScreen].bounds.size.width-80-10*3)/3,collectionCellHeight);
}
@end

注意:在集合UICollectionView重用单元一直出现错乱,加载的数据有问题,是因为没有把布局放在- (id)initWithFrame:(CGRect)frame导致;

 

三:主页面的展示内容

3.1测试数据的构造跟左右两控件的初始化

#import "menuTableViewController.h"


#define kScreenWidth [UIScreen mainScreen].bounds.size.width
#define kScreenHeight [UIScreen mainScreen].bounds.size.height

@interface menuTableViewController ()<UITableViewDataSource, UITableViewDelegate,UICollectionViewDataSource, UICollectionViewDelegate>

@property (strong, nonatomic) UITableView *myTableView;
//左边列表的数据源
@property (nonatomic, strong) NSMutableArray *dataList;
//右边列表的过滤数据源
@property(nonatomic,strong)NSMutableArray *rightdataList;
//右边列表数据源
@property(nonatomic,strong)NSMutableArray *allRightDataList;
//当前被选中的ID值
@property(strong,nonatomic)leftTagModel *curSelectModel;
//右边列表
@property (strong, nonatomic) UICollectionView *myCollectionView;
//是否保持右边滚动时位置
@property(assign,nonatomic) BOOL isKeepScrollState;
@property(assign,nonatomic) BOOL isReturnLastOffset;
@property(assign,nonatomic) NSInteger selectIndex;
@end

//表格的宽度
static const CGFloat tableWidthSize=80;
//行的高度
static const CGFloat tableCellHeight=44;
//表格跟集合列表的空隙
static const CGFloat leftMargin =10;

@implementation menuTableViewController

- (void)viewDidLoad {
    [super viewDidLoad];
    
    //初始化
    self.view.backgroundColor=[UIColor whiteColor];
    self.dataList=[[NSMutableArray alloc]init];
    self.rightdataList=[[NSMutableArray alloc]init];
    self.allRightDataList=[[NSMutableArray alloc]init];
    self.isReturnLastOffset=YES;
    //是否允许右位保持滚动位置
    self.isKeepScrollState=YES;
    //测试数据
    for (int i=0; i<10; i++) {
        
        //左边列表数据
        leftTagModel *item=[[leftTagModel alloc]init];
        item.tagID=i;
        item.tagName=[NSString stringWithFormat:@"第%d层",i];
        [self.dataList addObject:item];
        
        //右边列表数据
        for (int j=0; j<55; j++) {
            noHeadRightModel *model=[[noHeadRightModel alloc]init];
            model.tagID=i;
            model.roomID=j;
            model.roomName=[NSString stringWithFormat:@"%d层房%d",i,j];
            model.roomImageUrl=[NSString stringWithFormat:@"room%d",j%5];
            [self.allRightDataList addObject:model];
        }
    }
    
    //创建列表
    if (!_myTableView) {
        _myTableView = [[UITableView alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0,0,tableWidthSize, kScreenHeight) style:UITableViewStylePlain];
        _myTableView.backgroundColor=[UIColor grayColor];
        _myTableView.showsVerticalScrollIndicator = NO;
        _myTableView.showsHorizontalScrollIndicator=NO;
        _myTableView.dataSource = self;
        _myTableView.delegate = self;
        _myTableView.tableFooterView=[[UIView alloc]init];
        _myTableView.separatorColor= [UIColor colorWithRed:52.0f/255.0f green:53.0f/255.0f blue:61.0f/255.0f alpha:1];
        [_myTableView registerClass:[leftTableCell class] forCellReuseIdentifier:NSStringFromClass([leftTableCell class])];

        if ([self.myTableView respondsToSelector:@selector(setLayoutMargins:)]) {
            self.myTableView.layoutMargins=UIEdgeInsetsZero;
        }
        if ([self.myTableView respondsToSelector:@selector(setSeparatorInset:)]) {
            self.myTableView.separatorInset=UIEdgeInsetsZero;
        }
        [self.view addSubview:_myTableView];
    }
    
    //创建集合表格
    if (!_myCollectionView) {
        UICollectionViewFlowLayout *layout = [[UICollectionViewFlowLayout alloc] init];
        self.myCollectionView = [[UICollectionView alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(tableWidthSize+leftMargin,64, kScreenWidth-tableWidthSize-2*leftMargin, kScreenHeight) collectionViewLayout:layout];
        self.myCollectionView.backgroundColor=[UIColor whiteColor];
        self.myCollectionView.showsHorizontalScrollIndicator=NO;
        self.myCollectionView.showsVerticalScrollIndicator=NO;
        [self.myCollectionView registerClass:[rightCollectionViewCell class] forCellWithReuseIdentifier:NSStringFromClass([rightCollectionViewCell class])];
        self.myCollectionView.dataSource = self;
        self.myCollectionView.delegate = self;
        [self.view addSubview:self.myCollectionView];
    }
    
    self.selectIndex=0;
    //默认选择第一个
    if (self.dataList.count>0) {
        self.curSelectModel=[self.dataList objectAtIndex:self.selectIndex];
        [self.myTableView selectRowAtIndexPath:[NSIndexPath indexPathForRow:self.selectIndex inSection:0] animated:YES scrollPosition:UITableViewScrollPositionTop];
        [self.myTableView reloadData];
        
        //右边数据加载
        [self predicateDataSoure];
    }
}

- (void)didReceiveMemoryWarning {
    [super didReceiveMemoryWarning];
}

注意:isKeepScrollState是为了让右边是否记录下当前滚动位置,若不想则可以把它设置为NO,它便会自动滚动到Y为0的位置;上面的代码中还包含若列表有数据则默认选中第一个的实现功能,[self predicateDataSoure]则是实现的对数组进行过滤的操作,实用的OC谓词的方式;

/**
 *  @author wujunyang, 15-10-11 20:10:28
 *
 *  @brief  过滤右边集合的数据
 *
 *  @since <#version number#>
 */
-(void)predicateDataSoure
{
    //过滤右边的集合数据
    NSPredicate *pre=[NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"tagID=%ld",self.curSelectModel.tagID]];
    self.rightdataList=[[self.allRightDataList filteredArrayUsingPredicate:pre] mutableCopy];
    [self.myCollectionView reloadData];
}

3.2表格中相应的UITableViewDataSource, UITableViewDelegate实现内容

#pragma mark UITableViewDataSource, UITableViewDelegate

-(NSInteger)numberOfSectionsInTableView:(UITableView *)tableView
{
    return self.dataList.count;
}

- (NSInteger)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView numberOfRowsInSection:(NSInteger)section{
    return 1;
}

- (UITableViewCell *)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView cellForRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath{
    leftTableCell *cell = [tableView dequeueReusableCellWithIdentifier:NSStringFromClass([leftTableCell class]) forIndexPath:indexPath];
    cell.curLeftTagModel = [self.dataList objectAtIndex:indexPath.section];
    cell.hasBeenSelected = (cell.curLeftTagModel==self.curSelectModel);
    
    //修改表格行默认分隔线存空隙的问题
    if ([cell respondsToSelector:@selector(setLayoutMargins:)]) {
        cell.layoutMargins=UIEdgeInsetsZero;
    }
    if ([cell respondsToSelector:@selector(setSeparatorInset:)]) {
        cell.separatorInset=UIEdgeInsetsZero;
    }
    
    return cell;
}

- (CGFloat)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView heightForRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath{
    return tableCellHeight;
}

- (void)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView didSelectRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath{
    [tableView deselectRowAtIndexPath:indexPath animated:YES];
    
    _selectIndex=indexPath.section;
    self.curSelectModel=[self.dataList objectAtIndex:indexPath.section];
    [self.myTableView reloadData];
    
    [self predicateDataSoure];
    //处理点击在滚动置顶的问题
    [tableView scrollToRowAtIndexPath:indexPath atScrollPosition:UITableViewScrollPositionTop animated:YES];
    
    self.isReturnLastOffset=NO;

    if (self.isKeepScrollState) {
        [self.myCollectionView scrollRectToVisible:CGRectMake(0, self.curSelectModel.offsetScorller, self.myCollectionView.frame.size.width, self.myCollectionView.frame.size.height) animated:NO];
    }
    else{
        
        [self.myCollectionView scrollRectToVisible:CGRectMake(0, 0, self.myCollectionView.frame.size.width, self.myCollectionView.frame.size.height) animated:NO];
    }
}

上面有两个知识点是关于表格默认分隔线距离左边的调整,把默认没有顶到左边的样式进行修改,另一个是关于点击时自动滚动到置顶的实现方式;

3.3集合列表的UICollectionViewDataSource, UICollectionViewDelegate实现

- (NSInteger)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView numberOfItemsInSection:(NSInteger)section{
    return self.rightdataList.count;
}

- (UICollectionViewCell *)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView cellForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath{
    rightCollectionViewCell *ccell = [collectionView dequeueReusableCellWithReuseIdentifier:NSStringFromClass([rightCollectionViewCell class]) forIndexPath:indexPath];
    noHeadRightModel *model=[self.rightdataList objectAtIndex:indexPath.row];
    ccell.curNoHeadRightModel=model;
    return ccell;
}


- (CGSize)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout sizeForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath{
    return [rightCollectionViewCell ccellSize];
}
- (UIEdgeInsets)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout insetForSectionAtIndex:(NSInteger)section{
    return UIEdgeInsetsZero;
}
- (CGFloat)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout minimumLineSpacingForSectionAtIndex:(NSInteger)section{
    return 5;
}
- (CGFloat)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout minimumInteritemSpacingForSectionAtIndex:(NSInteger)section{
    return 5;
}

- (void)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView didSelectItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath{
    noHeadRightModel *model=[self.rightdataList objectAtIndex:indexPath.row];
    NSLog(@"你选择的%@",model.roomName);
}

3.4记录滚动的位置(右边列表的当前滚动位置记录下来,存在左边数据源的实体中,然后在左边的列表点击事件中进行判断)

#pragma mark---记录滑动的坐标(把右边滚动的Y值记录在列表的一个属性中)

-(void)scrollViewWillBeginDragging:(UIScrollView *)scrollView
{
    if ([scrollView isEqual:self.myCollectionView]) {
        self.isReturnLastOffset=YES;
    }
}

-(void)scrollViewDidEndDragging:(UIScrollView *)scrollView willDecelerate:(BOOL)decelerate
{
    if ([scrollView isEqual:self.myCollectionView]) {
        leftTagModel * item=self.dataList[self.selectIndex];
        item.offsetScorller=scrollView.contentOffset.y;
        self.isReturnLastOffset=NO;
    }
    
}

-(void)scrollViewDidEndDecelerating:(UIScrollView *)scrollView{
    if ([scrollView isEqual:self.myCollectionView]) {
        leftTagModel * item=self.dataList[self.selectIndex];
        item.offsetScorller=scrollView.contentOffset.y;
        self.isReturnLastOffset=NO;
        
    }
    
}

-(void)scrollViewDidScroll:(UIScrollView *)scrollView{
    if ([scrollView isEqual:self.myCollectionView] && self.isReturnLastOffset) {
        leftTagModel * item=self.dataList[self.selectIndex];
        item.offsetScorller=scrollView.contentOffset.y;
    }
}

 

源代码下载址

posted @ 2015-10-11 22:37 踏浪帅 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏