CSS实战笔记(四) 抖动效果

1、悬浮抖动

(1)效果演示

(2)完整代码

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

<head>
	<style>
        .shape {
            margin: 50px;
            width: 200px;
            height: 50px;
            line-height: 50px;
            text-align: center;
            border: 1px solid black;
        }
        .shake:hover {
            animation: shake 800ms ease-in-out;
        }
        @keyframes shake { /* 水平抖动,核心代码 */
            10%, 90% { transform: translate3d(-1px, 0, 0); }
            20%, 80% { transform: translate3d(+2px, 0, 0); }
            30%, 70% { transform: translate3d(-4px, 0, 0); }
            40%, 60% { transform: translate3d(+4px, 0, 0); }
            50% { transform: translate3d(-4px, 0, 0); }
        }
	</style>
</head>

<body>
	<div class="shape shake">horizontal shake</div>
</body>

</html>

2、点击抖动

(1)效果演示

(2)完整代码

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

<head>
	<style>
        .shape {
            margin: 50px;
            width: 200px;
            height: 50px;
            line-height: 50px;
            text-align: center;
            border: 1px solid black;
        }
        .shake {
            animation: shake 800ms ease-in-out;
        }
        @keyframes shake { /* 垂直抖动,核心代码 */
            10%, 90% { transform: translate3d(0, -1px, 0); }
            20%, 80% { transform: translate3d(0, +2px, 0); }
            30%, 70% { transform: translate3d(0, -4px, 0); }
            40%, 60% { transform: translate3d(0, +4px, 0); }
            50% { transform: translate3d(0, -4px, 0); }
        }
	</style>
    <script>
        function shake(elemId) {
            let elem = document.getElementById(elemId)
			if (elem) {
				elem.classList.add('shake')
				setTimeout(()=>{ elem.classList.remove('shake') }, 800)
			}
        }
    </script>
</head>

<body>
	<div class="shape" id="shake" onclick="shake(this.id)">vertical shake</div>
</body>

</html>

3、实战

抖动效果在实际场景中有重要的应用,比如说当表单输入错误时,让错误的输入框抖动以给用户一个友好的提示

(1)效果演示

(2)完整代码

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

<head>
    <style>
        .login-box {
            width: 300px;
            min-width: 300px;
            height: 300px;
            min-height: 300px;
            background-color: white;
            border: 1px solid black;
        }
        .title {
            text-align: center;
            color: cornflowerblue;
        }
        .form-item-wrap {
            width: 100%;
            margin-top: 20px;
            margin-bottom: 20px;
        }
        .form-label {
            width: 100%;
            margin-top: 10px;
            margin-bottom: 10px;
            margin-left: 20px;
        }
        .form-input{
            width: 80%;
            margin-top: 10px;
            margin-bottom: 10px;
            margin-left: 20px;
            padding: 5px;
        }
        .form-submit {
            display: block;
            float: right;
            margin-right: 20px;
            color: cornflowerblue;
            background-color: white;
            text-shadow: 1px 1px 2px cornflowerblue;
            border: none;
            outline: none;
            font-size: 20px;
            font-weight: 500;
        }
        .form-submit:hover {
            cursor: pointer;
            font-size: 22px;
        }
        .shake {
            animation: shake 800ms ease-in-out;
        }
        @keyframes shake {
            10%, 90% { transform: translate3d(-1px, 0, 0); }
            20%, 80% { transform: translate3d(+2px, 0, 0); }
            30%, 70% { transform: translate3d(-4px, 0, 0); }
            40%, 60% { transform: translate3d(+4px, 0, 0); }
            50% { transform: translate3d(-4px, 0, 0); }
        }
    </style>
    <script>
        function shake(elemId) {
            let elem = document.getElementById(elemId)
			if (elem) {
				elem.classList.add('shake')
				setTimeout(()=>{ elem.classList.remove('shake') }, 800)
			}
        }
        function check() {
            // validate form data
            if (login_form.username.value.length === 0) {
                // the length of username must be greater than 0
                shake('username')
                return false
            }
            if (login_form.password.value.length < 6) {
                // the length of password must be greater than 6
                shake('password')
                return false
            }
            return true
        }
    </script>
</head>

<body>
    <div class="login-box">
        <h3 class="title">Login</h3>
        <form name="login_form" id="login_form" onsubmit="return check()">
            <div class="form-item-wrap">
                <label for="username" class="form-label">Username</label><br/>
                <input type="text" name="username" id="username" class="form-input" placeholder="Please Enter Username">
            </div>
            <div class="form-item-wrap">
                <label for="password" class="form-label">Password</label><br/>
                <input type="password" name="password" id="password" class="form-input" placeholder="Please Enter Password">
            </div>
            <input type="submit" value="Submit" class="form-submit">
        </form>
    </div>
</body>

</html>

【 阅读更多 CSS 系列文章,请看 CSS学习笔记

posted @ 2019-11-01 21:14  半虹  阅读(2916)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报