prometheus安装(docker)

参考:https://github.com/songjiayang/prometheus_practice

https://github.com/kjanshair/docker-prometheus

https://github.com/vegasbrianc/prometheus

 

alertmanager 

 

mkdir /opt/alertmanager -p
vim /opt/alertmanager/Dockerfile

FROM prom/alertmanager:v0.19.0
EXPOSE 9093

vim /opt/alertmanager/docker-compose.yml

version: "3.7"
services:
  alertmanager:
    image: v-alertmanager
    container_name: alertmanager
    build: 
      context: .
      dockerfile: Dockerfile
    restart: always
    ports:
      - 9093:9093
    volumes:
      - /opt/alertmanager/etc/alertmanager/alertmanager.yml:/etc/alertmanager/alertmanager.yml
      - /var/lib/alertmanager:/alertmanager
    command:
      - '--config.file=/etc/alertmanager/alertmanager.yml'
      - '--storage.path=/alertmanager'

 

mkdir -p /var/lib/alertmanager;chmod -R 777 /var/lib/alertmanager

vim /opt/alertmanager/etc/alertmanager/alertmanager.yml

global:
  resolve_timeout: 5m

route:
  group_by: ['alertname']
  group_wait: 10s
  group_interval: 10s
  repeat_interval: 1h
  receiver: 'web.hook'
receivers:
- name: 'web.hook'
  webhook_configs:
  - url: 'http://127.0.0.1:5001/'
inhibit_rules:
  - source_match:
      severity: 'critical'
    target_match:
      severity: 'warning'
    equal: ['alertname', 'dev', 'instance']

 


global:
  resolve_timeout: 5m
route:
  repeat_interval: 2h
  receiver: email-1
  routes:
    - match:
        alertname: httpd_down
      receiver: email-1

    - match:
        alertname: nginx_down
      receiver: email-2

receivers:
- name: email-1
  email_configs:
  - to: <to-email>
    from: <from-email>
    smarthost: <smtp:port>
    auth_username: "<user-name>"
    auth_identity: "<user-name>"
    auth_password: "<user-app-specific-password>"

- name: email-2
  email_configs:
  - to: <to-email>
    from: <from-email>
    smarthost: <smtp:port>
    auth_username: "<user-name>"
    auth_identity: "<user-name>"
    auth_password: "<user-app-specific-password>"

 

生成启动
cd /opt/alertmanager
docker-compose build --no-cache
docker-compose up -d --force-recreate
docker-compose down
docker-compose restart

查看进程
netstat -anltp|grep 9093

查看日志
docker logs --tail="500" alertmanager
docker logs -f alertmanager

进入容器
docker exec -it alertmanager /bin/sh


docker cp alertmanager:/etc/alertmanager/alertmanager.yml /opt/alertmanager/alertmanager_bak.yml

 

 

 

 

 

node_exporter

 数据采集,不向中央服务器发送,而是等待抓取。默认暴露地址http://CURRENT_IP:9100/metrics

mkdir /opt/node-exporter -p
vim /opt/node-exporter/Dockerfile

FROM prom/node-exporter:v0.18.1
EXPOSE 9100

vim /opt/node-exporter/docker-compose.yml

version: '3.7'
services:
  node-exporter:
    image: v-node-exporter
    container_name: node-exporter
    build: 
      context: .
      dockerfile: Dockerfile
    restart: unless-stopped
    ports:
      - 9100:9100
    volumes:
      - /proc:/host/proc:ro
      - /sys:/host/sys:ro
      - /:/rootfs:ro
    command: 
      - '--path.procfs=/host/proc' 
      - '--path.sysfs=/host/sys'
      - '--collector.filesystem.ignored-mount-points="^/(sys|proc|dev|host|etc)($$|/)"'

 

注意别与elasticsearch-head的9100端口重叠


生成启动
cd /opt/node-exporter/
docker-compose build
docker-compose up -d --force-recreate
docker-compose down
docker-compose restart

查看进程
netstat -anltp|grep 9100

查看日志
docker logs --tail="500" node-exporter
docker logs -f node-exporter

进入容器
docker exec -it node-exporter /bin/sh

查看帮助

./node_exporter -h

 

 

 

prometheus 

 

mkdir /opt/prometheus -p
vim /opt/prometheus/Dockerfile

FROM prom/prometheus:v2.14.0
EXPOSE 9090

vim /opt/prometheus/docker-compose.yml

version: "3.7"
services:
  prometheus:
    image: v-prometheus
    container_name: prometheus
    build: 
      context: .
      dockerfile: Dockerfile
    restart: always
    ports:
      - 9090:9090
    volumes:
      - ./etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml:/etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml
      - /var/lib/prometheus:/prometheus
    command:
      - '--config.file=/etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml'
      - '--storage.tsdb.path=/prometheus'
      - '--web.console.libraries=/usr/share/prometheus/console_libraries'
      - '--web.console.templates=/usr/share/prometheus/consoles'

 

mkdir -p /var/lib/prometheus;chmod -R 777 /var/lib/prometheus
chown -R 1000:1000 /opt/prometheus/etc/prometheus

vim /opt/prometheus/etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml

# my global config
global:
  scrape_interval:     15s # Set the scrape interval to every 15 seconds. Default is every 1 minute.
  evaluation_interval: 15s # Evaluate rules every 15 seconds. The default is every 1 minute.
  # scrape_timeout is set to the global default (10s).

# alertmanager configuration
altering:
  alertmanagers:
  - static_configs:
    - targets:
      - alertmanagerserver1:9093

# Load rules once and periodically evaluate them according to the global 'evaluation_interval'.

rule_files:
  # - "1_rules.yml"
  # - "2_rules.yml"

# A scrape configuration containing exactly one endpoint to scrape:
# Here it's Prometheus itself.
# The job name is added as a label `job=<job_name>` to any timeseries scraped from this config. scrape_configs: - job_name: 'prometheus' static_configs: - targets: ['prometheusserver1:9090']
# metrics_path defaults to '/metrics'
# scheme defaults to 'http'.

vim vim /opt/prometheus/etc/prometheus/1_rules.yml

groups:

- name: httpd
  rules:
  - alert: httpd_down
    expr: probe_success{instance="http://httpd:80",job="httpd"} == 0
    for: 1s
    labels:
      severity: critical
    annotations:
      summary: "httpd is down"

- name: nginx
  rules:
  - alert: nginx_down
    expr: probe_success{instance="http://nginx:80",job="nginx"} == 0
    for: 1s
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: "nginx is down"

 

 

 

生成启动
cd /opt/prometheus/
docker-compose build
docker-compose up -d --force-recreate
docker-compose down
docker-compose restart

查看进程
netstat -anltp|grep 9090

查看日志
docker logs --tail="500" prometheus
docker logs -f prometheus

进入容器
docker exec -it prometheus /bin/sh


docker cp prometheus:/etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml /opt/prometheus/prometheus_bak.yml

 

 

PushGateway

 

mkdir /opt/pushgateway -p
vim /opt/pushgateway/Dockerfile

FROM prom/pushgateway:v1.0.0
EXPOSE 9091

 

 

blackbox-exporter

 

mkdir /opt/blackbox-exporter -p

vim /opt/blackbox-exporter/Dockerfile

FROM prom/blackbox-exporter:v0.16.0
EXPOSE 9115

vim /opt/blackbox-exporter/docker-compose.yml

version: "3.7"
services:
  blackbox-exporter:
    image: v-blackbox-exporter
    container_name: blackbox
    build: 
      context: .
      dockerfile: Dockerfile
    restart: unless-stopped
    ports:
      - "9115:9115"

 

 


Grafana


构建Dockerfile
mkdir /opt/grafana
vim /opt/grafana/Dockerfile

FROM grafana/grafana:6.5.1
EXPOSE 3000

vim /opt/grafana/docker-compose.yml

version: '3.7'
services:
  grafana:
    image: v-grafana
    container_name: grafana
    build:
      context: .
      dockerfile: Dockerfile
    ports:
      - 3000:3000
    environment:
      - GF_SECURITY_ADMIN_USER=${ADMIN_USER:-admin}
      - GF_SECURITY_ADMIN_PASSWORD=${ADMIN_PASSWORD:-admin}
      - GF_USERS_ALLOW_SIGN_UP=true
    volumes:
      - /var/lib/grafana:/var/lib/grafana
      - /var/log/grafana:/var/log/grafana
      - ./etc/grafana/provisioning:/etc/grafana/provisioning
      - /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro
    restart: unless-stopped

 

mkdir -p /var/lib/grafana;chmod -R 777 /var/lib/grafana
mkdir -p /var/log/grafana;chmod -R 777 /var/log/grafana
mkdir -p /opt/grafana/etc/grafana/provisioning/datasources;
mkdir -p /opt/grafana/etc/grafana/provisioning/notifiers;
mkdir -p /opt/grafana/etc/grafana/provisioning/dashboards;
chmod -R 777 /opt/grafana/etc/grafana/provisioning

 

/var/lib/grafana 为数据库所在目录

 


生成启动
cd /opt/grafana/
docker-compose build
docker-compose up -d --force-recreate
docker-compose down
docker-compose restart

查看进程
netstat -anltp|grep 3000

查看日志
docker logs --tail="500" grafana
docker logs -f grafana

进入容器
docker exec -it grafana /bin/bash

 

进入网站 用户名密码都是admin

 

 

 

prometheus集群 Thanos(略)

posted @ 2019-11-26 20:40  wintersoft  阅读(1452)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报