mysql数据库中实现内连接、左连接、右连接

原文:http://www.cnblogs.com/xwdreamer/archive/2010/12/15/2297058.html

 

内连接:把两个表中数据对应的数据查出来 
外连接:以某个表为基础把对应数据查出来

首先创建数据库中的表,数据库代码如下:

 

/*
Navicat MySQL Data Transfer
Source Server         : localhost_3306
Source Server Version : 50150
Source Host           : localhost:3306
Source Database       : store
Target Server Type    : MYSQL
Target Server Version : 50150
File Encoding         : 65001
Date: 2010-12-15 16:27:53
*/
SET FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=0;
-- ----------------------------
-- Table structure for `grade`
-- ----------------------------
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `grade`;
CREATE TABLE `grade` (
  `no` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `grade` int(11) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`no`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=4 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
-- ----------------------------
-- Records of grade
-- ----------------------------
INSERT INTO grade VALUES ('1', '90');
INSERT INTO grade VALUES ('2', '80');
INSERT INTO grade VALUES ('3', '70');
-- ----------------------------
-- Table structure for `student`
-- ----------------------------
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `student`;
CREATE TABLE `student` (
  `no` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `name` varchar(20) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`no`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=5 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
-- ----------------------------
-- Records of student
-- ----------------------------
INSERT INTO student VALUES ('1', 'a');
INSERT INTO student VALUES ('2', 'b');
INSERT INTO student VALUES ('3', 'c');
INSERT INTO student VALUES ('4', 'd');

student表中的字段分别是no和name,grade表中的字段是no和grade。两张表中的no都代表的是学生的学号。

查询student表的结果:

mysql> select * from grade;
+----+-------+
| no | grade |
+----+-------+
|  1 |    90 |
|  2 |    80 |
|  3 |    70 |
+----+-------+
rows in set

查询grade表的结果:

mysql> select * from student s inner join grade g on s.no=g.no;
 
+----+------+----+-------+
| no | name | no | grade |
+----+------+----+-------+
|  1 | a    |  1 |    90 |
|  2 | b    |  2 |    80 |
|  3 | c    |  3 |    70 |
+----+------+----+-------+
rows in set

左连接(左表中所有数据,右表中对应数据) 

mysql> select * from student as s left join grade as 
g on s.no=g.no; 
+----+------+------+-------+
| no | name | no   | grade |
+----+------+------+-------+
|  1 | a    |    1 |    90 |
|  2 | b    |    2 |    80 |
|  3 | c    |    3 |    70 |
|  4 | d    | NULL | NULL  |
+----+------+------+-------+
rows in set

右连接(右表中所有数据,左表中对应数据) 

mysql> select * from student as s right
 join grade as g on s.no=g.no; 
+----+------+----+-------+
| no | name | no | grade |
+----+------+----+-------+
|  1 | a    |  1 |    90 |
|  2 | b    |  2 |    80 |
|  3 | c    |  3 |    70 |
+----+------+----+-------+
rows in set

 

posted @ 2017-06-19 18:43  yweihainan  阅读(759)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报