RecyclerViewItemTouchHelperDemo【使用ItemTouchHelper进行拖拽排序功能】

版权声明:本文为HaiyuKing原创文章,转载请注明出处!

前言

记录使用ItemTouchHelper对Recyclerview进行拖拽排序功能的实现。

效果图

代码分析

ItemTouchHelper是一个工具类,可实现侧滑删除和拖拽移动,使用这个工具类需要RecyclerView和Callback。同时根据需要重写onMove和onSwiped方法。

使用步骤

一、项目组织结构图

注意事项:

1、  导入类文件后需要change包名以及重新import R文件路径

2、  Values目录下的文件(strings.xml、dimens.xml、colors.xml等),如果项目中存在,则复制里面的内容,不要整个覆盖

二、导入步骤

(1)在build.gradle中引用recyclerview【版本号和appcompat保持一致】

apply plugin: 'com.android.application'

android {
    compileSdkVersion 27
    defaultConfig {
        applicationId "com.why.project.recyclerviewitemtouchhelperdemo"
        minSdkVersion 16
        targetSdkVersion 27
        versionCode 1
        versionName "1.0"
        testInstrumentationRunner "android.support.test.runner.AndroidJUnitRunner"
    }
    buildTypes {
        release {
            minifyEnabled false
            proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
        }
    }
}

dependencies {
    implementation fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])
    implementation 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:27.1.1'
    implementation 'com.android.support.constraint:constraint-layout:1.1.2'
    testImplementation 'junit:junit:4.12'
    androidTestImplementation 'com.android.support.test:runner:1.0.2'
    androidTestImplementation 'com.android.support.test.espresso:espresso-core:3.0.2'

    //RecyclerView
    compile "com.android.support:recyclerview-v7:27.1.1"
}

(2)在AndroidManifest.xml中声明震动权限

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
          package="com.why.project.recyclerviewitemtouchhelperdemo">

    <!-- ======================RecyclerView拖拽震动效果====================== -->
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.VIBRATE" />

    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
        android:supportsRtl="true"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
        <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN"/>

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER"/>
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
    </application>

</manifest>

(3)在项目中实现Recyclerview基本数据展现

1、创建Bean类

package com.why.project.recyclerviewitemtouchhelperdemo.bean;

/**
 * Created by HaiyuKing
 * Used 列表项的bean类
 */

public class ChannelBean {
    private String channelId;//频道id值
    private String channelName;//频道名称

    public String getChannelId() {
        return channelId;
    }

    public void setChannelId(String channelId) {
        this.channelId = channelId;
    }

    public String getChannelName() {
        return channelName;
    }

    public void setChannelName(String channelName) {
        this.channelName = channelName;
    }
}
ChannelBean.java

2、创建Adapter以及item的布局文件

package com.why.project.recyclerviewitemtouchhelperdemo.adapter;

import android.content.Context;
import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.LinearLayout;
import android.widget.TextView;

import com.why.project.recyclerviewitemtouchhelperdemo.R;
import com.why.project.recyclerviewitemtouchhelperdemo.bean.ChannelBean;

import java.util.ArrayList;

/**
 * Created by HaiyuKing
 * Used 频道列表适配器
 */

public class ChannelAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<RecyclerView.ViewHolder>{
    /**上下文*/
    private Context myContext;
    /**频道集合*/
    private ArrayList<ChannelBean> listitemList;

    /**
     * 构造函数
     */
    public ChannelAdapter(Context context, ArrayList<ChannelBean> itemlist) {
        myContext = context;
        listitemList = itemlist;
    }

    /**
     * 获取总的条目数
     */
    @Override
    public int getItemCount() {
        return listitemList.size();
    }

    /**
     * 创建ViewHolder
     */
    @Override
    public RecyclerView.ViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
        View view = LayoutInflater.from(myContext).inflate(R.layout.channel_list_item, parent, false);
        ItemViewHolder itemViewHolder = new ItemViewHolder(view);
        return itemViewHolder;
    }

    /**
     * 声明grid列表项ViewHolder*/
    static class ItemViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder
    {
        public ItemViewHolder(View view)
        {
            super(view);

            listItemLayout = (LinearLayout) view.findViewById(R.id.listitem_layout);
            mChannelName = (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.tv_channelName);
        }

        LinearLayout listItemLayout;
        TextView mChannelName;
    }

    /**
     * 将数据绑定至ViewHolder
     */
    @Override
    public void onBindViewHolder(RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder, int index) {

        //判断属于列表项还是上拉加载区域
        if(viewHolder instanceof ItemViewHolder){
            ChannelBean channelBean = listitemList.get(index);
            final ItemViewHolder itemViewHold = ((ItemViewHolder)viewHolder);

            itemViewHold.mChannelName.setText(channelBean.getChannelName());

            //如果设置了回调,则设置点击事件
            if (mOnItemClickLitener != null)
            {
                itemViewHold.listItemLayout.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
                    @Override
                    public void onClick(View view) {
                        int position = itemViewHold.getLayoutPosition();//在增加数据或者减少数据时候,position和index就不一样了
                        mOnItemClickLitener.onItemClick(itemViewHold.listItemLayout, position);
                    }
                });
                //长按事件
                itemViewHold.listItemLayout.setOnLongClickListener(new View.OnLongClickListener() {
                    @Override
                    public boolean onLongClick(View view) {
                        int position = itemViewHold.getLayoutPosition();//在增加数据或者减少数据时候,position和index就不一样了
                        mOnItemClickLitener.onItemLongClick(itemViewHold.listItemLayout, position);
                        return false;
                    }
                });
            }

        }
    }

    /**
     * 添加Item--用于动画的展现*/
    public void addItem(int position,ChannelBean listitemBean) {
        listitemList.add(position,listitemBean);
        notifyItemInserted(position);
    }
    /**
     * 删除Item--用于动画的展现*/
    public void removeItem(int position) {
        listitemList.remove(position);
        notifyItemRemoved(position);
    }

    /*=====================添加OnItemClickListener回调================================*/
    public interface OnItemClickLitener
    {
        void onItemClick(View view, int position);
        void onItemLongClick(View view, int position);
    }

    private OnItemClickLitener mOnItemClickLitener;

    public void setOnItemClickLitener(OnItemClickLitener mOnItemClickLitener)
    {
        this.mOnItemClickLitener = mOnItemClickLitener;
    }
}
ChannelAdapter.java
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:id="@+id/listitem_layout"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:padding="10dp"
    android:layout_margin="10dp"
    android:background="#c5c5c5">

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/tv_channelName"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="频道名称"
        android:textSize="18sp"
        android:layout_gravity="center"/>

</LinearLayout>
channel_list_item.xml

3、在Activity布局文件中引用Recyclerview控件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">

    <android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView
        android:id="@+id/recycler_view"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:cacheColorHint="#00000000"
        android:divider="@null"
        android:listSelector="#00000000"
        android:scrollbars="none"
        />

</RelativeLayout>

4、在Activity类中初始化recyclerview数据

package com.why.project.recyclerviewitemtouchhelperdemo;

import android.app.Service;
import android.graphics.Color;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Vibrator;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.support.v7.widget.GridLayoutManager;
import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;
import android.support.v7.widget.helper.ItemTouchHelper;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Toast;

import com.why.project.recyclerviewitemtouchhelperdemo.adapter.ChannelAdapter;
import com.why.project.recyclerviewitemtouchhelperdemo.bean.ChannelBean;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private RecyclerView mRecyclerView;
    private ArrayList<ChannelBean> mChannelBeanArrayList;
    private ChannelAdapter mChannelAdapter;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        initViews();
        initDatas();
        initEvents();

    }

    private void initViews() {
        mRecyclerView = findViewById(R.id.recycler_view);
    }

    private void initDatas() {
        //初始化集合
        mChannelBeanArrayList = new ArrayList<ChannelBean>();
        for(int i=0; i<10;i++){
            ChannelBean channelBean = new ChannelBean();
            channelBean.setChannelId("123"+i);
            channelBean.setChannelName("频道"+i);

            mChannelBeanArrayList.add(channelBean);
        }

        //设置布局管理器
        GridLayoutManager gridLayoutManager = new GridLayoutManager(this,3);
        mRecyclerView.setLayoutManager(gridLayoutManager);

        //设置适配器
        if(mChannelAdapter == null){
            //设置适配器
            mChannelAdapter = new ChannelAdapter(this, mChannelBeanArrayList);
            mRecyclerView.setAdapter(mChannelAdapter);
            //添加分割线
            //设置添加删除动画
            //调用ListView的setSelected(!ListView.isSelected())方法,这样就能及时刷新布局
            mRecyclerView.setSelected(true);
        }else{
            mChannelAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
        }
    }

private void initEvents() { //列表适配器的点击监听事件 mChannelAdapter.setOnItemClickLitener(new ChannelAdapter.OnItemClickLitener() { @Override public void onItemClick(View view, int position) { Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, mChannelBeanArrayList.get(position).getChannelName(), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show(); } @Override public void onItemLongClick(View view, int position) { Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "长按", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show(); } }); } }

三、使用方法

在基本的Recyclerview基础上添加ItemTouchHelper【注意,紫色标记的是用来演示用的,可以去掉

package com.why.project.recyclerviewitemtouchhelperdemo;

import android.app.Service;
import android.graphics.Color;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Vibrator;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.support.v7.widget.GridLayoutManager;
import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;
import android.support.v7.widget.helper.ItemTouchHelper;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Toast;

import com.why.project.recyclerviewitemtouchhelperdemo.adapter.ChannelAdapter;
import com.why.project.recyclerviewitemtouchhelperdemo.bean.ChannelBean;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private RecyclerView mRecyclerView;
    private ArrayList<ChannelBean> mChannelBeanArrayList;
    private ChannelAdapter mChannelAdapter;

    /**拖拽功能*/
    private ItemTouchHelper itemTouchHelper;
    private int currentPagePosition = -1;//当前拖拽的item的原始位置,从0开始【长按时赋值】,用来和currentPageNewPosition对比进行判断是否执行排序接口
    private int currentPageNewPosition = -1;//当前item拖拽后的位置,从0开始
    private boolean newOrder = false;//标记是否拖拽排序过,默认是false

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        initViews();
        initDatas();
        initEvents();

    }

    private void initViews() {
        mRecyclerView = findViewById(R.id.recycler_view);
    }

    private void initDatas() {
        //初始化集合
        mChannelBeanArrayList = new ArrayList<ChannelBean>();
        for(int i=0; i<10;i++){
            ChannelBean channelBean = new ChannelBean();
            channelBean.setChannelId("123"+i);
            channelBean.setChannelName("频道"+i);

            mChannelBeanArrayList.add(channelBean);
        }

        //设置布局管理器
        GridLayoutManager gridLayoutManager = new GridLayoutManager(this,3);
        mRecyclerView.setLayoutManager(gridLayoutManager);

        //设置适配器
        if(mChannelAdapter == null){
            //设置适配器
            mChannelAdapter = new ChannelAdapter(this, mChannelBeanArrayList);
            mRecyclerView.setAdapter(mChannelAdapter);
            //添加分割线
            //设置添加删除动画
            //调用ListView的setSelected(!ListView.isSelected())方法,这样就能及时刷新布局
            mRecyclerView.setSelected(true);
        }else{
            mChannelAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
        }

        initItemTouchHelper();
    }

    private void initItemTouchHelper() {
        //拖拽
        itemTouchHelper = new ItemTouchHelper(new ItemTouchHelper.Callback(){

            //开启长按拖拽功能,默认为true【暂时用不到】
            //如果需要我们自定义拖拽和滑动,可以设置为false,然后调用itemTouchHelper.startDrag(ViewHolder)方法来开启!
            @Override
            public boolean isLongPressDragEnabled() {
                return true;
            }

            //开始滑动功能,默认为true【暂时用不到】
            //如果需要我们自定义拖拽和滑动,可以设置为false,然后调用itemTouchHelper.startSwipe(ViewHolder)方法来开启!
            @Override
            public boolean isItemViewSwipeEnabled() {
                return true;
            }

            /*用于设置是否处理拖拽事件和滑动事件,以及拖拽和滑动操作的方向
            比如如果是列表类型的RecyclerView,拖拽只有UP、DOWN两个方向
            而如果是网格类型的则有UP、DOWN、LEFT、RIGHT四个方向
            */
            @Override
            public int getMovementFlags(RecyclerView recyclerView, RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder) {
                int dragFlags = 0;//dragFlags 是拖拽标志
                int swipeFlags = 0;//swipeFlags是侧滑标志,我们把swipeFlags 都设置为0,表示不处理滑动操作
                if (recyclerView.getLayoutManager() instanceof GridLayoutManager) {
                    dragFlags = ItemTouchHelper.UP | ItemTouchHelper.DOWN | ItemTouchHelper.LEFT | ItemTouchHelper.RIGHT;
                    swipeFlags = 0;
                } else {
                    dragFlags = ItemTouchHelper.UP | ItemTouchHelper.DOWN;
                    swipeFlags = 0;
                }
                Log.w("ItemTouchHelper","{getMovementFlags}dragFlags="+dragFlags+";swipeFlags="+swipeFlags);
                return makeMovementFlags(dragFlags, swipeFlags);
            }

            /*如果我们设置了非0的dragFlags ,那么当我们长按item的时候就会进入拖拽并在拖拽过程中不断回调onMove()方法
            我们就在这个方法里获取当前拖拽的item和已经被拖拽到所处位置的item的ViewHolder,
            有了这2个ViewHolder,我们就可以交换他们的数据集并调用Adapter的notifyItemMoved方法来刷新item*/
            @Override
            public boolean onMove(RecyclerView recyclerView, RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder, RecyclerView.ViewHolder target) {
                int fromPosition = viewHolder.getAdapterPosition();//得到拖动ViewHolder的position
                int toPosition = target.getAdapterPosition();//得到目标ViewHolder的position
                Log.w("ItemTouchHelper","{onMove}fromPosition="+fromPosition+";toPosition="+toPosition);
                //这里可以添加判断,实现某一项不可交换
                if (fromPosition < toPosition) {
                    for (int i = fromPosition; i < toPosition; i++) {
                        Collections.swap(mChannelBeanArrayList, i, i + 1);
                    }
                } else {
                    for (int i = fromPosition; i > toPosition; i--) {
                        Collections.swap(mChannelBeanArrayList, i, i - 1);
                    }
                }
                mChannelAdapter.notifyItemMoved(fromPosition, toPosition);

                return true;
            }

            /*同理如果我们设置了非0的swipeFlags,我们在侧滑item的时候就会回调onSwiped的方法,我们不处理这个事件,空着就行了。*/
            @Override
            public void onSwiped(RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder, int direction) {

            }
            //我们希望拖拽的Item在拖拽的过程中发生震动或者颜色变深,这样就需要继续重写下面两个方法
            //当长按选中item的时候(拖拽开始的时候)调用
            //ACTION_STATE_IDLE:闲置状态
            //ACTION_STATE_SWIPE:滑动状态
            //ACTION_STATE_DRAG:拖拽状态
            @Override
            public void onSelectedChanged(RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder, int actionState) {
                Log.w("ItemTouchHelper","{onSelectedChanged}actionState="+actionState);
                if (actionState == ItemTouchHelper.ACTION_STATE_DRAG) {
                    //获取系统震动服务
                    Vibrator vib = (Vibrator) MainActivity.this.getSystemService(Service.VIBRATOR_SERVICE);
                    //震动70毫秒
                    vib.vibrate(70);
                    viewHolder.itemView.setPressed(true);
                    viewHolder.itemView.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#ff0000"));//演示拖拽的时候item背景颜色加深(实际情况中去掉)
                }
                super.onSelectedChanged(viewHolder, actionState);
            }

            //当手指松开的时候(拖拽或滑动完成的时候)调用,这时候我们可以将item恢复为原来的状态(相对于背景颜色加深来说的)
            @Override
            public void clearView(RecyclerView recyclerView, RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder) {
                super.clearView(recyclerView, viewHolder);
                Log.w("ItemTouchHelper","{clearView}viewHolder.getAdapterPosition="+viewHolder.getAdapterPosition());
                viewHolder.itemView.setPressed(false);
                currentPageNewPosition = viewHolder.getAdapterPosition();
                Log.w("ItemTouchHelper","{clearView}currentPagePosition="+currentPagePosition);
                Log.w("ItemTouchHelper","{clearView}currentPageNewPosition="+currentPageNewPosition);
                if(!(currentPagePosition == currentPageNewPosition)){
                    newOrder = true;
                    //执行其他方法,比如设置拖拽后的item为选中状态
                }

                viewHolder.itemView.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#c5c5c5"));//演示拖拽的完毕后item背景颜色恢复原样(实际情况中去掉)
                mChannelAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();//解决重叠问题
            }
        });
        //设置是否可以排序
        itemTouchHelper.attachToRecyclerView(mRecyclerView);
    }

    private void initEvents() {
        //列表适配器的点击监听事件
        mChannelAdapter.setOnItemClickLitener(new ChannelAdapter.OnItemClickLitener() {
            @Override
            public void onItemClick(View view, int position) {
                Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, mChannelBeanArrayList.get(position).getChannelName(), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }

            @Override
            public void onItemLongClick(View view, int position) {
                currentPagePosition = position;//拖拽用到的
                Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "长按", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
        });
    }
}

混淆配置

参考资料

Android使用ItemTouchHelper打造可拖拽的RecyclerView

RecyclerView进阶:使用ItemTouchHelper实现拖拽和侧滑删除

RecyclerView爱恨情仇之ItemTouchHelper

项目demo下载地址

https://github.com/haiyuKing/RecyclerViewItemTouchHelperDemo

posted @ 2018-07-15 18:40  HaiyuKing  阅读(2545)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报