根据国家统计局的行政区划爬取阿里云地图边界

最近做一个大屏数据展示项目,需要用到全国地图及下钻功能,之前也写过一篇关于地图下钻的文章 https://www.cnblogs.com/weijiutao/p/13977011.html ,所用到的是Echarts 自带地图插件再加上很老的一份地图边界线,行政区划和边界线无法对应上,所以想到爬取一份最新的行政区划和边界线.

具体的操作是先从国家统计局 http://www.mca.gov.cn/article/sj/xzqh/2020/20201201.html 拿到一份县级以上行政区划的名称和代码,然后再去阿里云的dataV数据可视化平台 http://datav.aliyun.com/portal/school/atlas/area_selector 进行边界线数据的抓取.

先上爬取统计局县级以上行政区划的代码

 1 # 统计局县级及以上行政区划
 2 import requests
 3 from lxml import html
 4 
 5 etree = html.etree
 6 import json
 7 
 8 area_url = 'http://www.mca.gov.cn/article/sj/xzqh/2020/20201201.html'
 9 response = requests.get(area_url)
10 result = etree.HTML(response.text)
11 areacode_list = result.xpath('//tr/td[2]/text()')
12 areaname_list = result.xpath('//tr/td[3]/text()')
13 arr = []
14 for index, areacode in enumerate(areacode_list):
15     obj = {
16         'areacode': areacode,
17         'areaname': areaname_list[index]
18         # 'areaname': areaname_list[index+2]
19     }
20     arr.append(obj)
21 # jsonfile = open('area.json', 'w', encoding='utf-8')
22 # json.dump(arr, jsonfile, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)
23 print(arr)

上面的代码具体解释我就不再累赘了,有兴趣的可以查看我之前的爬虫教程.

上面的代码具体落实到国家统计局的页面如下

 

 

 在执行完上面的代码后我们查看打印的最后几个地区会发现问题,如下图

 

 

 我们会发现820000应该是澳门特别行政区的行政区划代码,但是却成了台湾的,经过逐步排查发现海南省西沙区和南沙区没有行政区划,如下图

 

 

 正好错出了两位,所以可以将上面的代码中第17行注释掉,第18行放开,这样就会向上错出两行来,然后将导出的两份json数据在三沙市那里进行数据的合并,这样就可以获取到一份完整的行政区划代码了.

接下来我们就根据拿到的行政区划区阿里云datav上来获取地图边界线.

 

根据上图右侧的链接我们可以获取到当前行政区划下的地图边界线,如下图

 那我们就可以根据上面爬取到的县级以上行政区划再加上阿里云datav的链接地址就可以得到一份最新的地图边界线,代码如下:

  1 # 根据行政区划查找阿里地图的边界
  2 import requests
  3 import json
  4 import time
  5 from lxml import html
  6 
  7 etree = html.etree
  8 
  9 # 打开一个json文件
 10 data = open("./area.json", encoding='utf-8')
 11 # 转换为python对象
 12 json_result = json.load(data)
 13 # print(json_result)
 14 
 15 for area in json_result:
 16     areacode = area['areacode']
 17     areaname = area['areaname']
 18     areacode_2 = areacode[: 2]
 19     if int(areacode_2) > 0:
 20         if areacode[-4:] == '0000':
 21             print('\033[31m province---------->', areacode)
 22             time.sleep(1)
 23             try:
 24                 if areacode == '710000':
 25                     full_url = 'https://geo.datav.aliyun.com/areas_v3/bound/' + areacode + '.json'
 26                 else:
 27                     full_url = 'https://geo.datav.aliyun.com/areas_v3/bound/' + areacode + '_full.json'
 28                 response = requests.get(full_url)
 29                 result = json.loads(response.text)
 30 
 31                 jsonfile = open('data/province/' + areacode + '.json', 'w', encoding='utf-8')
 32                 json.dump(result, jsonfile, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)
 33                 jsonfile.close()
 34 
 35                 jsonfile1 = open('data/province1/' + areaname + '.json', 'w', encoding='utf-8')
 36                 json.dump(result, jsonfile1, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)
 37                 jsonfile1.close()
 38 
 39                 jsonfile2 = open('data/province2/' + areacode + '_' + areaname + '.json', 'w', encoding='utf-8')
 40                 json.dump(result, jsonfile2, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)
 41                 jsonfile2.close()
 42 
 43                 full_url = 'https://geo.datav.aliyun.com/areas_v3/bound/' + areacode + '.json'
 44                 response = requests.get(full_url)
 45                 result = json.loads(response.text)
 46 
 47                 jsonfile_json = open('data/province_json/province/' + areacode + '.json', 'w', encoding='utf-8')
 48                 json.dump(result, jsonfile_json, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)
 49                 jsonfile_json.close()
 50 
 51                 jsonfile_json1 = open('data/province_json/province1/' + areaname + '.json', 'w', encoding='utf-8')
 52                 json.dump(result, jsonfile_json1, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)
 53                 jsonfile_json1.close()
 54 
 55                 jsonfile_json2 = open('data/province_json/province2/' + areacode + '_' + areaname + '.json', 'w',
 56                                       encoding='utf-8')
 57                 json.dump(result, jsonfile_json2, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)
 58                 jsonfile_json2.close()
 59             except:
 60                 print('\033[41m province错误')
 61                 full_url = 'https://geo.datav.aliyun.com/areas_v3/bound/' + areacode + '.json'
 62                 jsonfile_error = open('data/province_error/' + areacode + '.json', 'w', encoding='utf-8')
 63                 result = {'areacode': areacode, 'url': full_url}
 64                 json.dump(result, jsonfile_error, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)
 65                 jsonfile_error.close()
 66         elif areacode[-2:] == '00':
 67             print('\033[34m city---------->', areacode)
 68             time.sleep(1)
 69             error_list = ['441900', '442000', '460400', '620200']
 70             if areacode in error_list:
 71                 pass
 72             else:
 73                 try:
 74                     full_url = 'https://geo.datav.aliyun.com/areas_v3/bound/' + areacode + '_full.json'
 75                     response = requests.get(full_url)
 76                     result = json.loads(response.text)
 77 
 78                     jsonfile = open('data/city/' + areacode + '.json', 'w', encoding='utf-8')
 79                     json.dump(result, jsonfile, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)
 80                     jsonfile.close()
 81 
 82                     jsonfile1 = open('data/city1/' + areaname + '.json', 'w', encoding='utf-8')
 83                     json.dump(result, jsonfile1, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)
 84                     jsonfile1.close()
 85 
 86                     jsonfile2 = open('data/city2/' + areacode + '_' + areaname + '.json', 'w', encoding='utf-8')
 87                     json.dump(result, jsonfile2, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)
 88                     jsonfile2.close()
 89 
 90                     full_url = 'https://geo.datav.aliyun.com/areas_v3/bound/' + areacode + '.json'
 91                     response = requests.get(full_url)
 92                     result = json.loads(response.text)
 93 
 94                     jsonfile_json = open('data/city_json/city/' + areacode + '.json', 'w', encoding='utf-8')
 95                     json.dump(result, jsonfile_json, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)
 96                     jsonfile_json.close()
 97 
 98                     jsonfile_json1 = open('data/city_json/city1/' + areaname + '.json', 'w', encoding='utf-8')
 99                     json.dump(result, jsonfile_json1, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)
100                     jsonfile_json1.close()
101 
102                     jsonfile_json2 = open('data/city_json/city2/' + areacode + '_' + areaname + '.json', 'w', encoding='utf-8')
103                     json.dump(result, jsonfile_json2, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)
104                     jsonfile_json2.close()
105                 except:
106                     print('\033[41m city错误')
107                     full_url = 'https://geo.datav.aliyun.com/areas_v3/bound/' + areacode + '.json'
108                     jsonfile_error = open('data/city_error/' + areacode + '.json', 'w', encoding='utf-8')
109                     result = {'areacode': areacode, 'url': full_url}
110                     json.dump(result, jsonfile_error, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)
111                     jsonfile_error.close()
112         else:
113             print('\033[35m county---------->', areacode)
114             time.sleep(1)
115             error_list = ['320611', '330103', '330104', '350402', '410322']
116             if areacode in error_list:
117                 pass
118             else:
119                 try:
120                     full_url = 'https://geo.datav.aliyun.com/areas_v3/bound/' + areacode + '.json'
121                     response = requests.get(full_url)
122                     result = json.loads(response.text)
123 
124                     jsonfile = open('data/county/' + areacode + '.json', 'w', encoding='utf-8')
125                     json.dump(result, jsonfile, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)
126                     jsonfile.close()
127 
128                     jsonfile1 = open('data/county1/' + areaname + '.json', 'w', encoding='utf-8')
129                     json.dump(result, jsonfile1, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)
130                     jsonfile1.close()
131 
132                     jsonfile2 = open('data/county2/' + areacode + '_' + areaname + '.json', 'w', encoding='utf-8')
133                     json.dump(result, jsonfile2, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)
134                     jsonfile2.close()
135                 except:
136                     print('\033[41m county错误')
137                     jsonfile_error = open('data/county_error/' + areacode + '.json', 'w', encoding='utf-8')
138                     result = {'areacode': areacode, 'url': full_url}
139                     json.dump(result, jsonfile_error, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)
140                     jsonfile_error.close()

 

 最后贴上代码地址 https://gitee.com/vijtor/areacode-datav-py

 

posted @ 2022-03-14 10:13  丰寸  阅读(998)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报