asp.net core 3.0 中使用 swagger

asp.net core 3.0 中使用 swagger

Intro

上次更新了 asp.net core 3.0 简单的记录了一下 swagger 的使用 ,详细可以参考asp.net core3.0更新简记,那个项目的 api 比较简单,都是匿名接口不涉及到认证以及 api 版本控制,最近把另外一个 api 项目升级到了 3.0,还是遇到了一些问题,这里单独写一篇文章介绍,避免踩坑。

Swagger 基本使用

安装 nuget 包 Swashbuckle.AspNetCore,需要使用 5.0.x 版本,使用最新的 5.0.0-rc 版本(还没发稳定版,需要显示预览版本才能看到)

swagger 服务注册:

services.AddSwaggerGen(option =>
    {
        option.SwaggerDoc("sparktodo", new OpenApiInfo
        {
            Version = "v1",
            Title = "SparkTodo API",
            Description = "API for SparkTodo",
            Contact = new OpenApiContact() { Name = "WeihanLi", Email = "weihanli@outlook.com" }
        });
        
        // include document file
        option.IncludeXmlComments(Path.Combine(AppContext.BaseDirectory, $"{typeof(Startup).Assembly.GetName().Name}.xml"), true);
    });

中间件配置:

//Enable middleware to serve generated Swagger as a JSON endpoint.
app.UseSwagger();
//Enable middleware to serve swagger-ui (HTML, JS, CSS etc.), specifying the Swagger JSON endpoint
app.UseSwaggerUI(option =>
{
    option.SwaggerEndpoint("/swagger/sparktodo/swagger.json", "sparktodo Docs");

    option.RoutePrefix = string.Empty;
    option.DocumentTitle = "SparkTodo API";
});

为 Swagger 添加 Bearer Token 认证

services.AddSwaggerGen(option =>
{
    // ...

    // Add security definitions
    option.AddSecurityDefinition("Bearer", new OpenApiSecurityScheme()
    {
        Description = "Please enter into field the word 'Bearer' followed by a space and the JWT value",
        Name = "Authorization",
        In = ParameterLocation.Header,
        Type = SecuritySchemeType.ApiKey,
    });
    option.AddSecurityRequirement(new OpenApiSecurityRequirement
    {
        { new OpenApiSecurityScheme
        {
            Reference = new OpenApiReference()
            {
                Id = "Bearer",
                Type = ReferenceType.SecurityScheme
            }
        }, Array.Empty<string>() }
    });
});

支持多个 ApiVersion

services.AddApiVersioning(options =>
    {
        options.AssumeDefaultVersionWhenUnspecified = true;
        options.DefaultApiVersion = ApiVersion.Default;
        options.ReportApiVersions = true;
    });

services.AddSwaggerGen(option =>
{
    // ...

    option.SwaggerDoc("v1", new OpenApiInfo { Version = "v1", Title = "API V1" });
    option.SwaggerDoc("v2", new OpenApiInfo { Version = "v2", Title = "API V2" });

    option.DocInclusionPredicate((docName, apiDesc) =>
    {
        var versions = apiDesc.CustomAttributes()
            .OfType<ApiVersionAttribute>()
            .SelectMany(attr => attr.Versions);

        return versions.Any(v => $"v{v.ToString()}" == docName);
    });

    option.OperationFilter<RemoveVersionParameterOperationFilter>();
    option.DocumentFilter<SetVersionInPathDocumentFilter>();
});

自定义 Api version 相关的 OperationFilter:

public class SetVersionInPathDocumentFilter : IDocumentFilter
{
    public void Apply(OpenApiDocument swaggerDoc, DocumentFilterContext context)
    {
        var updatedPaths = new OpenApiPaths();

        foreach (var entry in swaggerDoc.Paths)
        {
            updatedPaths.Add(
                entry.Key.Replace("v{version}", swaggerDoc.Info.Version),
                entry.Value);
        }

        swaggerDoc.Paths = updatedPaths;
    }
}

public class RemoveVersionParameterOperationFilter : IOperationFilter
{
    public void Apply(OpenApiOperation operation, OperationFilterContext context)
    {
        // Remove version parameter from all Operations
        var versionParameter = operation.Parameters.Single(p => p.Name == "version");
        operation.Parameters.Remove(versionParameter);
    }
}

中间件配置:

//Enable middleware to serve generated Swagger as a JSON endpoint.
app.UseSwagger();
//Enable middleware to serve swagger-ui (HTML, JS, CSS etc.), specifying the Swagger JSON endpoint
app.UseSwaggerUI(option =>
{
    option.SwaggerEndpoint("/swagger/v2/swagger.json", "V2 Docs");
    option.SwaggerEndpoint("/swagger/v1/swagger.json", "V1 Docs");

    option.RoutePrefix = string.Empty;
    option.DocumentTitle = "SparkTodo API";
});

最终 swagger 效果

Memo

上面的配置来自 https://github.com/WeihanLi/SparkTodo 这个项目,要获取代码可以参考这个项目

Reference

posted @ 2019-10-18 19:20 WeihanLi 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏