基于Django的Rest Framework框架的url控制器

一 自定义路由(原始方式)

from django.conf.urls import url
from app01 import views
urlpatterns = [
    url(r'^books/$', views.BookView.as_view()),
    url(r'^books/(?P<pk>\d+)$', views.BookDetailView.as_view()),
]
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class BookView(APIView):

    def get(self, request):
        book_list = models.Book.objects.all()
        bs = BookSerializers(book_list, many=True)
        return Response(bs.data)

    def post(self, request):
        # 添加一条数据
        print(request.data)

        bs=BookSerializers(data=request.data)
        if bs.is_valid():
            bs.save()  # 生成记录
            return Response(bs.data)
        else:

            return Response(bs.errors)

class BookDetailView(APIView):
    def get(self,request,pk):
        book_obj=models.Book.objects.filter(pk=pk).first()
        bs=BookSerializers(book_obj,many=False)
        return Response(bs.data)
    def put(self,request,pk):
        book_obj = models.Book.objects.filter(pk=pk).first()

        bs=BookSerializers(data=request.data,instance=book_obj)
        if bs.is_valid():
            bs.save() # update
            return Response(bs.data)
        else:
            return Response(bs.errors)
    def delete(self,request,pk):
        models.Book.objects.filter(pk=pk).delete()

        return Response("")
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二 半自动路由(视图类继承ModelViewSet

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from django.conf.urls import url
from app01 import views
urlpatterns = [
    url(r'^publish/$', views.PublishView.as_view({'get':'list','post':'create'})),
    url(r'^publish/(?P<pk>\d+)/$', views.PublishView.as_view({'get':'retrieve','put':'update','delete':'destroy'})),

]
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from rest_framework.viewsets import ModelViewSet
class PublishView(ModelViewSet):
    queryset=models.Publish.objects.all()
    serializer_class=PublishSerializers

三 全自动路由(自动生成路由)

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from django.conf.urls import url,include
from app01 import views
from rest_framework import routers
router=routers.DefaultRouter()
# 两个参数,一个是匹配的路由,一个是视图中写的CBV的类
router.register('publish',views.PublishView)
urlpatterns = [
    # http://127.0.0.1:8000/publish/format=json(渲染器通过这个判断,返回渲染的页面)
    # url(r'^publish/', views.PublishView.as_view({'get':'list','post':'create'})),
    # http://127.0.0.1:8000/publish.json(渲染器通过这个判断,返回渲染的页面)
    # url(r'^publish\.(?P<format>\w+)$', views.PublishView.as_view({'get':'list','post':'create'})),
    
    # 可以用 以下方式访问
    # 1 http://127.0.0.1:8000/publish/
    # 2 http://127.0.0.1:8000/publish.json
    # 3 http://127.0.0.1:8000/publish/3
    # 4 http://127.0.0.1:8000/publish/3.json   
    url(r'',include(router.urls))
]
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from rest_framework.viewsets import ModelViewSet
class PublishView(ModelViewSet):
    queryset=models.Publish.objects.all()
    serializer_class=PublishSerializers

 

posted @ 2019-12-12 15:10  程序小王的生命周期  阅读(195)  评论(0编辑  收藏