基于Django的Rest Framework框架的视图组件

一 基本视图

写一个出版社的增删查改resful接口

路由:

    url(r'^publish/$', views.PublishView.as_view()),
    url(r'^publish/(?P<pk>\d+)/$', views.PublishDetailView.as_view()),

视图:

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class PublishSerializers(serializers.ModelSerializer):
    class Meta:
        model=models.Publish
        fields='__all__'

class PublishView(APIView):

    def get(self, request):
        publish_list = models.Publish.objects.all()
        bs = PublishSerializers(publish_list, many=True)
        # 序列化数据

        return Response(bs.data)

    def post(self, request):
        # 添加一条数据
        print(request.data)

        bs=PublishSerializers(data=request.data)
        if bs.is_valid():
            bs.save()  # 生成记录
            return Response(bs.data)
        else:

            return Response(bs.errors)

class PublishDetailView(APIView):
    def get(self,request,pk):
        publish_obj=models.Publish.objects.filter(pk=pk).first()
        bs=PublishSerializers(publish_obj,many=False)
        return Response(bs.data)
    def put(self,request,pk):
        publish_obj = models.Publish.objects.filter(pk=pk).first()

        bs=PublishSerializers(data=request.data,instance=publish_obj)
        if bs.is_valid():
            bs.save() # update
            return Response(bs.data)
        else:
            return Response(bs.errors)
    def delete(self,request,pk):
        models.Publish.objects.filter(pk=pk).delete()

        return Response("")
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二 mixin类和generice类编写视图

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from rest_framework.mixins import CreateModelMixin,RetrieveModelMixin,ListModelMixin,UpdateModelMixin,DestroyModelMixin
from rest_framework.generics import GenericAPIView
class PublishView(ListModelMixin,CreateModelMixin,GenericAPIView):
    queryset=models.Publish.objects.all()
    serializer_class=PublishSerializers

    def get(self, request):
        return self.list(request)

    def post(self, request):
        return self.create(request)

class PublishDetailView(RetrieveModelMixin,UpdateModelMixin,DestroyModelMixin,GenericAPIView):
    queryset=models.Publish.objects.all()
    serializer_class=PublishSerializers
    def get(self,request,*args,**kwargs):
        return self.retrieve(request,*args,**kwargs)
    def put(self,request,*args,**kwargs):
        return self.update(request,*args,**kwargs)
    def delete(self,request,*args,**kwargs):
        return self.destroy(request,*args,**kwargs)
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三 使用generics 下ListCreateAPIView,RetrieveUpdateDestroyAPIView

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from rest_framework.generics import ListCreateAPIView,RetrieveUpdateDestroyAPIView
class PublishView(ListCreateAPIView):
    queryset=models.Publish.objects.all()
    serializer_class=PublishSerializers

class PublishDetailView(RetrieveUpdateDestroyAPIView):
    queryset=models.Publish.objects.all()
    serializer_class=PublishSerializers
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四 使用ModelViewSet

路由:

    url(r'^publish/$', views.PublishView.as_view({'get':'list','post':'create'})),
    url(r'^publish/(?P<pk>\d+)/$', views.PublishView.as_view({'get':'retrieve','put':'update','delete':'destroy'})),

视图:

from rest_framework.viewsets import ModelViewSet
class PublishView(ModelViewSet):
    queryset=models.Publish.objects.all()
    serializer_class=PublishSerializers

 

posted @ 2019-12-12 15:11  程序小王的生命周期  阅读(95)  评论(0编辑  收藏