Aps.Net Core3.1 WebApi发送阿里云短信验证码

1、前言

转眼又要过了一年了 好久没写博客了,人不学就要落后,今天有时间把以前弄的发送阿里云短信验证码登录记录一下。

2、准备条件

1)去阿里云官网注册一个账号。有账号直接登录就行,以前新人好像有免费的短信可以学习 ,现在我们只能购买了 先开通短信服务然后去购买 购买链接 

2)跳转到控制台的短信服务点击国内消息签名模板 右边点添加签名。后面在模板管理哪里添加模板  。

模板这个签名的意思就是 发送短信验证码的头部,类似于发票的抬头文字  一般个人只能申请一个验证码签名。企业的不知道(没试过。。。)。模板就是具体的内容,里面可以使登录的验证码  注册的验证码 找回密码的验证码   加上签名就是 【xxx时光管】 您好,你登录的验证码是520886。【】不用写在签名里面 发短信的时候会自动加上。个人的签名不能包含一些企业的文字  到时候他会告诉你签名、模板注意事项。

 

 3)查看个人的accessKeyId跟accessSecret 右上角点个人头像点击AccessKey管理。没有的就创建一个,有的话就看列表点击查看Secret  然后验证一下就可以了,记住这两个key

 

3、Core 代码

1)写一个发送验证码的辅助类SMS

public class SMS
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 发送短信
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="phone">手机号码</param>
        /// <param name="code">验证码</param>
        /// <param name="templateName">验证码模板</param>
        /// <param name="accessKeyId">accessKeyId= LTAIA8bLXzkMsKR4JB8</param>
        /// <param name="secret">secret= SamAiMzbdC0yS1lo6u9O9r</param>
        /// <param name="signName">签名名称</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static SendMessageDto SendSMS(string phone, string code, string templateName, string accessKeyId, string secret, string signName)
        {
            var ret = new SendMessageDto();
            IClientProfile profile = DefaultProfile.GetProfile("cn-hangzhou", accessKeyId, secret);
            DefaultAcsClient client = new DefaultAcsClient(profile);
            CommonRequest request = new CommonRequest
            {
                Method = MethodType.POST,
                Domain = "dysmsapi.aliyuncs.com",
                Version = "2017-05-25",
                Action = "SendSms"
            };
            request.AddQueryParameters("PhoneNumbers", phone);
            request.AddQueryParameters("SignName", signName);
            request.AddQueryParameters("TemplateCode", templateName);
            request.AddQueryParameters("TemplateParam", $"{{'code':'{code}'}}");
            // request.Protocol = ProtocolType.HTTP;

            try
            {
                CommonResponse response = client.GetCommonResponse(request);
                var result = Encoding.Default.GetString(response.HttpResponse.Content);
                var resultJson = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<SendMessageDto>(result);
                ret = resultJson;
            }
            catch (ServerException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e);
            }
            catch (ClientException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e);
            }
            return ret;
        }
    }
    public class SendMessageDto
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 状态码的描述。
        /// </summary>
        public string Message { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        ///    请求ID。
        /// </summary>
        public string RequestId { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        ///  发送回执ID,可根据该ID在接口QuerySendDetails中查询具体的发送状态。
        /// </summary>
        public string BizId { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 请求状态码。 返回OK代表请求成功。
        /// </summary>
        public string Code { get; set; }
    }

 

 2)验证码配置类SMSConfig

 /// <summary>
    /// 验证码配置类
    /// </summary>
    public class SMSConfig
    {
        public string AccessKeyId { get; set; }
        public string AccessSecret { get; set; }
        public string SignName { get; set; }
        public Login Login { get; set; }
        public Regist Regist { get; set; }
        public Reset Reset { get; set; }
    }
    /// <summary>
    /// 验证码模板
    /// </summary>
    public class Login
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 类型 1登录 2注册 3找回、重置密码
        /// </summary>
        //public int Type { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 模板名称
        /// </summary>
        public string TemplateName { get; set; }
    }
    public class Regist
    {

        /// <summary>
        /// 模板名称
        /// </summary>
        public string TemplateName { get; set; }
    }
    public class Reset
    {

        /// <summary>
        /// 模板名称
        /// </summary>
        public string TemplateName { get; set; }
    }

 

3)数据库建立一张表存储验证码

  public partial class SysSendSms
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Id
        /// </summary>
        [Key]
        [Column("Id", Order = 0)]
        [Required()]
        [Display(Name = "Id")]
        public int Id { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 验证码
        /// </summary>
        [Column("Code")]
        [StringLength(20, ErrorMessage = "{0}长度不能超过20个字符")]
        [Display(Name = "验证码")]
        public string Code { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 手机号
        /// </summary>
        [Column("Phone")]
        [StringLength(20, ErrorMessage = "{0}长度不能超过20个字符")]
        [Display(Name = "手机号")]
        public string Phone { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 发送时间
        /// </summary>
        [Column("SendTime")]
        [Display(Name = "发送时间")]
        [DisplayFormat(ApplyFormatInEditMode = true, DataFormatString = "{0:yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss:ffff}")]
        public DateTime? SendTime { get; set; } = DateTime.Now;
        /// <summary>
        /// gid
        /// </summary>
        [Column("Guid")]
        [StringLength(36, ErrorMessage = "{0}长度不能超过36个字符")]
        [Display(Name = "Guid")]
        public string Guid { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 次数
        /// </summary>
        [Column("Count")]
        [Display(Name = "次数")]
        public int? Count { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 是否用了
        /// </summary>
        [Column("IsUsed")]
        [Display(Name = "领取数量")]
        public bool? IsUsed { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 类型1登陆 2注册
        /// </summary>
        [Column("Type")]
        [Display(Name = "类型1登陆 2注册")]
        public int? Type { get; set; }
    }

 

这个type可以自己定义,我这边演示一个登陆的发送验证码

4)发送短信方法

  public async Task<Result> SendSMSAsync(SendSmsDto sendSmsDto)
        {
            var code = new Random().Next(1000, 9999).ToString();
            var templateName = sendSmsDto.Type switch
            {
                1 => _smsConfig.Value.Login.TemplateName,
                2 => _smsConfig.Value.Regist.TemplateName,
                _ => _smsConfig.Value.Login.TemplateName
            };
            return await Send(sendSmsDto.Phone, sendSmsDto.Type, code, templateName);            
        }
 /// <summary>
        /// 发送短信验证码
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="phone">手机</param>
        /// <param name="type">类型(后面数据库好区分,防止乱发)</param>
        /// <param name="code">验证码</param>
        /// <param name="templateName">模板申请下来对应的Code</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        private async Task<Result> Send(string phone, int type, string code, string templateName)
        {
            //手机号相同 密码相同 没有用过的
            var model = _db.SysSendSms.OrderByDescending(x=>x.SendTime).FirstOrDefault(x => x.Phone == phone && x.Type == type && x.IsUsed == false);
            var guid = Guid.NewGuid().ToString("N");
            var dt = DateTime.Now;//时间
            if (type == 1)//登录
            {
                var ckuser = _db.Customer.Any(x => x.Phone == phone);
                if(!ckuser)
                {
                    var cus = new Customer
                    {
                        Phone = phone,
                        LoginID = phone,
                        Gid = Guid.NewGuid().ToString("N"),
                        Pwd = SecurityHelper.MD5(phone)
                    };
                    _db.Customer.Add(cus);
                    _db.SaveChanges();
                    return await CkSend(phone, type, code, templateName, model, guid, dt);
                }
                else
                    return await CkSend(phone, type, code, templateName, model, guid, dt);
            }
            else
                return Result.ToFail("请求参数错误,type");
        }

 

检查发送验证码的方法 为了防止恶意乱发

 /// <summary>
        /// 看看以前发过没有
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="phone"></param>
        /// <param name="type"></param>
        /// <param name="code"></param>
        /// <param name="templateName"></param>
        /// <param name="model"></param>
        /// <param name="guid"></param>
        /// <param name="dt"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        private async Task<Result> CkSend(string phone, int type, string code, string templateName, SysSendSms model, string guid, DateTime dt)
        {
            if (model == null)//没有发送过
            {
                var sendMess = SMS.SendSMS(phone, code, templateName, _smsConfig.Value.AccessKeyId, _smsConfig.Value.AccessSecret, _smsConfig.Value.SignName);
                if (sendMess.Code == "OK")
                {
                    await SaveData(phone, type, code, guid, dt);
                    return Result.ToSuccess(new { code });
                }
                else
                    return Result.ToFail("短信验证码发送失败" + sendMess.Code + sendMess.Message);
            }
            else
            {
                var co = model.Count;//发送次数
                if (co >= 5 && dt.AddHours(-5) < model.SendTime)//大于3次并且时间在3个小时内
                    return Result.ToFail("短信验证码发送频繁,请3个小时再试");
                else /*(co >= 8 && dt.AddDays(-1) < model.SendTime)//大于8次并且时间在24个小时内*/
                {
                    var sendMess = SMS.SendSMS(phone, code, templateName, _smsConfig.Value.AccessKeyId, _smsConfig.Value.AccessSecret, _smsConfig.Value.SignName);
                    if (sendMess.Code == "OK")
                    {
                        model.Count++;
                        model.SendTime = DateTime.Now;
                        model.Code = code;
                        _db.SaveChanges();
                        return Result.ToSuccess(new { code });
                    }
                    else
                        return Result.ToFail("短信验证码发送失败"+ sendMess.Code+sendMess.Message);
                }
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 保存发送信息到数据库
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="phone"></param>
        /// <param name="type"></param>
        /// <param name="code"></param>
        /// <param name="guid"></param>
        /// <param name="dt"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>

        private async Task SaveData(string phone, int type, string code, string guid, DateTime dt)
        {
            var modelSMS = new SysSendSms
            {
                Code = code,
                Phone = phone,
                SendTime = dt,
                Guid = guid,
                Count = 1,
                IsUsed = false,
                Type = type
            };
            _db.SysSendSms.Add(modelSMS);
            await _db.SaveChangesAsync();
        }

 

我这边的逻辑其实是写死的  type只能是1  就是这个用户不在数据库里面先创建用户 然后发送验证码。在里面就直接发送验证码。下面是登录方法

  public async Task<Result> LoginAsync(LoginDto loginDto)
        {
            try
            {
                var model = _db.Customer.FirstOrDefault(x => x.LoginID == loginDto.Phone);
                if (model != null)
                {
                    var send = _db.SysSendSms.OrderByDescending(x => x.SendTime).FirstOrDefault(x => x.Code == loginDto.Code);
                    if (send == null)
                       return Result.ToFail("手机验证码错误");
                    else
                    {
                        Dictionary<string, string> keyValues = new Dictionary<string, string>()
                            {
                                {"Id",model.LoginID }
                            };
                        var token = _tokenHelper.CreateToken(keyValues);
                        send.IsUsed = true;
                        model.Token = token.TokenStr;
                        await _db.SaveChangesAsync();
                        return Result.ToSuccess(token);
                    }
                }
                else
                   return Result.ToFail("用户不存在");
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
               return Result.ToError(ex);
            }
        }
 public class LoginDto
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 手机号码
        /// </summary>
        public string Phone { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 验证码
        /// </summary>
        public string Code { get; set; }
    }

 

如果验证成功了就要把数据库发送短信验证码的字段IsUse改成true

我的模板 签名都写在配置文件里面

 //短信验证码配置  所有配置来自阿里云官方
  "SMSConfig": {
    "AccessKeyId": "LTAI4GB1mA8bLXzkMsKR4JB8",
    "AccessSecret": "SamAiMzbZ4ufoNRndC0yS1lo6u9O9r",
    "SignName": "真猴吃", //签名名称
    "Login": {
      "TemplateName": "SMS_200700770" //登录模板代码
    },
    "Regist": {
      "TemplateName": "SMS_180347559" //注册模板代码
    },
    "Reset": {
      "TemplateName": "SMS_192835767" //找回密码模板代码
    }
  },

 

这与上面的接收类一样的格式  当然在Core里面别忘了配置连接字符串  再调用的类或者接口在startup里面注册

  services.Configure<SMSConfig>(Configuration.GetSection("SMSConfig"));

4、参考、在线调试

 网址:https://api.aliyun.com/new#/?product=Dysmsapi&api=SendSms&params=%7B%22RegionId%22%3A%22cn-hangzhou%22%2C%22PhoneNumbers%22%3A%22%22%2C%22SignName%22%3A%22%22%2C%22TemplateCode%22%3A%22%22%7D&tab=DEMO&lang=JAVA

 

posted @ 2020-11-11 18:17  魏杨杨  阅读(1950)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报
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