Android颜色选择器之案例解析

因为画图板中需要使用颜色选择器. 去查了下api demo, 发现有现成的ColorPickerDialog, 但是功能比较简单, 主要是无法选择黑色和白色. 之后也去网上找了下, 倒是发现了几个, 但是用着感觉不太好.就想着自己重写个好了.

先上图
1.测试界面

2. 调色板对话框

3. 选择颜色

 

4.改变字体颜色

调色板对话框
  ColorPickerDialog.java

package com.dwood.paintdemo;   
   
import android.app.Dialog;   
import android.content.Context;   
import android.graphics.Canvas;   
import android.graphics.Color;   
import android.graphics.LinearGradient;   
import android.graphics.Paint;   
import android.graphics.RectF;   
import android.graphics.Shader;   
import android.graphics.SweepGradient;   
import android.os.Bundle;   
import android.util.Log;   
import android.view.MotionEvent;   
import android.view.View;   
import android.view.WindowManager;   
   
public class ColorPickerDialog extends Dialog {   
    private final boolean debug = true;   
    private final String TAG = "ColorPicker";   
        
    Context context;   
    private String title;//标题   
    private int mInitialColor;//初始颜色   
    private OnColorChangedListener mListener;   
   
    /**  
     * 初始颜色黑色  
     * @param context  
     * @param title 对话框标题  
     * @param listener 回调  
     */  
    public ColorPickerDialog(Context context, String title,    
            OnColorChangedListener listener) {   
        this(context, Color.BLACK, title, listener);   
    }   
        
    /**  
     *   
     * @param context  
     * @param initialColor 初始颜色  
     * @param title 标题  
     * @param listener 回调  
     */  
    public ColorPickerDialog(Context context, int initialColor,    
            String title, OnColorChangedListener listener) {   
        super(context);   
        this.context = context;   
        mListener = listener;   
        mInitialColor = initialColor;   
        this.title = title;   
    }   
   
    @Override  
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {   
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);   
        WindowManager manager = getWindow().getWindowManager();   
        int height = (int) (manager.getDefaultDisplay().getHeight() * 0.5f);   
        int width = (int) (manager.getDefaultDisplay().getWidth() * 0.7f);   
        ColorPickerView myView = new ColorPickerView(context, height, width);   
        setContentView(myView);   
        setTitle(title);   
    }   
        
    private class ColorPickerView extends View {   
        private Paint mPaint;//渐变色环画笔   
        private Paint mCenterPaint;//中间圆画笔   
        private Paint mLinePaint;//分隔线画笔   
        private Paint mRectPaint;//渐变方块画笔   
            
        private Shader rectShader;//渐变方块渐变图像   
        private float rectLeft;//渐变方块左x坐标   
        private float rectTop;//渐变方块右x坐标   
        private float rectRight;//渐变方块上y坐标   
        private float rectBottom;//渐变方块下y坐标   
            
        private final int[] mCircleColors;//渐变色环颜色   
        private final int[] mRectColors;//渐变方块颜色   
            
        private int mHeight;//View高   
        private int mWidth;//View宽   
        private float r;//色环半径(paint中部)   
        private float centerRadius;//中心圆半径   
            
        private boolean downInCircle = true;//按在渐变环上   
        private boolean downInRect;//按在渐变方块上   
        private boolean highlightCenter;//高亮   
        private boolean highlightCenterLittle;//微亮   
            
        public ColorPickerView(Context context, int height, int width) {   
            super(context);   
            this.mHeight = height - 36;   
            this.mWidth = width;   
            setMinimumHeight(height - 36);   
            setMinimumWidth(width);   
                
            //渐变色环参数   
            mCircleColors = new int[] {0xFFFF0000, 0xFFFF00FF, 0xFF0000FF,    
                    0xFF00FFFF, 0xFF00FF00,0xFFFFFF00, 0xFFFF0000};   
            Shader s = new SweepGradient(0, 0, mCircleColors, null);   
            mPaint = new Paint(Paint.ANTI_ALIAS_FLAG);   
            mPaint.setShader(s);   
            mPaint.setStyle(Paint.Style.STROKE);   
            mPaint.setStrokeWidth(50);   
            r = width / 2 * 0.7f - mPaint.getStrokeWidth() * 0.5f;   
                
            //中心圆参数   
            mCenterPaint = new Paint(Paint.ANTI_ALIAS_FLAG);   
            mCenterPaint.setColor(mInitialColor);   
            mCenterPaint.setStrokeWidth(5);   
            centerRadius = (r - mPaint.getStrokeWidth() / 2 ) * 0.7f;   
                
            //边框参数   
            mLinePaint = new Paint(Paint.ANTI_ALIAS_FLAG);   
            mLinePaint.setColor(Color.parseColor("#72A1D1"));   
            mLinePaint.setStrokeWidth(4);   
                
            //黑白渐变参数   
            mRectColors = new int[]{0xFF000000, mCenterPaint.getColor(), 0xFFFFFFFF};   
            mRectPaint = new Paint(Paint.ANTI_ALIAS_FLAG);   
            mRectPaint.setStrokeWidth(5);   
            rectLeft = -r - mPaint.getStrokeWidth() * 0.5f;   
            rectTop = r + mPaint.getStrokeWidth() * 0.5f +    
                    mLinePaint.getStrokeMiter() * 0.5f + 15;   
            rectRight = r + mPaint.getStrokeWidth() * 0.5f;   
            rectBottom = rectTop + 50;   
        }   
   
        @Override  
        protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {   
            //移动中心   
            canvas.translate(mWidth / 2, mHeight / 2 - 50);   
            //画中心圆   
            canvas.drawCircle(0, 0, centerRadius,  mCenterPaint);   
            //是否显示中心圆外的小圆环   
            if (highlightCenter || highlightCenterLittle) {   
                int c = mCenterPaint.getColor();   
                mCenterPaint.setStyle(Paint.Style.STROKE);   
                if(highlightCenter) {   
                    mCenterPaint.setAlpha(0xFF);   
                }else if(highlightCenterLittle) {   
                    mCenterPaint.setAlpha(0x90);   
                }   
                canvas.drawCircle(0, 0,    
                        centerRadius + mCenterPaint.getStrokeWidth(),  mCenterPaint);   
                    
                mCenterPaint.setStyle(Paint.Style.FILL);   
                mCenterPaint.setColor(c);   
            }   
            //画色环   
            canvas.drawOval(new RectF(-r, -r, r, r), mPaint);   
            //画黑白渐变块   
            if(downInCircle) {   
                mRectColors[1] = mCenterPaint.getColor();   
            }   
            rectShader = new LinearGradient(rectLeft, 0, rectRight, 0, mRectColors, null, Shader.TileMode.MIRROR);   
            mRectPaint.setShader(rectShader);   
            canvas.drawRect(rectLeft, rectTop, rectRight, rectBottom, mRectPaint);   
            float offset = mLinePaint.getStrokeWidth() / 2;   
            canvas.drawLine(rectLeft - offset, rectTop - offset * 2,    
                    rectLeft - offset, rectBottom + offset * 2, mLinePaint);//
            canvas.drawLine(rectLeft - offset * 2, rectTop - offset,    
                    rectRight + offset * 2, rectTop - offset, mLinePaint);//
            canvas.drawLine(rectRight + offset, rectTop - offset * 2,    
                    rectRight + offset, rectBottom + offset * 2, mLinePaint);//
            canvas.drawLine(rectLeft - offset * 2, rectBottom + offset,    
                    rectRight + offset * 2, rectBottom + offset, mLinePaint);//
            super.onDraw(canvas);   
        }   
            
        @Override  
        public boolean onTouchEvent(MotionEvent event) {   
            float x = event.getX() - mWidth / 2;   
            float y = event.getY() - mHeight / 2 + 50;   
            boolean inCircle = inColorCircle(x, y,    
                    r + mPaint.getStrokeWidth() / 2, r - mPaint.getStrokeWidth() / 2);   
            boolean inCenter = inCenter(x, y, centerRadius);   
            boolean inRect = inRect(x, y);   
                
            switch (event.getAction()) {   
                case MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN:   
                    downInCircle = inCircle;   
                    downInRect = inRect;   
                    highlightCenter = inCenter;   
                case MotionEvent.ACTION_MOVE:   
                    if(downInCircle && inCircle) {//down按在渐变色环内, 且move也在渐变色环内   
                        float angle = (float) Math.atan2(y, x);   
                        float unit = (float) (angle / (2 * Math.PI));   
                        if (unit < 0) {   
                            unit += 1;   
                        }   
                        mCenterPaint.setColor(interpCircleColor(mCircleColors, unit));   
                        if(debug) Log.v(TAG, "色环内, 坐标: " + x + "," + y);   
                    }else if(downInRect && inRect) {//down在渐变方块内, 且move也在渐变方块内   
                        mCenterPaint.setColor(interpRectColor(mRectColors, x));   
                    }   
                    if(debug) Log.v(TAG, "[MOVE] 高亮: " + highlightCenter + "微亮: " + highlightCenterLittle + " 中心: " + inCenter);   
                    if((highlightCenter && inCenter) || (highlightCenterLittle && inCenter)) {//点击中心圆, 当前移动在中心圆   
                        highlightCenter = true;   
                        highlightCenterLittle = false;   
                    } else if(highlightCenter || highlightCenterLittle) {//点击在中心圆, 当前移出中心圆   
                        highlightCenter = false;   
                        highlightCenterLittle = true;   
                    } else {   
                        highlightCenter = false;   
                        highlightCenterLittle = false;   
                    }   
                    invalidate();   
                    break;   
                case MotionEvent.ACTION_UP:   
                    if(highlightCenter && inCenter) {//点击在中心圆, 且当前启动在中心圆   
                        if(mListener != null) {   
                            mListener.colorChanged(mCenterPaint.getColor());   
                            ColorPickerDialog.this.dismiss();   
                        }   
                    }   
                    if(downInCircle) {   
                        downInCircle = false;   
                    }   
                    if(downInRect) {   
                        downInRect = false;   
                    }   
                    if(highlightCenter) {   
                        highlightCenter = false;   
                    }   
                    if(highlightCenterLittle) {   
                        highlightCenterLittle = false;   
                    }   
                    invalidate();   
                    break;   
            }   
            return true;   
        }   
   
        @Override  
        protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {   
            super.onMeasure(mWidth, mHeight);   
        }   
   
        /**  
         * 坐标是否在色环上  
         * @param x 坐标  
         * @param y 坐标  
         * @param outRadius 色环外半径  
         * @param inRadius 色环内半径  
         * <a href='\"http://www.eoeandroid.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=7300\"' target='\"_blank\"'>@return</a>  
         */  
        private boolean inColorCircle(float x, float y, float outRadius, float inRadius) {   
            double outCircle = Math.PI * outRadius * outRadius;   
            double inCircle = Math.PI * inRadius * inRadius;   
            double fingerCircle = Math.PI * (x * x + y * y);   
            if(fingerCircle < outCircle && fingerCircle > inCircle) {   
                return true;   
            }else {   
                return false;   
            }   
        }   
            
        /**  
         * 坐标是否在中心圆上  
         * @param x 坐标  
         * @param y 坐标  
         * @param centerRadius 圆半径  
         * <a href='\"http://www.eoeandroid.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=7300\"' target='\"_blank\"'>@return</a>  
         */  
        private boolean inCenter(float x, float y, float centerRadius) {   
            double centerCircle = Math.PI * centerRadius * centerRadius;   
            double fingerCircle = Math.PI * (x * x + y * y);   
            if(fingerCircle < centerCircle) {   
                return true;   
            }else {   
                return false;   
            }   
        }   
            
        /**  
         * 坐标是否在渐变色中  
         * @param x  
         * @param y  
         * <a href='\"http://www.eoeandroid.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=7300\"' target='\"_blank\"'>@return</a>  
         */  
        private boolean inRect(float x, float y) {   
            if( x <= rectRight && x >=rectLeft && y <= rectBottom && y >=rectTop) {   
                return true;   
            } else {   
                return false;   
            }   
        }   
            
        /**  
         * 获取圆环上颜色  
         * @param colors  
         * @param unit  
         * @return  
         */  
        private int interpCircleColor(int colors[], float unit) {   
            if (unit <= 0) {   
                return colors[0];   
            }   
            if (unit >= 1) {   
                return colors[colors.length - 1];   
            }   
                
            float p = unit * (colors.length - 1);   
            int i = (int)p;   
            p -= i;   
   
            // now p is just the fractional part [0...1) and i is the index   
            int c0 = colors;   
            int c1 = colors[i+1];   
            int a = ave(Color.alpha(c0), Color.alpha(c1), p);   
            int r = ave(Color.red(c0), Color.red(c1), p);   
            int g = ave(Color.green(c0), Color.green(c1), p);   
            int b = ave(Color.blue(c0), Color.blue(c1), p);   
                
            return Color.argb(a, r, g, b);   
        }   
            
        /**  
         * 获取渐变块上颜色  
         * @param colors  
         * @param x  
         * @return  
         */  
        private int interpRectColor(int colors[], float x) {   
            int a, r, g, b, c0, c1;   
            float p;   
            if (x < 0) {   
                c0 = colors[0];    
                c1 = colors[1];   
                p = (x + rectRight) / rectRight;   
            } else {   
                c0 = colors[1];   
                c1 = colors[2];   
                p = x / rectRight;   
            }   
            a = ave(Color.alpha(c0), Color.alpha(c1), p);   
            r = ave(Color.red(c0), Color.red(c1), p);   
            g = ave(Color.green(c0), Color.green(c1), p);   
            b = ave(Color.blue(c0), Color.blue(c1), p);   
            return Color.argb(a, r, g, b);   
        }   
            
        private int ave(int s, int d, float p) {   
            return s + Math.round(p * (d - s));   
        }   
    }   
        
    /**  
     * 回调接口  
     * @author <a href="clarkamx@gmail.com">LynK</a>  
     *   
     * Create on 2012-1-6 上午8:21:05  
     *  
     */  
    public interface OnColorChangedListener {   
        /**  
         * 回调函数  
         * @param color 选中的颜色  
         */  
        void colorChanged(int color);   
    }   
        
    public String getTitle() {   
        return title;   
    }   
   
    public void setTitle(String title) {   
        this.title = title;   
    }   
   
    public int getmInitialColor() {   
        return mInitialColor;   
    }   
   
    public void setmInitialColor(int mInitialColor) {   
        this.mInitialColor = mInitialColor;   
    }   
   
    public OnColorChangedListener getmListener() {   
        return mListener;   
    }   
   
    public void setmListener(OnColorChangedListener mListener) {   
        this.mListener = mListener;   
    }   
}  


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posted on 2011-11-07 20:00  vus520  阅读(...)  评论(...编辑  收藏

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