DotNetty 实现 Modbus TCP 系列 (一) 报文类

本文已收录至:开源 DotNetty 实现的 Modbus TCP/IP 协议

Modbus TCP/IP 报文

ADU

  • 报文最大长度为 260 byte (ADU = 7 byte MBAP Header + 253 byte PDU)
  • Length = Unit Identifier 长度 + PDU 长度

MBAP Header

Header

PDU

PDU 由两部分构成:Function Code(功能码) 和 Data 组成

Function Code

部分功能码:

Function Code

报文类

ModbusHeader

public class ModbusHeader
{
	public ushort TransactionIdentifier { get; set; }
	public ushort ProtocolIdentifier { get; set; }
	public ushort Length { get; set; }
	public short UnitIdentifier { get; set; }

	public ModbusHeader(IByteBuffer buffer)
	{
		TransactionIdentifier = buffer.ReadUnsignedShort();
		ProtocolIdentifier = buffer.ReadUnsignedShort();
		Length = buffer.ReadUnsignedShort();
		UnitIdentifier = buffer.ReadByte();
	}

	public ModbusHeader(ushort transactionIdentifier, short unitIdentifier)
		: this(transactionIdentifier, 0x0000, unitIdentifier) // for modbus protocol: Protocol Identifier = 0x00
	{

	}

	private ModbusHeader(ushort transactionIdentifier, ushort protocolIdentifier, short unitIdentifier)
	{
		TransactionIdentifier = transactionIdentifier;
		ProtocolIdentifier = protocolIdentifier;
		UnitIdentifier = unitIdentifier;
	}

	public IByteBuffer Encode()
	{
		IByteBuffer buffer = Unpooled.Buffer();

		buffer.WriteUnsignedShort(TransactionIdentifier);
		buffer.WriteUnsignedShort(ProtocolIdentifier);
		buffer.WriteUnsignedShort(Length);
		buffer.WriteByte(UnitIdentifier);

		return buffer;
	}
}

ModbusHeader 对应 MBAP Header,包含两个构造函数:第一个构造函数用于从缓冲区解析消息头,第二个构造函数用来请求/响应时手动构造消息头。Encode 方法用于在传输前对消息头进行编码。

ModbusFunction

public abstract class ModbusFunction
{
	protected short FunctionCode { get; }

	protected ModbusFunction(short functionCode)
	{
		FunctionCode = functionCode;
	}
	/// <summary>
	/// PDU length -1 (not include function code length)
	/// </summary>
	/// <returns></returns>
	public abstract int CalculateLength();   

	public abstract void Decode(IByteBuffer buffer);

	public abstract IByteBuffer Encode();

}

ModbusFunction 对应 PDU,该类为抽象类,所有的请求/相应的 PDU 均继承自该类。实际使用中根据 FunctionCode 实例化具体的子类对象。其中 CalculateLength 方法用来计算 Data 部分的长度,Decode 方法用于从缓冲区解析 Data,Encode 方法用于在传输前对 Data 编码。

ModbusFrame

public class ModbusFrame
{
	public ModbusHeader Header { get; set; }
	public ModbusFunction Function { get; set; }

	public ModbusFrame(ModbusHeader header, ModbusFunction function)
	{
		Header = header;
		Function = function;
	}

	public IByteBuffer Encode()
	{
		Header.Length = (ushort)(1 + 1 + Function.CalculateLength());// Unit Identifier + Function Code + data length

		IByteBuffer buffer = Unpooled.Buffer();

		buffer.WriteBytes(Header.Encode());
		buffer.WriteBytes(Function.Encode());

		return buffer;
	}
}

ModbusFrame 对应 ADU。Encode 方法用于在传输前对 ADU 编码。

开源地址:modbus-tcp

posted @ 2019-02-13 15:06  VictorBu  阅读(3077)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报