selenium webdriver 右键另存为下载文件(结合robot and autoIt)

首先感谢Lakshay Sharma 大神的指导

最近一直在研究selenium webdriver右键菜单,发现selenium webdriver 无法操作浏览器右键菜单,如图

如果我想右键另存为,根本操作不了。

也有在网上看到webdriver right click option的一些代码,拿来用发现不能用的。

Actions act = new Actions(driver);
 
WebElement link = driver.findElement(By.id("xpath"));
 
act.moveToElement(link).contextClick().sendKeys(Keys.ArrowsDown).build().perform();

使用Actions没办法拿到右键菜单。

后来在某论坛发帖,一个印度籍的专家给出solution, perfect!完美解决

http://forumsqa.com/question/how-to-click-the-option-of-the-menu-which-the-right-click-pop-up/

方案如下:

1.selenium 弹出右键菜单

2.robot选择相关菜单

3.调用autoIt实现windows gui另存操作

tips: 

目测autoIt没法操作web elements,比如我当前使用autoIt获取富文本框,却没法拿到相关的 classs,拿到的只能是浏览器的信息

废话不多说,test case 如下

1.打开autoIt的官网

2.click download 页面

3.选择autoIt下载图标,单击右键另存为

4.在弹出另存为窗口输入指定路径,单击保存

如果您有selenium基础,1~2都很easy。 调出右键菜单只需要action的contexClick方法

Action.contextClick(myElement).build().perform();

接下来就是选择右键菜单的另存为

使用robot,模拟键盘操作,使用方向键

Robot robot = new Robot();
 
// This will bring the selection down one by one
 
robot.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_DOWN);
 
Thread.sleep(1000);
 
robot.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_DOWN);
 
Thread.sleep(1000);
 
robot.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_DOWN);
 
Thread.sleep(1000);
 
robot.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_DOWN);
 
Thread.sleep(1000);
 
// This is to release the down key, before this enter will not work
 
robot.keyRelease(KeyEvent.VK_DOWN);
 
Thread.sleep(1000);
 
robot.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_ENTER);

 

接下来就该交给autoIt处理另存为窗口

autoIt使用方法:

依次定位保存按钮,使用ControlFocus方法,定位编辑框(文件名)title是“另存为”,class是Edit ,instance 是1 

然后使用ControlSetText方法输入保存路径,定位保存按钮,使用ControlClick方法单击保存按钮

 

ControlFocus("另存为", "","Edit1");ControlFocus("title","text",controlID) Edit1=Edit instance 1
; Wait 10 seconds for the Upload window to appear

  WinWait("[CLASS:#32770]","",10)

; Set input focus to the edit control of Upload window using the handle returned by WinWait

  ControlFocus("另存为","","Edit1")

  Sleep(2000)

; Set the File name text on the Edit field

  ControlSetText("另存为", "", "Edit1", "d:\autoit-v3-setup")

  Sleep(2000)

; Click on the Open button

  ControlClick("另存为", "","Button1");

然后使用autoIt转换为EXE格式的可执行文件

使用java的runTime类调用

Runtime.getRuntime().exec("E:\\test\\download.exe");

全部代码如下:

package com.packt.webdriver.chapter2;

 

import java.awt.AWTException;
import java.awt.Robot;
import java.awt.event.KeyEvent;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;

 

import java.util.List;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

import org.apache.commons.io.FileUtils;
 
import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.JavascriptExecutor;
import org.openqa.selenium.Keys;
import org.openqa.selenium.OutputType;
import org.openqa.selenium.TakesScreenshot;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
//import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver.Navigation;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeOptions;
import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.interactions.Actions;

import com.thoughtworks.selenium.Selenium;
import com.thoughtworks.selenium.webdriven.WebDriverBackedSelenium;
 

 

public class AutoItDownload  {
    


    public static void main (String [] args) throws InterruptedException, AWTException
    {
         
     
        String URL="https://www.autoitscript.com";
        //avoid Chrome warnning message like "unsupported command-line flag --ignore-certificate-errors. "
        ChromeOptions options = new ChromeOptions();
        options.addArguments("--test-type");
       
        System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver", "E:\\chromedriver.exe");  
        WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver(options);
         //WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();
       
        driver.get(URL);
     

        driver.manage().window().maximize(); 
        driver.manage().timeouts().pageLoadTimeout(30, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
        driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(30, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
        WebElement editor=driver.findElement(By.xpath("//*[@id='menu-item-207']"));
        Actions actions=new Actions(driver);
        actions.moveToElement(editor).perform();
        //locate download link
        WebElement d=driver.findElement(By.xpath("//*[@id='menu-item-209']/a"));
        d.click();
       
        Thread.sleep(5000);
        //right click the download link
      
       
        //locate download link
    
       
        //right click the download link
        WebElement download=driver.findElement(By.xpath("//img[starts-with(@alt,'download autoit')]"));//*[@id="content-area"]/div/table/tbody/tr[1]/td[2]/p/a/img
        JavascriptExecutor js=(JavascriptExecutor)driver;
        // roll down and keep the element to the center of browser
        js.executeScript("arguments[0].scrollIntoView(true);", download);
        actions.moveToElement(download).contextClick().build().perform();
        Robot robot = new Robot();
        
     // This will bring the selection down one by one
      
     robot.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_DOWN);
      
     Thread.sleep(1000);
      
     robot.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_DOWN);
      
     Thread.sleep(1000);
      
     robot.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_DOWN);
      
     Thread.sleep(1000);
      
     robot.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_DOWN);
      
     Thread.sleep(1000);
      
    // robot.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_DOWN);
      
     //Thread.sleep(1000);
      
     // This is to release the down key, before this enter will not work
      
     robot.keyRelease(KeyEvent.VK_DOWN);
      
     Thread.sleep(1000);
      
     robot.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_ENTER);
       
        
        // this code block will snapshot the browser
        File scrShot=new File("d:\\1.png");
        File scrFile= ((TakesScreenshot)driver).getScreenshotAs(OutputType.FILE);
        try {
            
            FileUtils.copyFile(scrFile, scrShot);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            System.out.println("Can't save screenshot");
            e.printStackTrace();
        } 
        finally
        {
           
            System.out.println("screen shot finished");
        }
       // System.out.println(scrFile.getAbsolutePath());
        
        //call autoIt to save the file
        try {
            Runtime.getRuntime().exec("E:\\test\\download.exe");
        } catch (IOException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        
        Thread.sleep(150000);
        driver.quit();
  
      
    }
    
}

效果图:

posted @ 2014-09-13 00:41 to be crazy 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏