C#中的MySqlHelper工具类及使用方法

工具类

工具类转自C# MysqlHelper C#连接mysql数据库类库全,代码如下:

using MySql.Data.MySqlClient;
using System;
using System.Data;

namespace ConsoleApp
{
    public class MySqlHelper
    {         
        /// <summary> 
        /// 获取一个有效的数据库连接对象 
        /// </summary> 
        /// <returns></returns> 
        public static MySqlConnection GetConnection(string connSting)
        {
            MySqlConnection Connection = new MySqlConnection(connSting);
            return Connection;
        }
        
        /// <summary> 
        /// 给定连接的数据库用假设参数执行一个sql命令(不返回数据集) 
        /// </summary> 
        /// <param name="connectionString">一个有效的连接字符串</param> 
        /// <param name="cmdType">命令类型(存储过程, 文本, 等等)</param> 
        /// <param name="cmdText">存储过程名称或者sql命令语句</param> 
        /// <param name="commandParameters">执行命令所用参数的集合</param> 
        /// <returns>执行命令所影响的行数</returns> 
        public static int ExecuteNonQuery(string connectionString, CommandType cmdType, string cmdText, params MySqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        {

            MySqlCommand cmd = new MySqlCommand();
            using (MySqlConnection conn = new MySqlConnection(connectionString))
            {
                PrepareCommand(cmd, conn, null, cmdType, cmdText, commandParameters);
                int val = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
                cmd.Parameters.Clear();
                return val;
            }
        }


        /// <summary> 
        /// 用现有的数据库连接执行一个sql命令(不返回数据集) 
        /// </summary> 
        /// <param name="connection">一个现有的数据库连接</param> 
        /// <param name="cmdType">命令类型(存储过程, 文本, 等等)</param> 
        /// <param name="cmdText">存储过程名称或者sql命令语句</param> 
        /// <param name="commandParameters">执行命令所用参数的集合</param> 
        /// <returns>执行命令所影响的行数</returns> 
        public static int ExecuteNonQuery(MySqlConnection connection, CommandType cmdType, string cmdText, params MySqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        {
            MySqlCommand cmd = new MySqlCommand();
            PrepareCommand(cmd, connection, null, cmdType, cmdText, commandParameters);
            int val = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
            cmd.Parameters.Clear();
            return val;
        }

        /// <summary> 
        ///使用现有的SQL事务执行一个sql命令(不返回数据集) 
        /// </summary> 
        /// <remarks> 
        ///举例: 
        /// int result = ExecuteNonQuery(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "PublishOrders", new MySqlParameter("@prodid", 24)); 
        /// </remarks> 
        /// <param name="trans">一个现有的事务</param> 
        /// <param name="cmdType">命令类型(存储过程, 文本, 等等)</param> 
        /// <param name="cmdText">存储过程名称或者sql命令语句</param> 
        /// <param name="commandParameters">执行命令所用参数的集合</param> 
        /// <returns>执行命令所影响的行数</returns> 
        public static int ExecuteNonQuery(MySqlTransaction trans, CommandType cmdType, string cmdText, params MySqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        {
            MySqlCommand cmd = new MySqlCommand();
            PrepareCommand(cmd, trans.Connection, trans, cmdType, cmdText, commandParameters);
            int val = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
            cmd.Parameters.Clear();
            return val;
        }

        /// <summary> 
        /// 用执行的数据库连接执行一个返回数据集的sql命令 
        /// </summary> 
        /// <remarks> 
        /// 举例: 
        /// MySqlDataReader r = ExecuteReader(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "PublishOrders", new MySqlParameter("@prodid", 24)); 
        /// </remarks> 
        /// <param name="connectionString">一个有效的连接字符串</param> 
        /// <param name="cmdType">命令类型(存储过程, 文本, 等等)</param> 
        /// <param name="cmdText">存储过程名称或者sql命令语句</param> 
        /// <param name="commandParameters">执行命令所用参数的集合</param> 
        /// <returns>包含结果的读取器</returns> 
        public static MySqlDataReader ExecuteReader(string connectionString, CommandType cmdType, string cmdText, params MySqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        { 
            MySqlCommand cmd = new MySqlCommand();
            MySqlConnection conn = new MySqlConnection(connectionString);
            try
            {                
                PrepareCommand(cmd, conn, null, cmdType, cmdText, commandParameters);                
                MySqlDataReader reader = cmd.ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior.CloseConnection);                
                cmd.Parameters.Clear();
                return reader;
            }
            catch
            {                
                conn.Close();
                throw;
            }
        }

        /// <summary> 
        /// 返回DataSet 
        /// </summary> 
        /// <param name="connectionString">一个有效的连接字符串</param> 
        /// <param name="cmdType">命令类型(存储过程, 文本, 等等)</param> 
        /// <param name="cmdText">存储过程名称或者sql命令语句</param> 
        /// <param name="commandParameters">执行命令所用参数的集合</param> 
        /// <returns></returns> 
        public static DataSet GetDataSet(string connectionString, CommandType cmdType, string cmdText, params MySqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        {            
            MySqlCommand cmd = new MySqlCommand();           
            MySqlConnection conn = new MySqlConnection(connectionString);
            try
            {               
                PrepareCommand(cmd, conn, null, cmdType, cmdText, commandParameters);               
                MySqlDataAdapter adapter = new MySqlDataAdapter();
                adapter.SelectCommand = cmd;
                DataSet ds = new DataSet();

                adapter.Fill(ds);
                cmd.Parameters.Clear();
                conn.Close();
                return ds;
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                throw e;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 用指定的数据库连接字符串执行一个命令并返回一个数据表 
        /// </summary>
        ///<param name="connectionString">一个有效的连接字符串</param> 
        /// <param name="cmdType">命令类型(存储过程, 文本, 等等)</param> 
        /// <param name="cmdText">存储过程名称或者sql命令语句</param> 
        /// <param name="commandParameters">执行命令所用参数的集合</param> 
        public static DataTable GetDataTable(string connectionString, CommandType cmdType, string cmdText, params MySqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        {
            MySqlCommand cmd = new MySqlCommand();            
            MySqlConnection conn = new MySqlConnection(connectionString);
            try
            {                
                PrepareCommand(cmd, conn, null, cmdType, cmdText, commandParameters);               
                MySqlDataAdapter adapter = new MySqlDataAdapter();
                adapter.SelectCommand = cmd;
                DataTable ds = new DataTable();

                adapter.Fill(ds);                
                cmd.Parameters.Clear();
                conn.Close();
                return ds;
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                throw e;
            }
        }

        /// <summary> 
        /// 用指定的数据库连接字符串执行一个命令并返回一个数据集的第一列 
        /// </summary> 
        /// <remarks> 
        ///例如: 
        /// Object obj = ExecuteScalar(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "PublishOrders", new MySqlParameter("@prodid", 24)); 
        /// </remarks> 
        ///<param name="connectionString">一个有效的连接字符串</param> 
        /// <param name="cmdType">命令类型(存储过程, 文本, 等等)</param> 
        /// <param name="cmdText">存储过程名称或者sql命令语句</param> 
        /// <param name="commandParameters">执行命令所用参数的集合</param> 
        /// <returns>用 Convert.To{Type}把类型转换为想要的 </returns> 
        public static object ExecuteScalar(string connectionString, CommandType cmdType, string cmdText, params MySqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        {
            MySqlCommand cmd = new MySqlCommand();
            using (MySqlConnection connection = new MySqlConnection(connectionString))
            {
                PrepareCommand(cmd, connection, null, cmdType, cmdText, commandParameters);
                object val = cmd.ExecuteScalar();
                cmd.Parameters.Clear();
                return val;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 返回插入值ID
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="connectionString"></param>
        /// <param name="cmdType"></param>
        /// <param name="cmdText"></param>
        /// <param name="commandParameters"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static object ExecuteNonExist(string connectionString, CommandType cmdType, string cmdText, params MySqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        {
            MySqlCommand cmd = new MySqlCommand();

            using (MySqlConnection connection = new MySqlConnection(connectionString))
            {
                PrepareCommand(cmd, connection, null, cmdType, cmdText, commandParameters);
                object val = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();

                return cmd.LastInsertedId;
            }
        }

        /// <summary> 
        /// 用指定的数据库连接执行一个命令并返回一个数据集的第一列 
        /// </summary> 
        /// <remarks> 
        /// 例如: 
        /// Object obj = ExecuteScalar(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "PublishOrders", new MySqlParameter("@prodid", 24)); 
        /// </remarks> 
        /// <param name="connection">一个存在的数据库连接</param> 
        /// <param name="cmdType">命令类型(存储过程, 文本, 等等)</param> 
        /// <param name="cmdText">存储过程名称或者sql命令语句</param> 
        /// <param name="commandParameters">执行命令所用参数的集合</param> 
        /// <returns>用 Convert.To{Type}把类型转换为想要的 </returns> 
        public static object ExecuteScalar(MySqlConnection connection, CommandType cmdType, string cmdText, params MySqlParameter[] commandParameters)
        {

            MySqlCommand cmd = new MySqlCommand();

            PrepareCommand(cmd, connection, null, cmdType, cmdText, commandParameters);
            object val = cmd.ExecuteScalar();
            cmd.Parameters.Clear();
            return val;
        }




        /// <summary> 
        /// 准备执行一个命令 
        /// </summary> 
        /// <param name="cmd">sql命令</param> 
        /// <param name="conn">OleDb连接</param> 
        /// <param name="trans">OleDb事务</param> 
        /// <param name="cmdType">命令类型例如 存储过程或者文本</param> 
        /// <param name="cmdText">命令文本,例如:Select * from Products</param> 
        /// <param name="cmdParms">执行命令的参数</param> 
        private static void PrepareCommand(MySqlCommand cmd, MySqlConnection conn, MySqlTransaction trans, CommandType cmdType, string cmdText, MySqlParameter[] cmdParms)
        {

            if (conn.State != ConnectionState.Open)
                conn.Open();

            cmd.Connection = conn;
            cmd.CommandText = cmdText;

            if (trans != null)
                cmd.Transaction = trans;

            cmd.CommandType = cmdType;

            if (cmdParms != null)
            {
                foreach (MySqlParameter parm in cmdParms)
                    cmd.Parameters.Add(parm);
            }
        }

       
    }
}

使用方法

这里只列举了常规的建库、建表、增删改查操作,代码如下:

using MySql.Data.MySqlClient;
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Text;

namespace ConsoleApp
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            //建库            
            string connSting = "Data Source=localhost;Persist Security Info=yes; UserId=root; PWD=root;";
            string cmdText = "CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS test DEFAULT CHARSET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci;";
            MySqlConnection conn = MySqlHelper.GetConnection(connSting);
            int val = MySqlHelper.ExecuteNonQuery(conn, CommandType.Text, cmdText);
            Console.WriteLine("影响行数:"+ val);

            //建表
            connSting = "server=localhost;Database='test';User='root';Password='root';charset='utf8';pooling=false;SslMode=none";
            StringBuilder sbr = new StringBuilder();
            sbr.Append("CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `test_table`(");
            sbr.Append("`id` INT UNSIGNED AUTO_INCREMENT,");
            sbr.Append("`name` VARCHAR(100) NOT NULL,");
            sbr.Append("`password` VARCHAR(40) NOT NULL,");
            sbr.Append("`create_time` datetime DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP COMMENT '创建时间',");
            sbr.Append("`update_time` datetime DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP ON UPDATE CURRENT_TIMESTAMP COMMENT '更新时间',");
            sbr.Append("PRIMARY KEY( `id` ));");
            cmdText = sbr.ToString();
            conn = MySqlHelper.GetConnection(connSting);
            val = MySqlHelper.ExecuteNonQuery(conn, CommandType.Text, cmdText);
            Console.WriteLine("影响行数:" + val);

            //增
            sbr.Clear();
            sbr.Append("INSERT INTO test_table (name,password) VALUES ");
            sbr.Append("(11,111), ");
            sbr.Append("(12,222); ");
            cmdText = sbr.ToString();
            val = MySqlHelper.ExecuteNonQuery(conn, CommandType.Text, cmdText);
            Console.WriteLine("影响行数:" + val);

            //删
            sbr.Clear();
            sbr.Append("DELETE FROM test_table ");
            sbr.Append("WHERE id=1;");           
            cmdText = sbr.ToString();
            val = MySqlHelper.ExecuteNonQuery(conn, CommandType.Text, cmdText);
            Console.WriteLine("影响行数:" + val);

            //改
            sbr.Clear();
            sbr.Append("UPDATE test_table SET ");
            sbr.Append("name='13', ");
            sbr.Append("password='333' ");
            sbr.Append("WHERE id=@id;");
            cmdText = sbr.ToString();
            MySqlParameter idParm = new MySqlParameter("@id", 2);
            val = MySqlHelper.ExecuteNonQuery(conn, CommandType.Text, cmdText, idParm);
            Console.WriteLine("影响行数:" + val);

            //查
            sbr.Clear();
            sbr.Append("SELECT name,password FROM test_table ");
            sbr.Append("WHERE id=@id;");
            cmdText = sbr.ToString();
            DataTable dt= MySqlHelper.GetDataTable(connSting,CommandType.Text,cmdText, idParm);
            Console.WriteLine("结果行数:" + dt.Rows.Count);


            //测试Parameters.Clear()的作用
            string sqlInsert = "INSERT INTO test_table (name,password) VALUES ( @name ,1233);";
            string sqlSelect = "SELECT * FROM test_table WHERE name=@name;";
            MySqlParameter parms = new MySqlParameter("@name", "testName");
            MySqlHelper.ExecuteNonQuery(connSting, CommandType.Text, sqlInsert, parms);
            MySqlHelper.ExecuteNonQuery(connSting, CommandType.Text, sqlSelect, parms);

            //删除表
            sbr.Clear();
            sbr.Append("DROP TABLE test_table;");
            cmdText = sbr.ToString();
            val = MySqlHelper.ExecuteNonQuery(conn, CommandType.Text, cmdText);
            Console.WriteLine("影响行数:" + val);

            //删除数据库
            connSting = "Data Source=localhost;Persist Security Info=yes; UserId=root; PWD=root;";
            cmdText = "DROP DATABASE test;";
            val = MySqlHelper.ExecuteNonQuery(conn, CommandType.Text, cmdText);
            Console.WriteLine("影响行数:" + val);

            Console.ReadKey();
        }
        
    }
}

关于cmd.Parameters.Clear()的作用,我没测出什么结果,有没有都一样。参考cmd.Parameters.Clear() 语句的作用这篇文章,我怀疑问题只存在微软的Sql数据库中。

参考资料

MySql-8.0.23-winx64 dll 提取码:zloa
C#连接MySQL数据库,并建库、建表
C# MysqlHelper C#连接mysql数据库类库全
MySQL 教程

posted @ 2021-03-29 22:15  time-flies  阅读(143)  评论(0编辑  收藏
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