Redis Cluster集群

一、环境说明

服务器IP地址 服务器版本 Redis版本 Redis-master Redis-slave
10.10.18.10 centos7.5 5.0 6379 6380
10.10.18.11 centos7.5 5.0 6379 6380
10.10.18.12 centos7.5 5.0 6379 6380

搭建redis集群,建议至少准备3台服务器,共搭建6个节点,3个master,3个slave,并且要求3个master节点不能全部跑到同一台服务器上,保证节点安全,3台服务器的配置相同, 每个节点运行两个端口。第一列做主库,第二列做备库

每个Redis群集节点都需要打开两个TCP连接。用于为客户端提供服务的普通Redis TCP端口,例如6379,加上通过向数据端口添加10000获得的端口,因此示例中为16379。

默认数据存放结构图:

这个结构会随着机器的故障自动调整master的角色,有可能原来是slave的角色,会变成master。

三个slave可以都宕机,数据没有问题

Redis Cluster提供了一种运行Redis安装的方法,其中数据 在多个Redis节点之间自动分片。

Redis Cluster还在分区期间提供一定程度的可用性,实际上是在某些节点发生故障或无法通信时继续运行的能力。但是,如果发生较大的故障(例如,当大多数主设备不可用时),群集将停止运行。

 

二、系统环境配置

系统参数配置

修改最大可打开文件数

修改文件/etc/security/limits.conf

* soft nofile 102400
* hard nofile 102400

TCP监听队列大小

文件/etc/sysctl.conf中增加一行

net.core.somaxconn = 32767
vm.overcommit_memory=1

然后执行命令“sysctl -p”以生效。

 

三、安装部署

下载redis5.0以上的版本

http://download.redis.io/releases/redis-5.0.3.tar.gz

tar -xzvf redis-5.0.3.tar.gz –C /usr/local
cd /usr/local/redis-5.0.3
yum -y install gcc
make MALLOC=libc
mkdir –p /data/redis_data/
make install PREFIX=/data/redis_data/
mkdir –p /data/redis_data/6379/

cp /usr/local/redis-5.0.3/redis.conf /data/redis_data/6379/

修改:/data/redis_data/6379/redis.conf

bind 10.10.18.10
protected-mode no
port 6379
daemonize yes
cluster-enabled yes
cluster-config-file  /data/redis_data/6379/node.conf     #这个文件是自动生成的文件
cluster-node-timeout 5000
pidfile /data/redis_data/6379/redis.pid
logfile  "/data/redis_data/6379/redis.log"
dir /data/redis_data/6379

tcp-backlog 511
timeout 0
tcp-keepalive 300
supervised no
loglevel notice
databases 16
always-show-logo yes
save 900 1
save 300 10
save 60 10000
stop-writes-on-bgsave-error yes
rdbcompression yes
rdbchecksum yes
dbfilename dump.rdb
replica-serve-stale-data yes
replica-read-only yes
repl-diskless-sync no
repl-diskless-sync-delay 5
repl-disable-tcp-nodelay no
replica-priority 100
lazyfree-lazy-eviction no
lazyfree-lazy-expire no
lazyfree-lazy-server-del no
replica-lazy-flush no
appendonly yes
appendfilename "appendonly.aof"
appendfsync everysec
no-appendfsync-on-rewrite no
auto-aof-rewrite-percentage 100
auto-aof-rewrite-min-size 64mb
aof-load-truncated yes
aof-use-rdb-preamble yes
lua-time-limit 5000
slowlog-log-slower-than 10000
slowlog-max-len 128
latency-monitor-threshold 0
notify-keyspace-events ""
hash-max-ziplist-entries 512
hash-max-ziplist-value 64
list-max-ziplist-size -2
list-compress-depth 0
set-max-intset-entries 512
zset-max-ziplist-entries 128
zset-max-ziplist-value 64
hll-sparse-max-bytes 3000
stream-node-max-bytes 4096
stream-node-max-entries 100
activerehashing yes
client-output-buffer-limit normal 0 0 0
client-output-buffer-limit replica 256mb 64mb 60
client-output-buffer-limit pubsub 32mb 8mb 60
hz 10
dynamic-hz yes
aof-rewrite-incremental-fsync yes
rdb-save-incremental-fsync yes

修改:/data/redis_data/6379/redis.conf

mkdir –p /data/redis_data/6380/
cp /data/redis_data/6379/redis.conf  /data/redis_data/6380/
sed -i 's/6379/6380/g' /data/redis_data/6380/redis.conf

编写启动脚本 /data/redis_data/start-redis.sh

#!/bin/sh
REDIS_HOME=/data/redis_data
$REDIS_HOME/bin/redis-server $REDIS_HOME/6379/redis.conf
$REDIS_HOME/bin/redis-server $REDIS_HOME/6380/redis.conf
chmod +x /data/redis_data/start-redis.sh

开启服务

查看各服务器的进程情况

[root@redis01]# netstat -anpt |grep redis
tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:16379       0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      4328/redis-server 1 
tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:16380       0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      4330/redis-server 1 
tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:6379        0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      4328/redis-server 1 
tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:6380        0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      4330/redis-server 1

 

创建启动集群脚本  /data/redis_data/redis-cluster.sh

#!/bin/bash
/data/redis_data/bin/redis-cli --cluster create 10.10.18.10:6379 10.10.18.11:6379 10.10.18.12:6379 10.10.18.10:6380 10.10.18.11:6380 10.10.18.12:6380 --cluster-replicas 1
参数说明
--cluster create:表示创建redis集群
--cluster-replicas 1:表示为集群中的每一个主节点指定一个从节点,即一比一的复制。

三台服务器上都使用以上的安装步骤。

在任意一台服务器上执行,开启集群服务:

[root@redis01]# sh redis-cluster.sh

结果

 1 >>> Performing hash slots allocation on 6 nodes...
 2 Master[0] -> Slots 0 - 5460
 3 Master[1] -> Slots 5461 - 10922
 4 Master[2] -> Slots 10923 - 16383
 5 Adding replica 10.10.18.11:6380 to 10.10.18.10:6379
 6 Adding replica 10.10.18.10:6380 to 10.10.18.11:6379
 7 Adding replica 10.10.18.12:6380 to 10.10.18.12:6379
 8 >>> Trying to optimize slaves allocation for anti-affinity
 9 [OK] Perfect anti-affinity obtained!
10 M: c81b9adc68d5373237e9eaf3e5809bef42c5471a 10.10.18.10:6379
11    slots:[0-5460] (5461 slots) master
12 M: c4a495f621576910d934fa04da0896b39c0adf7a 10.10.18.11:6379
13    slots:[5461-10922] (5462 slots) master
14 M: baa5b1e2a769da1e37e3a4179ca362c9a26698c8 10.10.18.12:6379
15    slots:[10923-16383] (5461 slots) master
16 S: 8d315d8cc7f42afc5ac641003714f5e285822bff 10.10.18.10:6380
17    replicates c4a495f621576910d934fa04da0896b39c0adf7a
18 S: a7096a413407e77431c0d852c5106860d6d3184a 10.10.18.11:6380
19    replicates baa5b1e2a769da1e37e3a4179ca362c9a26698c8
20 S: 7f0c0858330bf107276d27c10f3e9c600aefa8ad 10.10.18.12:6380
21    replicates c81b9adc68d5373237e9eaf3e5809bef42c5471a
22 Can I set the above configuration? (type 'yes' to accept): yes         这里输入yes
23 >>> Nodes configuration updated
24 >>> Assign a different config epoch to each node
25 >>> Sending CLUSTER MEET messages to join the cluster
26 Waiting for the cluster to join
27 ....
28 >>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 10.10.18.10:6379)
29 M: c81b9adc68d5373237e9eaf3e5809bef42c5471a 10.10.18.10:6379
30    slots:[0-5460] (5461 slots) master
31    1 additional replica(s)
32 M: c4a495f621576910d934fa04da0896b39c0adf7a 10.10.18.11:6379
33    slots:[5461-10922] (5462 slots) master
34    1 additional replica(s)
35 S: 8d315d8cc7f42afc5ac641003714f5e285822bff 10.10.18.10:6380
36    slots: (0 slots) slave
37    replicates c4a495f621576910d934fa04da0896b39c0adf7a
38 S: 7f0c0858330bf107276d27c10f3e9c600aefa8ad 10.10.18.12:6380
39    slots: (0 slots) slave
40    replicates c81b9adc68d5373237e9eaf3e5809bef42c5471a
41 S: a7096a413407e77431c0d852c5106860d6d3184a 10.10.18.11:6380
42    slots: (0 slots) slave
43    replicates baa5b1e2a769da1e37e3a4179ca362c9a26698c8
44 M: baa5b1e2a769da1e37e3a4179ca362c9a26698c8 10.10.18.12:6379
45    slots:[10923-16383] (5461 slots) master
46    1 additional replica(s)
47 [OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
48 >>> Check for open slots...
49 >>> Check slots coverage...
50 [OK] All 16384 slots covered.
View Code

查看各服务器redis的状态

[root@redis01]# netstat -anpt | grep redis

结果:

 1 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:16379       0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      4328/redis-server 1 
 2 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:16380       0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      4330/redis-server 1 
 3 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:6379        0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      4328/redis-server 1 
 4 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:6380        0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      4330/redis-server 1 
 5 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:46543       10.10.18.11:16380       ESTABLISHED 4330/redis-server 1 
 6 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:16379       10.10.18.10:40956       ESTABLISHED 4328/redis-server 1 
 7 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:16380       10.10.18.11:40559       ESTABLISHED 4330/redis-server 1 
 8 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:45872       10.10.18.10:16379       ESTABLISHED 4330/redis-server 1 
 9 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:45755       10.10.18.10:6379        ESTABLISHED 4330/redis-server 1 
10 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:16379       10.10.18.12:36457       ESTABLISHED 4328/redis-server 1 
11 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:39163       10.10.18.10:16379       ESTABLISHED 4328/redis-server 1 
12 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:43185       10.10.18.10:16380       ESTABLISHED 4328/redis-server 1 
13 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:42254       10.10.18.10:16380       ESTABLISHED 4330/redis-server 1 
14 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:35352       10.10.18.11:16379       ESTABLISHED 4330/redis-server 1 
15 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:41761       10.10.18.11:16379       ESTABLISHED 4328/redis-server 1 
16 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:36457       10.10.18.12:16379       ESTABLISHED 4330/redis-server 1 
17 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:16380       10.10.18.11:37557       ESTABLISHED 4330/redis-server 1 
18 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:6379        10.10.18.11:46722       ESTABLISHED 4328/redis-server 1 
19 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:16380       10.10.18.10:39318       ESTABLISHED 4330/redis-server 1 
20 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:16379       10.10.18.10:35113       ESTABLISHED 4328/redis-server 1 
21 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:16380       10.10.18.10:40872       ESTABLISHED 4330/redis-server 1 
22 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:16380       10.10.18.12:34377       ESTABLISHED 4330/redis-server 1 
23 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:16379       10.10.18.11:37717       ESTABLISHED 4328/redis-server 1 
24 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:43984       10.10.18.11:16380       ESTABLISHED 4328/redis-server 1 
25 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:16379       10.10.18.11:45994       ESTABLISHED 4328/redis-server 1 
26 tcp        0      0 10.10.18.12:34377       10.10.18.12:16380       ESTABLISHED 4328/redis-server 1
View Code

四、测试

设置redis密码

[root@redis01 bin]# /data/redis_data/bin/redis-cli -h 10.10.18.10 -p 6379 -c 

结果:

10.10.18.10:6379> keys *
(empty list or set)
10.10.18.10:6379> config set masterauth redis20190628
OK
10.10.18.10:6379> config set requirepass redis20190628
OK
10.10.18.10:6379> exit

查看所有的节点信息:

[root@redis01]# /data/redis_data/bin/redis-cli -h 10.10.18.10 -p 6380 -c -a 'redis20190628' cluster nodes

结果:

Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
c4a495f621576910d934fa04da0896b39c0adf7a 10.10.18.11:6379@16379 master - 0 1551081545000 2 connected 5461-10922
c81b9adc68d5373237e9eaf3e5809bef42c5471a 10.10.18.10:6379@16379 master - 0 1551081544292 1 connected 0-5460
8d315d8cc7f42afc5ac641003714f5e285822bff 10.10.18.10:6380@16380 myself,slave c4a495f621576910d934fa04da0896b39c0adf7a 0 1551081543000 4 connected
baa5b1e2a769da1e37e3a4179ca362c9a26698c8 10.10.18.12:6379@16379 master - 0 1551081543000 3 connected 10923-16383
7f0c0858330bf107276d27c10f3e9c600aefa8ad 10.10.18.12:6380@16380 slave c81b9adc68d5373237e9eaf3e5809bef42c5471a 0 1551081544292 6 connected
a7096a413407e77431c0d852c5106860d6d3184a 10.10.18.11:6380@16380 slave baa5b1e2a769da1e37e3a4179ca362c9a26698c8 0 1551081543292 5 connected

 

添加测试数据

在任意一台机器上执行插入数据,然后在其它任意节点上都能获取到对应的值

[root@redis01]# /data/redis_data/bin/redis-cli -h 10.10.18.10 -p 6380 -c -a 'redis20190628'   
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
10.10.18.10:6380> set test10_6380 test
[root@redis01]# /data/redis_data/bin/redis-cli -h 10.10.18.10 -p 6379 -c -a 'redis20190628'  
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
10.10.18.10:6379> get test10_6380
"test"

[root@redis02]# /data/redis_data/bin/redis-cli -h 10.10.18.11 -p 6380 -c -a 'redis20190628' 
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
10.10.18.11:6380> get test10_6380
-> Redirected to slot [2317] located at 10.10.18.10:6379
"test"

 

posted @ 2019-06-28 12:03  温斌  阅读(80)  评论(0编辑  收藏