IPV6 实现

看代码实现前,请先保证了解ipv6的概念,可以先看ipv6介绍一文。
code extract from 2.6.24. 在文件 net/ipv6/af_inet6.c 中包含了ipv6协议初始化的主函数。 static int __init inet6_init(void) { struct sk_buff *dummy_skb; struct list_head *r; int err; //inet6_skb_parm必须小于等于skb中的cb BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct inet6_skb_parm) > sizeof(dummy_skb->cb)); //初始化tcpv6_prot结构中的一些与slab相关的字段,然后添加到 proto_list 全局连表 err = proto_register(&tcpv6_prot, 1); if (err) goto out; //udp协议同上 err = proto_register(&udpv6_prot, 1); if (err) goto out_unregister_tcp_proto; //udp-lite传输协议,主要用于多媒体传输,参考kernel中的 Documentation/networking/udplite.txt err = proto_register(&udplitev6_prot, 1); if (err) goto out_unregister_udp_proto; //原始套接字同上 err = proto_register(&rawv6_prot, 1); if (err) goto out_unregister_udplite_proto; /* Register the socket-side information for inet6_create. */ for(r = &inetsw6[0]; r < &inetsw6[SOCK_MAX]; ++r) //初始化一个协议连表数组 INIT_LIST_HEAD(r); /* We MUST register RAW sockets before we create the ICMP6, IGMP6, or NDISC control sockets. */ //根据参数数据结构中标识的协议类型,把这数据结构添加到上面的协议连表数组中 inet6_register_protosw(&rawv6_protosw); /* Register the family here so that the init calls below will be able to create sockets. (?? is this dangerous ??) */ //注册ipv6协议族,主要是注册socket创建函数 err = sock_register(&inet6_family_ops); if (err) goto out_unregister_raw_proto; /* Initialise ipv6 mibs */ err = init_ipv6_mibs(); //所有ipv6相关的统计信息 if (err) goto out_unregister_sock; /* ipngwg API draft makes clear that the correct semantics for TCP and UDP is to consider one TCP and UDP instance in a host availiable by both INET and INET6 APIs and able to communicate via both network protocols. */ #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL ipv6_sysctl_register(); // ipv6协议proc条件项初始化 #endif //icmp协议注册 err = icmpv6_init(&inet6_family_ops); if (err) goto icmp_fail; //邻居协议(arp)初始化 err = ndisc_init(&inet6_family_ops); if (err) goto ndisc_fail; //igmp协议初始化 err = igmp6_init(&inet6_family_ops); if (err) goto igmp_fail; //ipv6协议相关的 netfilter 初始化 err = ipv6_netfilter_init(); if (err) goto netfilter_fail; /* Create /proc/foo6 entries. */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS //注册/proc/中协议统计输出项 err = -ENOMEM; if (raw6_proc_init()) goto proc_raw6_fail; if (tcp6_proc_init()) goto proc_tcp6_fail; if (udp6_proc_init()) goto proc_udp6_fail; if (udplite6_proc_init()) goto proc_udplite6_fail; if (ipv6_misc_proc_init()) goto proc_misc6_fail; if (ac6_proc_init()) goto proc_anycast6_fail; if (if6_proc_init()) goto proc_if6_fail; #endif ip6_route_init(); //ipv6 路由初始化 ip6_flowlabel_init();//ipv6 中流标记,注册了输出流标记的 proc //rtnetlink相关部分和路由模板中一些字段和其他一些功能的初始化 err = addrconf_init(); if (err) goto addrconf_fail; /* Init v6 extension headers. */ //ipv6 新添加的扩展头初始化,参考ipv6介绍 ipv6_rthdr_init(); ipv6_frag_init(); ipv6_nodata_init(); ipv6_destopt_init(); /* Init v6 transport protocols. */ //最主要的传输层协议初始化 udpv6_init(); udplitev6_init(); tcpv6_init(); //最后注册ipv6协议,注册协议处理函数 ipv6_packet_init(); err = 0; out: return err; ...... //下面就是错误处理的过程 } 下面我们主要看ipv6协议部分流程,其他部分在各自相关文章中介绍。 ipv6扩展头,路由包头注册 void __init ipv6_rthdr_init(void) { if (inet6_add_protocol(&rthdr_protocol, IPPROTO_ROUTING) < 0) printk(KERN_ERR "ipv6_rthdr_init: Could not register protocol\n"); }; ipv6扩展头,分片包头注册 void __init ipv6_frag_init(void) { if (inet6_add_protocol(&frag_protocol, IPPROTO_FRAGMENT) < 0) printk(KERN_ERR "ipv6_frag_init: Could not register protocol\n"); ip6_frags.ctl = &ip6_frags_ctl; ip6_frags.hashfn = ip6_hashfn; ip6_frags.constructor = ip6_frag_init; ip6_frags.destructor = NULL; ip6_frags.skb_free = NULL; ip6_frags.qsize = sizeof(struct frag_queue); ip6_frags.match = ip6_frag_match; ip6_frags.frag_expire = ip6_frag_expire; inet_frags_init(&ip6_frags); } void __init ipv6_nodata_init(void) { if (inet6_add_protocol(&nodata_protocol, IPPROTO_NONE) < 0) printk(KERN_ERR "ipv6_nodata_init: Could not register protocol\n"); } ipv6扩展头,目的选项包头注册 void __init ipv6_destopt_init(void) { if (inet6_add_protocol(&destopt_protocol, IPPROTO_DSTOPTS) < 0) printk(KERN_ERR "ipv6_destopt_init: Could not register protocol\n"); } 注册ipv6协议处理函数 void __init ipv6_packet_init(void) { dev_add_pack(&ipv6_packet_type); } 当netif_receive_skb函数向上层递交skb时会根据协议类型调用相关的协议处理函数,那么就会调用到 ipv6_rcv函数了。 static struct packet_type ipv6_packet_type = { .type = __constant_htons(ETH_P_IPV6), .func = ipv6_rcv, .gso_send_check = ipv6_gso_send_check, .gso_segment = ipv6_gso_segment, }; ipv6协议处理函数 int ipv6_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct packet_type *pt, struct net_device *orig_dev) { struct ipv6hdr *hdr; u32 pkt_len; struct inet6_dev *idev; if (dev->nd_net != &init_net) { kfree_skb(skb); return 0; } //mac地址是其他主机的包 if (skb->pkt_type == PACKET_OTHERHOST) { kfree_skb(skb); return 0; } rcu_read_lock(); //获取ipv6相关的配置结构 idev = __in6_dev_get(skb->dev); IP6_INC_STATS_BH(idev, IPSTATS_MIB_INRECEIVES); //是否共享,如果是,新clone一个 if ((skb = skb_share_check(skb, GFP_ATOMIC)) == NULL) { IP6_INC_STATS_BH(idev, IPSTATS_MIB_INDISCARDS); rcu_read_unlock(); goto out; } //清空保存扩展头解析结果的数据结构 memset(IP6CB(skb), 0, sizeof(struct inet6_skb_parm)); //保存接收这个数据包的设备索引 IP6CB(skb)->iif = skb->dst ? ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst)->dev->ifindex : dev->ifindex; //有足够的头长度,ipv6是40字节 if (unlikely(!pskb_may_pull(skb, sizeof(*hdr)))) goto err; hdr = ipv6_hdr(skb); //获取头 if (hdr->version != 6) //验证版本 goto err; //传输头(扩展头)在网络头后面 skb->transport_header = skb->network_header + sizeof(*hdr); //保存下一个扩展头协议在ipv6头结构中的偏移 IP6CB(skb)->nhoff = offsetof(struct ipv6hdr, nexthdr); pkt_len = ntohs(hdr->payload_len); //ipv6负载数据长度 /* pkt_len may be zero if Jumbo payload option is present */ if (pkt_len || hdr->nexthdr != NEXTHDR_HOP) { //没有使用扩展头逐个跳段选项 if (pkt_len + sizeof(struct ipv6hdr) > skb->len) { //数据长度不对 IP6_INC_STATS_BH(idev, IPSTATS_MIB_INTRUNCATEDPKTS); goto drop; } //如果skb->len > (pkt_len + sizeof(struct ipv6hdr))试着缩小skb->len的长度 //相对ipv4来说简单多了,自己看吧 if (pskb_trim_rcsum(skb, pkt_len + sizeof(struct ipv6hdr))) { IP6_INC_STATS_BH(idev, IPSTATS_MIB_INHDRERRORS); goto drop; } hdr = ipv6_hdr(skb); //重新获取ip头 } if (hdr->nexthdr == NEXTHDR_HOP) { //使用了扩展头逐个跳段选项 if (ipv6_parse_hopopts(skb) < 0) {//处理这个选项 IP6_INC_STATS_BH(idev, IPSTATS_MIB_INHDRERRORS); rcu_read_unlock(); return 0; } } rcu_read_unlock(); //进入ipv6的netfilter然后调用ip6_rcv_finish return NF_HOOK(PF_INET6,NF_IP6_PRE_ROUTING, skb, dev, NULL, ip6_rcv_finish); err: IP6_INC_STATS_BH(idev, IPSTATS_MIB_INHDRERRORS); drop: rcu_read_unlock(); kfree_skb(skb); out: return 0; } 解析扩展头逐个跳段中的巨量负载选项 int ipv6_parse_hopopts(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct inet6_skb_parm *opt = IP6CB(skb); //获取扩展头结果结构 /* skb_network_header(skb) is equal to skb->data, and skb_network_header_len(skb) is always equal to * sizeof(struct ipv6hdr) by definition of hop-by-hop options. */ //验证数据有足够的长度 if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, sizeof(struct ipv6hdr) + 8) || !pskb_may_pull(skb, (sizeof(struct ipv6hdr) + //下面的意思是取得扩展首部中的长度 ((skb_transport_header(skb)[1] + 1) << 3)))) { kfree_skb(skb); return -1; } opt->hop = sizeof(struct ipv6hdr); //40字节 if (ip6_parse_tlv(tlvprochopopt_lst, skb)) { //实际的解析工作 //把传输头移动到扩展首部之后 skb->transport_header += (skb_transport_header(skb)[1] + 1) << 3; opt = IP6CB(skb); opt->nhoff = sizeof(struct ipv6hdr); //进行了ipv6扩展头解析,保存下一个扩展头协议字段的偏移 return 1; } return -1; } 解析tlv编码的扩展选项头 static int ip6_parse_tlv(struct tlvtype_proc *procs, struct sk_buff *skb) { struct tlvtype_proc *curr; const unsigned char *nh = skb_network_header(skb); //获取网络头 int off = skb_network_header_len(skb); //获取网络头长度 int len = (skb_transport_header(skb)[1] + 1) << 3; //首部扩展头长度 if (skb_transport_offset(skb) + len > skb_headlen(skb)) //长度错误 goto bad; off += 2; //跳过下一个首部和首部扩展长度这两个字节 len -= 2; while (len > 0) { int optlen = nh[off + 1] + 2; //获取选项数据长度 + 2 (2是选项类型和选项数据长度两字节) switch (nh[off]) { //选项类型 case IPV6_TLV_PAD0: //Pad1选项 optlen = 1; break; case IPV6_TLV_PADN://PadN选项 break; default: //其他选项 if (optlen > len) goto bad; for (curr = procs; curr->type >= 0; curr++) { if (curr->type == nh[off]) { //类型匹配,调用参数函数处理,参考下面ipv6选项处理 /* type specific length/alignment checks will be performed in the func(). */ if (curr->func(skb, off) == 0) return 0; break; } } if (curr->type < 0) { if (ip6_tlvopt_unknown(skb, off) == 0) //处理未知选项 return 0; } break; } off += optlen; //偏移增加,这样到下一个选项 len -= optlen; //长度递减 } if (len == 0) return 1; //正确解析完毕 bad: kfree_skb(skb); return 0; } 处理未知的选项 static int ip6_tlvopt_unknown(struct sk_buff *skb, int optoff) { //根据选项类型标识符的要求进行处理 switch ((skb_network_header(skb)[optoff] & 0xC0) >> 6) { case 0: /* ignore */ return 1; case 1: /* drop packet */ break; case 3: /* Send ICMP if not a multicast address and drop packet */ /* Actually, it is redundant check. icmp_send will recheck in any case. */ if (ipv6_addr_is_multicast(&ipv6_hdr(skb)->daddr)) //目的是多播地址 break; case 2: /* send ICMP PARM PROB regardless and drop packet */ //给包的源地址发送一个 ICMP "参数存在问题", 编码 2 的报文, 指针指向无法识别的选项类型 icmpv6_param_prob(skb, ICMPV6_UNK_OPTION, optoff); return 0; } kfree_skb(skb); return 0; } 到这需要解释一下,上面解析ipv6选项只是解析了第一层的扩展头,在后面可能还有其他扩展头会在后面解析。 inline int ip6_rcv_finish( struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->dst == NULL) //没有路由,进行路由查找 ip6_route_input(skb); //路由部分将在路由实现文章中介绍 return dst_input(skb); } static inline int dst_input(struct sk_buff *skb) { int err; for (;;) { err = skb->dst->input(skb); //调用路由的输入函数 if (likely(err == 0)) return err; /* Oh, Jamal... Seems, I will not forgive you this mess. :-) */ if (unlikely(err != NET_XMIT_BYPASS)) return err; } } 现在我们假设包是到本地的,那么上面的input函数就是 int ip6_input(struct sk_buff *skb) { //进入ipv6 netfilter NF_IP6_LOCAL_IN hook 然后调用 ip6_input_finish return NF_HOOK(PF_INET6, NF_IP6_LOCAL_IN, skb, skb->dev, NULL, ip6_input_finish); } static int ip6_input_finish(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct inet6_protocol *ipprot; struct sock *raw_sk; unsigned int nhoff; int nexthdr; u8 hash; struct inet6_dev *idev; /* Parse extension headers */ rcu_read_lock(); resubmit: idev = ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst); //将skb->data指针移动到传输层头 if (!pskb_pull(skb, skb_transport_offset(skb))) goto discard; nhoff = IP6CB(skb)->nhoff; nexthdr = skb_network_header(skb)[nhoff];//下一个扩展头协议 //处理原始sock raw_sk = sk_head(&raw_v6_htable[nexthdr & (MAX_INET_PROTOS - 1)]); if (raw_sk && !ipv6_raw_deliver(skb, nexthdr)) raw_sk = NULL; //向上层协议栈递交数据,看初始化时注册的一些协议,主要是tcp,udp等,还包括一些ip扩展头的处理 hash = nexthdr & (MAX_INET_PROTOS - 1); if ((ipprot = rcu_dereference(inet6_protos[hash])) != NULL) { int ret; if (ipprot->flags & INET6_PROTO_FINAL) { struct ipv6hdr *hdr; /* Free reference early: we don't need it any more, and it may hold ip_conntrack module loaded indefinitely. */ nf_reset(skb); skb_postpull_rcsum(skb, skb_network_header(skb), skb_network_header_len(skb)); hdr = ipv6_hdr(skb); if (ipv6_addr_is_multicast(&hdr->daddr) && !ipv6_chk_mcast_addr(skb->dev, &hdr->daddr, &hdr->saddr) && !ipv6_is_mld(skb, nexthdr)) goto discard; } //处理 IPSEC v6 的相关部分 if (!(ipprot->flags & INET6_PROTO_NOPOLICY) && !xfrm6_policy_check(NULL, XFRM_POLICY_IN, skb)) goto discard; ret = ipprot->handler(skb); //上层协议处理,看下面ipv6扩展头处理 if (ret > 0) goto resubmit; //重新处理 else if (ret == 0) IP6_INC_STATS_BH(idev, IPSTATS_MIB_INDELIVERS); } else { //没有找到上层处理函数 if (!raw_sk) { if (xfrm6_policy_check(NULL, XFRM_POLICY_IN, skb)) { IP6_INC_STATS_BH(idev, IPSTATS_MIB_INUNKNOWNPROTOS); icmpv6_send(skb, ICMPV6_PARAMPROB, ICMPV6_UNK_NEXTHDR, nhoff, skb->dev); } } else IP6_INC_STATS_BH(idev, IPSTATS_MIB_INDELIVERS); kfree_skb(skb); } rcu_read_unlock(); return 0; discard: IP6_INC_STATS_BH(idev, IPSTATS_MIB_INDISCARDS); rcu_read_unlock(); kfree_skb(skb); return 0; } [ipv6选项处理] static struct tlvtype_proc tlvprochopopt_lst[] = { { .type = IPV6_TLV_ROUTERALERT, .func = ipv6_hop_ra, }, { .type = IPV6_TLV_JUMBO, .func = ipv6_hop_jumbo, }, { -1, } }; 解析路由警告选项 static int ipv6_hop_ra(struct sk_buff *skb, int optoff) { const unsigned char *nh = skb_network_header(skb); //获取网络头 if (nh[optoff + 1] == 2) { //路由警告选项长度必须是2 ? rfc 要求是 4 IP6CB(skb)->ra = optoff; //记录警告类型 return 1; } LIMIT_NETDEBUG(KERN_DEBUG "ipv6_hop_ra: wrong RA length %d\n", nh[optoff + 1]); kfree_skb(skb); return 0; } 解析jumbo frame选项 static int ipv6_hop_jumbo(struct sk_buff *skb, int optoff) { const unsigned char *nh = skb_network_header(skb); u32 pkt_len; //选项数据长度必须是4,选项类型必须是 0xc2, &3 后必须是2 if (nh[optoff + 1] != 4 || (optoff & 3) != 2) { LIMIT_NETDEBUG(KERN_DEBUG "ipv6_hop_jumbo: wrong jumbo opt length/alignment %d\n", nh[optoff+1]); IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ipv6_skb_idev(skb), IPSTATS_MIB_INHDRERRORS); goto drop; } pkt_len = ntohl(*(__be32 *)(nh + optoff + 2)); //获取整个负载长度 if (pkt_len <= IPV6_MAXPLEN) { //小于65535 是不对地 IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ipv6_skb_idev(skb), IPSTATS_MIB_INHDRERRORS); icmpv6_param_prob(skb, ICMPV6_HDR_FIELD, optoff+2); return 0; } if (ipv6_hdr(skb)->payload_len) { //原ipv6头中就不应该有负载长度了 IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ipv6_skb_idev(skb), IPSTATS_MIB_INHDRERRORS); icmpv6_param_prob(skb, ICMPV6_HDR_FIELD, optoff); return 0; } if (pkt_len > skb->len - sizeof(struct ipv6hdr)) { //长度超出了 skb 的实际长度 IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ipv6_skb_idev(skb), IPSTATS_MIB_INTRUNCATEDPKTS); goto drop; } //如果必要试图缩减 skb 的长度 if (pskb_trim_rcsum(skb, pkt_len + sizeof(struct ipv6hdr))) goto drop; return 1; drop: kfree_skb(skb); return 0; } 目的选项处理 static struct tlvtype_proc tlvprocdestopt_lst[] = { #if defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MIP6) || defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MIP6_MODULE) { .type = IPV6_TLV_HAO, .func = ipv6_dest_hao, }, #endif {-1, NULL} }; 解析目的选项 static int ipv6_dest_hao(struct sk_buff *skb, int optoff) { struct ipv6_destopt_hao *hao; struct inet6_skb_parm *opt = IP6CB(skb); struct ipv6hdr *ipv6h = ipv6_hdr(skb); struct in6_addr tmp_addr; int ret; if (opt->dsthao) { //已经处理 LIMIT_NETDEBUG(KERN_DEBUG "hao duplicated\n"); goto discard; } opt->dsthao = opt->dst1; opt->dst1 = 0; //获取网络头后面的选项部分 hao = (struct ipv6_destopt_hao *)(skb_network_header(skb) + optoff); if (hao->length != 16) { //长度要求 LIMIT_NETDEBUG(KERN_DEBUG "hao invalid option length = %d\n", hao->length); goto discard; } if (!(ipv6_addr_type(&hao->addr) & IPV6_ADDR_UNICAST)) { //地址不是单播 LIMIT_NETDEBUG(KERN_DEBUG "hao is not an unicast addr: " NIP6_FMT "\n", NIP6(hao->addr)); goto discard; } //IPSEC相关 ret = xfrm6_input_addr(skb, (xfrm_address_t *)&ipv6h->daddr, (xfrm_address_t *)&hao->addr, IPPROTO_DSTOPTS); if (unlikely(ret < 0)) goto discard; if (skb_cloned(skb)) { //如果包是cloned //分配新的内存数据 if (pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, 0, GFP_ATOMIC)) goto discard; //重新指向各头 hao = (struct ipv6_destopt_hao *)(skb_network_header(skb) + optoff); ipv6h = ipv6_hdr(skb); } if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; //把ip头中的源地址与选项中的地址交换 ipv6_addr_copy(&tmp_addr, &ipv6h->saddr); ipv6_addr_copy(&ipv6h->saddr, &hao->addr); ipv6_addr_copy(&hao->addr, &tmp_addr); if (skb->tstamp.tv64 == 0) __net_timestamp(skb); //记录时间截 return 1; discard: kfree_skb(skb); return 0; } [/ipv6选项处理] [ipv6扩展头处理] 我们只介绍根ipv6扩展头相关的实现,像其他的扩展头(tcp, udp)等虽然也是叫扩展头但实际是传输层的内容,将在其他文章中介绍。 路由扩展首部 struct ipv6_rt_hdr { __u8 nexthdr; __u8 hdrlen; __u8 type; __u8 segments_left; /* type specific data variable length field */ }; 路由扩展首部处理结构 static struct inet6_protocol rthdr_protocol = { .handler = ipv6_rthdr_rcv, .flags = INET6_PROTO_NOPOLICY | INET6_PROTO_GSO_EXTHDR, }; static int ipv6_rthdr_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct inet6_skb_parm *opt = IP6CB(skb); struct in6_addr *addr = NULL; struct in6_addr daddr; struct inet6_dev *idev; int n, i; struct ipv6_rt_hdr *hdr; struct rt0_hdr *rthdr; int accept_source_route = ipv6_devconf.accept_source_route; idev = in6_dev_get(skb->dev); //包进入设备 if (idev) { if (accept_source_route > idev->cnf.accept_source_route) //默认数量大于了手动调节(proc中)的数量 accept_source_route = idev->cnf.accept_source_route; in6_dev_put(idev); } //skb长度和内存空间正确 if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, skb_transport_offset(skb) + 8) || !pskb_may_pull(skb, (skb_transport_offset(skb) + ((skb_transport_header(skb)[1] + 1) << 3)))) { IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst), IPSTATS_MIB_INHDRERRORS); kfree_skb(skb); return -1; } hdr = (struct ipv6_rt_hdr *)skb_transport_header(skb); //路由扩展头 //是到多播地址或硬件地址不是到本机的地址 if (ipv6_addr_is_multicast(&ipv6_hdr(skb)->daddr) || skb->pkt_type != PACKET_HOST) { IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst), IPSTATS_MIB_INADDRERRORS); kfree_skb(skb); return -1; } looped_back: if (hdr->segments_left == 0) { //根据rfc要求 分段剩余为0 switch (hdr->type) { #if defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MIP6) || defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MIP6_MODULE) case IPV6_SRCRT_TYPE_2: /* Silently discard type 2 header unless it was processed by own */ if (!addr) { IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst), IPSTATS_MIB_INADDRERRORS); kfree_skb(skb); return -1; } break; #endif default: break; } opt->lastopt = opt->srcrt = skb_network_header_len(skb); skb->transport_header += (hdr->hdrlen + 1) << 3; //下一个传输头的位置 opt->dst0 = opt->dst1; opt->dst1 = 0; opt->nhoff = (&hdr->nexthdr) - skb_network_header(skb); //记录下一个头数据相对网络头的偏移量 return 1; } switch (hdr->type) { #if defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MIP6) || defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MIP6_MODULE) case IPV6_SRCRT_TYPE_2: if (accept_source_route < 0) goto unknown_rh; /* Silently discard invalid RTH type 2 */ if (hdr->hdrlen != 2 || hdr->segments_left != 1) { IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst), IPSTATS_MIB_INHDRERRORS); kfree_skb(skb); return -1; } break; #endif default: goto unknown_rh; } /* This is the routing header forwarding algorithm from RFC 2460, page 16. */ n = hdr->hdrlen >> 1; //计算路由首部中的地址数量 if (hdr->segments_left > n) { IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst), IPSTATS_MIB_INHDRERRORS); icmpv6_param_prob(skb, ICMPV6_HDR_FIELD, ((&hdr->segments_left) - skb_network_header(skb))); return -1; } /* We are about to mangle packet header. Be careful! Do not damage packets queued somewhere. */ if (skb_cloned(skb)) { /* the copy is a forwarded packet */ if (pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, 0, GFP_ATOMIC)) { IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst), IPSTATS_MIB_OUTDISCARDS); kfree_skb(skb); return -1; } hdr = (struct ipv6_rt_hdr *)skb_transport_header(skb); } if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; i = n - --hdr->segments_left; //计算地址向量(地址列表)中要"访问"的下一个地址 rthdr = (struct rt0_hdr *) hdr; addr = rthdr->addr; //指向地址列表首部 addr += i - 1; //移动到下一个地址 switch (hdr->type) { #if defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MIP6) || defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MIP6_MODULE) case IPV6_SRCRT_TYPE_2: if (xfrm6_input_addr(skb, (xfrm_address_t *)addr, (xfrm_address_t *)&ipv6_hdr(skb)->saddr, IPPROTO_ROUTING) < 0) { IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst), IPSTATS_MIB_INADDRERRORS); kfree_skb(skb); return -1; } if (!ipv6_chk_home_addr(addr)) { IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst), IPSTATS_MIB_INADDRERRORS); kfree_skb(skb); return -1; } break; #endif default: break; } if (ipv6_addr_is_multicast(addr)) { //这个地址是多播地址 IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst), IPSTATS_MIB_INADDRERRORS); kfree_skb(skb); return -1; } //交换 IPv6 目的地址和这个地址 ipv6_addr_copy(&daddr, addr); ipv6_addr_copy(addr, &ipv6_hdr(skb)->daddr); ipv6_addr_copy(&ipv6_hdr(skb)->daddr, &daddr); dst_release(xchg(&skb->dst, NULL)); ip6_route_input(skb); //路由查找处理,将在其他文章中介绍 if (skb->dst->error) { skb_push(skb, skb->data - skb_network_header(skb)); dst_input(skb); return -1; } if (skb->dst->dev->flags & IFF_LOOPBACK) { //路由查找后要发送到的目的设备是回环 if (ipv6_hdr(skb)->hop_limit <= 1) { //跳数限制小于1 IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst), IPSTATS_MIB_INHDRERRORS); //给源地址发送一个 ICMP "超时 – 传输超过跳数限制" 的报文, 并且抛弃此包 icmpv6_send(skb, ICMPV6_TIME_EXCEED, ICMPV6_EXC_HOPLIMIT, 0, skb->dev); kfree_skb(skb); return -1; } ipv6_hdr(skb)->hop_limit--; goto looped_back; } //将data之中移动到网络头 skb_push(skb, skb->data - skb_network_header(skb)); dst_input(skb); //这时包应该被转发了 return -1; unknown_rh: IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst), IPSTATS_MIB_INHDRERRORS); icmpv6_param_prob(skb, ICMPV6_HDR_FIELD, (&hdr->type) - skb_network_header(skb)); return -1; } ipv6分配包扩展首部处理 static struct inet6_protocol frag_protocol = { .handler = ipv6_frag_rcv, .flags = INET6_PROTO_NOPOLICY, }; static int ipv6_frag_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct frag_hdr *fhdr; struct frag_queue *fq; struct ipv6hdr *hdr = ipv6_hdr(skb); IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst), IPSTATS_MIB_REASMREQDS); /* Jumbo payload inhibits frag. header */ if (hdr->payload_len == 0) { //是Jumbo payload,不是分片包 IP6_INC_STATS(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst), IPSTATS_MIB_INHDRERRORS); icmpv6_param_prob(skb, ICMPV6_HDR_FIELD, skb_network_header_len(skb)); return -1; } //有碎片头空间 if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, (skb_transport_offset(skb) + sizeof(struct frag_hdr)))) { IP6_INC_STATS(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst), IPSTATS_MIB_INHDRERRORS); icmpv6_param_prob(skb, ICMPV6_HDR_FIELD, skb_network_header_len(skb)); return -1; } hdr = ipv6_hdr(skb); fhdr = (struct frag_hdr *)skb_transport_header(skb); //分片头 if (!(fhdr->frag_off & htons(0xFFF9))) { //没有分片偏移,不是分片包 /* It is not a fragmented frame */ skb->transport_header += sizeof(struct frag_hdr); //传输头向后移动到下一个头 IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst), IPSTATS_MIB_REASMOKS); IP6CB(skb)->nhoff = (u8 *)fhdr - skb_network_header(skb); return 1; } if (atomic_read(&ip6_frags.mem) > ip6_frags_ctl.high_thresh) //内存使用超过限制 ip6_evictor(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst)); //查找或创建分片队列头 if ((fq = fq_find(fhdr->identification, &hdr->saddr, &hdr->daddr, ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst))) != NULL) { int ret; spin_lock(&fq->q.lock); ret = ip6_frag_queue(fq, skb, fhdr, IP6CB(skb)->nhoff); //入队重组 spin_unlock(&fq->q.lock); fq_put(fq); return ret; } IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst), IPSTATS_MIB_REASMFAILS); kfree_skb(skb); return -1; } static __inline__ struct frag_queue * fq_find(__be32 id, struct in6_addr *src, struct in6_addr *dst, struct inet6_dev *idev) { struct inet_frag_queue *q; struct ip6_create_arg arg; unsigned int hash; arg.id = id; arg.src = src; arg.dst = dst; hash = ip6qhashfn(id, src, dst); //id,源,目的进行 hash q = inet_frag_find(&ip6_frags, &arg, hash); //查找或创建 if (q == NULL) goto oom; return container_of(q, struct frag_queue, q); //成功返回 oom: //没内存了 IP6_INC_STATS_BH(idev, IPSTATS_MIB_REASMFAILS); return NULL; } struct inet_frag_queue *inet_frag_find(struct inet_frags *f, void *key, unsigned int hash) { struct inet_frag_queue *q; struct hlist_node *n; read_lock(&f->lock); hlist_for_each_entry(q, n, &f->hash[hash], list) { //在hash桶中查找 if (f->match(q, key)) { //调用匹配函数进行匹配,具体函数很简单参考初始化时的ipv6_frag_init函数 atomic_inc(&q->refcnt); read_unlock(&f->lock); return q; } } //没有找到就创建一个 return inet_frag_create(f, key, hash); } 创建分片队列 static struct inet_frag_queue *inet_frag_create(struct inet_frags *f, void *arg, unsigned int hash) { struct inet_frag_queue *q; q = inet_frag_alloc(f, arg); //分配一个 if (q == NULL) return NULL; //添加到 hash 表 return inet_frag_intern(q, f, hash, arg); } static struct inet_frag_queue *inet_frag_alloc(struct inet_frags *f, void *arg) { struct inet_frag_queue *q; q = kzalloc(f->qsize, GFP_ATOMIC); //分配一个队列头,大小是 sizeof(struct frag_queue) if (q == NULL) return NULL; f->constructor(q, arg); //拷贝地址和 id 到队列头结构中 atomic_add(f->qsize, &f->mem); setup_timer(&q->timer, f->frag_expire, (unsigned long)q); spin_lock_init(&q->lock); atomic_set(&q->refcnt, 1); return q; } static struct inet_frag_queue *inet_frag_intern(struct inet_frag_queue *qp_in, struct inet_frags *f, unsigned int hash, void *arg) { struct inet_frag_queue *qp; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP struct hlist_node *n; #endif write_lock(&f->lock); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP //其他cpu可能已经创建了一个,所以要再次检查 hlist_for_each_entry(qp, n, &f->hash[hash], list) { if (f->match(qp, arg)) { //已经创建 atomic_inc(&qp->refcnt); write_unlock(&f->lock); qp_in->last_in |= COMPLETE; inet_frag_put(qp_in, f); //释放新分配的 return qp; } } #endif qp = qp_in; if (!mod_timer(&qp->timer, jiffies + f->ctl->timeout)) //启动定时器 atomic_inc(&qp->refcnt); //增加引用计数,然后添加到hash表 atomic_inc(&qp->refcnt); hlist_add_head(&qp->list, &f->hash[hash]); list_add_tail(&qp->lru_list, &f->lru_list); f->nqueues++; write_unlock(&f->lock); return qp; } 入队重组 static int ip6_frag_queue(struct frag_queue *fq, struct sk_buff *skb, struct frag_hdr *fhdr, int nhoff) { struct sk_buff *prev, *next; struct net_device *dev; int offset, end; if (fq->q.last_in & COMPLETE) //重组已经完成 goto err; //分片开始位置 offset = ntohs(fhdr->frag_off) & ~0x7;//偏移必须8字节对齐 //分片在整个包中的结束位置 包负载长度 - 分片头长度 end = offset + (ntohs(ipv6_hdr(skb)->payload_len) - ((u8 *)(fhdr + 1) - (u8 *)(ipv6_hdr(skb) + 1))); //结束位置 > 65535 if ((unsigned int)end > IPV6_MAXPLEN) { IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst), IPSTATS_MIB_INHDRERRORS); icmpv6_param_prob(skb, ICMPV6_HDR_FIELD, ((u8 *)&fhdr->frag_off - skb_network_header(skb))); return -1; } //校验和已经完成 if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) { const unsigned char *nh = skb_network_header(skb); //减去分片包头的校验和 skb->csum = csum_sub(skb->csum, csum_partial(nh, (u8 *)(fhdr + 1) - nh, 0)); } //最后一个碎片包 if (!(fhdr->frag_off & htons(IP6_MF))) { /* If we already have some bits beyond end or have different end, the segment is corrupted. */ if (end < fq->q.len || ((fq->q.last_in & LAST_IN) && end != fq->q.len)) //分片出现错误 goto err; fq->q.last_in |= LAST_IN; //标识最后一个分片 fq->q.len = end; //记录包总长度 } else { /* Check if the fragment is rounded to 8 bytes. Required by the RFC. */ if (end & 0x7) { //碎片结尾也需要8字节对齐 /* RFC2460 says always send parameter problem in this case. -DaveM */ IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst), PSTATS_MIB_INHDRERRORS); icmpv6_param_prob(skb, ICMPV6_HDR_FIELD, offsetof(struct ipv6hdr, payload_len)); return -1; } if (end > fq->q.len) { /* Some bits beyond end -> corruption. */ if (fq->q.last_in & LAST_IN) goto err; fq->q.len = end; //记录已经得到的碎片的最大长度 } } if (end == offset) //开始 = 结束 goto err; //skb->data 指向碎片首部头后数据部分 if (!pskb_pull(skb, (u8 *) (fhdr + 1) - skb->data)) goto err; //如果需要缩短skb的内存长度 if (pskb_trim_rcsum(skb, end - offset)) goto err; //找出碎片所在位置 prev = NULL; for(next = fq->q.fragments; next != NULL; next = next->next) { if (FRAG6_CB(next)->offset >= offset) break; /* bingo! */ prev = next; } if (prev) { //有前一个碎片 //前一个碎片 (开始 + 长度) - 这个碎片的开始. 计算出重叠部分 int i = (FRAG6_CB(prev)->offset + prev->len) - offset; if (i > 0) { //有重叠 offset += i; //调整这个碎片的开始位置 if (end <= offset) //调整后出错 goto err; if (!pskb_pull(skb, i))//skb->data += i; goto err; if (skb->ip_summed != CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; } } //有下一个碎片,且开始位置 < 这个碎片的结束位置 while (next && FRAG6_CB(next)->offset < end) { //这个碎片的结束位置 - 下一个碎片的开始位置,计算重叠 int i = end - FRAG6_CB(next)->offset; /* overlap is 'i' bytes */ if (i < next->len) { //重叠长度 < 下一个碎片的长度 if (!pskb_pull(next, i)) //next->data += i; goto err; FRAG6_CB(next)->offset += i; //下一个碎片开始位置调整 fq->q.meat -= i; //总长度减少 if (next->ip_summed != CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) next->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; break; } else { //这个碎片完全复盖了下一个碎片 struct sk_buff *free_it = next; //释放这个碎片 next = next->next;//调整下一个碎片指针 //调整队列指针 if (prev) prev->next = next; else fq->q.fragments = next; fq->q.meat -= free_it->len; frag_kfree_skb(free_it, NULL); //释放被复盖的包 } } FRAG6_CB(skb)->offset = offset; //这个碎片包记录自己的开始位置 //插入这个碎片到队列 skb->next = next; if (prev) prev->next = skb; else fq->q.fragments = skb; dev = skb->dev; if (dev) { fq->iif = dev->ifindex; skb->dev = NULL; } fq->q.stamp = skb->tstamp; fq->q.meat += skb->len; //累加总长度 atomic_add(skb->truesize, &ip6_frags.mem); if (offset == 0) { //偏移为0 fq->nhoffset = nhoff; fq->q.last_in |= FIRST_IN; //标识开始碎片 } //碎片已经聚齐,记录长度 = 包中标识的长度 if (fq->q.last_in == (FIRST_IN | LAST_IN) && fq->q.meat == fq->q.len) return ip6_frag_reasm(fq, prev, dev); //重组 //没有聚齐,移动队列连表到lru连表尾部 write_lock(&ip6_frags.lock); list_move_tail(&fq->q.lru_list, &ip6_frags.lru_list); write_unlock(&ip6_frags.lock); return -1; err: IP6_INC_STATS(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst), IPSTATS_MIB_REASMFAILS); kfree_skb(skb); return -1; } 重组ip头 static int ip6_frag_reasm(struct frag_queue *fq, struct sk_buff *prev, struct net_device *dev) { struct sk_buff *fp, *head = fq->q.fragments; int payload_len; unsigned int nhoff; fq_kill(fq); //把这个重组队列出队 /* Make the one we just received the head. */ if (prev) { //下面是把head指向的skb复制到fp,然后把fp插入到head指向的位置 head = prev->next; fp = skb_clone(head, GFP_ATOMIC); if (!fp) goto out_oom; fp->next = head->next; prev->next = fp; //把真正的头skb复制到head指针的skb skb_morph(head, fq->q.fragments); head->next = fq->q.fragments->next; kfree_skb(fq->q.fragments);//释放原来的头 fq->q.fragments = head; } /* Unfragmented part is taken from the first segment. */ //计算负载总长度 payload_len = ((head->data - skb_network_header(head)) - sizeof(struct ipv6hdr) + fq->q.len - sizeof(struct frag_hdr)); if (payload_len > IPV6_MAXPLEN) //超过65535 goto out_oversize; /* Head of list must not be cloned. */ //如果skb被克隆,从新分配他的data if (skb_cloned(head) && pskb_expand_head(head, 0, 0, GFP_ATOMIC)) goto out_oom; /* If the first fragment is fragmented itself, we split it to two chunks: the first with data and paged part * and the second, holding only fragments. */ if (skb_shinfo(head)->frag_list) {//如果头自己已经被分片 struct sk_buff *clone; int i, plen = 0; if ((clone = alloc_skb(0, GFP_ATOMIC)) == NULL) goto out_oom; //把这个clone插入到头后 clone->next = head->next; head->next = clone; //把头的分片给这个clone skb_shinfo(clone)->frag_list = skb_shinfo(head)->frag_list; skb_shinfo(head)->frag_list = NULL; //头使用了页面,计算总长度 for (i = 0; i < skb_shinfo(head)->nr_frags; i++) plen += skb_shinfo(head)->frags[i].size; clone->len = clone->data_len = head->data_len - plen; head->data_len -= clone->len; head->len -= clone->len; clone->csum = 0; clone->ip_summed = head->ip_summed; atomic_add(clone->truesize, &ip6_frags.mem); } /* We have to remove fragment header from datagram and to relocate * header in order to calculate ICV correctly. */ nhoff = fq->nhoffset; //把传输头(分片头)中的下一个头字段值赋给网络头中的下一个头字段 skb_network_header(head)[nhoff] = skb_transport_header(head)[0]; //把分片首部复盖掉 memmove(head->head + sizeof(struct frag_hdr), head->head, (head->data - head->head) - sizeof(struct frag_hdr)); //调整相应的各个层的头位置 head->mac_header += sizeof(struct frag_hdr); head->network_header += sizeof(struct frag_hdr); skb_shinfo(head)->frag_list = head->next; //保存碎片连表 skb_reset_transport_header(head);//重新调整网络头,现在指向分片头后的头 skb_push(head, head->data - skb_network_header(head));//使head->data指向网络头 atomic_sub(head->truesize, &ip6_frags.mem); for (fp = head->next; fp; fp = fp->next) { //统计分片总长度 head->data_len += fp->len; head->len += fp->len; if (head->ip_summed != fp->ip_summed) head->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; else if (head->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) head->csum = csum_add(head->csum, fp->csum); //添加各分片的累加和 head->truesize += fp->truesize; atomic_sub(fp->truesize, &ip6_frags.mem); } head->next = NULL; head->dev = dev; head->tstamp = fq->q.stamp; ipv6_hdr(head)->payload_len = htons(payload_len); //总长度 IP6CB(head)->nhoff = nhoff; /* Yes, and fold redundant checksum back. 8) */ if (head->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) //添加网络头累加和 head->csum = csum_partial(skb_network_header(head), skb_network_header_len(head), head->csum); rcu_read_lock(); IP6_INC_STATS_BH(__in6_dev_get(dev), IPSTATS_MIB_REASMOKS); rcu_read_unlock(); fq->q.fragments = NULL; return 1; ...... //下面是错误处理 } 无数据扩展头 static struct inet6_protocol nodata_protocol = { .handler = ipv6_nodata_rcv, .flags = INET6_PROTO_NOPOLICY, }; static int ipv6_nodata_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb) { kfree_skb(skb); return 0; } 目的选项首部处理 static struct inet6_protocol destopt_protocol = { .handler = ipv6_destopt_rcv, .flags = INET6_PROTO_NOPOLICY | INET6_PROTO_GSO_EXTHDR, }; static int ipv6_destopt_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct inet6_skb_parm *opt = IP6CB(skb); #if defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MIP6) || defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MIP6_MODULE) __u16 dstbuf; #endif struct dst_entry *dst; //长度验证 if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, skb_transport_offset(skb) + 8) || !pskb_may_pull(skb, (skb_transport_offset(skb) + ((skb_transport_header(skb)[1] + 1) << 3)))) { IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ip6_dst_idev(skb->dst), IPSTATS_MIB_INHDRERRORS); kfree_skb(skb); return -1; } opt->lastopt = opt->dst1 = skb_network_header_len(skb); //网络头长度 #if defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MIP6) || defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MIP6_MODULE) dstbuf = opt->dst1; #endif dst = dst_clone(skb->dst); //增加dst的引用计数 //解析tlv,上面已经看到过了 if (ip6_parse_tlv(tlvprocdestopt_lst, skb)) { dst_release(dst); skb->transport_header += (skb_transport_header(skb)[1] + 1) << 3; //调整网络头位置 opt = IP6CB(skb); #if defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MIP6) || defined(CONFIG_IPV6_MIP6_MODULE) opt->nhoff = dstbuf; #else opt->nhoff = opt->dst1; #endif return 1; } IP6_INC_STATS_BH(ip6_dst_idev(dst), IPSTATS_MIB_INHDRERRORS); dst_release(dst); return -1; } [/ipv6扩展头处理]

 

posted on 2013-08-28 10:45  SuperKing  阅读(...)  评论(...编辑  收藏

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