使用Spring MVC,Mybatis框架等创建Java Web项目时各种前期准备的配置文件内容

1、pom.xml

首先,pom.xml文件,里面包含各种maven的依赖,代码如下:

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <groupId>com.suixue.test</groupId>
    <artifactId>maven-demo-web</artifactId>
    <packaging>war</packaging>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <name>maven-demo-web Maven Webapp</name>
    <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>
    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <spring.version>4.1.4.RELEASE</spring.version>
        <jackson.version>2.5.0</jackson.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>4.12</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>

        <!-- spring -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-beans</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>

        <!-- mybatis 包 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
            <version>3.2.8</version>
        </dependency>

        <!--mybatis spring 插件 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.2</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- mysql连接 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.34</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- 数据源 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>druid</artifactId>
            <version>1.0.12</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.aspectj</groupId>
            <artifactId>aspectjweaver</artifactId>
            <version>1.8.4</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- log4j -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>log4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.17</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- servlet -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
            <artifactId>servlet-api</artifactId>
            <version>3.0-alpha-1</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
            <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
            <version>1.2</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- json -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.codehaus.jackson</groupId>
            <artifactId>jackson-mapper-asl</artifactId>
            <version>1.9.13</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.3</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
            <artifactId>jackson-annotations</artifactId>
            <version>${jackson.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
            <artifactId>jackson-core</artifactId>
            <version>${jackson.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
            <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
            <version>${jackson.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- 文件上传 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-io</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-io</artifactId>
            <version>2.4</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-fileupload</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-fileupload</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.2</version>
        </dependency>
        
        
    
    <dependency>
    <groupId>com.github.pagehelper</groupId>
    <artifactId>pagehelper</artifactId>
    <version>4.0.1</version>
</dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <finalName>system</finalName>
    </build>
    
    <repositories>
        <repository>
          <id>sonatype-nexus-snapshots</id>
          <name>Sonatype Nexus Snapshots</name>
          <url>http://oss.sonatype.org/content/repositories/snapshots</url>
          <releases>
                <enabled>false</enabled>
          </releases>
          <snapshots>
                <enabled>true</enabled>
          </snapshots>
    </repository>
    </repositories>
</project>
pom.xml

2、web.xml

完成第一步后,系统通常会自动下载相应的依赖包,然后,编写web.xml中的内容,代码如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app version="2.5" 
    xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" 
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee 
        http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd">

    <display-name>Archetype Created Web Application</display-name>
    <context-param>  
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>  
        <param-value>classpath:spring.xml,classpath:spring-mybatis.xml</param-value>  
    </context-param>
    <!-- 字符集 过滤器 -->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>encoding</param-name>
            <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>forceEncoding</param-name>
            <param-value>true</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>

    
    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
    </listener>
    <listener>
        <listener-class>
            org.springframework.web.context.ContextCleanupListener</listener-class>
    </listener>
    
    
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>mvc-dispather</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <!-- 改变默认的上下文配置 -->
        <init-param>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <param-value>classpath:mvc-dispather-servlet.xml,classpath:spring-mybatis.xml</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>

    </servlet>

    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>mvc-dispather</servlet-name>
        <!-- 拦截所有请求 -->
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>
    
    <!-- 配置session超时时间为2小时 -->
    <session-config>
        <session-timeout>120</session-timeout>
    </session-config>
</web-app>
web.xml

在web.xml文件中,红线圈出的几个文件具体的配置将在后面给出。

3、resources资源目录下各文件的配置

(1)spring.xml

也是在web.xml文件中所涉及到的配置文件,下面给出相应代码

 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"  
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"  
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans  
            http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.1.xsd  
            http://www.springframework.org/schema/context  
            http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.1.xsd">

    <!--引入配置属性文件 -->  
    <context:property-placeholder ignore-unresolvable="true" location="classpath:/config.properties" />  
    <context:property-placeholder ignore-unresolvable="true" location="classpath:/mysite.properties" />  
    
    <!--自动扫描含有@Service将其注入为bean -->  
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.suixue.*.service" />  
    
</beans>  
spring.xml

 

此处的两种配置文件,将在下面详细给出。

--》config.properties

#mysql version database druid setting  
validationQuery=SELECT 1 
jdbc.jdbc.driverClassName=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/movie_management?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf-8  
jdbc.username=suixue
jdbc.password=123456

注意更换此文件中的数据库名称以及username和password

--》mysite.properties

adminPath=system/a/

只有此一行代码,此处为浏览器访问页面时url的前缀,比如localhost:8080/system/a/login

(2)spring-mybatis.xml

同时是web.xml文件中涉及到的配置文件,代码如下

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
    xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
    xsi:schemaLocation="  
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans   
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.1.xsd   
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx   
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-4.1.xsd  
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop   
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-4.1.xsd  
        ">



    <!-- 配置数据源 使用的是Druid数据源 -->
    <bean name="dataSource" class="com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource"
        init-method="init" destroy-method="close">
        <property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/movie_management" />
        <property name="username" value="suixue" />
        <property name="password" value="123456" />

        <!-- 初始化连接大小 -->
        <property name="initialSize" value="0" />
        <!-- 连接池最大使用连接数量 -->
        <property name="maxActive" value="20" />

        <!-- 连接池最小空闲 -->
        <property name="minIdle" value="0" />
        <!-- 获取连接最大等待时间 -->
        <property name="maxWait" value="60000" />
        <property name="poolPreparedStatements" value="true" />
        <property name="maxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize"
            value="33" />
        <!-- 用来检测有效sql -->
        <property name="validationQuery" value="${validationQuery}" />
        <property name="testOnBorrow" value="false" />
        <property name="testOnReturn" value="false" />
        <property name="testWhileIdle" value="true" />
        <!-- 配置间隔多久才进行一次检测,检测需要关闭的空闲连接,单位是毫秒 -->
        <property name="timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis" value="60000" />
        <!-- 配置一个连接在池中最小生存的时间,单位是毫秒 -->
        <property name="minEvictableIdleTimeMillis" value="25200000" />
        <!-- 打开removeAbandoned功能 -->
        <property name="removeAbandoned" value="true" />
        <!-- 1800秒,也就是30分钟 -->
        <property name="removeAbandonedTimeout" value="1800" />
        <!-- 关闭abanded连接时输出错误日志 -->
        <property name="logAbandoned" value="true" />
        <!-- 监控数据库 -->
        <property name="filters" value="mergeStat" />


    </bean>

    <!-- myBatis文件 -->
    <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
        <!-- 自动扫描entity目录, 省掉Configuration.xml里的手工配置 -->
        <property name="mapperLocations" value="classpath:com/suixue/mapper/*.xml" />
        <property name="plugins">

            <array>
                <bean class="com.github.pagehelper.PageHelper">
                    <property name="properties">
                        <value>
                            dialect=mysql
                            rowBoundsWithCount=true
                            offsetAsPageNum=true
                        </value>
                    </property>
                </bean>
            </array>

        </property>
    </bean>

    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
        <property name="basePackage" value="com.suixue.**.dao" />
        <property name="sqlSessionFactoryBeanName" value="sqlSessionFactory" />
    </bean>

    <!-- 配置事务管理器 -->
    <bean id="transactionManager"
        class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
    </bean>

    <!-- 注解方式配置事物 -->
    <!-- <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="transactionManager" /> -->

    <!-- 拦截器方式配置事物 -->
    <tx:advice id="transactionAdvice" transaction-manager="transactionManager">
        <tx:attributes>
            <tx:method name="insert*" propagation="REQUIRED" />
            <tx:method name="update*" propagation="REQUIRED" />
            <tx:method name="delete*" propagation="REQUIRED" />

            <tx:method name="get*" propagation="SUPPORTS" read-only="true" />
            <tx:method name="find*" propagation="SUPPORTS" read-only="true" />
            <tx:method name="select*" propagation="SUPPORTS" read-only="true" />

        </tx:attributes>
    </tx:advice>
    <!-- Spring aop事务管理 -->
    <aop:config>
        <aop:pointcut id="transactionPointcut" expression="execution(* com..*service.*(..))" />
        <aop:advisor pointcut-ref="transactionPointcut"
            advice-ref="transactionAdvice" />
    </aop:config>

</beans>  
spring-mybatis

应注意此处应改成自己的数据库名称以及登录名和密码

此处路径应改成自己相应的mapper路径,匹配其下面所有的xml文件,这里所说的xml文件中,包含的是sql语句,类似于下面的内容

另外,spring-mybatis.xml文件中下面红色的部分应对应自己项目中的dao层接口,以使得上面刚刚提到的mapper中的xml(包含sql语句)与dao层下的文件相映射起来。

此例子中com.suixue.**.dao包下面包含java文件,该java文件不是一个类class,而是一个接口。

下面给出我一个项目中的对应关系,方便理解。

另外,还需要注意的是

此处限制了涉及数据库增删改查操作的时候方法名的命名限制。

 此处应对应好自己项目中的service方法,有固定语法,不了解的地方请自己查阅相关资料。

 

这是我的service文件的结构信息。

(3)mvc-dispather-servlet.xml

同样是在web.xml中涉及的配置文件,代码如下

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
    xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
    xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.0.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.0.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.0.xsd">
    <!-- 激活标注 -->

    <context:annotation-config></context:annotation-config>

    <!-- DispatherContext上下文,只搜索标注了@Controller的类 -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.suixue.*">
    </context:component-scan>
    <mvc:annotation-driven />
    <!-- 启用基于mvc的HandlerMapping -->
    <mvc:default-servlet-handler />

    <mvc:interceptors>
        <mvc:interceptor>
            <!-- 所有文件夹及其子文件夹 -->
            <mvc:mapping path="/system/*" />
            <bean id="loginInterceptor" class=" com.suixue.system.common.LoginInterceptor"></bean>
        </mvc:interceptor>

    </mvc:interceptors>
    <!-- 避免IE执行AJAX时,返回JSON出现下载文件 -->
    <bean id="mappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter"
        class="org.springframework.http.converter.json.MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter">
        <property name="supportedMediaTypes">
            <list>
                <value>text/html;charset=UTF-8</value>
            </list>
        </property>
    </bean>

    <!-- 启动Spring MVC的注解功能,完成请求和注解POJO的映射 -->
    <bean
        class="org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.annotation.AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter">
        <property name="messageConverters">
            <list>
                <!-- json转换器 -->
                <ref bean="mappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter" />
            </list>
        </property>
    </bean>
    <bean
        class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="viewClass"
            value="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.JstlView"></property>
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/jsps/" />
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp" />
    </bean>
</beans>
                     
                     
                      
mvc-dispather-servlet.xml

注意红色区域部分,做出相应更改,其中最后的bean配置中的class,改成自己对应的bean即可,下面给出我的LoginInterceptor.java文件的具体代码

package com.suixue.system.common;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import org.springframework.web.servlet.handler.HandlerInterceptorAdapter;

import com.suixue.system.user.entity.User;

public class LoginInterceptor extends HandlerInterceptorAdapter{

    private static  final String[] LOGIN_URL = {"/login.form","login"};
    
    @Override
    public boolean preHandle(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, Object handler)
            throws Exception {
        
        request.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");
        String url = request.getRequestURI();
        boolean flag = false;
        
        for(String s : LOGIN_URL){
            if(url.contains(s)){
                flag = true;
                break;
            }
        }
        
        if(!flag){
            User user = (User) request.getSession().getAttribute("user");
            if(user == null){
                String context = request.getContextPath();
                response.sendRedirect(context + "/a/login");
                return false;
            }
        }
        return true;
    }
    
 
}
LoginInterceptor

此处设置前缀和后缀,根据需要可以自己更改。

 

 

当当当,至此,所有的基本配置到底就结束啦,若是有不足的地方,欢迎大家多多指正。

 

posted @ 2016-07-27 15:50  隋雪儿吖  阅读(...)  评论(... 编辑 收藏