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Wix 安装部署教程(十四) -- 多语言安装包之用户许可协议

2015-08-15 00:17  stoneniqiu  阅读(1945)  评论(2编辑  收藏

         在上一篇中,留下了许可协议的问题,目前已经解决。感谢网友武全的指点!

问题

         一般我们是用WixVariable 来设定许可协议。如下所示:  

  <WixVariable Id="WixUILicenseRtf" Value="license.rtf" />

      但在多语言中我们写成下面这样是不识别的。它会被直接当成文件路径,而报错,找不到文件。

   <WixVariable Id="WixUILicenseRtf" Value="!(loc.LicenseRtf)" />

string:

 <String Id="LicenseRtf">Languages\license.rtf</String>

自定义CustomLicenseDlg

这样我们需要自定义一个许可证书对话框。不过我们可以在源码的基础上稍作修改。在源码中找到LicenseAgreementDlg.wxs。

<Wix xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/wix/2006/wi">
    <Fragment>
        <UI>
            <Dialog Id="LicenseAgreementDlg" Width="370" Height="270" Title="!(loc.LicenseAgreementDlg_Title)">
                <Control Id="BannerBitmap" Type="Bitmap" X="0" Y="0" Width="370" Height="44" TabSkip="no" Text="!(loc.LicenseAgreementDlgBannerBitmap)" />
                <Control Id="BannerLine" Type="Line" X="0" Y="44" Width="370" Height="0" />
                <Control Id="BottomLine" Type="Line" X="0" Y="234" Width="370" Height="0" />
                <Control Id="Description" Type="Text" X="25" Y="23" Width="340" Height="15" Transparent="yes" NoPrefix="yes" Text="!(loc.LicenseAgreementDlgDescription)" />
                <Control Id="Title" Type="Text" X="15" Y="6" Width="200" Height="15" Transparent="yes" NoPrefix="yes" Text="!(loc.LicenseAgreementDlgTitle)" />
                <Control Id="LicenseAcceptedCheckBox" Type="CheckBox" X="20" Y="207" Width="330" Height="18" CheckBoxValue="1" Property="LicenseAccepted" Text="!(loc.LicenseAgreementDlgLicenseAcceptedCheckBox)" />
                <Control Id="Print" Type="PushButton" X="112" Y="243" Width="56" Height="17" Text="!(loc.WixUIPrint)">
                    <Publish Event="DoAction" Value="WixUIPrintEula">1</Publish>
                </Control>
                <Control Id="Back" Type="PushButton" X="180" Y="243" Width="56" Height="17" Text="!(loc.WixUIBack)" />
                <Control Id="Next" Type="PushButton" X="236" Y="243" Width="56" Height="17" Default="yes" Text="!(loc.WixUINext)">
                    <Publish Event="SpawnWaitDialog" Value="WaitForCostingDlg">!(wix.WixUICostingPopupOptOut) OR CostingComplete = 1</Publish>
                    <Condition Action="disable"><![CDATA[LicenseAccepted <> "1"]]></Condition>
                    <Condition Action="enable">LicenseAccepted = "1"</Condition>
                </Control>
                <Control Id="Cancel" Type="PushButton" X="304" Y="243" Width="56" Height="17" Cancel="yes" Text="!(loc.WixUICancel)">
                    <Publish Event="SpawnDialog" Value="CancelDlg">1</Publish>
                </Control>
                <Control Id="LicenseText" Type="ScrollableText" X="20" Y="60" Width="330" Height="140" Sunken="yes" TabSkip="no">
                    <Text SourceFile="!(wix.WixUILicenseRtf=$(var.licenseRtf))" />
                </Control>
            </Dialog>
        </UI>
    </Fragment>
</Wix>
View Code

我们在工程中添加一个wxs文件,命名为CustomLicenseDlg.wxs。

<Wix xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/wix/2006/wi">
  <Fragment>
    <UI>
      <Dialog Id="CustomLicenseDlg" Width="370" Height="270" Title="!(loc.LicenseAgreementDlg_Title)">
        <Control Id="BannerBitmap" Type="Bitmap" X="0" Y="0" Width="370" Height="44" TabSkip="no" Text="!(loc.LicenseAgreementDlgBannerBitmap)" />
        <Control Id="BannerLine" Type="Line" X="0" Y="44" Width="370" Height="0" />
        <Control Id="BottomLine" Type="Line" X="0" Y="234" Width="370" Height="0" />
        <Control Id="Description" Type="Text" X="25" Y="23" Width="340" Height="15" Transparent="yes" NoPrefix="yes" Text="!(loc.LicenseAgreementDlgDescription)" />
        <Control Id="Title" Type="Text" X="15" Y="6" Width="200" Height="15" Transparent="yes" NoPrefix="yes" Text="!(loc.LicenseAgreementDlgTitle)" />
        <Control Id="LicenseAcceptedCheckBox" Type="CheckBox" X="20" Y="207" Width="330" Height="18" CheckBoxValue="1" Property="LicenseAccepted" Text="!(loc.LicenseAgreementDlgLicenseAcceptedCheckBox)" />
        <Control Id="Print" Type="PushButton" X="112" Y="243" Width="56" Height="17" Text="!(loc.WixUIPrint)">
          <Publish Event="DoAction" Value="WixUIPrintEula">1</Publish>
        </Control>
        <Control Id="Back" Type="PushButton" X="180" Y="243" Width="56" Height="17" Text="!(loc.WixUIBack)" />
        <Control Id="Next" Type="PushButton" X="236" Y="243" Width="56" Height="17" Default="yes" Text="!(loc.WixUINext)">
          <Publish Event="SpawnWaitDialog" Value="WaitForCostingDlg">!(wix.WixUICostingPopupOptOut) OR CostingComplete = 1</Publish>
          <Condition Action="disable"><![CDATA[LicenseAccepted <> "1"]]></Condition>
          <Condition Action="enable">LicenseAccepted = "1"</Condition>
        </Control>
        <Control Id="Cancel" Type="PushButton" X="304" Y="243" Width="56" Height="17" Cancel="yes" Text="!(loc.WixUICancel)">
          <Publish Event="SpawnDialog" Value="CancelDlg">1</Publish>
        </Control>
      <Control Id="TextArea" Type="ScrollableText" X="5" Y="50" Width="360" 
Height="140" Sunken="yes" TabSkip="no">
        <Text SourceFile="!(loc.LicenseRtf)" />
</Control> 

      </Dialog>
    </UI>
  </Fragment>
</Wix>

注意修改Id和 Text部分。注意到源码中的Text是这样写的:

 <Text SourceFile="!(wix.WixUILicenseRtf=$(var.licenseRtf))" />

var,wix,loc 这些前缀都表示不同的作用域。替换之后,我们就可以设置不同的LicenseRtf  

zh-cn:

 <String Id="LicenseRtf">Languages\license-cn.rtf</String>

zh-tw:

   <String Id="LicenseRtf">Languages\license-tw.rtf</String>

 设置UI顺序

另外,我们还需要设置UI顺序,也就是将默认的许可证书对话框换成自定义的。这些在Product元素中修改。

   <!--自定义界面-->
    <UI Id="WixUI_InstallDir">
      <TextStyle Id="WixUI_Font_Normal" FaceName="Tahoma" Size="8" />
      <TextStyle Id="WixUI_Font_Bigger" FaceName="Tahoma" Size="12" />
      <TextStyle Id="WixUI_Font_Title" FaceName="Tahoma" Size="9" Bold="yes" />

      <Property Id="DefaultUIFont" Value="WixUI_Font_Normal" />
      <Property Id="WixUI_Mode" Value="InstallDir" />

      <DialogRef Id="BrowseDlg" />
      <DialogRef Id="CustomLicenseDlg" />
      <DialogRef Id="DiskCostDlg" />
      <DialogRef Id="ErrorDlg" />
      <DialogRef Id="FatalError" />
      <DialogRef Id="FilesInUse" />
      <DialogRef Id="MsiRMFilesInUse" />
      <DialogRef Id="PrepareDlg" />
      <DialogRef Id="ProgressDlg" />
      <DialogRef Id="ResumeDlg" />
      <DialogRef Id="UserExit" />

      <Publish Dialog="BrowseDlg" Control="OK" Event="DoAction" Value="WixUIValidatePath" Order="3">1</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="BrowseDlg" Control="OK" Event="SpawnDialog" Value="InvalidDirDlg" Order="4"><![CDATA[WIXUI_INSTALLDIR_VALID<>"1"]]></Publish>

      <Publish Dialog="ExitDialog" Control="Finish" Event="EndDialog" Value="Return" Order="999">1</Publish>

      <Publish Dialog="WelcomeDlg" Control="Next" Event="NewDialog" Value="CustomLicenseDlg">NOT Installed</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="WelcomeDlg" Control="Next" Event="NewDialog" Value="VerifyReadyDlg">Installed AND PATCH</Publish>

      <Publish Dialog="CustomLicenseDlg" Control="Back" Event="NewDialog" Value="WelcomeDlg">1</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="CustomLicenseDlg" Control="Next" Event="NewDialog" Value="InstallDirDlg">LicenseAccepted = "1"</Publish>

      <Publish Dialog="InstallDirDlg" Control="Back" Event="NewDialog" Value="CustomLicenseDlg">1</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="InstallDirDlg" Control="Next" Event="SetTargetPath" Value="[WIXUI_INSTALLDIR]" Order="1">1</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="InstallDirDlg" Control="Next" Event="DoAction" Value="WixUIValidatePath" Order="2">NOT WIXUI_DONTVALIDATEPATH</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="InstallDirDlg" Control="Next" Event="SpawnDialog" Value="InvalidDirDlg" Order="3"><![CDATA[NOT WIXUI_DONTVALIDATEPATH AND WIXUI_INSTALLDIR_VALID<>"1"]]></Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="InstallDirDlg" Control="Next" Event="NewDialog" Value="VerifyReadyDlg" Order="4">WIXUI_DONTVALIDATEPATH OR WIXUI_INSTALLDIR_VALID="1"</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="InstallDirDlg" Control="ChangeFolder" Property="_BrowseProperty" Value="[WIXUI_INSTALLDIR]" Order="1">1</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="InstallDirDlg" Control="ChangeFolder" Event="SpawnDialog" Value="BrowseDlg" Order="2">1</Publish>

      <Publish Dialog="VerifyReadyDlg" Control="Back" Event="NewDialog" Value="InstallDirDlg" Order="1">NOT Installed</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="VerifyReadyDlg" Control="Back" Event="NewDialog" Value="MaintenanceTypeDlg" Order="2">Installed AND NOT PATCH</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="VerifyReadyDlg" Control="Back" Event="NewDialog" Value="WelcomeDlg" Order="2">Installed AND PATCH</Publish>

      <Publish Dialog="MaintenanceWelcomeDlg" Control="Next" Event="NewDialog" Value="MaintenanceTypeDlg">1</Publish>

      <Publish Dialog="MaintenanceTypeDlg" Control="RepairButton" Event="NewDialog" Value="VerifyReadyDlg">1</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="MaintenanceTypeDlg" Control="RemoveButton" Event="NewDialog" Value="VerifyReadyDlg">1</Publish>
      <Publish Dialog="MaintenanceTypeDlg" Control="Back" Event="NewDialog" Value="MaintenanceWelcomeDlg">1</Publish>

      <Property Id="ARPNOMODIFY" Value="1" />
    </UI>
    <UIRef Id="WixUI_Common" />

这样就完成了。编译后,打开安装包发现英文安装包就是英文的许可协议,中文就是中文。

之前论坛还有这样的一种方式,是将内容直接写在wxl文件中。ScrollableText 的Text对应的内容如下。(抱歉,我也不懂那些乱七八糟的字符是什么,看着像是定义格式和字体的)

<Text>{\rtf1\ansi\ansicpg1252\deff0\deftab720 
            {\fonttbl{\f0\froman\fprq2 Times New Roman;}} 
            {\colortbl\red0\green0\blue0;} 
            \deflang1033\horzdoc{\*\fchars }{\*\lchars } 
            \pard\plain\f0\fs20 
            !(loc.License_Agreement)\par 
            }</Text>

然后设置不同的License_Agreement String:

  <String Id="License_Agreement">
    XXX用户许可协议
    
    

    重要须知━请认真阅读:
  </String>

但是内容完全没有格式,空格和换行好像都被处理了,很难看。即使使用<br>或者/r/n 也没有作用。

 

 

 小结:Setup工程的多语言主要内容已经讲完。如果要做的更精细,你可能还需要根据语言长度来调整控件的长度。另外还需要和应用程序的多语言配合。这些都还要下工夫。Bundle的多语言和Setup的做法不同。它也需要wxl文件,但是不能同时编译支持多种语言。这个后面有机会再分享。另外繁体 的codepage 设置成936  才行,950老是报错。