SpringBoot解决ajax跨域问题

一、第一种方式:

1、编写一个支持跨域请求的 Configuration

复制代码
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.CorsRegistry;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.WebMvcConfigurerAdapter;

/**
 * 处理AJAX请求跨域的问题
 * @author Levin
 * @time 2017-07-13
 */
@Configuration
public class CorsConfig extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter {
    static final String ORIGINS[] = new String[] { "GET", "POST", "PUT", "DELETE" };
    @Override
    public void addCorsMappings(CorsRegistry registry) {
        registry.addMapping("/**").allowedOrigins("*").allowCredentials(true).allowedMethods(ORIGINS)
                .maxAge(3600);
    }
}
2、HTTP请求接口

@RestController
public class HelloController {

    @Autowired
    HelloService helloService;


    @GetMapping(value = "/test", produces = MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_UTF8_VALUE)
    public String query() {
        return "hello";
    }
}
复制代码

二、 第二种方式(推荐)

PS:第一种存在一个问题,当服务器抛出 500 的时候依旧存在跨域问题

复制代码
@SpringBootApplication
@ComponentScan
@EnableDiscoveryClient
public class ManagementApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(ManagementApplication.class, args);
    }

    private CorsConfiguration buildConfig() {
        CorsConfiguration corsConfiguration = new CorsConfiguration();
        corsConfiguration.addAllowedOrigin("*");
        corsConfiguration.addAllowedHeader("*");
        corsConfiguration.addAllowedMethod("*");
        corsConfiguration.addExposedHeader(HttpHeaderConStant.X_TOTAL_COUNT);
        return corsConfiguration;
    }

    /**
     * 跨域过滤器
     *
     * @return
     */
    @Bean
    public CorsFilter corsFilter() {
        UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource source = new UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource();
        source.registerCorsConfiguration("/**", buildConfig()); // 4
        return new CorsFilter(source);
    }
}
复制代码

2、index.html

复制代码
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>跨域请求</title>
<script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/jquery/1.10.2/jquery.min.js">
</script>
<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    $("button").click(function(){
        $.ajax({url:"http://localhost:8080/test",success:function(result){
            $("#p1").html(result);
        }});
    });
});
</script>
</head>
<body>

<p width="500px" height="100px" id="p1"></p>
<button>获取其他内容</button>
</body>
</html>
复制代码

三、第三种方式,编写Filter过滤器

复制代码
package com.cci.market.common.filter;

import java.io.IOException;

import javax.servlet.Filter;
import javax.servlet.FilterChain;
import javax.servlet.FilterConfig;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.ServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.ServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

/**
 * 处理跨域问题
 * @author MR.ZHENG
 * @date 2016/08/08
 *
 */
@Component
public class OriginFilter implements Filter {

    @Override
    public void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) throws ServletException {

    }

    @Override
    public void doFilter(ServletRequest req, ServletResponse res,
            FilterChain chain) throws IOException, ServletException {
        HttpServletResponse response = (HttpServletResponse) res;
        response.setHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Origin", "*");
        response.setHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Methods", "POST, GET, OPTIONS, DELETE,PUT");
        response.setHeader("Access-Control-Max-Age", "3600");
        response.setHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Headers", "x-requested-with");
        chain.doFilter(req, res);
    }

    @Override
    public void destroy() {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub

    }

}
复制代码

四、Nginx跨域配置

Nginx跨域也比较简单,只需添加以下配置即可。

复制代码
location / {
    proxy_pass http://localhost:8080;
    if ($request_method = 'OPTIONS') {
        add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' '*';
        add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Methods' 'GET, POST, OPTIONS';
        add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Headers' 'DNT,X-CustomHeader,Keep-Alive,User-Agent,X-Requested-With,If-Modified-Since,Cache-Control,Content-Type,Content-Range,Range,Token';
        add_header 'Access-Control-Max-Age' 1728000;
        add_header 'Content-Type' 'text/plain; charset=utf-8';
        add_header 'Content-Length' 0;
        return 204;
    }
    if ($request_method = 'POST') {
        add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' '*';
        add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Methods' 'GET, POST, OPTIONS';
        add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Headers' 'DNT,X-CustomHeader,Keep-Alive,User-Agent,X-Requested-With,If-Modified-Since,Cache-Control,Content-Type,Content-Range,Range,Token';
        add_header 'Access-Control-Expose-Headers' 'DNT,X-CustomHeader,Keep-Alive,User-Agent,X-Requested-With,If-Modified-Since,Cache-Control,Content-Type,Content-Range,Range,Token';
    }
    if ($request_method = 'GET') {
        add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' '*';
        add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Methods' 'GET, POST, OPTIONS';
        add_header 'Access-Control-Allow-Headers' 'DNT,X-CustomHeader,Keep-Alive,User-Agent,X-Requested-With,If-Modified-Since,Cache-Control,Content-Type,Content-Range,Range,Token';
        add_header 'Access-Control-Expose-Headers' 'DNT,X-CustomHeader,Keep-Alive,User-Agent,X-Requested-With,If-Modified-Since,Cache-Control,Content-Type,Content-Range,Range,Token';
    }
}
复制代码

其中:add_header 'Access-Control-Expose-Headers' 务必加上你请求时所带的header。例如本例中的“Token”,其实是前端传给后端过来的。如果记不得也没有关系,浏览器的调试器会有详细说明。

posted @ 2018-03-05 15:07 幕三少 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏