Permission denied (publickey),Gitlab & Github 多ssh key 冲突 导致的权限问题

Github 多ssh key导致的权限问题 :Permission denied (publickey)

公司用gitlib搭建了git服务器,自己已有github账号,用ssh-keygen分别生成gitlab 的账号和 github账号相对应的两个rsa public key:github_rsa.pub和gitlib_rsa.pub

然后将里面的内容copy到对于网站的SSH-Keys 中,但是都出现了 Permission denied (publickey) (权限问题)

以 github 为例:

$ ssh -vT git@github.com
OpenSSH_7.1p2, OpenSSL 1.0.2g  1 Mar 2016
debug1: Reading configuration data /c/Users/Administrator/.ssh/config
debug1: Reading configuration data /etc/ssh/ssh_config
debug1: Connecting to github.com [192.30.253.112] port 22.
debug1: Connection established.
debug1: identity file /c/Users/Administrator/.ssh/id_rsa type 1
debug1: key_load_public: No such file or directory
debug1: identity file /c/Users/Administrator/.ssh/id_rsa-cert type -1
debug1: key_load_public: No such file or directory
debug1: identity file /c/Users/Administrator/.ssh/id_dsa type -1
debug1: key_load_public: No such file or directory
debug1: identity file /c/Users/Administrator/.ssh/id_dsa-cert type -1
debug1: key_load_public: No such file or directory
debug1: identity file /c/Users/Administrator/.ssh/id_ecdsa type -1
debug1: key_load_public: No such file or directory
debug1: identity file /c/Users/Administrator/.ssh/id_ecdsa-cert type -1
debug1: key_load_public: No such file or directory
debug1: identity file /c/Users/Administrator/.ssh/id_ed25519 type -1
debug1: key_load_public: No such file or directory
debug1: identity file /c/Users/Administrator/.ssh/id_ed25519-cert type -1
debug1: Enabling compatibility mode for protocol 2.0
debug1: Local version string SSH-2.0-OpenSSH_7.1
debug1: Remote protocol version 2.0, remote software version libssh-0.7.0
debug1: no match: libssh-0.7.0
debug1: Authenticating to github.com:22 as 'git'
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEXINIT sent
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEXINIT received
debug1: kex: server->client chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com <implicit> none
debug1: kex: client->server chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com <implicit> none
debug1: expecting SSH2_MSG_KEX_ECDH_REPLY
debug1: Server host key: ssh-rsa SHA256:asdfnThbg6kXUpJWGl7E1IGOCspdCARLvssdfdsiKwadfxY8
debug1: Host 'github.com' is known and matches the RSA host key.
debug1: Found key in /c/Users/Administrator/.ssh/known_hosts:1
debug1: SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS sent
debug1: expecting SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS
debug1: SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS received
debug1: SSH2_MSG_SERVICE_REQUEST sent
debug1: SSH2_MSG_SERVICE_ACCEPT received
debug1: Authentications that can continue: publickey
debug1: Next authentication method: publickey
debug1: Offering RSA public key: /c/Users/Administrator/.ssh/id_rsa
debug1: Authentications that can continue: publickey
debug1: Trying private key: /c/Users/Administrator/.ssh/id_dsa
debug1: Trying private key: /c/Users/Administrator/.ssh/id_ecdsa
debug1: Trying private key: /c/Users/Administrator/.ssh/id_ed25519
debug1: No more authentication methods to try.
Permission denied (publickey).

可以看到本地git 默认指向还是id_rsa,而因为不存在该RSA public key ,所以报出Permission denied(publickey)异常

解决方案,在~/.ssh 目录中新建config文件,在里面添加下列代码,表明github 的IdentityFile 指向我们自己生成的github_rsa

  Host github.com www.github.com
      IdentityFile ~/.ssh/github_rsa

  Host git.company.com
      IdentityFile ~/.ssh/gitlib_rsa

再次测试就可以访问了:

$ ssh -T git@github.com
Hi ifengkou! You've successfully authenticated, but GitHub does not provide shell access.
posted @ 2016-12-05 10:20  sloong  阅读(...)  评论(...编辑  收藏