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Centos6.4 本地yum源配置

由于单位的服务器均使用的是内网,而安装一些软件如Git,需要很多的依赖包,使用yum安装相对简单,由于不能联网故配置本地yum源配置。

1.首先将需要rpm库添加到系统中:

1).虚拟机中安装的linux操作系统:则只需将安装包ISO文件挂载到media下面(如无法挂载请参考http://www.cnblogs.com/shenliang123/p/3203278.html)

2).单独的服务器系统,则先在/media下新建centos(名字可以自定义,但与下面4中添加的目录相关),然后将ISO包里面的内容全部复制到该文件夹中

2.进入到 /etc/yum.repos.d/  ,该目录下包含了四个文件:

[root@sl media]# ls -l /etc/yum.repos.d/
total 16
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 1926 Feb 25  2013 CentOS-Base.repo
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  638 Feb 25  2013 CentOS-Debuginfo.repo
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root  630 Feb 25  2013 CentOS-Media.repo
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 3664 Feb 25  2013 CentOS-Vault.repo

3.将 CentOS-Base.repo和CentOS-Debuginfo.repo两个文件改名,绕过网络安装:

[root@sl yum.repos.d]# mv CentOS-Base.repo CentOS-Base.repose_bak
[root@sl yum.repos.d]# mv CentOS-Debuginfo.repo CentOS-Debuginfo.repo_bak

4.编辑文件CentOS-Media.repo:(也可以自己新增一个repo文件,more用于查看,使用vi进行编辑)

[root@sl yum.repos.d]# more CentOS-Media.repo  #repo后缀
# CentOS-Media.repo
#
#  This repo can be used with mounted DVD media, verify the mount point for
#  CentOS-6.  You can use this repo and yum to install items directly off the
#  DVD ISO that we release.
#
# To use this repo, put in your DVD and use it with the other repos too:
#  yum --enablerepo=c6-media [command]
#
# or for ONLY the media repo, do this:
#
#  yum --disablerepo=\* --enablerepo=c6-media [command]

[c6-media]               #库名称
name=CentOS-$releasever - Media  #名称描述
baseurl=file:///media/centos/     #yum源目录,源地址
gpgcheck=1                #检查GPG-KEY,0为不检查,1为检查
enabled=1               #是否用该yum源,0为禁用,1为使用
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6  #gpgcheck=0时无需配置

5.测试yum是否配置成功:

[root@sl yum.repos.d]# yum list
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, security
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
Installed Packages
ConsoleKit.x86_64                        0.4.1-3.el6                          @anaconda-CentOS-201303020151.x86_64/6.4
ConsoleKit-libs.x86_64                   0.4.1-3.el6                          @anaconda-CentOS-201303020151.x86_64/6.4
MAKEDEV.x86_64                           3.24-6.el6                           @anaconda-CentOS-201303020151.x86_64/6.4
MySQL-python.x86_64                      1.2.3-0.3.c1.1.el6                   @anaconda-CentOS-201303020151.x86_64/6.4
PyGreSQL.x86_64                          3.8.1-2.el6                          @anaconda-CentOS-201303020151.x86_64/6.4
SDL.x86_64                               1.2.14-3.el6                         @anaconda-CentOS-201303020151.x86_64/6.4
TurboGears2.noarch                       2.0.3-4.el6                          @anaconda-CentOS-201303020151.x86_64/6.4
abrt.x86_64                              2.0.8-15.el6.centos                  @anaconda-CentOS-201303020151.x86_
more.........

6.清除yum缓存:

[root@sl yum.repos.d]# yum clean all
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, security
Cleaning repos:
Cleaning up Everything
Cleaning up list of fastest mirrors

 

可能由于没有使用光驱的缘故,以上设置后安装一直报nothing to do,所以选了另外一种方法重新安装:

1.将yum源放到/opt目录下,并复制系统安装包下的packages文件夹中所有的repo文件

[root@sl opt]# mkdir yumserver
[root@sl opt]# cp -rv /media/centos/Packages/* /opt/yumserver/

2.安装createrepo命令

[root@sl opt]# cd localserver/
[root@sl localserver]# rpm -ivh createrepo-0.9.9-17.el6.noarch.rpm
warning: createrepo-0.9.9-17.el6.noarch.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID c105b9de: NOKEY
error: Failed dependencies:
        python-deltarpm is needed by createrepo-0.9.9-17.el6.noarch

以上提示安装失败,需要安装依赖包:python-deltarpm

[root@sl localserver]# rpm -ivh createrepo-0.9.9-17.el6.noarch.rpm python-deltarpm-3.5-0.5.20090913git.el6.x86_64.rpm deltarpm-3.5-0.5.20090913git.el6.x86_64.rpm
warning: createrepo-0.9.9-17.el6.noarch.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID c105b9de: NOKEY
Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
   1:deltarpm               ########################################### [ 33%]
   2:python-deltarpm        ########################################### [ 67%]
   3:createrepo             ########################################### [100%]

createrepo安装成功

3.利用createrepo创建yum仓库,创建索引信息(需要等待一段时间)

[root@sl localserver]# createrepo -v ./

4.配置文件,将/etc/yum.repos.d/下现存文件都删除或重命名.bak,然后新建一个local.repo文件,并添加相应内容:

[root@sl yum.repos.d]# touch local.repo
[root@sl yum.repos.d]# vi local.repo  #repo后缀
#
#  This repo can be used with mounted DVD media, verify the mount point for
#  CentOS-6.  You can use this repo and yum to install items directly off the
#  DVD ISO that we release.
#
# To use this repo, put in your DVD and use it with the other repos too:
#  yum --enablerepo=c6-media [command]
#
# or for ONLY the media repo, do this:
#
#  yum --disablerepo=\* --enablerepo=c6-media [command]

[local]               #库名称
name=CentOS-local                 #名称描述
baseurl=file:///opt/localserver/    #yum源目录,源地址
gpgcheck=1             #检查GPG-KEY,0为不检查,1为检查
enabled=1             #是否用该yum源,0为禁用,1为使用
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6  #gpgcheck=0时无需配置        

5.安装成功后,测试:

[root@sl yum.repos.d]# yum clean all          #清除缓存
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, security
Cleaning repos:
Cleaning up Everything
Cleaning up list of fastest mirrors

[root@sl yum.repos.d]# yum makecache        #重新建立缓存
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, security
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
local                                                                                           | 2.9 kB     00:00 ...
local/filelists_db                                                                              | 3.9 MB     00:00 ...
local/other_db                                                                                  | 1.7 MB     00:00 ...
Metadata Cache Created
    

 

 

 

posted on 2014-07-07 09:22  发表是最好的记忆  阅读(38292)  评论(0编辑  收藏