Vue路由获取路由参数

vue路由设置路由参数有2种方式:

1.通过query配置:

<router-link :to="{ name:'login',query:{id:1} }">登录</router-link>

通过query配置的路径显示如下:

 

2.通过params配置:

<router-link :to="{ name:'register',params:{'name':'San'} }">注册</router-link>

通过query配置的路径显示如下:

 

通过该方法配置的参数,需要在配置路由的时候给参数留个坑,如下图:

 

 获取路由参数的方法:

1.通过query配置的:

this.$route.query

 

 2.通过params配置的:

this.$route.params

 

相关代码:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
    <title>路由参数</title>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    
</head>

<body>

    <div id="app">
    </div>
    <script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/vue/2.5.15/vue.js"></script>
    <script src="js/vue-router.js"></script>
    <script>
        var Login = {
            template:`<div>我是登录页面</div>`,
            created() {
                console.log(this.$route.query)
            },
            
        }

        var Register = {
            template:`<div>我是注册页面</div>`,
            created() {
                console.log(this.$route.params)
            },
        }

        Vue.use(VueRouter);

        var router = new VueRouter({
            routes:[
                {name:'login',path:'/login',component:Login},
                //通过params传递的路由参数需要用 :参数名 来占个坑
                {name:'register',path:'/register/:name',component:Register}
            ]
        });
        
        var App = {
            template:`
                <div>
                    <router-link :to="{ name:'login',query:{id:1} }">登录</router-link>
                    <router-link :to="{ name:'register',params:{'name':'San'} }">注册</router-link>
                    <router-view></router-view>
                </div>
            `
        }

        var vm = new Vue({
            el: '#app',
            router:router,
            components: {
                app:App
            },
            template:`<app></app>`
        });
    </script>

</body>

</html>

 

补充说明:

$route:路由信息对象,只读对象;

$router:路由操作对象 ,只写对象。 

posted @ 2018-09-05 23:55  前端[色色]  阅读(69751)  评论(0编辑  收藏