Android OkHttp + Retrofit 下载文件与进度监听

本文链接

下载文件是一个比较常见的需求。给定一个url,我们可以使用URLConnection下载文件
使用OkHttp也可以通过流来下载文件。
给OkHttp中添加拦截器,即可实现下载进度的监听功能。

使用流来实现下载文件

代码可以参考:https://github.com/RustFisher/android-Basic4/tree/master/appdowloadsample

获取并使用字节流,需要注意两个要点,一个是服务接口方法的 @Streaming 注解,另一个是获取到ResponseBody。

获取流(Stream)。先定义一个服务ApiService。给方法添加上@Streaming的注解。

    private interface ApiService {
        @Streaming
        @GET
        Observable<ResponseBody> download(@Url String url);
    }

初始化OkHttp。记得填入你的baseUrl。

    OkHttpClient okHttpClient = new OkHttpClient.Builder()
            .connectTimeout(8, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
            .build();

    retrofit = new Retrofit.Builder()
            .client(okHttpClient)
            .addCallAdapterFactory(RxJava2CallAdapterFactory.create())
            .baseUrl("https://yourbaseurl.com")
            .build();

发起网络请求。获取到ResponseBody。

    String downUrl = "xxx.com/aaa.apk";
    retrofit.create(ApiService.class)
            .download(downUrl)
            .subscribeOn(Schedulers.io())
            .observeOn(Schedulers.io())
            .doOnNext(new Consumer<ResponseBody>() {
                @Override
                public void accept(ResponseBody responseBody) throws Exception {
                    // 处理 ResponseBody 中的流
                }
            })
            .doOnError(new Consumer<Throwable>() {
                @Override
                public void accept(Throwable throwable) throws Exception {
                    Log.e(TAG, "accept on error: " + downUrl, throwable);
                }
            })
            .observeOn(AndroidSchedulers.mainThread())
            .subscribe(new Observer<ResponseBody>() {
                @Override
                public void onSubscribe(Disposable d) {

                }

                @Override
                public void onNext(ResponseBody responseBody) {

                }

                @Override
                public void onError(Throwable e) {
                    Log.e(TAG, "Download center retrofit onError: ", e);
                }

                @Override
                public void onComplete() {

                }
            });

通过ResponseBody拿到字节流 body.byteStream()。这里会先创建一个临时文件tmpFile,把数据写到临时文件里。
下载完成后再重命名成目标文件targetFile。

    public void saveFile(ResponseBody body) {
        state = DownloadTaskState.DOWNLOADING;
        byte[] buf = new byte[2048];
        int len;
        FileOutputStream fos = null;
        try {
            Log.d(TAG, "saveFile: body content length: " + body.contentLength());
            srcInputStream = body.byteStream();
            File dir = tmpFile.getParentFile();
            if (dir == null) {
                throw new FileNotFoundException("target file has no dir.");
            }
            if (!dir.exists()) {
                boolean m = dir.mkdirs();
                onInfo("Create dir " + m + ", " + dir);
            }
            File file = tmpFile;
            if (!file.exists()) {
                boolean c = file.createNewFile();
                onInfo("Create new file " + c);
            }
            fos = new FileOutputStream(file);
            long time = System.currentTimeMillis();
            while ((len = srcInputStream.read(buf)) != -1 && !isCancel) {
                fos.write(buf, 0, len);
                int duration = (int) (System.currentTimeMillis() - time);

                int overBytes = len - downloadBytePerMs() * duration;
                if (overBytes > 0) {
                    try {
                        Thread.sleep(overBytes / downloadBytePerMs());
                    } catch (Exception e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
                time = System.currentTimeMillis();
                if (isCancel) {
                    state = DownloadTaskState.CLOSING;
                    srcInputStream.close();
                    break;
                }
            }
            if (!isCancel) {
                fos.flush();
                boolean rename = tmpFile.renameTo(targetFile);
                if (rename) {
                    setState(DownloadTaskState.DONE);
                    onSuccess(url);
                } else {
                    setState(DownloadTaskState.ERROR);
                    onError(url, new Exception("Rename file fail. " + tmpFile));
                }
            }
        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
            Log.e(TAG, "saveFile: FileNotFoundException ", e);
            setState(DownloadTaskState.ERROR);
            onError(url, e);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            Log.e(TAG, "saveFile: IOException ", e);
            setState(DownloadTaskState.ERROR);
            onError(url, e);
        } finally {
            try {
                if (srcInputStream != null) {
                    srcInputStream.close();
                }
                if (fos != null) {
                    fos.close();
                }
            } catch (IOException e) {
                Log.e(TAG, "saveFile", e);
            }
            if (isCancel) {
                onCancel(url);
            }
        }
    }

每次读数据的循环,计算读了多少数据和用了多少时间。超过限速后主动sleep一下,达到控制下载速度的效果。
要注意不能sleep太久,以免socket关闭。
这里控制的是网络数据流与本地文件的读写速度。

下载进度监听

OkHttp实现下载进度监听,可以从字节流的读写那里入手。也可以使用拦截器,参考官方的例子
这里用拦截器的方式实现网络下载进度监听功能。

定义回调与网络拦截器

先定义回调。

public interface ProgressListener {
    void update(String url, long bytesRead, long contentLength, boolean done);
}

自定义ProgressResponseBody。

public class ProgressResponseBody extends ResponseBody {

    private final ResponseBody responseBody;
    private final ProgressListener progressListener;
    private BufferedSource bufferedSource;
    private final String url;

    ProgressResponseBody(String url, ResponseBody responseBody, ProgressListener progressListener) {
        this.responseBody = responseBody;
        this.progressListener = progressListener;
        this.url = url;
    }

    @Override
    public MediaType contentType() {
        return responseBody.contentType();
    }

    @Override
    public long contentLength() {
        return responseBody.contentLength();
    }

    @Override
    public BufferedSource source() {
        if (bufferedSource == null) {
            bufferedSource = Okio.buffer(source(responseBody.source()));
        }
        return bufferedSource;
    }

    private Source source(final Source source) {
        return new ForwardingSource(source) {
            long totalBytesRead = 0L;

            @Override
            public long read(Buffer sink, long byteCount) throws IOException {
                long bytesRead = super.read(sink, byteCount);
                // read() returns the number of bytes read, or -1 if this source is exhausted.
                totalBytesRead += bytesRead != -1 ? bytesRead : 0;
                progressListener.update(url, totalBytesRead, responseBody.contentLength(), bytesRead == -1);
                return bytesRead;
            }
        };
    }
}

定义拦截器。从Response中获取信息。

public class ProgressInterceptor implements Interceptor {

    private ProgressListener progressListener;

    public ProgressInterceptor(ProgressListener progressListener) {
        this.progressListener = progressListener;
    }

    @NotNull
    @Override
    public Response intercept(@NotNull Chain chain) throws IOException {
        Response originalResponse = chain.proceed(chain.request());
        return originalResponse.newBuilder()
                .body(new ProgressResponseBody(chain.request().url().url().toString(), originalResponse.body(), progressListener))
                .build();
    }
}

添加拦截器

在创建OkHttpClient时添加ProgressInterceptor。

    OkHttpClient okHttpClient = new OkHttpClient.Builder()
            .connectTimeout(8, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
            .addInterceptor(new ProgressInterceptor(new ProgressListener() {
                @Override
                public void update(String url, long bytesRead, long contentLength, boolean done) {
                    // tellProgress(url, bytesRead, contentLength, done);
                }
            }))
            .build();

值得注意的是这里的进度更新非常频繁。并不一定每次回调都要去更新UI。

posted @ 2019-10-19 17:30  RustFisher  阅读(...)  评论(... 编辑 收藏