Python调用ansible API系列(二)执行adhoc和playbook

执行adhoc

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

import sys
from collections import namedtuple
# 核心类
# 用于读取YAML和JSON格式的文件
from ansible.parsing.dataloader import DataLoader
# 用于存储各类变量信息
from ansible.vars.manager import VariableManager
# 用于导入资产文件
from ansible.inventory.manager import InventoryManager
# 操作单个主机信息
from ansible.inventory.host import Host
# 操作单个主机组信息
from ansible.inventory.group import Group
# 存储执行hosts的角色信息
from ansible.playbook.play import Play
# ansible底层用到的任务队列
from ansible.executor.task_queue_manager import TaskQueueManager
# 核心类执行playbook
from ansible.executor.playbook_executor import PlaybookExecutor


def adhoc():
    """
    ad-hoc 调用
    资产配置信息  这个是通过 InventoryManager和VariableManager 定义
    执行选项 这个是通过namedtuple来定义
    执行对象和模块 通过dict()来定义
    定义play 通过Play来定义
    最后通过 TaskQueueManager 的实例来执行play
    :return:
    """
    # 资产配置信息
    dl = DataLoader()
    im = InventoryManager(loader=dl, sources=["hosts"])
    vm = VariableManager(loader=dl, inventory=im)
    # 执行选项,这个类不是ansible的类,这个的功能就是为了构造参数
    Options = namedtuple("Options", [
        "connection", "remote_user", "ask_sudo_pass", "verbosity", "ack_pass",
        "module_path", "forks", "become", "become_method", "become_user", "check",
        "listhosts", "listtasks", "listtags", "syntax", "sudo_user", "sudo", "diff"
    ])
    """
    这里就是Options的实例,然后你就可以赋值,这个为了给ansible设置执行选项 ansibile 172.16.48.171 -m shell -a 'ls /tmp' -f 5
    这里的选项就是ansible命令中 -f -C -D -m等执行选项
    """
    options = Options(connection='smart', remote_user=None, ack_pass=None, sudo_user=None, forks=5, sudo=None, ask_sudo_pass=False,
                      verbosity=5, module_path=None, become=None, become_method=None, become_user=None, check=False, diff=False,
                      listhosts=None, listtasks=None, listtags=None, syntax=None)
    # play的执行对象和模块,这里设置hosts,其实是因为play把play_source和资产信息关联后,执行的play的时候它会去资产信息中设置的sources的hosts文件中
    # 找你在play_source中设置的hosts是否在资产管理类里面。
    play_source = dict(name="Ansible Play",  # 任务名称
                       hosts="172.16.48.242",  # 目标主机,可以填写具体主机也可以是主机组名称
                       gather_facts="no",  # 是否收集配置信息

                       # tasks是具体执行的任务,列表形式,每个具体任务都是一个字典
                       tasks=[
                           dict(action=dict(module="shell", args="ls /tmp"))
                       ])
    # 定义play
    play = Play().load(play_source, variable_manager=vm, loader=dl)

    passwords = dict()  # 这个可以为空,因为在hosts文件中
    #
    tqm = TaskQueueManager(
        inventory=im,
        variable_manager=vm,
        loader=dl,
        options=options,
        passwords=passwords,
    )
    result = tqm.run(play)
    print(result)


def main():
    adhoc()


if __name__ == "__main__":
    try:
        main()
    finally:
        sys.exit()

执行playbook

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

import sys
from collections import namedtuple
# 核心类
# 用于读取YAML和JSON格式的文件
from ansible.parsing.dataloader import DataLoader
# 用于存储各类变量信息
from ansible.vars.manager import VariableManager
# 用于导入资产文件
from ansible.inventory.manager import InventoryManager
# 操作单个主机信息
from ansible.inventory.host import Host
# 操作单个主机组信息
from ansible.inventory.group import Group
# 存储执行hosts的角色信息
from ansible.playbook.play import Play
# ansible底层用到的任务队列
from ansible.executor.task_queue_manager import TaskQueueManager
# 核心类执行playbook
from ansible.executor.playbook_executor import PlaybookExecutor


def execplaybook():
    """
    调用 playbook
    调用playboo大致和调用ad-hoc相同,只是真正调用的是使用PlaybookExecutor
    :return:
    """
    # 资产配置信息
    dl = DataLoader()
    im = InventoryManager(loader=dl, sources=["hosts"])
    vm = VariableManager(loader=dl, inventory=im)
    # 执行选项,这个类不是ansible的类,这个的功能就是为了构造参数
    Options = namedtuple("Options", [
        "connection", "remote_user", "ask_sudo_pass", "verbosity", "ack_pass",
        "module_path", "forks", "become", "become_method", "become_user", "check",
        "listhosts", "listtasks", "listtags", "syntax", "sudo_user", "sudo", "diff"
    ])
    """
    这里就是Options的实例,然后你就可以赋值,这个为了给ansible设置执行选项 ansibile 172.16.48.171 -m shell -a 'ls /tmp' -f 5
    这里的选项就是ansible命令中 -f -C -D -m等执行选项
    """
    options = Options(connection='smart', remote_user=None, ack_pass=None, sudo_user=None, forks=5, sudo=None,
                      ask_sudo_pass=False,
                      verbosity=5, module_path=None, become=None, become_method=None, become_user=None, check=False,
                      diff=False,
                      listhosts=None, listtasks=None, listtags=None, syntax=None)
    passwords = dict()  # 这个可以为空,因为在hosts文件中
    #
    try:
        # playbooks参数里面放的就是playbook文件路径
        playbook = PlaybookExecutor(playbooks=["f1.yml"], inventory=im, variable_manager=vm, loader=dl, options=options, passwords=passwords)
        playbook.run()
    except Exception as err:
        print(err)


def main():
    execplaybook()

if __name__ == "__main__":
    try:
        main()
    finally:
        sys.exit()

下图为f1.yml

posted @ 2019-04-09 15:20  昀溪  阅读(5137)  评论(0编辑  收藏