FFmpeg 结构体学习(五): AVCodec 分析

在上文FFmpeg 结构体学习(四): AVFrame 分析我们学习了AVFrame结构体的相关内容。本文,我们将讲述一下AVCodec。

AVCodec是存储编解码器信息的结构体。下面我们来分析一下该结构体里重要变量的含义和作用。

一、源码整理

首先我们先看一下结构体AVCodec的定义的结构体源码(位于libavcodec/avcodec.h):

/* 雷霄骅 
 * 中国传媒大学/数字电视技术 
 * leixiaohua1020@126.com 
 * 
 */
 /**
 * AVCodec.
 */
typedef struct AVCodec {
    /**
     * Name of the codec implementation.
     * The name is globally unique among encoders and among decoders (but an
     * encoder and a decoder can share the same name).
     * This is the primary way to find a codec from the user perspective.
     */
    const char *name;
    /**
     * Descriptive name for the codec, meant to be more human readable than name.
     * You should use the NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL() macro to define it.
     */
    const char *long_name;
    enum AVMediaType type;
    enum CodecID id;
    /**
     * Codec capabilities.
     * see CODEC_CAP_*
     */
    int capabilities;
    const AVRational *supported_framerates; ///< array of supported framerates, or NULL if any, array is terminated by {0,0}
    const enum PixelFormat *pix_fmts;       ///< array of supported pixel formats, or NULL if unknown, array is terminated by -1
    const int *supported_samplerates;       ///< array of supported audio samplerates, or NULL if unknown, array is terminated by 0
    const enum AVSampleFormat *sample_fmts; ///< array of supported sample formats, or NULL if unknown, array is terminated by -1
    const uint64_t *channel_layouts;         ///< array of support channel layouts, or NULL if unknown. array is terminated by 0
    uint8_t max_lowres;                     ///< maximum value for lowres supported by the decoder
    const AVClass *priv_class;              ///< AVClass for the private context
    const AVProfile *profiles;              ///< array of recognized profiles, or NULL if unknown, array is terminated by {FF_PROFILE_UNKNOWN}
 
    /*****************************************************************
     * No fields below this line are part of the public API. They
     * may not be used outside of libavcodec and can be changed and
     * removed at will.
     * New public fields should be added right above.
     *****************************************************************
     */
    int priv_data_size;
    struct AVCodec *next;
    /**
     * @name Frame-level threading support functions
     * @{
     */
    /**
     * If defined, called on thread contexts when they are created.
     * If the codec allocates writable tables in init(), re-allocate them here.
     * priv_data will be set to a copy of the original.
     */
    int (*init_thread_copy)(AVCodecContext *);
    /**
     * Copy necessary context variables from a previous thread context to the current one.
     * If not defined, the next thread will start automatically; otherwise, the codec
     * must call ff_thread_finish_setup().
     *
     * dst and src will (rarely) point to the same context, in which case memcpy should be skipped.
     */
    int (*update_thread_context)(AVCodecContext *dst, const AVCodecContext *src);
    /** @} */
 
    /**
     * Private codec-specific defaults.
     */
    const AVCodecDefault *defaults;
 
    /**
     * Initialize codec static data, called from avcodec_register().
     */
    void (*init_static_data)(struct AVCodec *codec);
 
    int (*init)(AVCodecContext *);
    int (*encode)(AVCodecContext *, uint8_t *buf, int buf_size, void *data);
    /**
     * Encode data to an AVPacket.
     *
     * @param      avctx          codec context
     * @param      avpkt          output AVPacket (may contain a user-provided buffer)
     * @param[in]  frame          AVFrame containing the raw data to be encoded
     * @param[out] got_packet_ptr encoder sets to 0 or 1 to indicate that a
     *                            non-empty packet was returned in avpkt.
     * @return 0 on success, negative error code on failure
     */
    int (*encode2)(AVCodecContext *avctx, AVPacket *avpkt, const AVFrame *frame,
                   int *got_packet_ptr);
    int (*decode)(AVCodecContext *, void *outdata, int *outdata_size, AVPacket *avpkt);
    int (*close)(AVCodecContext *);
    /**
     * Flush buffers.
     * Will be called when seeking
     */
    void (*flush)(AVCodecContext *);
} AVCodec;
View Code

二、AVCodec 重点字段

下面说一下最主要的几个变量:

const char *name:编解码器的名字,比较短

const char *long_name:编解码器的名字,全称,比较长

enum AVMediaType type:指明了类型,是视频,音频,还是字幕

enum AVCodecID id:ID,不重复

const AVRational *supported_framerates:支持的帧率(仅视频)

const enum AVPixelFormat *pix_fmts:支持的像素格式(仅视频)

const int *supported_samplerates:支持的采样率(仅音频)

const enum AVSampleFormat *sample_fmts:支持的采样格式(仅音频)

const uint64_t *channel_layouts:支持的声道数(仅音频)

int priv_data_size:私有数据的大小

详细介绍几个变量:

1.enum AVMediaType type

AVMediaType定义如下:

enum AVMediaType {
    AVMEDIA_TYPE_UNKNOWN = -1,  ///< Usually treated as AVMEDIA_TYPE_DATA
    AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO,
    AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO,
    AVMEDIA_TYPE_DATA,          ///< Opaque data information usually continuous
    AVMEDIA_TYPE_SUBTITLE,
    AVMEDIA_TYPE_ATTACHMENT,    ///< Opaque data information usually sparse
    AVMEDIA_TYPE_NB
};

2.enum AVCodecID id

AVCodecID定义如下:
enum AVCodecID {
    AV_CODEC_ID_NONE,
 
    /* video codecs */
    AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG1VIDEO,
    AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG2VIDEO, ///< preferred ID for MPEG-1/2 video decoding
    AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG2VIDEO_XVMC,
    AV_CODEC_ID_H261,
    AV_CODEC_ID_H263,
    AV_CODEC_ID_RV10,
    AV_CODEC_ID_RV20,
    AV_CODEC_ID_MJPEG,
    AV_CODEC_ID_MJPEGB,
    AV_CODEC_ID_LJPEG,
    AV_CODEC_ID_SP5X,
    AV_CODEC_ID_JPEGLS,
    AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG4,
    AV_CODEC_ID_RAWVIDEO,
    AV_CODEC_ID_MSMPEG4V1,
    AV_CODEC_ID_MSMPEG4V2,
    AV_CODEC_ID_MSMPEG4V3,
    AV_CODEC_ID_WMV1,
    AV_CODEC_ID_WMV2,
    AV_CODEC_ID_H263P,
    AV_CODEC_ID_H263I,
    AV_CODEC_ID_FLV1,
    AV_CODEC_ID_SVQ1,
    AV_CODEC_ID_SVQ3,
    AV_CODEC_ID_DVVIDEO,
    AV_CODEC_ID_HUFFYUV,
    AV_CODEC_ID_CYUV,
    AV_CODEC_ID_H264,
    ...
}

3.const enum AVPixelFormat *pix_fmts

AVPixelFormat定义如下:
enum AVPixelFormat {
    AV_PIX_FMT_NONE = -1,
    AV_PIX_FMT_YUV420P,   ///< planar YUV 4:2:0, 12bpp, (1 Cr & Cb sample per 2x2 Y samples)
    AV_PIX_FMT_YUYV422,   ///< packed YUV 4:2:2, 16bpp, Y0 Cb Y1 Cr
    AV_PIX_FMT_RGB24,     ///< packed RGB 8:8:8, 24bpp, RGBRGB...
    AV_PIX_FMT_BGR24,     ///< packed RGB 8:8:8, 24bpp, BGRBGR...
    AV_PIX_FMT_YUV422P,   ///< planar YUV 4:2:2, 16bpp, (1 Cr & Cb sample per 2x1 Y samples)
    AV_PIX_FMT_YUV444P,   ///< planar YUV 4:4:4, 24bpp, (1 Cr & Cb sample per 1x1 Y samples)
    AV_PIX_FMT_YUV410P,   ///< planar YUV 4:1:0,  9bpp, (1 Cr & Cb sample per 4x4 Y samples)
    AV_PIX_FMT_YUV411P,   ///< planar YUV 4:1:1, 12bpp, (1 Cr & Cb sample per 4x1 Y samples)
    AV_PIX_FMT_GRAY8,     ///<        Y        ,  8bpp
    AV_PIX_FMT_MONOWHITE, ///<        Y        ,  1bpp, 0 is white, 1 is black, in each byte pixels are ordered from the msb to the lsb
    AV_PIX_FMT_MONOBLACK, ///<        Y        ,  1bpp, 0 is black, 1 is white, in each byte pixels are ordered from the msb to the lsb
    AV_PIX_FMT_PAL8,      ///< 8 bit with PIX_FMT_RGB32 palette
    AV_PIX_FMT_YUVJ420P,  ///< planar YUV 4:2:0, 12bpp, full scale (JPEG), deprecated in favor of PIX_FMT_YUV420P and setting color_range
    AV_PIX_FMT_YUVJ422P,  ///< planar YUV 4:2:2, 16bpp, full scale (JPEG), deprecated in favor of PIX_FMT_YUV422P and setting color_range
    AV_PIX_FMT_YUVJ444P,  ///< planar YUV 4:4:4, 24bpp, full scale (JPEG), deprecated in favor of PIX_FMT_YUV444P and setting color_range
    AV_PIX_FMT_XVMC_MPEG2_MC,///< XVideo Motion Acceleration via common packet passing
    AV_PIX_FMT_XVMC_MPEG2_IDCT,
    ...(代码太长,略)
}

4.const enum AVSampleFormat *sample_fmts

enum AVSampleFormat {
    AV_SAMPLE_FMT_NONE = -1,
    AV_SAMPLE_FMT_U8,          ///< unsigned 8 bits
    AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16,         ///< signed 16 bits
    AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S32,         ///< signed 32 bits
    AV_SAMPLE_FMT_FLT,         ///< float
    AV_SAMPLE_FMT_DBL,         ///< double
 
    AV_SAMPLE_FMT_U8P,         ///< unsigned 8 bits, planar
    AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16P,        ///< signed 16 bits, planar
    AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S32P,        ///< signed 32 bits, planar
    AV_SAMPLE_FMT_FLTP,        ///< float, planar
    AV_SAMPLE_FMT_DBLP,        ///< double, planar
 
    AV_SAMPLE_FMT_NB           ///< Number of sample formats. DO NOT USE if linking dynamically
};

 每一个编解码器对应一个该结构体,查看一下ffmpeg的源代码,我们可以看一下H.264解码器的结构体如下所示(h264.c):

AVCodec ff_h264_decoder = {
    .name           = "h264",
    .type           = AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO,
    .id             = CODEC_ID_H264,
    .priv_data_size = sizeof(H264Context),
    .init           = ff_h264_decode_init,
    .close          = ff_h264_decode_end,
    .decode         = decode_frame,
    .capabilities   = /*CODEC_CAP_DRAW_HORIZ_BAND |*/ CODEC_CAP_DR1 | CODEC_CAP_DELAY |
                      CODEC_CAP_SLICE_THREADS | CODEC_CAP_FRAME_THREADS,
    .flush= flush_dpb,
    .long_name = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("H.264 / AVC / MPEG-4 AVC / MPEG-4 part 10"),
    .init_thread_copy      = ONLY_IF_THREADS_ENABLED(decode_init_thread_copy),
    .update_thread_context = ONLY_IF_THREADS_ENABLED(decode_update_thread_context),
    .profiles = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL(profiles),
    .priv_class     = &h264_class,
};

JPEG2000解码器结构体(j2kdec.c):

AVCodec ff_jpeg2000_decoder = {
    .name           = "j2k",
    .type           = AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO,
    .id             = CODEC_ID_JPEG2000,
    .priv_data_size = sizeof(J2kDecoderContext),
    .init           = j2kdec_init,
    .close          = decode_end,
    .decode         = decode_frame,
    .capabilities = CODEC_CAP_EXPERIMENTAL,
    .long_name = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("JPEG 2000"),
    .pix_fmts =
        (const enum PixelFormat[]) {PIX_FMT_GRAY8, PIX_FMT_RGB24, PIX_FMT_NONE}
};

下面简单介绍一下遍历ffmpeg中的解码器信息的方法(这些解码器以一个链表的形式存储): 

1.注册所有编解码器:av_register_all();

2.声明一个AVCodec类型的指针,比如说AVCodec* first_c;

3.调用av_codec_next()函数,即可获得指向链表下一个解码器的指针,循环往复可以获得所有解码器的信息。注意,如果想要获得指向第一个解码器的指针,则需要将该函数的参数设置为NULL。

 
posted @ 2018-08-17 15:48  灰色飘零  阅读(...)  评论(...编辑  收藏