# Codeforces Round #596 (Div. 2, based on Technocup 2020 Elimination Round 2) B. TV Subscriptions 尺取法

## B2. TV Subscriptions (Hard Version)

The only difference between easy and hard versions is constraints.

The BerTV channel every day broadcasts one episode of one of the k TV shows. You know the schedule for the next n days: a sequence of integers a1,a2,…,an (1≤ai≤k), where ai is the show, the episode of which will be shown in i-th day.

The subscription to the show is bought for the entire show (i.e. for all its episodes), for each show the subscription is bought separately.

How many minimum subscriptions do you need to buy in order to have the opportunity to watch episodes of purchased shows d (1≤d≤n) days in a row? In other words, you want to buy the minimum number of TV shows so that there is some segment of d consecutive days in which all episodes belong to the purchased shows.

## Input

The first line contains an integer t (1≤t≤10000) — the number of test cases in the input. Then t test case descriptions follow.

The first line of each test case contains three integers n,k and d (1≤n≤2⋅105, 1≤k≤106, 1≤d≤n). The second line contains n integers a1,a2,…,an (1≤ai≤k), where ai is the show that is broadcasted on the i-th day.

It is guaranteed that the sum of the values of n for all test cases in the input does not exceed 2⋅105.

## Output

Print t integers — the answers to the test cases in the input in the order they follow. The answer to a test case is the minimum number of TV shows for which you need to purchase a subscription so that you can watch episodes of the purchased TV shows on BerTV for d consecutive days. Please note that it is permissible that you will be able to watch more than d days in a row.

## Example

input

4

5 2 2

1 2 1 2 1

9 3 3

3 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 1

4 10 4

10 8 6 4

16 9 8

3 1 4 1 5 9 2 6 5 3 5 8 9 7 9 3

output

2

1

4

5

## Note

In the first test case to have an opportunity to watch shows for two consecutive days, you need to buy a subscription on show 1 and on show 2. So the answer is two.

In the second test case, you can buy a subscription to any show because for each show you can find a segment of three consecutive days, consisting only of episodes of this show.

In the third test case in the unique segment of four days, you have four different shows, so you need to buy a subscription to all these four shows.

In the fourth test case, you can buy subscriptions to shows 3,5,7,8,9, and you will be able to watch shows for the last eight days.

## 题意

有t组数据，每组数据给你n个a[i]，1<=a[i]<=k，让你找一个连续长度为d的区间，是的这个区间里面重复的数最少，问你是多少

## 题解

叫做尺取法？ 我们维护一个区间，加最右边的数，减去最左边的数，check不同大小的数目的增减即可

## 代码

```
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
const int maxn = 200005;
int a[maxn];
int n,k,d;
void solve(){
scanf("%d%d%d",&n,&k,&d);
for(int i=0;i<n;i++){
scanf("%d",&a[i]);
}
map<int,int> H;
int ans = 1000000;
int now = 0;
for(int i=0;i<d;i++){
if(H[a[i]]==0){
now++;
}
H[a[i]]++;
}
ans=now;
for(int i=d;i<n;i++){
if(H[a[i-d]]==1){
now--;
}
H[a[i-d]]--;
if(H[a[i]]==0){
now++;
}
H[a[i]]++;
ans=min(ans,now);
}
cout<<ans<<endl;
}
int main(){
int t;
scanf("%d",&t);
while(t--){
solve();
}
}
```