ElasticSearch(二十六)修改分词器及定制自己的分词器

1、默认的分词器

standard 分词器

standard tokenizer:以单词边界进行切分
standard token filter:什么都不做
lowercase token filter:将所有字母转换为小写
stop token filer(默认被禁用):移除停用词,比如a the it等等

2、修改分词器的设置

启用english停用词token filter

PUT /my_index
{
  "settings": {
    "analysis": {
      "analyzer": {
        "es_std": {
          "type": "standard",
          "stopwords": "_english_"
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

GET /my_index/_analyze
{
  "analyzer": "standard", 
  "text": "a dog is in the house"
}

GET /my_index/_analyze
{
  "analyzer": "es_std",
  "text":"a dog is in the house"
}

3、定制化自己的分词器

1.&字符转换

2.停用某些词

3.大小写转换

PUT /my_index
{
  "settings": {
    "analysis": {
      "char_filter": {
        "&_to_and": {
          "type": "mapping",
          "mappings": ["&=> and"]
        }
      },
      "filter": {
        "my_stopwords": {
          "type": "stop",
          "stopwords": ["the", "a"]
        }
      },
      "analyzer": {
        "my_analyzer": {
          "type": "custom",
          "char_filter": ["html_strip", "&_to_and"],
          "tokenizer": "standard",
          "filter": ["lowercase", "my_stopwords"]
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

GET /my_index/_analyze
{
  "text": "tom&jerry are a friend in the house, <a>, HAHA!!",
  "analyzer": "my_analyzer"
}

PUT /my_index/_mapping/my_type
{
  "properties": {
    "content": {
      "type": "text",
      "analyzer": "my_analyzer"
    }
  }
}

 

posted @ 2019-05-22 23:57  加肥猫咪  阅读(...)  评论(... 编辑 收藏