RTSP协议分析(二)

以下是某省IPTV的RTSP协商过程:

DESCRIBE rtsp://118.122.89.27:554/live/ch10083121594790060557.sdp?playtype=1&boid=001&backupagent=118.122.89.27:554&clienttype=1&time=20100929182111+08&life=172800&ifpricereqsnd=1&vcdnid=001&userid=123&mediaid=ch10083121594790060557&ctype=2&TSTVTimeLife=1800&contname=&authid=0&UserLiveType=1&nodelevel=3 RTSP/1.0
/媒体URL
Accept: application/sdp
//协商用于描述媒体信息协议
CSeq: 1

User-Agent:ZTE Ltd.co RTSP protocal verion 1.0 guid-2.1.1.100/B519D290-C0EC-EE35-7368-893BE4C0B347
//User Agnet信息,显示是中兴的服务器,1.0的版本。如果是Helix服务器的话会有Helix 服务器的标识。
x-NAT:2.1.1.100:20081
//主要用于NAT穿透
x-zmssRtxSdp: yes

RTSP/1.0 200 OK
//应答编号
Server: ZXUSS100 1.0

Cache-Control: no-cache

Content-Base: rtsp://118.122.89.27:554/live/ch10083121594790060557.sdp/

Content-Length: 320
//内容长度信息
Content-Type: application/sdp
//描述内容信息所用的协议
CSeq: 1

Date: Wed, 29 Sep 2010 10:20:38 GMT

Expires: Wed, 29 Sep 2010 10:20:38 GMT
// SDP 描述信息

v=0

o=- 296874273 1 IN IP4 118.122.89.27

s=envivio

c=IN IP4 0.0.0.0

b=AS:1500

t=0 0

a=range:clock=20100929T095038.00Z-20100929T102038.00Z

m=video 5140 RTP/AVPF 33 96

a=control:trackID=2

a=rtpmap:33 MP2T/90000

a=3GPP-Adaptation-Support:5

a=rtcp-fb:33 nack

a=rtpmap:96 rtx/90000

a=fmtp:96 apt=33;rtx-time=0

SETUP rtsp://118.122.89.27:554/live/ch10083121594790060557.sdp/trackID=2 RTSP/1.0
//用于建立RTSP连接,协商传输用的协议。
CSeq: 2

3GPP-Adaptation: url=rtsp://118.122.89.27:554/live/ch10083121594790060557.sdp/trackID=2;size=1061400;target-time=2200

Transport: MP2T/RTP/UDP;unicast;destination=2.1.1.100;client_port=8360-8361,MP2T/RTP/TCP;unicast;destination=2.1.1.100;interleaved=0-1,MP2T/UDP;unicast;destination=2.1.1.100;client_port=8360-8361,MP2T/TCP;unicast;destination=2.1.1.100;interleaved=0-1
// MP2T/RTP/UDP表示是TS流用于RTP打包,基于UDP传输。MP2T/RTP/TCP表示是TS流用于RTP打包,基于TCP。
User-Agent:ZTE Ltd.co RTSP protocal verion 1.0 guid-2.1.1.100/B519D290-C0EC-EE35-7368-893BE4C0B347

RTSP/1.0 200 OK

Server: ZXUSS100 1.0

CSeq: 2

Date: Wed, 29 Sep 2010 10:20:38 GMT

Expires: Wed, 29 Sep 2010 10:20:38 GMT

Session: 65565885

Transport: MP2T/RTP/UDP;unicast;destination=2.1.1.100;client_port=8360-8361;server_port=13306-13307;source=118.122.89.29
// 通过协商MP2T/RTP/UDP表示是TS流用于RTP打包,基于UDP传输。server端端口:13306-13307。client端端口:8360-8361
3GPP-Adaptation:url=rtsp://118.122.89.27:554/live/ch10083121594790060557.sdp/trackID=2;size=1061400;target-time=2200

PLAY rtsp://118.122.89.27:554/live/ch10083121594790060557.sdp?playtype=1&boid=001&backupagent=118.122.89.27:554&clienttype=1&time=20100929182111+08&life=172800&ifpricereqsnd=1&vcdnid=001&userid=123&mediaid=ch10083121594790060557&ctype=2&TSTVTimeLife=1800&contname=&authid=0&UserLiveType=1&nodelevel=3 RTSP/1.0
//播放视频。对于有些视频可能会分别要对音频视频进行play。
CSeq: 3

Session: 65565885

User-Agent:ZTE Ltd.co RTSP protocal verion 1.0 guid-2.1.1.100/B519D290-C0EC-EE35-7368-893BE4C0B347

Scale: 1.0

Range: npt=end-

//npt=end-在IPTV2.0里面有其自身的定义(可参看上海电信IPTV2.0标准)

RTSP/1.0 200 OK

Server: ZXUSS100 1.0

CSeq: 3

Range: npt=end-

Scale: 1.0

Session: 65565885

RTP-Info: url=rtsp://118.122.89.29:13306/live/ch10083121594790060557.sdp/trackID=2

......

PLAY rtsp://118.122.89.27:554/live/ch10083121594790060557.sdp?playtype=1&boid=001&backupagent=118.122.89.27:554&clienttype=1&time=20100929182111+08&life=172800&ifpricereqsnd=1&vcdnid=001&userid=123&mediaid=ch10083121594790060557&ctype=2&TSTVTimeLife=1800&contname=&authid=0&UserLiveType=1&nodelevel=3 RTSP/1.0
//play的另外一种用法。用于快进和快退。
CSeq: 43

Session: 65565885

User-Agent:ZTE Ltd.co RTSP protocal verion 1.0 guid-2.1.1.100/B519D290-C0EC-EE35-7368-893BE4C0B347

Scale: -32.0
//Scale: -32.0,表示以32倍速快退。Scale: 32.0,表示以32倍速快进。
Range: npt=now-

RTSP/1.0 200 OK

Server: ZXUSS100 1.0

CSeq: 43

Range: clock=20100929T102609.02Z-20100929T095637.75Z

Scale: -32.0

Session: 65565885

RTP-Info: url=rtsp://118.122.89.36:10084/live/ch10083121594790060557.sdp/trackID=2;seq=22277;rtptime=1792329138

GET_PARAMETER rtsp://118.122.89.27:554/live/ch10083121594790060557.sdp?playtype=1&boid=001&backupagent=118.122.89.27:554&clienttype=1&time=20100929182111+08&life=172800&ifpricereqsnd=1&vcdnid=001&userid=123&mediaid=ch10083121594790060557&ctype=2&TSTVTimeLife=1800&contname=&authid=0&UserLiveType=1&nodelevel=3 RTSP/1.0
//获取当前的一些播放参数。
CSeq: 44

Session: 65565885

User-Agent:ZTE Ltd.co RTSP protocal verion 1.0 guid-2.1.1.100/B519D290-C0EC-EE35-7368-893BE4C0B347

x-Timeshift_Range
//请求时移的范围
x-Timeshift_Current
//获取当前的时间点

RTSP/1.0 200 OK
//返回当前的媒体信息。
Server: ZXUSS100 1.0

CSeq: 44

Session: 65565885

x-Timeshift_Range: clock=20100929T095638.83Z-20100929T102638.83Z

x-Timeshift_Current: clock=20100929T102530.20Z;rtptime=1788844914

中间省去了45,46,47三个包。通过CSeq: 48字段可以看出来

PLAY rtsp://118.122.89.27:554/live/ch10083121594790060557.sdp?playtype=1&boid=001&backupagent=118.122.89.27:554&clienttype=1&time=20100929182111+08&life=172800&ifpricereqsnd=1&vcdnid=001&userid=123&mediaid=ch10083121594790060557&ctype=2&TSTVTimeLife=1800&contname=&authid=0&UserLiveType=1&nodelevel=3 RTSP/1.0
用于恢复正常的播放速度。
CSeq: 48

Session: 65565885

User-Agent:ZTE Ltd.co RTSP protocal verion 1.0 guid-2.1.1.100/B519D290-C0EC-EE35-7368-893BE4C0B347

Scale: 1.0

Range: npt=beginning-

RTSP/1.0 200 OK

Server: ZXUSS100 1.0

CSeq: 48

Range: clock=20100929T095730.00Z-20100929T102730.61Z
//可以时移的范围。
Scale: 1.0

Session: 65565885

RTP-Info: url=rtsp://118.122.89.36:10084/live/ch10083121594790060557.sdp/trackID=2;seq=39900;rtptime=1637595010

<中间在Descript应答中所用的SDP协议将会在以后中描述>

posted @ 2011-07-15 22:57  博水  阅读(31189)  评论(2编辑  收藏  举报