让AutoCAD.NET支持后台线程

Use Thread for background processing

By Adam Nagy

From inside my command I'm starting a background thread that synchronizes with a database. Once that finishes I'd like to keep using the AutoCAD .NET API to do some further modifications in the database. Unfortunately, when I'm calling the AutoCAD API functions from this thread things do not seem to work, e.g. the MdiActiveDocument is null.

Solution

The AutoCAD API's do not support multithreading. You should only call the API functions from the main thread.

If you are in a different thread then you have to marshal the call to the main thread. The simplest way to achieve that is creating a System.Windows.Forms.Control object on the main thread and call its Invoke() function to start the function that is doing the end processing.

Here is a sample to demonstrate this.

using System;

using Autodesk.AutoCAD.Runtime;

using System.Windows.Forms;

using Autodesk.AutoCAD.EditorInput;

using acApp = Autodesk.AutoCAD.ApplicationServices.Application;

using Autodesk.AutoCAD.ApplicationServices;

using Autodesk.AutoCAD.DatabaseServices;

using Autodesk.AutoCAD.Geometry;

 

namespace BackgroundProcess

{

  public class Commands : IExtensionApplication

  {

    static Control syncCtrl;

    public void Initialize()

    {

      // The control created to help with marshaling

      // needs to be created on the main thread

      syncCtrl = new Control();

      syncCtrl.CreateControl();

    }

 

    public void Terminate()

    {

    }

 

    void BackgroundProcess()

    {

      // This is to represent the background process

      System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(5000);

 

      // Now we need to marshall the call to the main thread

      // I don't see how this could ever be false in this context,

      // but I check it anyway

      if (syncCtrl.InvokeRequired)

        syncCtrl.Invoke(

          new FinishedProcessingDelegate(FinishedProcessing));

      else

        FinishedProcessing();

    }

 

    delegate void FinishedProcessingDelegate();

    void FinishedProcessing()

    {

      // If we want to modify the database, then we need to lock

      // the document since we are in session/application context

      Document doc = acApp.DocumentManager.MdiActiveDocument;

      using (doc.LockDocument())

      {

        using (Transaction tr =

          doc.Database.TransactionManager.StartTransaction())

        {

          BlockTable bt =

            (BlockTable)tr.GetObject(

            doc.Database.BlockTableId, OpenMode.ForRead);

 

          BlockTableRecord ms = (BlockTableRecord)tr.GetObject(

            bt[BlockTableRecord.ModelSpace], OpenMode.ForWrite);

 

          Line line =

            new Line(new Point3d(0, 0, 0), new Point3d(10, 10, 0));

          ms.AppendEntity(line);

          tr.AddNewlyCreatedDBObject(line, true);

 

          tr.Commit();

        }

      }

 

      // Also write a message to the command line

      // Note: using AutoCAD notification bubbles would be

      // a nicer solution :)

      // TrayItem/TrayItemBubbleWindow

      Editor ed = acApp.DocumentManager.MdiActiveDocument.Editor;

      ed.WriteMessage("Finished the background process!\n");

    }

 

    [CommandMethod("ProcessInBackground")]

    public void ProcessBackground()

    {

      // Let's say we got some data from the drawing and

      // now we want to process it in a background thread

      System.Threading.Thread thread =

        new System.Threading.Thread(

          new System.Threading.ThreadStart(BackgroundProcess));

      thread.Start();

 

      Editor ed = acApp.DocumentManager.MdiActiveDocument.Editor;

      ed.WriteMessage(

        "Started background processing. " + 

        "You can keep working as usual.\n");

    }

  }

}

 

原文链接:http://adndevblog.typepad.com/autocad/2012/06/use-thread-for-background-processing.html?cid=6a0167607c2431970b017742be1ec2970d

posted @ 2012-10-20 16:30  pensir  阅读(1218)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报