实验7:基于REST API的SDN北向应用实践

实验7:基于REST API的SDN北向应用实践

一、实验目的

1.能够编写程序调用OpenDaylight REST API实现特定网络功能;
2.能够编写程序调用Ryu REST API实现特定网络功能。

二、实验环境

1.下载虚拟机软件Oracle VisualBox或VMware;
2.在虚拟机中安装Ubuntu 20.04 Desktop amd64,并完整安装Mininet、OpenDaylight(Carbon版本)、Postman和Ryu;

三、实验要求

(一)基本要求

1.OpenDaylight

(1) 利用Mininet平台搭建下图所示网络拓扑,并连接OpenDaylight;

./distribution-karaf-0.6.4-Carbon/bin/karaf 
sudo mn --topo=single,3 --controller=remote,ip=127.0.0.1,port=6633 --switch ovsk,protocols=OpenFlow13
pingall

(2) 编写Python程序,调用OpenDaylight的北向接口下发指令删除s1上的流表数据。

#delete.py
import requests
from requests.auth import HTTPBasicAuth

if __name__ == "__main__":
    url = 'http://127.0.0.1:8181/restconf/config/opendaylight-inventory:nodes/node/openflow:1/'
    headers = {'Content-Type': 'application/json'}
    res = requests.delete(url, headers=headers, auth=HTTPBasicAuth('admin', 'admin'))
    print (res.content)

(3) 编写Python程序,调用OpenDaylight的北向接口下发硬超时流表,实现拓扑内主机h1和h3网络中断20s。

# delay.py
import requests
from requests.auth import HTTPBasicAuth
def http_put(url,jstr):
    url= url
    headers = {'Content-Type':'application/json'}
    resp = requests.put(url,jstr,headers=headers,auth=HTTPBasicAuth('admin', 'admin'))
    return resp

if __name__ == "__main__":
    url='http://127.0.0.1:8181/restconf/config/opendaylight-inventory:nodes/node/openflow:1/flow-node-inventory:table/0/flow/1'
    with open('delay.json') as f:
        jstr = f.read()
    resp = http_put(url,jstr)
    print (resp.content)
# delay.json
{          //json
"flow": [
{
"id": "1",
"match": {
"in-port": "1",
"ethernet-match": {
"ethernet-type": {
"type": "0x0800"
}
},
"ipv4-destination": "10.0.0.3/32"
},
"instructions": {
"instruction": [
{
"order": "0",
"apply-actions": {
"action": [
{
"order": "0",
"drop-action": {}
} ] } } ]
},
"flow-name": "flow1",
"priority": "65535",
"hard-timeout": "20",
"cookie": "2",
"table_id": "0"
} ] }

h1 ping h3

(4) 编写Python程序,调用OpenDaylight的北向接口获取s1上活动的流表数。

#getflow.py
import requests
from requests.auth import HTTPBasicAuth

if __name__ == "__main__":
    url = 'http://127.0.0.1:8181/restconf/operational/opendaylight-inventory:nodes/node/openflow:1/flow-node-inventory:table/0/opendaylight-flow-table-statistics:flow-table-statistics'
    headers = {'Content-Type': 'application/json'}
    res = requests.get(url,headers=headers, auth=HTTPBasicAuth('admin', 'admin'))
    print (res.content)

2.Ryu

(1) 编写Python程序,调用Ryu的北向接口,实现上述OpenDaylight实验拓扑上相同的硬超时流表下发。

ryu-manager ryu.app.simple_switch_13 ryu.app.ofctl_rest
sudo mn --topo=single,3 --mac --controller=remote,ip=127.0.0.1,port=6633 --switch ovsk,protocols=OpenFlow13

# RyuDelay.py
import requests

if __name__ == "__main__":
    url = 'http://127.0.0.1:8080/stats/flowentry/add'
    with open("./RyuDelay.json") as f:
        jstr = f.read()
    headers = {'Content-Type': 'application/json'}
    res = requests.post(url, jstr, headers=headers)
    print (res.content)
{
    "dpid": 1,
    "cookie": 1,
    "cookie_mask": 1,
    "table_id": 0,
    "hard_timeout": 20,
    "priority": 65535,
    "flags": 1,
    "match":{
        "in_port":1
    },
    "actions":[

    ]
 }

(2) 利用Mininet平台搭建下图所示网络拓扑,要求支持OpenFlow 1.3协议,主机名、交换机名以及端口对应正确。拓扑生成后需连接Ryu,且Ryu应能够提供REST API服务。

#topo.py
from mininet.topo import Topo

class MyTopo(Topo):
    def __init__(self):
        # initilaize topology
        Topo.__init__(self)

        self.addSwitch("s1")
        self.addSwitch("s2")

        self.addHost("h1")
        self.addHost("h2")
        self.addHost("h3")
        self.addHost("h4")

        self.addLink("s1", "h1")
        self.addLink("s1", "h2")
        self.addLink("s2", "h3")
        self.addLink("s2", "h4")
        self.addLink("s1", "s2")

topos = {'mytopo': (lambda: MyTopo())}

(3) 整理一个Shell脚本,参考Ryu REST API的文档,利用curl命令,实现和实验2相同的VLAN。
VLAN_ID Hosts
0 h1 h3
1 h2 h4
# vlan.py
# 将主机1,2发送来的数据包打上vlan标记
curl -X POST -d '{
    "dpid": 1,
    "priority": 1,
    "match":{
        "in_port": 1
    },
    "actions":[
        {
            "type": "PUSH_VLAN",     
            "ethertype": 33024       
        },
        {
            "type": "SET_FIELD",
            "field": "vlan_vid",    
            "value": 4096            
        },
        {
            "type": "OUTPUT",
            "port": 3
        }
    ]
 }' http://localhost:8080/stats/flowentry/add

 curl -X POST -d '{
    "dpid": 1,
    "priority": 1,
    "match":{
        "in_port": 2
    },
    "actions":[
        {
            "type": "PUSH_VLAN",    
            "ethertype": 33024      
        },
        {
            "type": "SET_FIELD",
            "field": "vlan_vid",     
            "value": 4097           
        },
        {
            "type": "OUTPUT",
            "port": 3
        }
    ]
 }' http://localhost:8080/stats/flowentry/add

# 将主机3,4发送来的数据包取出vlan标记
 curl -X POST -d '{
    "dpid": 1,
    "priority": 1,
    "match":{
        "vlan_vid": 0
    },
    "actions":[
        {
            "type": "POP_VLAN",    
            "ethertype": 33024       
        },
        {
            "type": "OUTPUT",
            "port": 1
        }
    ]
 }' http://localhost:8080/stats/flowentry/add

 curl -X POST -d '{
    "dpid": 1,
    "priority": 1,
    "match":{
        "vlan_vid": 1
    },
    "actions":[
        {
            "type": "POP_VLAN",    
            "ethertype": 33024      
        },
        {
            "type": "OUTPUT",
            "port": 2
        }
    ]
 }' http://localhost:8080/stats/flowentry/add

# 将主机3,4发送来的数据包打上vlan标记
 curl -X POST -d '{
    "dpid": 2,
    "priority": 1,
    "match":{
        "in_port": 1
    },
    "actions":[
        {
            "type": "PUSH_VLAN",    
            "ethertype": 33024      
        },
        {
            "type": "SET_FIELD",
            "field": "vlan_vid",    
            "value": 4096          
        },
        {
            "type": "OUTPUT",
            "port": 3
        }
    ]
 }' http://localhost:8080/stats/flowentry/add

 curl -X POST -d '{
    "dpid": 2,
    "priority": 1,
    "match":{
        "in_port": 2
    },
    "actions":[
        {
            "type": "PUSH_VLAN",    
            "ethertype": 33024      
        },
        {
            "type": "SET_FIELD",
            "field": "vlan_vid",   
            "value": 4097           
        },
        {
            "type": "OUTPUT",
            "port": 3
        }
    ]
 }' http://localhost:8080/stats/flowentry/add

 curl -X POST -d '{
    "dpid": 2,
    "priority": 1,
    "match":{
        "vlan_vid": 0
    },
    "actions":[
        {
            "type": "POP_VLAN",    
            "ethertype": 33024      
        },
        {
            "type": "OUTPUT",
            "port": 1
        }
    ]
 }' http://localhost:8080/stats/flowentry/add

 curl -X POST -d '{
    "dpid": 2,
    "priority": 1,
    "match":{
        "vlan_vid": 1
    },
    "actions":[
        {
            "type": "POP_VLAN",    
            "ethertype": 33024      
        },
        {
            "type": "OUTPUT",
            "port": 2
        }
    ]
 }' http://localhost:8080/stats/flowentry/add

结果

四.个人总结

这次实验一些简单一些很难,一些实验内容和之前的相似,这部分做起来就很快,ODL实验部分都能够自主完成,Ryu部分相对较难,代码内容参考其他同学。在实验中运行Ryuryu-manager ryu.app.simple_switch_13 ryu.app.ofctl_rest会自动连接,不需要再输入连接指令。用mininet建立拓扑后,pingall指令一直不通,后来发现建立拓扑后需要等一小会再用pingall就能成功执行了,搭建拓扑没有看清楚题目要求用的1.0协议,后面才发现错误。在Ryu实验步骤三pingall一直没有得到正确的结果,猜测可能是流表问题,重启后解决。总的老说,这次实验编写代码需要回想以前的知识和PPT实验7中链接https://ryu.readthedocs.io/en/latest/app/ofctl_rest.html#modify-a-group-entry,参考实例代码,然后进行修改,因为学习不到位,在理解上花费时间较多,好在官方介绍非常详细。

posted @ 2021-10-25 18:21  小林の一生  阅读(47)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报