STM32大文件分块校验CRC

  一、CRC校验的使用   

      STM32内置CRC计算单元,节约了软件计算的时间。在软件开发中,可以为firm追加4字节的CRC校验码到生成的BIN文件最后位置,这个CRC码就是全部代码区域数据的CRC校验值。

     

 

      在代码执行之前,可以校验CRC是否通过,不通过则说明代码完整性出现错误。尤其在代码IAP升级应用中非常有用,用CRC校验来决定是否更新代码。

     但是有一个问题是,常见的CRC校验的主要2个输入参数分别是数据指针和数据长度,这就要求一次把数据传给计算单元。但是代码BIN文件动辄几十KB到几百KB,对单片机来说,无法一次性把代码加载到RAM的buffer中,所以不能使用常规的CRC校验。

二、大文件分段CRC 

      CRC也是数据流运算,可以参考MD5通用源码,计算MD5主要有3个函数,init,update, final,三个函数分别负责初始化,然后计算每一包,最后扫尾输出计算结果。那么CRC也可以这么计算,这样一个几百kb的BIN文件就可以一次读取一小块数据,然后进行计算并且使用update 函数更新CRC计算结果,最后调用CRC32_Final输出最终的计算值。

CRC32_Init();

CRC32_Update(&ctx, crcBuff, length);

CRC32_Final(&ctx, crc32);

CRC32算法使用如下的多项式生成(值04C11DB7h):                                                    

CRC32(x) =x32 + x26 + x23 + x22 + x16 + x12 + x11 + x10 + x8 + x7 + x5 + x4 + x2 + x + 1     

// Test-crc.cpp : Defines the entry point for the console application.
//

#include "stdafx.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include "string.h"
 
typedef struct {
    unsigned long crc;
} CRC32_CTX;
 
static unsigned long crc32_tbl[256] = {
    0x00000000L, 0x77073096L, 0xEE0E612CL, 0x990951BAL, 0x076DC419L,
    0x706AF48FL, 0xE963A535L, 0x9E6495A3L, 0x0EDB8832L, 0x79DCB8A4L,
    0xE0D5E91EL, 0x97D2D988L, 0x09B64C2BL, 0x7EB17CBDL, 0xE7B82D07L,
    0x90BF1D91L, 0x1DB71064L, 0x6AB020F2L, 0xF3B97148L, 0x84BE41DEL,
    0x1ADAD47DL, 0x6DDDE4EBL, 0xF4D4B551L, 0x83D385C7L, 0x136C9856L,
    0x646BA8C0L, 0xFD62F97AL, 0x8A65C9ECL, 0x14015C4FL, 0x63066CD9L,
    0xFA0F3D63L, 0x8D080DF5L, 0x3B6E20C8L, 0x4C69105EL, 0xD56041E4L,
    0xA2677172L, 0x3C03E4D1L, 0x4B04D447L, 0xD20D85FDL, 0xA50AB56BL,
    0x35B5A8FAL, 0x42B2986CL, 0xDBBBC9D6L, 0xACBCF940L, 0x32D86CE3L,
    0x45DF5C75L, 0xDCD60DCFL, 0xABD13D59L, 0x26D930ACL, 0x51DE003AL,
    0xC8D75180L, 0xBFD06116L, 0x21B4F4B5L, 0x56B3C423L, 0xCFBA9599L,
    0xB8BDA50FL, 0x2802B89EL, 0x5F058808L, 0xC60CD9B2L, 0xB10BE924L,
    0x2F6F7C87L, 0x58684C11L, 0xC1611DABL, 0xB6662D3DL, 0x76DC4190L,
    0x01DB7106L, 0x98D220BCL, 0xEFD5102AL, 0x71B18589L, 0x06B6B51FL,
    0x9FBFE4A5L, 0xE8B8D433L, 0x7807C9A2L, 0x0F00F934L, 0x9609A88EL,
    0xE10E9818L, 0x7F6A0DBBL, 0x086D3D2DL, 0x91646C97L, 0xE6635C01L,
    0x6B6B51F4L, 0x1C6C6162L, 0x856530D8L, 0xF262004EL, 0x6C0695EDL,
    0x1B01A57BL, 0x8208F4C1L, 0xF50FC457L, 0x65B0D9C6L, 0x12B7E950L,
    0x8BBEB8EAL, 0xFCB9887CL, 0x62DD1DDFL, 0x15DA2D49L, 0x8CD37CF3L,
    0xFBD44C65L, 0x4DB26158L, 0x3AB551CEL, 0xA3BC0074L, 0xD4BB30E2L,
    0x4ADFA541L, 0x3DD895D7L, 0xA4D1C46DL, 0xD3D6F4FBL, 0x4369E96AL,
    0x346ED9FCL, 0xAD678846L, 0xDA60B8D0L, 0x44042D73L, 0x33031DE5L,
    0xAA0A4C5FL, 0xDD0D7CC9L, 0x5005713CL, 0x270241AAL, 0xBE0B1010L,
    0xC90C2086L, 0x5768B525L, 0x206F85B3L, 0xB966D409L, 0xCE61E49FL,
    0x5EDEF90EL, 0x29D9C998L, 0xB0D09822L, 0xC7D7A8B4L, 0x59B33D17L,
    0x2EB40D81L, 0xB7BD5C3BL, 0xC0BA6CADL, 0xEDB88320L, 0x9ABFB3B6L,
    0x03B6E20CL, 0x74B1D29AL, 0xEAD54739L, 0x9DD277AFL, 0x04DB2615L,
    0x73DC1683L, 0xE3630B12L, 0x94643B84L, 0x0D6D6A3EL, 0x7A6A5AA8L,
    0xE40ECF0BL, 0x9309FF9DL, 0x0A00AE27L, 0x7D079EB1L, 0xF00F9344L,
    0x8708A3D2L, 0x1E01F268L, 0x6906C2FEL, 0xF762575DL, 0x806567CBL,
    0x196C3671L, 0x6E6B06E7L, 0xFED41B76L, 0x89D32BE0L, 0x10DA7A5AL,
    0x67DD4ACCL, 0xF9B9DF6FL, 0x8EBEEFF9L, 0x17B7BE43L, 0x60B08ED5L,
    0xD6D6A3E8L, 0xA1D1937EL, 0x38D8C2C4L, 0x4FDFF252L, 0xD1BB67F1L,
    0xA6BC5767L, 0x3FB506DDL, 0x48B2364BL, 0xD80D2BDAL, 0xAF0A1B4CL,
    0x36034AF6L, 0x41047A60L, 0xDF60EFC3L, 0xA867DF55L, 0x316E8EEFL,
    0x4669BE79L, 0xCB61B38CL, 0xBC66831AL, 0x256FD2A0L, 0x5268E236L,
    0xCC0C7795L, 0xBB0B4703L, 0x220216B9L, 0x5505262FL, 0xC5BA3BBEL,
    0xB2BD0B28L, 0x2BB45A92L, 0x5CB36A04L, 0xC2D7FFA7L, 0xB5D0CF31L,
    0x2CD99E8BL, 0x5BDEAE1DL, 0x9B64C2B0L, 0xEC63F226L, 0x756AA39CL,
    0x026D930AL, 0x9C0906A9L, 0xEB0E363FL, 0x72076785L, 0x05005713L,
    0x95BF4A82L, 0xE2B87A14L, 0x7BB12BAEL, 0x0CB61B38L, 0x92D28E9BL,
    0xE5D5BE0DL, 0x7CDCEFB7L, 0x0BDBDF21L, 0x86D3D2D4L, 0xF1D4E242L,
    0x68DDB3F8L, 0x1FDA836EL, 0x81BE16CDL, 0xF6B9265BL, 0x6FB077E1L,
    0x18B74777L, 0x88085AE6L, 0xFF0F6A70L, 0x66063BCAL, 0x11010B5CL,
    0x8F659EFFL, 0xF862AE69L, 0x616BFFD3L, 0x166CCF45L, 0xA00AE278L,
    0xD70DD2EEL, 0x4E048354L, 0x3903B3C2L, 0xA7672661L, 0xD06016F7L,
    0x4969474DL, 0x3E6E77DBL, 0xAED16A4AL, 0xD9D65ADCL, 0x40DF0B66L,
    0x37D83BF0L, 0xA9BCAE53L, 0xDEBB9EC5L, 0x47B2CF7FL, 0x30B5FFE9L,
    0xBDBDF21CL, 0xCABAC28AL, 0x53B39330L, 0x24B4A3A6L, 0xBAD03605L,
    0xCDD70693L, 0x54DE5729L, 0x23D967BFL, 0xB3667A2EL, 0xC4614AB8L,
    0x5D681B02L, 0x2A6F2B94L, 0xB40BBE37L, 0xC30C8EA1L, 0x5A05DF1BL,
    0x2D02EF8DL
};
 
void CRC32_Init(CRC32_CTX *ctx)
{
    ctx->crc = 0xFFFFFFFFL;
}
 
void CRC32_Update(CRC32_CTX *ctx, const unsigned char *data, size_t len)
{
        for (size_t i = 0; i < len; i++)
        {
           ctx->crc = (ctx->crc >> 8) ^ crc32_tbl[(ctx->crc & 0xFF) ^  *data++];
         }
}
 
void CRC32_Final(CRC32_CTX *ctx, unsigned char *md)
{
     ctx->crc ^= 0xFFFFFFFFUL;
    *md++ = (ctx->crc & 0xFF000000UL) >> 24;
    *md++ = (ctx->crc & 0x00FF0000UL) >> 16;
    *md++ = (ctx->crc & 0x0000FF00UL) >> 8;
    *md++ = (ctx->crc & 0x000000FFUL);
}

// Reference:
// https://www.lammertbies.nl/comm/info/crc-calculation.html 
int main(int main, char *argv[])
{
    unsigned char crc32[4] = { 0 };
     const unsigned char crcBuff[] = {'0','1','0','2','0','3','0','4','0','5','0','6'};
     const unsigned char crcBuff1[] = {'0','1','0','2','0','3'};
     CRC32_CTX ctx = { 0 };
 
    CRC32_Init(&ctx);
    CRC32_Update(&ctx, crcBuff, sizeof(crcBuff));
    CRC32_Update(&ctx, crcBuff1, sizeof(crcBuff1));
    CRC32_Final(&ctx, crc32);
 
    printf("%02X%02X%02X%02X\n", 
            crc32[0], crc32[1], crc32[2], crc32[3]);
 
    getchar();
    return 0;
}

 

三、常用工具

给一个好用的网站,在线校验CRC数据。

On-line CRC calculation and free library

在线CRC工具:https://www.lammertbies.nl/comm/info/crc-calculation.html#intr

 

posted on 2017-03-28 22:41  啊哈彭  阅读(6134)  评论(0编辑  收藏

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