Go遍历struct,map,slice

原文链接:http://www.zhoubotong.site/post/23.html

遍历结构体

如何实现遍历结构体字段? 好吧,言归正传!举个例子:
demo1:

package main

import (
   "fmt"
   "reflect"
)

type Student struct {
   name string
   age  int
}

func main() {
   v := reflect.ValueOf(Student{"乔峰", 29})
   count := v.NumField()
   for i := 0; i < count; i++ {
      f := v.Field(i) //字段值
      switch f.Kind() {
      case reflect.String:
         fmt.Println(f.String())
      case reflect.Int:
         fmt.Println(f.Int())
      }
   }
}

再举给栗子:

package main

import (
   "fmt"
   "reflect"
)

type LanType struct {
   s1, s2, s3 string
}

var language interface{} = LanType{"Php", "Go", "Python3"}

func main() {
   value := reflect.ValueOf(language)
   for i := 0; i < value.NumField(); i++ {
      fmt.Printf("字段索引 %d: %v\n", i, value.Field(i))
   }
}

输出:

BASIC
字段索引 0: Php
字段索引 1: Go
字段索引 2: Python3

遍历切片

使用 for range遍历:

package main

import (
   "fmt"
)

func main() {
   language := []string{"Php", "Go", "Python3"}
   for k, val := range language {
      fmt.Printf("切片索引 %d is :%s\n", k, val)
   }
}

输出:

BASIC
切片索引 0 is :Php
切片索引 1 is :Go
切片索引 2 is :Python3

遍历Map

package main

import (
   "fmt"
)

func main() {
   language := make(map[string]string)
   language["1"] = "Php"
   language["2"] = "Go"
   language["3"] = "Python3"
   language["4"] = "C#"

   for key, val := range language {
      fmt.Printf("%v=>%v\n", key, val)
   }
}

输出:这里就不贴了,结果会随机输出,因为map遍历出来结果是无序的,顺序不好控制,也不利于业务逻辑;当业务依赖key次序时,那么我们就需要引入“sort”包来解决随机化问题:
比如这样:

package main

import (
   "fmt"
   "sort"
)

func main() {
   language := make(map[string]string)
   language["1"] = "Php"
   language["2"] = "Go"
   language["3"] = "Python3"
   language["4"] = "C#"

   sorted_keys := make([]string, 0)
   for k, _ := range language {
      sorted_keys = append(sorted_keys, k) // 提取键名
   }
   sort.Strings(sorted_keys) //

   for _, k := range sorted_keys {
      fmt.Printf("%v=>%v\n", k, language[k])
   }
}

输出:

BASIC
1=>Php
2=>Go
3=>Python3
4=>C#

这样输出的结果运行多次也不会改变顺序。

posted @ 2021-01-26 21:40  周伯通的草堂笔记  阅读(2442)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报