C# Parallel.ForEach与foreach的使用

  我们循环大多数是用的foreach,这种方法是串行,也就是单线程,而Parallel.ForEach指的是并行,也就是多线程。

  在循环迭代时,并不是用并行时间越短,下面是一个测试实例,分别用串行和并行循环150W条数据

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Concurrent;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace ConsoleApp2
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            ConcurrentBag<Stu> conStu = new ConcurrentBag<Stu>();
            ConcurrentBag<Stu> conStu2 = new ConcurrentBag<Stu>();
            
            int num = 1500000;//150万

            //获取集合
            var lst = GetStu(num);


            #region 串行循环
                var watch = new Stopwatch();
                watch.Start();
                foreach (var item in lst)
                {
                    conStu.Add(item);
                }

                watch.Stop();
                var completeRequest = watch.ElapsedMilliseconds;
                Console.WriteLine($"\n\nForeach {num.ToString("N0")} 使用时间(毫秒):{completeRequest}");
                Console.WriteLine($"conStu 集合中共:{conStu.Count + 1}条");
            #endregion

            #region 并行循环
                var watch2 = new Stopwatch();
                watch2.Start();
                ParallelLoopResult result = Parallel.ForEach(lst, new ParallelOptions { MaxDegreeOfParallelism = Environment.ProcessorCount }, item =>
                {
                    conStu2.Add(item);
                });

                watch2.Stop();
                var completeRequest2 = watch2.ElapsedMilliseconds;
                Console.WriteLine($"\n\n Parallel.ForEach  {num.ToString("N0")} 使用时间(毫秒):{completeRequest2}");
                Console.WriteLine($"conStu2 集合中共:{conStu2.Count + 1}条");
            #endregion

        }

        public  static List<Stu> GetStu(int num)
        {
            List<Stu> lstStu = new List<Stu>();
            for (int i = 1; i < num; i++)
            {
                Stu sModle = new Stu();
                sModle.Id = i;
                sModle.uName = "测试" + i;
                lstStu.Add(sModle);
            }
            return lstStu;
        }
       
    }



    public class Stu
    {
        public int Id { get; set; }

        public String uName { get; set; }
    }
}

 

  测试了3次,但结果还是用串行时间会少些

 

posted @ 2020-07-05 16:39  低调码农哥!  阅读(228)  评论(0编辑  收藏