如何使用irealtime.js实现一个基于websocket的同步画板

同步画板演示

同时打开2个tab,分别在画布上写下任意内容,观察演示结果,同时可设置画笔颜色及线条宽度。演示地址

初始化画布

 <canvas id="drawBoard" width="700" height="400"></canvas>
   this.canvas = document.getElementById("drawBoard");
   this.ctx = this.canvas.getContext("2d");
   this.stage_info = this.canvas.getBoundingClientRect(); //初始化舞台信息
   this.path = { //初始化路径
      beginX: 0,
      beginY: 0,
      endX: 0,
      endY: 0,
    };
   this.ctx.lineWidth = this.size;//初始化线条宽度

加载irealtime.js

irealtime.js 是一个第三方websocket实时消息推送服务jssdk,可用于快速搭建安全可靠高并发的web实时通讯体系,同时支持多语言开发且兼容绝大多数主流浏览器, 了解更多

  1. 引入irealtime.js
npm i irealtime --save
  1. 初始化irealtime
import IRealTime from "irealtime";

this.irealtime = new IRealTime({
  host: "hk.irealtime.cn",
  appkey: "your appkey", //如何获取appkey: https://irealtime.cn/docs/get_account_and_appkey.html
  onConnected: function () {
    console.log("连接成功...");
  },
  onDisconnected: function () {
    console.log("连接断开...");
  },
  onConnectFailed: function (error) {
    console.log("连接失败...", error);
  },
});

  1. 订阅消息
  this.irealtime.subscribe({
      channels: ["mychannel"],
      onMessage: (data) => {
        this.syncPath(data.message); //通过irealtime将绘画内容同步到其他客户端
      },
      onSuccess: function () {},
      onFailed: function () {},
    });

  1. 发布消息
    publish(msg) {
      this.irealtime.publish({
        channel: "mychannel",
        message: msg,
        onSuccess: function (data) {
          console.log("success:", data);
        },
        onFailed: function (error) {
          console.log("failed:", error);
        },
      });
    },

开始绘画

  1. 绑定鼠标事件
  draw() {
      let that = this;
      this.canvas.onmousedown = (e) => {
        that.ctx.beginPath();
        that.path.beginX = e.pageX - that.stage_info.left;
        that.path.beginY = e.pageY - that.stage_info.top;
        that.ctx.moveTo(that.path.beginX, that.path.beginY);
        that.isDraw = true;//isDraw 是否开始绘画
        this.publish(  //发送mousedown消息给其他客户端
          JSON.stringify({
            type: "mousedown",
            path: this.path,
          })
        );
      };
      this.canvas.onmousemove = (e) => {
        if (that.isDraw) {
          that.drawing(e); //按下并移动鼠标开始绘画
        }
      };
      this.canvas.onmouseup = () => {
        that.isDraw = false;
        this.publish(   //发送stop消息给其他客户端
          JSON.stringify({
            type: "stop",
            path: this.path,
          })
        );
      };
    },

  1. 绘画动作
    drawing(e) {
      this.path.endX = e.pageX - this.stage_info.left;
      this.path.endY = e.pageY - this.stage_info.top;
      this.ctx.lineTo(this.path.endX, this.path.endY);
      this.ctx.stroke();
      let data = {
        type: "draw",
        size: this.size,
        current: this.current,
        path: this.path,
      };
      this.publish(JSON.stringify(data));//将当前绘画路径、线条宽度、当前颜色等信息发送给其他客户端
    },

  1. 同步绘画信息

通过不同类型的消息,判断客户端需要做的操作

  syncPath(data) {
      const { type, size, current, path } = JSON.parse(data);
      if (type === "changeColor") { //改变颜色
        this.current = current;
        this.ctx.strokeStyle = this.palette[this.current];
        return;
      }
      if (type === "changeSize") { //改变线条宽度
        this.size = size;
        this.ctx.lineWidth = this.size;
        return;
      }

      if (type == "clear") {  //清空画布
        this.ctx.clearRect(0, 0, this.canvas.width, this.canvas.height);
        return;
      }
      if (this.path.beginX != path.beginX) { //防止重复
        if (type === "mousedown") {
          this.ctx.beginPath();

          this.ctx.moveTo(path.beginX, path.beginY);
          this.isDraw = 1;
        } else if (type === "draw" && this.isDraw === 1) {
          this.ctx.lineTo(path.endX, path.endY);
          this.ctx.stroke();
        }
      }
      if (type === "stop") {//停止绘画
        this.isDraw = 0;
      }
    },

查看源码

总结

本文通过使用irealtime.js的两个简单api(subscribe|publish)便实现了基于websocket的消息发布及订阅,开发者无需过多关注websocket服务端操作,可直接使用irealtime api开发基于websocket的应用,如需了解更多内容,请直接访问https://irealtime.cn/

posted @ 2021-02-23 15:36  paul_xiao  阅读(348)  评论(0编辑  收藏