C#打开WiFi热点,WiFi共享的四种方式总结(三)

拚忘的博客园要开始写随笔了,第一期就先讲讲wifi热点吧.....

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C#打开WiFi热点,WiFi共享的四种方式总结(一)

C#打开WiFi热点,WiFi共享的四种方式总结(二)

C#打开WiFi热点,WiFi共享的四种方式总结(三)

C#打开WiFi热点,WiFi共享的四种方式总结(四)

C# Windows系统 ,WiFi共享的方式,打开WiFi热点我最近研究总结了又四种方式开启。

1.通过netsh wlan命令行开启

2.通过wlanapi接口共享

3.通过Win10 Api开启,Windows.Devices.WiFiDirect

4.通过Win10 api,Windows.Networking.NetworkOperators.NetworkOperatorTetheringManager 开启电脑自带的热点。

 

三、第三种方式是通过win10的APi开启,

官网种说明这些API用于Windows 10上的UWP应用程序开发。那么在WPF种是否可以使用呢,答案是肯定的。

 

 

 

 

如何在wpf或者是winform使用这些API呢?参考:https://www.cnblogs.com/panwangvie/p/14870183.html

微软官网中的API在Windows.Devices.WiFiDirect.dll类库中; 详细介绍https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/uwp/api/windows.devices.wifidirect?view=winrt-20348

 详细代码如下:

   private WiFiDirectAdvertisementPublisher publisher_;
        private WiFiDirectAdvertisement advertisement_;
        private WiFiDirectLegacySettings legacySettings_;
        private WiFiDirectConnectionListener connectionListener_;
        private readonly List<WiFiDirectDevice> connectedDevices_;

        private string ssid_;
        private string passphrase_;
    private void StartConnectionListener()
        {
            connectionListener_ = new WiFiDirectConnectionListener();
            connectionListener_.ConnectionRequested += ConnectionListenerOnConnectionRequested;
        }

        private async void ConnectionListenerOnConnectionRequested(WiFiDirectConnectionListener sender,
            WiFiDirectConnectionRequestedEventArgs args)
        {
            try
            {
                var connectionRequest = args.GetConnectionRequest();

                if (connectionRequest == null)
                {
                   throw new WlanHostedNetworkException(
                        "Call to ConnectionRequestedEventArgs.GetConnectionRequest() return a null result.");
                }

                var deviceInfo = connectionRequest.DeviceInformation;

                var wiFiDirectDevice = await WiFiDirectDevice.FromIdAsync(deviceInfo.Id);
                
                if (wiFiDirectDevice == null)
                {
                    throw new WlanHostedNetworkException($"Connection to {deviceInfo.Id} failed;");
                }

                if (wiFiDirectDevice.ConnectionStatus == WiFiDirectConnectionStatus.Connected)
                {
                    var endpointPairs = wiFiDirectDevice.GetConnectionEndpointPairs();
                    var connection = endpointPairs.First();
                    var remoteHostName = connection.RemoteHostName;
                    var remoteHostNameDisplay = remoteHostName.DisplayName;
                    RaiseDeviceConnected(wiFiDirectDevice, $"{remoteHostNameDisplay} connected.");
                    connectedDevices_.Add(wiFiDirectDevice);
                }
                wiFiDirectDevice.ConnectionStatusChanged += WfdDeviceOnConnectionStatusChanged;
            }catch(Exception ex)
            {
                throw new WlanHostedNetworkException(ex.Message, ex);
            }
        }


        private void WfdDeviceOnConnectionStatusChanged(WiFiDirectDevice wiFiDirectDevice, object args)
        {
            var endpointPairs = wiFiDirectDevice.GetConnectionEndpointPairs();
            var connection = endpointPairs.First();
            var remoteHostName = connection.RemoteHostName;
            var remoteHostNameDisplay = remoteHostName.DisplayName;
            var status = wiFiDirectDevice.ConnectionStatus;
            if (status == WiFiDirectConnectionStatus.Connected)
            {
                RaiseDeviceConnected(wiFiDirectDevice, $"{remoteHostNameDisplay} connected");
            }
            else
            {
                if (connectedDevices_.Contains(wiFiDirectDevice))
                {
                    connectedDevices_.Remove(wiFiDirectDevice);
                }
                RaiseDeviceDisconnected(wiFiDirectDevice, $"{remoteHostNameDisplay} disconnected.");
            }
        }


        public void Start()
        {
            Reset();

            publisher_ = new WiFiDirectAdvertisementPublisher();
            publisher_.StatusChanged += PublisherOnStatusChanged;

            advertisement_ = publisher_.Advertisement;
            advertisement_.IsAutonomousGroupOwnerEnabled = true;

            legacySettings_ = advertisement_.LegacySettings;
            legacySettings_.IsEnabled = true;

            if (SsidProvided)
            {
                legacySettings_.Ssid = Ssid;
            }
            else
            {
                ssid_ = legacySettings_.Ssid;
            }

            var passwordCredentials = legacySettings_.Passphrase;
            if (PassphraseProvided)
            {
                passwordCredentials.Password = Passphrase;
            }
            else
            {
                passphrase_ = passwordCredentials.Password;
            }

            publisher_.Start();
        }

        public void Stop()
        {
            publisher_?.Stop();
        }

        private void PublisherOnStatusChanged(WiFiDirectAdvertisementPublisher sender, WiFiDirectAdvertisementPublisherStatusChangedEventArgs args)
        {
            try
            {
                var status = args.Status;

                switch (status)
                {
                    case WiFiDirectAdvertisementPublisherStatus.Started:
                        {
                          StartConnectionListener();
                            RaiseAdvertisementStarted("Advertisement started.");
                            break;
                        }
                    case WiFiDirectAdvertisementPublisherStatus.Aborted:
                        {
                            var error = args.Error;
                           
                                string message;

                                switch (error)
                                {
                                    case WiFiDirectError.RadioNotAvailable:
                                        message = "Advertisement aborted, Wi-Fi radio is turned off";
                                        break;

                                    case WiFiDirectError.ResourceInUse:
                                        message = "Advertisement aborted, Resource In Use";
                                        break;
                                    
                                    default:
                                        message = "Advertisement aborted, unknown reason";
                                        break;
                                }

                                RaiseAdvertisementAborted(message);
                            break;
                        }
                    case WiFiDirectAdvertisementPublisherStatus.Stopped:
                        {
                            RaiseAdvertisementStopped("Advertisement stopped");
                            break;
                        }
                }
            }
            catch (WlanHostedNetworkException ex)
            {
                RaiseAsyncException(ex.Message);
            }
        }

这种方法的好处:

是直接调用封装好的dll方便,且能够监听到设备连接情况。

缺点:

但是这个方法并非是直接打开win电脑中自带的那个移动热点。当我把电脑中自带的移动热点打开时,此方法开启的热点会断开。

 

如何开启电脑自带的移动热点呢,看下一篇。C#打开WiFi热点,WiFi共享的四种方式总结(四)

 

posted @ 2021-06-14 20:28  拚忘  阅读(244)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报