实验7:基于REST API的SDN北向应用实践

实验7:基于REST API的SDN北向应用实践

一、实验目的

能够编写程序调用OpenDaylight REST API实现特定网络功能;
能够编写程序调用Ryu REST API实现特定网络功能。

二、实验环境

下载虚拟机软件Oracle VisualBox或VMware;
在虚拟机中安装Ubuntu 20.04 Desktop amd64,并完整安装Mininet、OpenDaylight(Carbon版本)、Postman和Ryu;

三、实验要求

(一)基本要求

OpenDaylight

(1) 利用Mininet平台搭建下图所示网络拓扑,并连接OpenDaylight;



(2) 编写Python程序,调用OpenDaylight的北向接口下发指令删除s1上的流表数据。

102192113delete.py

#!/usr/bin/python
import requests
from requests.auth import HTTPBasicAuth

def http_delete(url):
    url= url
    headers = {'Content-Type':'application/json'}
    resp = requests.delete(url, headers=headers, auth=HTTPBasicAuth('admin', 'admin'))
    return resp 

if __name__ == "__main__":
    url = 'http://127.0.0.1:8181/restconf/config/opendaylight-inventory:nodes/node/openflow:1/'
    resp = http_delete(url)
    print(resp.content)

(3) 编写Python程序,调用OpenDaylight的北向接口下发硬超时流表,实现拓扑内主机h1和h3网络中断20s。

102192113hardtime.py

#!/usr/bin/python
import requests
from requests.auth import HTTPBasicAuth
def http_put(url,jstr):
    url= url
    headers = {'Content-Type':'application/json'}
    resp = requests.put(url,jstr,headers=headers,auth=HTTPBasicAuth('admin', 'admin'))
    return resp

if __name__ == "__main__":
    url='http://127.0.0.1:8181/restconf/config/opendaylight-inventory:nodes/node/openflow:1/flow-node-inventory:table/0/flow/1'
    with open('flowtable.json') as f:
        jstr = f.read()
    resp = http_put(url,jstr)
    print (resp.content)

flowtable.json

{
"flow": [
{
"id": "1",
"match": {
"in-port": "1",
"ethernet-match": {
"ethernet-type": {
"type": "0x0800"
}
},
"ipv4-destination": "10.0.0.3/32"
},
"instructions": {
"instruction": [
{
"order": "0",
"apply-actions": {
"action": [
{
"order": "0",
"drop-action": {}
} ] } } ]
},
"flow-name": "flow1",
"priority": "65535",
"hard-timeout": "20",
"cookie": "2",
"table_id": "0"
} ] }

(4) 编写Python程序,调用OpenDaylight的北向接口获取s1上活动的流表数。

102192113get.py

#!/usr/bin/python
import requests
from requests.auth import HTTPBasicAuth
def http_get(url):
    url= url
    headers = {'Content-Type':'application/json'}
    resp = requests.get(url,headers=headers,auth=HTTPBasicAuth('admin','admin'))
    return resp

if __name__ == "__main__":
    url='http://127.0.0.1:8181/restconf/operational/opendaylight-inventory:nodes/node/openflow:1/flow-node-inventory:table/0/opendaylight-flow-table-statistics:flow-table-statistics'
    resp = http_get(url)
    print(resp.content)

Ryu

(1) 编写Python程序,调用Ryu的北向接口,实现上述OpenDaylight实验拓扑上相同的硬超时流表下发。

连接ryu控制器

ryu-manager ryu.app.simple_switch_13 ryu.app.ofctl_rest

102192113ryuflow.py

#!/usr/bin/python
import requests
from requests.auth import HTTPBasicAuth
def http_post(url,jstr):
    url= url
    headers = {'Content-Type':'application/json'}
    resp = requests.post(url,jstr,headers=headers)
    return resp

if __name__ == "__main__":
    url='http://127.0.0.1:8080/stats/flowentry/add'
    with open('ryuflow.json') as f:
        jstr = f.read()
    resp = http_post(url,jstr)
    print (resp.content)

ryuflow.json

{
    "dpid": 1,
    "cookie": 1,
    "cookie_mask": 1,
    "table_id": 0,
    "hard_timeout": 20,
    "priority": 65535,
    "flags": 1,
    "match":{
        "in_port":1
    },
    "actions":[

    ]
 }

(2) 利用Mininet平台搭建下图所示网络拓扑,要求支持OpenFlow 1.3协议,主机名、交换机名以及端口对应正确。拓扑生成后需连接Ryu,且Ryu应能够提供REST API服务。


mytopo.py

#!/usr/bin/env python
from mininet.topo import Topo

class MyTopo(Topo):
    def __init__(self):
        # initilaize topology
        Topo.__init__(self)

        self.addSwitch("s1")
        self.addSwitch("s2")

        self.addHost("h1")
        self.addHost("h2")
        self.addHost("h3")
        self.addHost("h4")

        self.addLink("s1", "h1")
        self.addLink("s1", "h2")
        self.addLink("s2", "h3")
        self.addLink("s2", "h4")
        self.addLink("s1", "s2")

topos = {'mytopo': (lambda: MyTopo())}

运行拓扑

sudo mn --custom mytopo.py --topo mytopo --mac --controller=remote,ip=127.0.0.1,port=6633 --switch ovsk,protocols=OpenFlow13

(3) 整理一个Shell脚本,参考Ryu REST API的文档,利用curl命令,实现和实验2相同的VLAN。

VLAN_ID Hosts
0 h1 h3
1 h2 h4

shell脚本

curl -X POST -d '{
    "dpid": 1,
    "priority": 1,
    "match":{
        "in_port": 1
    },
    "actions":[
        {
            "type": "PUSH_VLAN",     
            "ethertype": 33024       
        },
        {
            "type": "SET_FIELD",
            "field": "vlan_vid",    
            "value": 4096            
        },
        {
            "type": "OUTPUT",
            "port": 3
        }
    ]
 }' http://localhost:8080/stats/flowentry/add

 curl -X POST -d '{
    "dpid": 1,
    "priority": 1,
    "match":{
        "in_port": 2
    },
    "actions":[
        {
            "type": "PUSH_VLAN",    
            "ethertype": 33024      
        },
        {
            "type": "SET_FIELD",
            "field": "vlan_vid",     
            "value": 4097           
        },
        {
            "type": "OUTPUT",
            "port": 3
        }
    ]
 }' http://localhost:8080/stats/flowentry/add

 curl -X POST -d '{
    "dpid": 1,
    "priority": 1,
    "match":{
        "vlan_vid": 0
    },
    "actions":[
        {
            "type": "POP_VLAN",    
            "ethertype": 33024       
        },
        {
            "type": "OUTPUT",
            "port": 1
        }
    ]
 }' http://localhost:8080/stats/flowentry/add

 curl -X POST -d '{
    "dpid": 1,
    "priority": 1,
    "match":{
        "vlan_vid": 1
    },
    "actions":[
        {
            "type": "POP_VLAN",    
            "ethertype": 33024      
        },
        {
            "type": "OUTPUT",
            "port": 2
        }
    ]
 }' http://localhost:8080/stats/flowentry/add

 curl -X POST -d '{
    "dpid": 2,
    "priority": 1,
    "match":{
        "in_port": 1
    },
    "actions":[
        {
            "type": "PUSH_VLAN",    
            "ethertype": 33024      
        },
        {
            "type": "SET_FIELD",
            "field": "vlan_vid",    
            "value": 4096          
        },
        {
            "type": "OUTPUT",
            "port": 3
        }
    ]
 }' http://localhost:8080/stats/flowentry/add

 curl -X POST -d '{
    "dpid": 2,
    "priority": 1,
    "match":{
        "in_port": 2
    },
    "actions":[
        {
            "type": "PUSH_VLAN",    
            "ethertype": 33024      
        },
        {
            "type": "SET_FIELD",
            "field": "vlan_vid",   
            "value": 4097           
        },
        {
            "type": "OUTPUT",
            "port": 3
        }
    ]
 }' http://localhost:8080/stats/flowentry/add

 curl -X POST -d '{
    "dpid": 2,
    "priority": 1,
    "match":{
        "vlan_vid": 0
    },
    "actions":[
        {
            "type": "POP_VLAN",    
            "ethertype": 33024      
        },
        {
            "type": "OUTPUT",
            "port": 1
        }
    ]
 }' http://localhost:8080/stats/flowentry/add

 curl -X POST -d '{
    "dpid": 2,
    "priority": 1,
    "match":{
        "vlan_vid": 1
    },
    "actions":[
        {
            "type": "POP_VLAN",    
            "ethertype": 33024      
        },
        {
            "type": "OUTPUT",
            "port": 2
        }
    ]
 }' http://localhost:8080/stats/flowentry/add

删除流表

运行结果

(二)进阶要求

编程实现基本要求第2部分Ryu(3)中的VLAN划分。

(三)实验报告

请用Markdown排版;

将所有本实验相关文件保存在目录/home/用户名/学号/lab7/中;

(一)只需要提交实现相应Python代码和执行结果截图,其余文字请勿赘述;

(二)不做必须要求,有完成的同学请提交Python代码和运行结果,文件保存目录参照要求2。

个人总结,包括但不限于实验难度、实验过程遇到的困难及解决办法,个人感想,不少于200字。

本次实验难度个人感觉较难,实验中遇到问题
1、使用curl命令时显示未安装,按照系统指示安装得以解决
2、阅读ryu控制器说明文档较吃力花费时间较多,导致在整理shell脚本做Vlan划分时效率低下花费了不少的时间
3、在ryu控制器实验时建立拓扑后连接ryu控制器后各主机间ping不通后发现是拓扑命令openflow版本有误导致修正后得以解决
本次实验综合了前面的几次实验,做的时候基本把前面做的实验PPT又翻了一遍,感觉算是前面实验的一个总结,通过本次实验对实验中两个控制器的原理及应用又了更进一步的认识,获益良多。

posted @ 2021-10-26 23:57  ttqyy  阅读(20)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报