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UNION ALL--不合并重复行

Selects all records from all selectstatements. Duplicates are not removed

UNION [DISTINCT] --合并重复行UNION 和 UNION DISTINCT功能相同

Selects all unique records from all selectstatements by removing duplicates found from different select statements. UNION has the same function as UNION DISTINCT.

合并重复行

select * from A union select * from B 

不合并重复行 select * from A union all select * from B 

按某个字段排序 --合并重复行

select * from ( select * from A union select * from B) AS T order by 字段名

不合并重复行

select * from ( select * from A union all select * from B) AS T order by 字段名

create column table tunion_1( id int primary key, customer varchar(5), year int, product varchar(5), sales int );

create column table tunion_2 ( id int primary key, customer varchar(5), year int, product varchar(5), sales int );


insert into tunion_1values(1, 'C1', 2009, 'P1', 100);
insert into tunion_1values(2, 'C1', 2009, 'P2', 200);
insert into tunion_1values(3, 'C1', 2010, 'P1', 50);
insert into tunion_1values(4, 'C1', 2010, 'P2', 150);
insert into tunion_1values(5, 'C2', 2009, 'P1', 200);
insert into tunion_1values(6, 'C2', 2009, 'P2', 300);
insert into tunion_1values(7, 'C2', 2010, 'P1', 100);
insert into tunion_1values(8, 'C2', 2010, 'P2', 150);

  insert into tunion_2 values(1, 'C1', 2011, 'P1', 100);
insert into tunion_2 values(2, 'C1', 2011, 'P2', 200);
insert into tunion_2 values(3, 'C1', 2011, 'P1', 50);
insert into tunion_2 values(4, 'C1', 2011, 'P2', 150);
insert into tunion_2 values(5, 'C2', 2011, 'P1', 200);
insert into tunion_2 values(6, 'C2', 2011, 'P2', 300);
insert into tunion_2 values(7, 'C2', 2011, 'P1', 100);
insert into tunion_2 values(8, 'C2', 2011, 'P2', 150);
insert into tunion_2 values(9, 'C1', 2011, 'P1', 100);

select count(1) from (select  customer,year,product,sales from tunion_1 union select  customer,year,product,sales from tunion_2)    结果--->> 16

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select count(1) from (select  customer,year,product,sales from tunion_1 UNION DISTINCT select  customer,year,product,sales from tunion_2)  结果 --->> 16

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select count(1) from (select  customer,year,product,sales from tunion_1 union all select  customer,year,product,sales from tunion_2)  结果—>>17

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select  * from (select  customer,year,product,sales from tunion_1 union all select  customer,year,product,sales from tunion_2) order by customer

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select  * from (select  customer,year,product,sales from tunion_1 union select  customer,year,product,sales from tunion_2) order by customer

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posted on 2013-04-09 17:07  沧海-重庆  阅读(2709)  评论(0编辑  收藏