selenium WebDriver 截取网站的验证码

在做爬虫项目的时候,有时候会遇到验证码的问题,由于某些网站的验证码是动态生成的,即使是同一个链接,在不同的时间访问可能产生不同的验证码,

 

一 刚开始的思路就是打开这个验证码的链接,然后通过java代码get请求保存验证码图片到本地,然后用打码工具解析验证码,将验证码自动输入验证框就

可以把验证码的问题解决了,但是问题来,每次的请求同一个地址,产生的验证码图片是不一样的,所以这种方法行不通。所以只能将图片先用selenium  WebDriver 

截取到本地,然后用打码工具解析ok ,自动填写验证,很好把验证码的问题解决了。

 

package com.entrym.main;

import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Set;

import javax.imageio.ImageIO;

import org.apache.commons.io.FileUtils;
import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;
import org.json.JSONObject;
import org.jsoup.Jsoup;
import org.jsoup.nodes.Document;
import org.jsoup.nodes.Element;
import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.Cookie;
import org.openqa.selenium.OutputType;
import org.openqa.selenium.Point;
import org.openqa.selenium.TakesScreenshot;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.ui.ExpectedCondition;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.ui.WebDriverWait;

import com.entrym.crawler.util.verifyCode.Captcha;
import com.entrym.crawler.util.verifyCode.DamaUtil;
import com.entrym.domain.SogouInfo;
import com.entrym.domain.Wxinfo;
import com.entrym.util.ConfigUtil;
import com.entrym.util.DateUtil;
import com.entrym.util.HttpUtils;
import com.google.gson.Gson;
import com.vdurmont.emoji.EmojiParser;

public class WebTest {
	
	private static final String GET_TITLE="/titles/getxiaoshuo";
        private static final String PATH=new File("config/config.properties").getAbsolutePath();
	private static final String CHROME_HOME=new File("config/chromedriver.exe").getAbsolutePath();
	private static final String CHROME_HOME_LINUX=new File("config/chromedriver").getAbsolutePath();
	private static final String BASEURL=ConfigUtil.reads(PATH, "baseurl");
	
	public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
				
			WebDriver driver=null;
//			System.setProperty("webdriver.gecko.driver", FIREFOX_HOME);
				System.out.println(PATH);
			String osname=System.getProperty("os.name").toLowerCase();
			if(osname.indexOf("linux")>=0){
				System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver", CHROME_HOME_LINUX);
//				driver = new MarionetteDriver();
			}else{
				System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver", CHROME_HOME);
//				driver = new MarionetteDriver();
			}
				
			driver=new ChromeDriver();
			driver.get("http://weixin.sogou.com/antispider/?from=%2fweixin%3Ftype%3d2%26query%3dz+%26ie%3dutf8%26s_from%3dinput%26_sug_%3dy%26_sug_type_%3d");
			WebElement ele = driver.findElement(By.id("seccodeImage"));

			// Get entire page screenshot
			File screenshot = ((TakesScreenshot)driver).getScreenshotAs(OutputType.FILE);
			BufferedImage  fullImg = ImageIO.read(screenshot);

			// Get the location of element on the page
			Point point = ele.getLocation();

			// Get width and height of the element
			int eleWidth = ele.getSize().getWidth();
			int eleHeight = ele.getSize().getHeight();

			// Crop the entire page screenshot to get only element screenshot
			BufferedImage eleScreenshot= fullImg.getSubimage(point.getX(), point.getY(),
			    eleWidth, eleHeight);
			ImageIO.write(eleScreenshot, "png", screenshot);

			// Copy the element screenshot to disk
			File screenshotLocation = new File("D:/captcha/test.png");
			FileUtils.copyFile(screenshot, screenshotLocation);
			WebElement classelement = driver.findElement(By.className("p2"));
			String errorText=classelement.getText();
			System.out.println("输出的内容是"+classelement.getText());
			if(errorText.indexOf("用户您好,您的访问过于频繁,为确认本次访问为正常用户行为")>=0){
				System.out.println("*********************");
				DamaUtil util=new DamaUtil();
		            System.out.println("===================");
		            String code="";           //验证码
					Captcha captcha=new Captcha();
					captcha.setFilePath("test.png");
					code = DamaUtil.getCaptchaResult(captcha);
					System.out.println("打码处理出来的验证码是"+code);
					WebElement elementsumbit = driver.findElement(By.id("seccodeInput"));
			        // 输入关键字
					elementsumbit.sendKeys(code);
					try {
						Thread.sleep(1000);
					} catch (InterruptedException e) {
						// TODO Auto-generated catch block
						e.printStackTrace();
					}
			        // 提交 input 所在的  form
					elementsumbit.submit();
					System.out.println("成功");
		          
			}
				
		}
}

  

 

以上就代码,关键的代码在Stack Overflow得到的,不得不说谷歌还是很强大的

 

 

 

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driver.get("http://www.google.com");
WebElement ele = driver.findElement(By.id("hplogo"));

// Get entire page screenshot
File screenshot = ((TakesScreenshot)driver).getScreenshotAs(OutputType.FILE);
BufferedImage  fullImg = ImageIO.read(screenshot);

// Get the location of element on the page
Point point = ele.getLocation();

// Get width and height of the element
int eleWidth = ele.getSize().getWidth();
int eleHeight = ele.getSize().getHeight();

// Crop the entire page screenshot to get only element screenshot
BufferedImage eleScreenshot= fullImg.getSubimage(point.getX(), point.getY(),
    eleWidth, eleHeight);
ImageIO.write(eleScreenshot, "png", screenshot);

// Copy the element screenshot to disk
File screenshotLocation = new File("C:\\images\\GoogleLogo_screenshot.png");
FileUtils.copyFile(screenshot, screenshotLocation);
View Code
以上就是关键的截取代码,在国外的链接是http://stackoverflow.com/questions/13832322/how-to-capture-the-screenshot-of-a-specific-element-rather-than-entire-page-usin
感兴趣的小伙伴可以研究一下
posted @ 2017-04-10 18:29 杰呼呼 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏