pt-osc使用方法

pt-osc实战运用

1、安装pt-osc,解压即可用

安装包在:10.135.2.217:data/online/software/percona-toolkit-3.0.12.tar.gz
tar -zxvf percona-toolkit-3.0.12.tar.gz
cd percona-toolkit-3.0.12/bin
cp pt-online-schema-change /usr/bin/

2、常用命令

pt-online-schema-change \
   --host=10.249.5.39 \
   --port=3306 \
   --user=xxxx \
   --password=xxxx \
   --alter "add column c4 varchar(8) not null default '' " \
     D=darren \
     t=t_user \
   --execute

3、常用参数解释

--alter-foreign-keys-method=s
      设置修改外键的方式,一共有如下4个值:
      auto:优先选择rebuild_constraints方式处理外键,如果该方式不可用才选择drop_swap;
      rebuild_constraints:在最后rename表后,删除子表上的外键,并进行重新建立到新表的外键。
      drop_swap:拷贝数据后,设置SET foreign_key_checks=0,直接将原表drop掉,然后rename临时表为新表
      none:表示强制不考虑子表外键约束,设置SET foreign_key_checks=0,最终会导致子表外键约束到_table_old这个已删除的表上,不建议使用
 --max-load string
      string是状态表达式,默认Threads_running=25,当设置多个状态值,用逗号分隔,如'Threads_running=100,Threads_connected=500',当超过该值,迁移暂停等待,通过sleep方式暂停
 --critical-load
      与max-load不同的是,当超过该值,迁移直接停止并退出,默认值是Threads_running=50
--max-lag=m
      默认1s,检查slave延迟的值,超过1秒则暂停复制数据

4、输出日志分析

2018-10-17T13:43:01.414577+08:00        5892279 Connect dbadmin@10.249.5.39 on test using TCP/IP
2018-10-17T13:43:01.415106+08:00        5892279 Query   set autocommit=1
2018-10-17T13:43:01.415645+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'innodb\_lock_wait_timeout'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.416889+08:00        5892279 Query   SET SESSION innodb_lock_wait_timeout=1
2018-10-17T13:43:01.417276+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'lock\_wait_timeout'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.418441+08:00        5892279 Query   SET SESSION lock_wait_timeout=60
2018-10-17T13:43:01.418874+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'wait\_timeout'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.419934+08:00        5892279 Query   SET SESSION wait_timeout=10000
2018-10-17T13:43:01.420280+08:00        5892279 Query   SELECT @@SQL_MODE
2018-10-17T13:43:01.420588+08:00        5892279 Query   SET @@SQL_QUOTE_SHOW_CREATE = 1/*!40101, @@SQL_MODE='NO_AUTO_VALUE_ON_ZERO'*/
2018-10-17T13:43:01.420904+08:00        5892279 Query   SELECT @@server_id /*!50038 , @@hostname*/
2018-10-17T13:43:01.422513+08:00        5892280 Connect dbadmin@10.249.5.39 on test using TCP/IP
2018-10-17T13:43:01.422827+08:00        5892280 Query   set autocommit=1
2018-10-17T13:43:01.423249+08:00        5892280 Query   SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'innodb\_lock_wait_timeout'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.424386+08:00        5892280 Query   SET SESSION innodb_lock_wait_timeout=1
2018-10-17T13:43:01.424691+08:00        5892280 Query   SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'lock\_wait_timeout'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.425711+08:00        5892280 Query   SET SESSION lock_wait_timeout=60
2018-10-17T13:43:01.425999+08:00        5892280 Query   SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'wait\_timeout'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.426917+08:00        5892280 Query   SET SESSION wait_timeout=10000
2018-10-17T13:43:01.427248+08:00        5892280 Query   SELECT @@SQL_MODE
2018-10-17T13:43:01.427518+08:00        5892280 Query   SET @@SQL_QUOTE_SHOW_CREATE = 1/*!40101, @@SQL_MODE='NO_AUTO_VALUE_ON_ZERO'*/
2018-10-17T13:43:01.427815+08:00        5892280 Query   SELECT @@server_id /*!50038 , @@hostname*/
2018-10-17T13:43:01.428328+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'wsrep_on'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.429502+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'version%'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.430939+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW ENGINES
2018-10-17T13:43:01.431887+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'innodb_version'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.433792+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'innodb_stats_persistent'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.435051+08:00        5892279 Query   SELECT @@SERVER_ID
2018-10-17T13:43:01.435445+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW GRANTS FOR CURRENT_USER()
2018-10-17T13:43:01.435940+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW FULL PROCESSLIST
2018-10-17T13:43:01.437507+08:00        5892281 Connect dbadmin@10.249.5.39 on  using TCP/IP
2018-10-17T13:43:01.437790+08:00        5892281 Query   set autocommit=1
2018-10-17T13:43:01.438283+08:00        5892281 Query   SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'innodb\_lock_wait_timeout'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.439414+08:00        5892281 Query   SET SESSION innodb_lock_wait_timeout=1
2018-10-17T13:43:01.439725+08:00        5892281 Query   SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'lock\_wait_timeout'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.440783+08:00        5892281 Query   SET SESSION lock_wait_timeout=60
2018-10-17T13:43:01.441155+08:00        5892281 Query   SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'wait\_timeout'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.442144+08:00        5892281 Query   SET SESSION wait_timeout=10000
2018-10-17T13:43:01.442410+08:00        5892281 Query   SELECT @@SQL_MODE
2018-10-17T13:43:01.442677+08:00        5892281 Query   SET @@SQL_QUOTE_SHOW_CREATE = 1/*!40101, @@SQL_MODE='NO_AUTO_VALUE_ON_ZERO'*/
2018-10-17T13:43:01.442971+08:00        5892281 Query   SELECT @@SERVER_ID
2018-10-17T13:43:01.443218+08:00        5892281 Quit
2018-10-17T13:43:01.443878+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW GLOBAL STATUS LIKE 'Threads_running'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.444693+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW GLOBAL STATUS LIKE 'Threads_running'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.445606+08:00        5892279 Query   SELECT CONCAT(@@hostname, @@port)
2018-10-17T13:43:01.446302+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW TABLES FROM `test` LIKE 'foo'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.446768+08:00        5892279 Query   SELECT VERSION()
2018-10-17T13:43:01.447179+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW TRIGGERS FROM `test` LIKE 'foo'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.448039+08:00        5892279 Query   /*!40101 SET @OLD_SQL_MODE := @@SQL_MODE, @@SQL_MODE := '', @OLD_QUOTE := @@SQL_QUOTE_SHOW_CREATE, @@SQL_QUOTE_SHOW_CREATE := 1 */
2018-10-17T13:43:01.448296+08:00        5892279 Query   USE `test`
2018-10-17T13:43:01.448577+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW CREATE TABLE `test`.`foo`
2018-10-17T13:43:01.449391+08:00        5892279 Query   /*!40101 SET @@SQL_MODE := @OLD_SQL_MODE, @@SQL_QUOTE_SHOW_CREATE := @OLD_QUOTE */
2018-10-17T13:43:01.450129+08:00        5892279 Query   EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM `test`.`foo` WHERE 1=1
2018-10-17T13:43:01.450998+08:00        5892279 Query   SELECT table_schema, table_name FROM information_schema.key_column_usage WHERE referenced_table_schema='test' AND referenced_table_name='foo'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.462372+08:00        5892279 Query   EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM `test`.`bar` WHERE 1=1
2018-10-17T13:43:01.463628+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'wsrep_on'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.464892+08:00        5892279 Query   /*!40101 SET @OLD_SQL_MODE := @@SQL_MODE, @@SQL_MODE := '', @OLD_QUOTE := @@SQL_QUOTE_SHOW_CREATE, @@SQL_QUOTE_SHOW_CREATE := 1 */
2018-10-17T13:43:01.465176+08:00        5892279 Query   USE `test`
2018-10-17T13:43:01.465476+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW CREATE TABLE `test`.`foo`
2018-10-17T13:43:01.465817+08:00        5892279 Query   /*!40101 SET @@SQL_MODE := @OLD_SQL_MODE, @@SQL_QUOTE_SHOW_CREATE := @OLD_QUOTE */
2018-10-17T13:43:01.466230+08:00        5892279 Query   CREATE TABLE `test`.`_foo_new` (
  `foo_id` int(11) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`foo_id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8
2018-10-17T13:43:01.487029+08:00        5892279 Query   ALTER TABLE `test`.`_foo_new` engine=innodb
2018-10-17T13:43:01.521293+08:00        5892279 Query   /*!40101 SET @OLD_SQL_MODE := @@SQL_MODE, @@SQL_MODE := '', @OLD_QUOTE := @@SQL_QUOTE_SHOW_CREATE, @@SQL_QUOTE_SHOW_CREATE := 1 */
2018-10-17T13:43:01.521614+08:00        5892279 Query   USE `test`
2018-10-17T13:43:01.522134+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW CREATE TABLE `test`.`_foo_new`
2018-10-17T13:43:01.522487+08:00        5892279 Query   /*!40101 SET @@SQL_MODE := @OLD_SQL_MODE, @@SQL_QUOTE_SHOW_CREATE := @OLD_QUOTE */
2018-10-17T13:43:01.523664+08:00        5892279 Query   SELECT TRIGGER_SCHEMA, TRIGGER_NAME, DEFINER, ACTION_STATEMENT, SQL_MODE,        CHARACTER_SET_CLIENT, COLLATION_CONNECTION, EVENT_MANIPULATION, ACTION_TIMING   FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TRIGGERS  WHERE EVENT_MANIPULATION = 'DELETE'    AND ACTION_TIMING = 'AFTER'    AND TRIGGER_SCHEMA = 'test'    AND EVENT_OBJECT_TABLE = 'foo'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.525314+08:00        5892279 Query   SELECT TRIGGER_SCHEMA, TRIGGER_NAME, DEFINER, ACTION_STATEMENT, SQL_MODE,        CHARACTER_SET_CLIENT, COLLATION_CONNECTION, EVENT_MANIPULATION, ACTION_TIMING   FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TRIGGERS  WHERE EVENT_MANIPULATION = 'UPDATE'    AND ACTION_TIMING = 'AFTER'    AND TRIGGER_SCHEMA = 'test'    AND EVENT_OBJECT_TABLE = 'foo'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.526610+08:00        5892279 Query   SELECT TRIGGER_SCHEMA, TRIGGER_NAME, DEFINER, ACTION_STATEMENT, SQL_MODE,        CHARACTER_SET_CLIENT, COLLATION_CONNECTION, EVENT_MANIPULATION, ACTION_TIMING   FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TRIGGERS  WHERE EVENT_MANIPULATION = 'INSERT'    AND ACTION_TIMING = 'AFTER'    AND TRIGGER_SCHEMA = 'test'    AND EVENT_OBJECT_TABLE = 'foo'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.527913+08:00        5892279 Query   SELECT TRIGGER_SCHEMA, TRIGGER_NAME, DEFINER, ACTION_STATEMENT, SQL_MODE,        CHARACTER_SET_CLIENT, COLLATION_CONNECTION, EVENT_MANIPULATION, ACTION_TIMING   FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TRIGGERS  WHERE EVENT_MANIPULATION = 'DELETE'    AND ACTION_TIMING = 'BEFORE'    AND TRIGGER_SCHEMA = 'test'    AND EVENT_OBJECT_TABLE = 'foo'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.529203+08:00        5892279 Query   SELECT TRIGGER_SCHEMA, TRIGGER_NAME, DEFINER, ACTION_STATEMENT, SQL_MODE,        CHARACTER_SET_CLIENT, COLLATION_CONNECTION, EVENT_MANIPULATION, ACTION_TIMING   FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TRIGGERS  WHERE EVENT_MANIPULATION = 'UPDATE'    AND ACTION_TIMING = 'BEFORE'    AND TRIGGER_SCHEMA = 'test'    AND EVENT_OBJECT_TABLE = 'foo'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.530485+08:00        5892279 Query   SELECT TRIGGER_SCHEMA, TRIGGER_NAME, DEFINER, ACTION_STATEMENT, SQL_MODE,        CHARACTER_SET_CLIENT, COLLATION_CONNECTION, EVENT_MANIPULATION, ACTION_TIMING   FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TRIGGERS  WHERE EVENT_MANIPULATION = 'INSERT'    AND ACTION_TIMING = 'BEFORE'    AND TRIGGER_SCHEMA = 'test'    AND EVENT_OBJECT_TABLE = 'foo'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.531854+08:00        5892279 Query   CREATE TRIGGER `pt_osc_test_foo_del` AFTER DELETE ON `test`.`foo` FOR EACH ROW DELETE IGNORE FROM `test`.`_foo_new` WHERE `test`.`_foo_new`.`foo_id` <=> OLD.`foo_id`
2018-10-17T13:43:01.536997+08:00        5892279 Query   CREATE TRIGGER `pt_osc_test_foo_upd` AFTER UPDATE ON `test`.`foo` FOR EACH ROW BEGIN DELETE IGNORE FROM `test`.`_foo_new` WHERE !(OLD.`foo_id` <=> NEW.`foo_id`) AND `test`.`_foo_new`.`foo_id` <=> OLD.`foo_id`;REPLACE INTO `test`.`_foo_new` (`foo_id`) VALUES (NEW.`foo_id`);END
2018-10-17T13:43:01.541525+08:00        5892279 Query   CREATE TRIGGER `pt_osc_test_foo_ins` AFTER INSERT ON `test`.`foo` FOR EACH ROW REPLACE INTO `test`.`_foo_new` (`foo_id`) VALUES (NEW.`foo_id`)
2018-10-17T13:43:01.548005+08:00        5892279 Query   EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM `test`.`foo` WHERE 1=1
2018-10-17T13:43:01.549823+08:00        5892279 Query   EXPLAIN SELECT `foo_id` FROM `test`.`foo` LOCK IN SHARE MODE /*explain pt-online-schema-change 31654 copy table*/
2018-10-17T13:43:01.550622+08:00        5892279 Query   INSERT LOW_PRIORITY IGNORE INTO `test`.`_foo_new` (`foo_id`) SELECT `foo_id` FROM `test`.`foo` LOCK IN SHARE MODE /*pt-online-schema-change 31654 copy table*/
2018-10-17T13:43:01.554366+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW WARNINGS
2018-10-17T13:43:01.554959+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW GLOBAL STATUS LIKE 'Threads_running'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.556226+08:00        5892279 Query   ANALYZE TABLE `test`.`_foo_new` /* pt-online-schema-change */
2018-10-17T13:43:01.561668+08:00        5892279 Query   RENAME TABLE `test`.`foo` TO `test`.`_foo_old`, `test`.`_foo_new` TO `test`.`foo`
2018-10-17T13:43:01.583926+08:00        5892279 Query   /*!40101 SET @OLD_SQL_MODE := @@SQL_MODE, @@SQL_MODE := '', @OLD_QUOTE := @@SQL_QUOTE_SHOW_CREATE, @@SQL_QUOTE_SHOW_CREATE := 1 */
2018-10-17T13:43:01.584256+08:00        5892279 Query   USE `test`
2018-10-17T13:43:01.584536+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW CREATE TABLE `test`.`bar`
2018-10-17T13:43:01.584904+08:00        5892279 Query   /*!40101 SET @@SQL_MODE := @OLD_SQL_MODE, @@SQL_QUOTE_SHOW_CREATE := @OLD_QUOTE */
2018-10-17T13:43:01.585580+08:00        5892279 Query   ALTER TABLE `test`.`bar` DROP FOREIGN KEY `__bar_ibfk_1`, ADD CONSTRAINT `bar_ibfk_1` FOREIGN KEY (`foo_id`) REFERENCES `test`.`foo` (`foo_id`)
2018-10-17T13:43:01.618352+08:00        5892279 Query   DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `test`.`_foo_old`
2018-10-17T13:43:01.643179+08:00        5892279 Query   DROP TRIGGER IF EXISTS `test`.`pt_osc_test_foo_del`
2018-10-17T13:43:01.645349+08:00        5892279 Query   DROP TRIGGER IF EXISTS `test`.`pt_osc_test_foo_upd`
2018-10-17T13:43:01.646829+08:00        5892279 Query   DROP TRIGGER IF EXISTS `test`.`pt_osc_test_foo_ins`
2018-10-17T13:43:01.649537+08:00        5892279 Query   SHOW TABLES FROM `test` LIKE '\_foo\_new'
2018-10-17T13:43:01.650436+08:00        5892280 Quit
2018-10-17T13:43:01.651462+08:00        5892279 Quit
posted @ 2018-11-03 18:22  茁壮的小草  阅读(1097)  评论(0编辑  收藏