HandlerMethodArgumentResolver用于统一获取当前登录用户 — 转

出处: HandlerMethodArgumentResolver用于统一获取当前登录用户

 

目录

  一、最原始直接

  二、AOP

  三、拦截器+方法参数解析器

     3.1 自定义权限拦截器

     3.2 自定义参数注解

     3.3 自定义方法参数解析器

     3.4 配置MVC

 


 

  • 环境:SpringBoot 2.0.4.RELEASE
  • 需求:很多Controller方法,刚进来要先获取当前登录用户的信息,以便做后续的用户相关操作。
  • 准备工作:前端每次请求都传token,后端封装一方法tokenUtils.getUserByToken(token),根据token解析得到currentUserInfo。

  这是一个常见的业务需求,为实现这个需求,有以下几种解决方案:

 

一、最原始直接
  即,每个Controller开始,先调用tokenUtils.getUserByToken(token),不够优雅。

 

二、AOP
  AOP可以解决很多切面类问题,思路同Spring AOP来自定义注解实现审计或日志记录,将currentUser放到request里;比起拦截器稍重。

 

三、拦截器+方法参数解析器
  使用mvc拦截器HandlerInterceptor+方法参数解析器HandlerMethodArgumentResolver最合适。

  SpringMVC提供了mvc拦截器HandlerInterceptor,包含以下3个方法:

  • preHandle
  • postHandle
  • afterCompletion

  HandlerInterceptor经常被用来解决拦截事件,如用户鉴权等。另外,Spring也向我们提供了多种解析器Resolver,如用来统一处理异常的HandlerExceptionResolver,以及今天的主角        HandlerMethodArgumentResolverHandlerMethodArgumentResolver是用来处理方法参数的解析器,包含以下2个方法:

  • supportsParameter(满足某种要求,返回true,方可进入resolveArgument做参数处理)
  • resolveArgument

 

知识储备已到位,接下来着手实现,主要分为三步走:

  1. 自定义权限拦截器AuthenticationInterceptor拦截所有request请求,并将token解析为currentUser,最终放到request中;
  2. 自定义参数注解@CurrentUser,添加至controller的方法参数user之上;
  3. 自定义方法参数解析器CurrentUserMethodArgumentResolver,取出request中的user,并赋值给添加了@CurrentUser注解的参数user。
 

3.1 自定义权限拦截器
  自定义权限拦截器AuthenticationInterceptor,需实现HandlerInterceptor。在preHandle中调用tokenUtils.getUserByToken(token),获取到当前用户,最后塞进request中,如下:

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
 
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.HandlerInterceptor;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;
 
import edp.core.utils.TokenUtils;
import edp.davinci.core.common.Constants;
import edp.davinci.model.User;
 
public class AuthenticationInterceptor implements HandlerInterceptor {
 
    @Autowired
    private TokenUtils tokenUtils;
 
    @Override
    public boolean preHandle(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, Object handler) throws Exception {
        String token = request.getHeader("Authorization");
        User user = tokenUtils.getUserByToken(token);
        request.setAttribute(Constants.CURRENT_USER, user);
        return true;
    }
    @Override
    public void postHandle(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, Object handler, ModelAndView modelAndView) throws Exception {
    }
    @Override
    public void afterCompletion(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, Object handler, Exception ex) throws Exception {
    }
}

 

3.2 自定义参数注解

  自定义方法参数上使用的注解@CurrentUser,代表被它注解过的参数的值都需要由方法参数解析器CurrentUserMethodArgumentResolver来“注入”,如下:

import java.lang.annotation.ElementType;
import java.lang.annotation.Retention;
import java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy;
import java.lang.annotation.Target;
 
/**
 * 自定义 当前用户 注解
 * 注解 参数
 * 此注解在验证token通过后,获取当前token包含用户
 */
@Target({ElementType.PARAMETER})
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
public @interface CurrentUser {
}

 

3.3 自定义方法参数解析器

  自定义方法参数解析器CurrentUserMethodArgumentResolver,需实现HandlerMethodArgumentResolver。

import org.springframework.core.MethodParameter;
import org.springframework.web.bind.support.WebDataBinderFactory;
import org.springframework.web.context.request.NativeWebRequest;
import org.springframework.web.context.request.RequestAttributes;
import org.springframework.web.method.support.HandlerMethodArgumentResolver;
import org.springframework.web.method.support.ModelAndViewContainer;
 
import edp.core.annotation.CurrentUser;
import edp.core.consts.Consts;
import edp.davinci.model.User;
 
/**
 * @CurrentUser 注解 解析器
 */
public class CurrentUserMethodArgumentResolver implements HandlerMethodArgumentResolver {
    @Override
    public boolean supportsParameter(MethodParameter parameter) {
        return parameter.getParameterType().isAssignableFrom(User.class)
                && parameter.hasParameterAnnotation(CurrentUser.class);
    }
 
    @Override
    public Object resolveArgument(MethodParameter parameter, ModelAndViewContainer mavContainer, NativeWebRequest webRequest, WebDataBinderFactory binderFactory) {
        return  (User) webRequest.getAttribute(Consts.CURRENT_USER, RequestAttributes.SCOPE_REQUEST);
    }
}

  As we all know,拦截器定义好以后,在SpringMVC项目中,需要去SpringMVC的配置文件springmvc.xml添加该拦截器;但是在SpringBoot中,省去了很多配置文件,取而代之的是被注解@Configuration标识的配置类,SpringMVC配置文件对应的配置类需继承WebMvcConfigurationSupport。同理,解析器定义好以后,也需被添加到SpringMVC的配置文件或配置类中。最后,额外的一步,配置mvc。

 

3.4 配置MVC
  定义MVC配置类,需继承WebMvcConfigurationSupport。分别在addInterceptors和addArgumentResolvers方法中,添加自定义的拦截器和参数解析器,如下:

import static edp.core.consts.Consts.EMPTY;
 
import java.math.BigInteger;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
 
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.http.MediaType;
import org.springframework.http.converter.HttpMessageConverter;
import org.springframework.web.method.support.HandlerMethodArgumentResolver;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.InterceptorRegistry;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.ResourceHandlerRegistry;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.WebMvcConfigurationSupport;
 
import com.alibaba.fastjson.serializer.SerializerFeature;
import com.alibaba.fastjson.serializer.ValueFilter;
import com.alibaba.fastjson.support.config.FastJsonConfig;
import com.alibaba.fastjson.support.spring.FastJsonHttpMessageConverter;
 
import edp.davinci.core.common.Constants;
import edp.davinci.core.inteceptor.AuthenticationInterceptor;
import edp.davinci.core.inteceptor.CurrentUserMethodArgumentResolver;
 
 
@Configuration
public class WebMvcConfig extends WebMvcConfigurationSupport {
 
    @Value("${file.userfiles-path}")
    private String filePath;
 
    /**
     * 登录校验拦截器
     *
     * @return
     */
    @Bean
    public AuthenticationInterceptor loginRequiredInterceptor() {
        return new AuthenticationInterceptor();
    }
 
    /**
     * CurrentUser 注解参数解析器
     *
     * @return
     */
    @Bean
    public CurrentUserMethodArgumentResolver currentUserMethodArgumentResolver() {
        return new CurrentUserMethodArgumentResolver();
    }
 
    /**
     * 参数解析器
     *
     * @param argumentResolvers
     */
    @Override
    protected void addArgumentResolvers(List<HandlerMethodArgumentResolver> argumentResolvers) {
        argumentResolvers.add(currentUserMethodArgumentResolver());
        super.addArgumentResolvers(argumentResolvers);
    }
 
    @Override
    protected void addInterceptors(InterceptorRegistry registry) {
        registry.addInterceptor(loginRequiredInterceptor())
                .addPathPatterns(Constants.BASE_API_PATH + "/**")
                .excludePathPatterns(Constants.BASE_API_PATH + "/login");
        super.addInterceptors(registry);
    }
 
    @Override
    public void addResourceHandlers(ResourceHandlerRegistry registry) {
        registry.addResourceHandler("/**")
                .addResourceLocations("classpath:/META-INF/resources/")
                .addResourceLocations("classpath:/static/page/")
                .addResourceLocations("classpath:/static/templates/")
                .addResourceLocations("file:" + filePath);
    }
 
    @Override
    protected void configureMessageConverters(List<HttpMessageConverter<?>> converters) {
        FastJsonHttpMessageConverter fastConverter = new FastJsonHttpMessageConverter();
        FastJsonConfig fastJsonConfig = new FastJsonConfig();
        fastJsonConfig.setSerializerFeatures(SerializerFeature.QuoteFieldNames,
                SerializerFeature.WriteEnumUsingToString,
                SerializerFeature.WriteMapNullValue,
                SerializerFeature.WriteDateUseDateFormat,
                SerializerFeature.DisableCircularReferenceDetect);
        fastJsonConfig.setSerializeFilters((ValueFilter) (o, s, source) -> {
            if (null != source && (source instanceof Long || source instanceof BigInteger) && source.toString().length() > 15) {
                return source.toString();
            } else {
                return null == source ? EMPTY : source;
            }
        });
 
        //处理中文乱码问题
        List<MediaType> fastMediaTypes = new ArrayList<>();
        fastMediaTypes.add(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_UTF8);
        fastConverter.setSupportedMediaTypes(fastMediaTypes);
        fastConverter.setFastJsonConfig(fastJsonConfig);
        converters.add(fastConverter);
    }
}

 



posted @ 2020-05-02 21:54  myseries  阅读(1087)  评论(0编辑  收藏