Opencv CamShift+Kalman目标跟踪

#include "stdio.h"
#include "string.h"
#include "iostream"

#include "opencv/cv.h"
#include "opencv/cxcore.h"
#include "opencv/cvaux.h"
#include "opencv/highgui.h"
#include "opencv/ml.h"
#include "opencv2/core/core.hpp"
#include "opencv2/highgui/highgui.hpp"
#include "opencv2/imgproc/imgproc.hpp"
#include "opencv2/video/video.hpp"
#include "opencv2/videostab/videostab.hpp"
#include "opencv2/stitching/stitcher.hpp"

#include "opencv2/contrib/contrib.hpp"
#include "opencv2/objdetect/objdetect.hpp"


#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_calib3d2410d.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_contrib2410d.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_core2410d.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_features2d2410d.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_highgui2410d.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_imgproc2410d.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_objdetect2410d.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_video2410d.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_flann2410d.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_gpu2410d.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_legacy2410d.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_ml2410d.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_nonfree2410d.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_ocl2410d.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_photo2410d.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_stitching2410d.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_superres2410d.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_ts2410d.lib")
#pragma comment(lib,"opencv_stitching2410d.lib")


IplImage *image = 0, *hsv = 0, *hue = 0, *mask = 0, *backproject = 0, *histimg = 0;
CvHistogram *hist = 0;

int select_object = 0;     //select_object = 0,還沒圈選物件  1,已圈選
int track_object = 0;      //1代表開始tracking, 0代表無追縱物件, -1代表初始化 先建model

CvPoint origin;            //取得滑鼠座標所在位置
CvRect selection;          //取得選擇ROI的資訊
CvRect track_window;
CvConnectedComp track_comp;

int hdims = 30;                        //histo要分幾維
float hranges_arr[] = { 0, 180 };         //hue只有0~180而已
float* hranges = hranges_arr;

bool g_bIsFinished = true;


// OpenCV 滑鼠觸發後的回呼函式
void on_mouse(int event, int x, int y, int flags, void* param)  //x-軸  往右為正  最左為0,   y-軸  往下為正  最上為0
{
    if (!image)  //至少要有image才能點滑鼠指標  才能產生下面的ROI 不然跳出
        return;

    if (image->origin)                //如果image->origin為1代表該圖以左下為原點 0則是以左上為原點  
        y = image->height - y;         //1則把y值倒置 從下往上是正值  變成左下為0  match原圖座標軸

    if (select_object)                //一開始select_object為0  所以進不來  但是只要一押了滑鼠鍵  就進得來了  代表開始選roi
    {
        selection.x = MIN(x, origin.x);         //滑鼠按下去後  左上角的值隨時在變  所以一直update  取最左的x
        selection.y = MIN(y, origin.y);
        selection.width = selection.x + CV_IABS(x - origin.x);    //OFFSET加X Y的長度,不能超過整個視窗大小
        selection.height = selection.y + CV_IABS(y - origin.y);   //CV_IAB取絕對值  代表  整個視窗佔整個window的位置

        selection.x = MAX(selection.x, 0);       //X Y OFFSET至少要大於0  如果滑鼠拖超過視窗外  則設為0
        selection.y = MAX(selection.y, 0);
        selection.width = MIN(selection.width, image->width);       //如果寬或長大過視窗  則先取視窗長度
        selection.height = MIN(selection.height, image->height);    //最大也不會超過視窗大小

        selection.width -= selection.x;     //上面所取的視窗長度扣掉OFFSET  不怕滑鼠拖移到視窗外
        selection.height -= selection.y;
    }

    switch (event)
    {
    case CV_EVENT_LBUTTONDOWN:
    {
                                 origin = cvPoint(x, y);
                                 selection = cvRect(x, y, 0, 0);     //按鍵一押下去  初始化  先得到roi的初始點(但有可能是roi四個角的其中一個點)
                                 select_object = 1;               //一旦押了滑鼠鍵  就等於開始選物件
                                 break;
    }
    case CV_EVENT_LBUTTONUP:
    {
                               select_object = 0;              //一旦放了滑鼠鍵  物件選完
                               if (selection.width > 0 && selection.height > 0)
                                   track_object = -1;          //有了roi了  可以開始進行tracking的工具了

                               break;
    }
    }
}


//把原hue轉成RGB
CvScalar hsv2rgb(float hue)
{
    int rgb[3], p, sector;
    static const int sector_data[][3] =
    { { 0, 2, 1 }, { 1, 2, 0 }, { 1, 0, 2 }, { 2, 0, 1 }, { 2, 1, 0 }, { 0, 1, 2 } };
    hue *= 0.033333333333333333333333333333333f;
    sector = cvFloor(hue);
    p = cvRound(255 * (hue - sector));
    p ^= sector & 1 ? 255 : 0;

    rgb[sector_data[sector][0]] = 255;
    rgb[sector_data[sector][1]] = 0;
    rgb[sector_data[sector][2]] = p;

    return cvScalar(rgb[2], rgb[1], rgb[0], 0);
}

// 開始播放影像
void PlayVideo()
{
    CvCapture* capture = 0;

    //capture = cvCaptureFromAVI("1.avi");
    capture = cvCreateCameraCapture(0);
    if (!capture)
    {
        fprintf(stderr, "Could not initialize capturing...\n");
        return;
    }

    cvNamedWindow("Tracking Demo", 1);
    cvNamedWindow("Histogram", 1);
    cvNamedWindow("Back Project", 1);

    cvSetMouseCallback("Tracking Demo", (CvMouseCallback)on_mouse);

    for (;;)
    {
        IplImage* frame = 0;
        int i, bin_w, c;

        frame = cvQueryFrame(capture);
        if (!frame)
        {  // 影片播放結束
            g_bIsFinished = true;
            break;
        }

        if (!image)
        {
        
            image = cvCreateImage(cvGetSize(frame), 8, 3);
            image->origin = frame->origin; //如果不加這一行的話  下面copy動作完之後,image->origin會從尾巴開始算  整張影像會倒過來

            hsv = cvCreateImage(cvGetSize(frame), 8, 3);
            hue = cvCreateImage(cvGetSize(frame), 8, 1);
            mask = cvCreateImage(cvGetSize(frame), 8, 1);

            backproject = cvCreateImage(cvGetSize(frame), 8, 1);
            backproject->origin = frame->origin;

            hist = cvCreateHist(1, &hdims, CV_HIST_ARRAY, &hranges, 1);
            histimg = cvCreateImage(cvGetSize(frame), 8, 3);
            cvZero(histimg);
        }

        cvCopy(frame, image, 0);
        cvCvtColor(image, hsv, CV_BGR2HSV);

        if (track_object)
        {
            cvInRangeS(hsv, cvScalar(0, 0, 0, 0), cvScalar(180, 255, 255, 0), mask);
            cvSplit(hsv, hue, 0, 0, 0);

            if (track_object < 0)
            {
                float max_val = 0.f;
                cvSetImageROI(hue, selection);
                cvSetImageROI(mask, selection);
                cvCalcHist(&hue, hist, 0, mask);
                cvGetMinMaxHistValue(hist, 0, &max_val, 0, 0);
                cvConvertScale(hist->bins, hist->bins, max_val ? 255. / max_val : 0., 0);
                cvResetImageROI(hue);
                cvResetImageROI(mask);
                track_window = selection;
                track_object = 1;    //此值等於1代表model建好  可以追縱了

                //下面為   建立histogram image
                cvZero(histimg);
                bin_w = histimg->width / hdims;
                for (i = 0; i < hdims; i++)
                {
                    int val = cvRound(cvGetReal1D(hist->bins, i)*histimg->height / 255);
                    CvScalar color = hsv2rgb(i*180.f / hdims);
                    cvRectangle(histimg, cvPoint(i*bin_w, histimg->height),
                        cvPoint((i + 1)*bin_w, histimg->height - val),
                        color, -1, 8, 0);
                }
            }

            cvCalcBackProject(&hue, backproject, hist);
            cvAnd(backproject, mask, backproject, 0);

            cvMeanShift(backproject, track_window,
                cvTermCriteria(CV_TERMCRIT_EPS | CV_TERMCRIT_ITER, 10, 1),
                &track_comp);

            track_window = track_comp.rect;

            CvScalar cc;
            cc = cvScalar(255, 0, 0);

            cvRectangle(image, cvPoint(track_window.x, track_window.y),
                cvPoint(track_window.x + track_window.width, track_window.y + track_window.height),
                cc, 2, 8, 0);
        }

        if (select_object && selection.width > 0 && selection.height > 0)
        {
            cvSetImageROI(image, selection);
            cvXorS(image, cvScalarAll(255), image, 0);
            cvResetImageROI(image);
        }

        cvShowImage("Tracking Demo", image);
        cvShowImage("Histogram", histimg);
        cvShowImage("Back Project", backproject);

        c = cvWaitKey(150);
        if (c == 27)   // ESC鍵,跳出程式
            break;

    }

    cvReleaseCapture(&capture);

    cvDestroyWindow("Back Project");
    cvDestroyWindow("Histogram");
    cvDestroyWindow("Tracking Demo");
}

int main()
{
    while (g_bIsFinished)
    {
        g_bIsFinished = false;
        PlayVideo();
    }

    return 0;
}

posted @ 2015-12-30 16:12  一样菜  阅读(4623)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报