SSH2环境搭建

一、创建SSH2项目,导入Struts2并测试。

 

 

web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app version="3.0" 
    xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" 
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee 
    http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd">
  <display-name></display-name>    
  <welcome-file-list>
    <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
  </welcome-file-list>
  <filter>
      <filter-name>struts2</filter-name>
      <filter-class>
          org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter
      </filter-class>
  </filter>
  <filter-mapping>
      <filter-name>struts2</filter-name>
      <url-pattern>*.action</url-pattern>
  </filter-mapping></web-app>

default.jsp

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=utf-8"
    pageEncoding="utf-8"%>
<%@ taglib uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" prefix="c" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">
<title>default page</title>
</head>
<body>
default page
</body>
</html>

UserAction.java

package com.cwq.action;

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionSupport;

public class UserAction extends ActionSupport {

    @Override
    public String execute() throws Exception {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        //return super.execute();
        return SUCCESS;
    }

    /**
     * @param args
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub

    }

}

struts.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE struts PUBLIC "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.1//EN" "http://struts.apache.org/dtds/struts-2.1.dtd">
<struts>
    <package name="cwq" extends="struts-default">
        <action name="showUsers" class="com.cwq.action.UserAction">
            <result name="success">default.jsp</result>
        </action>
    </package>
</struts>    

发布项目,启动Tomcat,运行结果:

 二、导入Spring包,配置数据源

三,Spring与Hibernate整合

在web.xml中加入

<!-- 必须放在顶上 -->
 <!-- 指定spring的配置文件,默认从web根目录寻找配置文件,我们可以通过spring提供的classpath:前缀指定从类路径下寻找 -->
 <context-param>
    <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
    <param-value>classpath:applicationContext.xml</param-value>
 </context-param>
 <!-- 对Spring容器进行实例化 -->
 <listener>
       <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
 </listener>

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app version="3.0" 
    xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" 
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee 
    http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd">
    
    <!-- 必须放在顶上 -->
    <!-- 指定spring的配置文件,默认从web根目录寻找配置文件,我们可以通过spring提供的classpath:前缀指定从类路径下寻找 -->
    <context-param>
       <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
       <param-value>classpath:applicationContext.xml</param-value>
    </context-param>
    <!-- 对Spring容器进行实例化 -->
    <listener>
          <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
    </listener>
    
  <display-name></display-name>    
  <welcome-file-list>
    <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
  </welcome-file-list>
  <filter>
      <filter-name>struts2</filter-name>
      <filter-class>
          org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter
      </filter-class>
  </filter>
  <filter-mapping>
      <filter-name>struts2</filter-name>
      <url-pattern>*.action</url-pattern>
  </filter-mapping></web-app>

applicationContext.xml(自动生成)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans
    xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd">


    <bean id="dataSource"
        class="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource">
        <property name="driverClassName"
            value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver">
        </property>
        <property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/sdu"></property>
        <property name="username" value="root"></property>
        <property name="password" value="064417"></property>
    </bean>
    <bean id="sessionFactory"
        class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.LocalSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="dataSource">
            <ref bean="dataSource" />
        </property>
        <property name="hibernateProperties">
            <props>
                <prop key="hibernate.dialect">
                    org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect
                </prop>
            </props>
        </property>
    </bean></beans>

测试,发布,启动Tomcat,如果启动成功则整合成功。

 四、根据数据库反向生成代码

  

 

Users.java

package com.cwq.model;

import java.sql.Timestamp;

/**
 * Users entity. @author MyEclipse Persistence Tools
 */

public class Users implements java.io.Serializable {

    // Fields

    private Integer id;
    private String username;
    private String password;
    private Timestamp birthdate;

    // Constructors

    /** default constructor */
    public Users() {}

    /** full constructor */
    public Users(String username, String password, Timestamp birthdate) {
        this.username = username;
        this.password = password;
        this.birthdate = birthdate;
    }

    // Property accessors

    public Integer getId() {
        return this.id;
    }

    public void setId(Integer id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getUsername() {
        return this.username;
    }

    public void setUsername(String username) {
        this.username = username;
    }

    public String getPassword() {
        return this.password;
    }

    public void setPassword(String password) {
        this.password = password;
    }

    public Timestamp getBirthdate() {
        return this.birthdate;
    }

    public void setBirthdate(Timestamp birthdate) {
        this.birthdate = birthdate;
    }

}

user.hbm.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-mapping PUBLIC "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Mapping DTD 3.0//EN"
"http://hibernate.sourceforge.net/hibernate-mapping-3.0.dtd">
<!-- 
    Mapping file autogenerated by MyEclipse Persistence Tools
-->
<hibernate-mapping>
    <class name="com.cwq.model.Users" table="users" catalog="sdu">
        <id name="id" type="java.lang.Integer">
            <column name="id" />
            <generator class="identity" />
        </id>
        <property name="username" type="java.lang.String">
            <column name="username" length="45" not-null="true"/>
        </property>
        <property name="password" type="java.lang.String">
            <column name="password" length="45" not-null="true" />
        </property>
        <property name="birthdate" type="java.sql.Timestamp">
            <column name="birthdate" length="23" not-null="true" />
        </property>
    </class>
</hibernate-mapping>

UserDao.java

package com.cwq.dao;

import java.sql.Timestamp;
import java.util.List;
import org.hibernate.LockMode;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.support.HibernateDaoSupport;

import com.cwq.model.Users;

/**
 * A data access object (DAO) providing persistence and search support for Users
 * entities. Transaction control of the save(), update() and delete() operations
 * can directly support Spring container-managed transactions or they can be
 * augmented to handle user-managed Spring transactions. Each of these methods
 * provides additional information for how to configure it for the desired type
 * of transaction control.
 * @see com.cwq.model.Users
 * @author MyEclipse Persistence Tools
 */

public class UsersDAO extends HibernateDaoSupport {
    private static final Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(UsersDAO.class);
    // property constants
    public static final String USERNAME = "username";
    public static final String PASSWORD = "password";

    protected void initDao() {
        // do nothing
    }

    public void save(Users transientInstance) {
        log.debug("saving Users instance");
        try {
            getHibernateTemplate().save(transientInstance);
            log.debug("save successful");
        } catch (RuntimeException re) {
            log.error("save failed", re);
            throw re;
        }
    }

    public void delete(Users persistentInstance) {
        log.debug("deleting Users instance");
        try {
            getHibernateTemplate().delete(persistentInstance);
            log.debug("delete successful");
        } catch (RuntimeException re) {
            log.error("delete failed", re);
            throw re;
        }
    }

    public Users findById(java.lang.Integer id) {
        log.debug("getting Users instance with id: " + id);
        try {
            Users instance = (Users) getHibernateTemplate().get("com.cwq.model.Users", id);
            return instance;
        } catch (RuntimeException re) {
            log.error("get failed", re);
            throw re;
        }
    }

    public List findByExample(Users instance) {
        log.debug("finding Users instance by example");
        try {
            List results = getHibernateTemplate().findByExample(instance);
            log.debug("find by example successful, result size: " + results.size());
            return results;
        } catch (RuntimeException re) {
            log.error("find by example failed", re);
            throw re;
        }
    }

    public List findByProperty(String propertyName, Object value) {
        log.debug("finding Users instance with property: " + propertyName + ", value: " + value);
        try {
            String queryString = "from Users as model where model." + propertyName + "= ?";
            return getHibernateTemplate().find(queryString, value);
        } catch (RuntimeException re) {
            log.error("find by property name failed", re);
            throw re;
        }
    }

    public List findByUsername(Object username) {
        return findByProperty(USERNAME, username);
    }

    public List findByPassword(Object password) {
        return findByProperty(PASSWORD, password);
    }

    public List findAll() {
        log.debug("finding all Users instances");
        try {
            String queryString = "from Users";
            return getHibernateTemplate().find(queryString);
        } catch (RuntimeException re) {
            log.error("find all failed", re);
            throw re;
        }
    }

    public Users merge(Users detachedInstance) {
        log.debug("merging Users instance");
        try {
            Users result = (Users) getHibernateTemplate().merge(detachedInstance);
            log.debug("merge successful");
            return result;
        } catch (RuntimeException re) {
            log.error("merge failed", re);
            throw re;
        }
    }

    public void attachDirty(Users instance) {
        log.debug("attaching dirty Users instance");
        try {
            getHibernateTemplate().saveOrUpdate(instance);
            log.debug("attach successful");
        } catch (RuntimeException re) {
            log.error("attach failed", re);
            throw re;
        }
    }

    public void attachClean(Users instance) {
        log.debug("attaching clean Users instance");
        try {
            getHibernateTemplate().lock(instance, LockMode.NONE);
            log.debug("attach successful");
        } catch (RuntimeException re) {
            log.error("attach failed", re);
            throw re;
        }
    }

    public static UsersDAO getFromApplicationContext(ApplicationContext ctx) {
        return (UsersDAO) ctx.getBean("UsersDAO");
    }
}

applicationContext.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans
    xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd">


    <bean id="dataSource"
        class="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource">
        <property name="driverClassName"
            value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver">
        </property>
        <property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/sdu"></property>
        <property name="username" value="root"></property>
        <property name="password" value="064417"></property>
    </bean>
    <bean id="sessionFactory"
        class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.LocalSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="dataSource">
            <ref bean="dataSource" />
        </property>
        <property name="hibernateProperties">
            <props>
                <prop key="hibernate.dialect">
                    org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect
                </prop>
            </props>
        </property>
        <property name="mappingResources">
            <list>
                <value>com/cwq/model/Users.hbm.xml</value></list>
        </property></bean>
    <bean id="UsersDAO" class="com.cwq.dao.UsersDAO">
        <property name="sessionFactory">
            <ref bean="sessionFactory" />
        </property>
    </bean></beans>

 五、Struts整合Spring

UserAction.java

package com.cwq.action;

import java.util.List;

import com.cwq.dao.UsersDAO;
import com.cwq.model.Users;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionSupport;

public class UserAction extends ActionSupport {
    
    private List<Users> users = null;
    
    private UsersDAO userDao;
    
    public void setUserDao(UsersDAO userDao) {
        this.userDao = userDao;
    }

    @Override
    public String execute() throws Exception {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        //return super.execute();
        users = userDao.findAll();
        return SUCCESS;
    }

    public List<Users> getUsers() {
        return users;
    }

    public void setUsers(List<Users> users) {
        this.users = users;
    }

    /**
     * @param args
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub

    }

}

applicationContext.xml
加入

<bean id="userAction" class="com.cwq.action.UserAction">
  <property name="userDao"><!-- 依赖注入(单例),在UserAction中必须要有一个userDao的属性有其set方法 -->
   <ref bean="UsersDAO"/>
  </property>
 </bean>

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans
    xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd">


    <bean id="dataSource"
        class="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource">
        <property name="driverClassName"
            value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver">
        </property>
        <property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/sdu"></property>
        <property name="username" value="root"></property>
        <property name="password" value="064417"></property>
    </bean>
    <bean id="sessionFactory"
        class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.LocalSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="dataSource">
            <ref bean="dataSource" />
        </property>
        <property name="hibernateProperties">
            <props>
                <prop key="hibernate.dialect">
                    org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect
                </prop>
            </props>
        </property>
        <property name="mappingResources">
            <list>
                <value>com/cwq/model/Users.hbm.xml</value></list>
        </property></bean>
    <bean id="UsersDAO" class="com.cwq.dao.UsersDAO">
        <property name="sessionFactory">
            <ref bean="sessionFactory"/>
        </property>
    </bean>
    <bean id="userAction" class="com.cwq.action.UserAction">
        <property name="userDao"><!-- 依赖注入(单例),在UserAction中必须要有一个userDao的属性有其set方法 -->
            <ref bean="UsersDAO"/>
        </property>
    </bean>
    
</beans>

 struts.xml

加入

<!-- 由Spring来代理控制层 -->
 <constant name="struts.objectFactory" value="spring" />

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE struts PUBLIC "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.1//EN" "http://struts.apache.org/dtds/struts-2.1.dtd">
<struts>

    <!-- 由Spring来代理控制层 -->
    <constant name="struts.objectFactory" value="spring" />
    
    <package name="cwq" extends="struts-default">
        <!-- <action name="showUsers" class="com.cwq.action.UserAction"> -->
        <action name="showUsers" class="userAction"><!-- Spring中的userAction -->
            <result name="success">default.jsp</result>
        </action>
    </package>
</struts>    

default.jsp

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=utf-8"
    pageEncoding="utf-8"%>
<%@ taglib uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" prefix="c" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">
<title>default page</title>
</head>
<body>
default page<p>
<!-- UserAction中的users -->
<c:forEach var='user' items='${users}'>
    ${user.username}--${user.password}--${user.birthdate} </br>
</c:forEach>
</body>
</html>

 如果要指定进入某个action加入下面代码

 <script type="text/javascript">
  document.location.href = "showUsers.action";
 </script>

index.jsp

<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="GB18030"%>
<%
String path = request.getContextPath();
String basePath = request.getScheme()+"://"+request.getServerName()+":"+request.getServerPort()+path+"/";
%>

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
  <head>
    <base href="<%=basePath%>">
    
    <title>My JSP 'index.jsp' starting page</title>
    <meta http-equiv="pragma" content="no-cache">
    <meta http-equiv="cache-control" content="no-cache">
    <meta http-equiv="expires" content="0">    
    <meta http-equiv="keywords" content="keyword1,keyword2,keyword3">
    <meta http-equiv="description" content="This is my page">
    <!--
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles.css">
    -->
    <script type="text/javascript">
        document.location.href = "showUsers.action";
    </script>
  </head>
  
  <body>
    This is my JSP page. <br>
  </body>
</html>

 

 

posted @ 2013-03-31 18:48 残星 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏