用Tinkercad学arduino之 超声波测距LED警告

项目地址:https://www.tinkercad.com/things/j0k4YgzXoDF-ultrasonic-distance-sensor-led-bar-graph-blocks

int distanceThreshold = 0;

int cm = 0;

int inches = 0;

long readUltrasonicDistance(int triggerPin, int echoPin)
{
  pinMode(triggerPin, OUTPUT);  // Clear the trigger
  digitalWrite(triggerPin, LOW);
  delayMicroseconds(2);
  // Sets the trigger pin to HIGH state for 10 microseconds
  digitalWrite(triggerPin, HIGH);
  delayMicroseconds(10);
  digitalWrite(triggerPin, LOW);
  pinMode(echoPin, INPUT);
  // Reads the echo pin, and returns the sound wave travel time in microseconds
  return pulseIn(echoPin, HIGH);
}

void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(9600);

  pinMode(2, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(3, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(4, OUTPUT);
}

void loop()
{
  // set threshold distance to activate LEDs
  distanceThreshold = 350;
  // measure the ping time in cm
  cm = 0.01723 * readUltrasonicDistance(7, 7);
  // convert to inches by dividing by 2.54
  inches = (cm / 2.54);
  Serial.print(cm);
  Serial.print("cm, ");
  Serial.print(inches);
  Serial.println("in");
  if (cm > distanceThreshold) {
    digitalWrite(2, LOW);
    digitalWrite(3, LOW);
    digitalWrite(4, LOW);
  }
  if (cm <= distanceThreshold && cm > distanceThreshold - 100) {
    digitalWrite(2, HIGH);
    digitalWrite(3, LOW);
    digitalWrite(4, LOW);
  }
  if (cm <= distanceThreshold - 100 && cm > distanceThreshold - 250) {
    digitalWrite(2, HIGH);
    digitalWrite(3, HIGH);
    digitalWrite(4, LOW);
  }
  if (cm <= distanceThreshold - 250 && cm > distanceThreshold - 350) {
    digitalWrite(2, HIGH);
    digitalWrite(3, HIGH);
    digitalWrite(4, HIGH);
  }
  if (cm <= distanceThreshold - 350) {
    digitalWrite(2, HIGH);
    digitalWrite(3, HIGH);
    digitalWrite(4, HIGH);
  }
  delay(100); // Wait for 100 millisecond(s)
}

 

posted @ 2020-12-03 21:25  meetrice  阅读(87)  评论(0编辑  收藏