# 着重基础之—Java 8 Comparator: How to Sort a List （List排序）

Java List排序是我们日常工作中用的比较频繁的，下面内容将介绍Java 8 Comparator 的用法：

1.字符串List 按字母顺序排列

List<String> cities = Arrays.asList(
"Milan",
"london",
"San Francisco",
"Tokyo",
"New Delhi"
);
System.out.println(cities);
//[Milan, london, San Francisco, Tokyo, New Delhi]
cities.sort(String.CASE_INSENSITIVE_ORDER);
System.out.println(cities);
//[london, Milan, New Delhi, San Francisco, Tokyo]
cities.sort(Comparator.naturalOrder());
System.out.println(cities);
//[Milan, New Delhi, San Francisco, Tokyo, london]

* 这里要注意 london  小写'l'在排序过程中的细节。

2.整型数组排序

List<Integer> numbers = Arrays.asList(6, 2, 1, 4, 9);
System.out.println(numbers); //[6, 2, 1, 4, 9]
numbers.sort(Comparator.naturalOrder());
System.out.println(numbers); //[1, 2, 4, 6, 9]


3.根据字符串字段排序

List<Movie> movies = Arrays.asList(
new Movie("Lord of the rings"),
new Movie("Back to the future"),
new Movie("Carlito's way"),
new Movie("Pulp fiction"));
movies.sort(Comparator.comparing(Movie::getTitle));
movies.forEach(System.out::println);

输出将会是：

Movie{title='Back to the future'}
Movie{title='Carlito's way'}
Movie{title='Lord of the rings'}
Movie{title='Pulp fiction'}

4.根据Double字段排序

List<Movie> movies = Arrays.asList(
new Movie("Lord of the rings", 8.8),
new Movie("Back to the future", 8.5),
new Movie("Carlito's way", 7.9),
new Movie("Pulp fiction", 8.9));
movies.sort(Comparator.comparingDouble(Movie::getRating)
.reversed());
movies.forEach(System.out::println);

5.自定义排序

List<Movie> movies = Arrays.asList(
new Movie("Lord of the rings", 8.8, true),
new Movie("Back to the future", 8.5, false),
new Movie("Carlito's way", 7.9, true),
new Movie("Pulp fiction", 8.9, false));
movies.sort(new Comparator<Movie>() {
@Override
public int compare(Movie m1, Movie m2) {
if(m1.getStarred() == m2.getStarred()){
return 0;
}
return m1.getStarred() ? -1 : 1;
}
});
movies.forEach(System.out::println);

输出将会是：

Movie{starred=true, title='Lord of the rings', rating=8.8}
Movie{starred=true, title='Carlito's way', rating=7.9}
Movie{starred=false, title='Back to the future', rating=8.5}
Movie{starred=false, title='Pulp fiction', rating=8.9}

当然，我们也可以用lambda表达式代替匿名类，如下：

movies.sort((m1, m2) -> {
if(m1.getStarred() == m2.getStarred()){
return 0;
}
return m1.getStarred() ? -1 : 1;
});

6.链式表达式排序

List<Movie> movies = Arrays.asList(
new Movie("Lord of the rings", 8.8, true),
new Movie("Back to the future", 8.5, false),
new Movie("Carlito's way", 7.9, true),
new Movie("Pulp fiction", 8.9, false));
movies.sort(Comparator.comparing(Movie::getStarred)
.reversed()
.thenComparing(Comparator.comparing(Movie::getRating)
.reversed())
);
movies.forEach(System.out::println);

输出结果如下：

Movie{starred=true, title='Lord of the rings', rating=8.8}
Movie{starred=true, title='Carlito's way', rating=7.9}
Movie{starred=false, title='Pulp fiction', rating=8.9}
Movie{starred=false, title='Back to the future', rating=8.5}

好了，就转载到这里。

posted @ 2017-11-22 17:50  jerry-Tom  阅读(1091)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报