# numpy.where() 用法详解

numpy.where (condition[, x, y])

numpy.where() 有两种用法：

### 1. np.where(condition, x, y)

>>> aa = np.arange(10)
>>> np.where(aa,1,-1)
array([-1,  1,  1,  1,  1,  1,  1,  1,  1,  1])  # 0为False，所以第一个输出-1
>>> np.where(aa > 5,1,-1)
array([-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,  1,  1,  1,  1])

>>> np.where([[True,False], [True,True]],    # 官网上的例子
[[1,2], [3,4]],
[[9,8], [7,6]])
array([[1, 8],
[3, 4]])


>>> a = 10
>>> np.where([[a > 5,a < 5], [a == 10,a == 7]],
[["chosen","not chosen"], ["chosen","not chosen"]],
[["not chosen","chosen"], ["not chosen","chosen"]])

array([['chosen', 'chosen'],
['chosen', 'chosen']], dtype='<U10')


### 2. np.where(condition)

>>> a = np.array([2,4,6,8,10])
>>> np.where(a > 5)				# 返回索引
(array([2, 3, 4]),)
>>> a[np.where(a > 5)]  			# 等价于 a[a>5]
array([ 6,  8, 10])

>>> np.where([[0, 1], [1, 0]])
(array([0, 1]), array([1, 0]))


>>> a = np.arange(27).reshape(3,3,3)
>>> a
array([[[ 0,  1,  2],
[ 3,  4,  5],
[ 6,  7,  8]],

[[ 9, 10, 11],
[12, 13, 14],
[15, 16, 17]],

[[18, 19, 20],
[21, 22, 23],
[24, 25, 26]]])

>>> np.where(a > 5)
(array([0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2]),
array([2, 2, 2, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2]),
array([0, 1, 2, 0, 1, 2, 0, 1, 2, 0, 1, 2, 0, 1, 2, 0, 1, 2, 0, 1, 2]))

# 符合条件的元素为
[ 6,  7,  8]],

[[ 9, 10, 11],
[12, 13, 14],
[15, 16, 17]],

[[18, 19, 20],
[21, 22, 23],
[24, 25, 26]]]


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posted @ 2018-04-22 18:59  massquantity  阅读(425729)  评论(4编辑  收藏  举报