linux版火狐浏览器部署详解

 

Firefox下载地址

Firefox全历史版本下载:
  http://ftp.mozilla.org/pub/firefox/releases/
  Firefox驱动问题下载  https://github.com/mozilla/geckodriver/releases

我本地测试用的驱动版本:geckodriver-v0.30.0-win64.zip
我本地测试用的火狐版本:92.0

我本地测试用的操作系统:centos7

火狐浏览器解压安装出现的问题

下载火狐版本包,上传,解压(tar jxf)执行命令报错如下:

问题一:
[machangwei@xxx ~]$ ./firefox/firefox
XPCOMGlueLoad error for file /home/machangwei/firefox/libmozgtk.so:
libgtk-3.so.0: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
Couldn't load XPCOM.

问题二:

[deployer@xxx firefox]$ ./firefox
XPCOMGlueLoad error for file /apps/svr/firefox/libxul.so:
libXt.so.6: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
Couldn't load XPCOM.

问题复现及解决

问题一复现及解决:

问题一缺少gtk3,执行如下命令解决

yum install -y gtk3

如果还不行,把gtk2也装上,回头补充详情

[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa|egrep  "gtk2|gtk3"
gtk2-2.24.31-1.el7.x86_64
gtk3-3.22.30-6.el7.x86_64
[root@localhost ~]# yum remove gtk3
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package gtk3.x86_64 0:3.22.30-6.el7 will be erased
--> Processing Dependency: libgdk-3.so.0()(64bit) for package: google-chrome-stable-88.0.4324.150-1.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libgtk-3.so.0()(64bit) for package: google-chrome-stable-88.0.4324.150-1.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package google-chrome-stable.x86_64 0:88.0.4324.150-1 will be erased
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

=====================================================================================================
 Package            Arch                Version       Repository                              Size
=============================================================================================
Removing:
 gtk3       x86_64          3.22.30-6.el7          @updates                          17 M
Removing for dependencies:
 google-chrome-stable           x86_64           88.0.4324.150-1       installed               228 M

Transaction Summary
==========================================================
Remove  1 Package (+1 Dependent package)

Installed size: 245 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading packages:
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Erasing    : google-chrome-stable-88.0.4324.150-1.x86_64                                                                                                                    1/2 
  Erasing    : gtk3-3.22.30-6.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                      2/2 
  Verifying  : gtk3-3.22.30-6.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                      1/2 
  Verifying  : google-chrome-stable-88.0.4324.150-1.x86_64                                                                                                                    2/2 

Removed:
  gtk3.x86_64 0:3.22.30-6.el7                                                                                                                                                     

Dependency Removed:
  google-chrome-stable.x86_64 0:88.0.4324.150-1                                                                                                                                   

Complete!
[root@localhost ~]# ./firefox/firefox 
XPCOMGlueLoad error for file /root/firefox/libmozgtk.so:
libgtk-3.so.0: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
Couldn't load XPCOM.
[root@localhost ~]# yum install -y gtk3
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
base                                                                                                                                                       | 3.6 kB  00:00:00     
epel                                                                                                                                                       | 4.7 kB  00:00:00     
extras                                                                                                                                                     | 2.9 kB  00:00:00     
google-chrome                                                                                                                                              | 1.3 kB  00:00:00     
updates                                                                                                                                                    | 2.9 kB  00:00:00     
(1/4): google-chrome/primary                                                                                                                               | 1.8 kB  00:00:00     
(2/4): epel/x86_64/updateinfo                                                                                                                              | 1.0 MB  00:00:00     
(3/4): epel/x86_64/primary_db                                                                                                                              | 7.0 MB  00:00:15     
(4/4): updates/7/x86_64/primary_db                                                                                                                         |  12 MB  00:00:29     
Determining fastest mirrors
 * base: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * extras: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * updates: mirrors.aliyun.com
google-chrome                                                                                                                                                                 3/3
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package gtk3.x86_64 0:3.22.30-6.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

。。。。。。。
Install  1 Package

Total download size: 4.4 M
Installed size: 17 M
Downloading packages:
gtk3-3.22.30-6.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                              | 4.4 MB  00:00:12     
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : gtk3-3.22.30-6.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                      1/1 
  Verifying  : gtk3-3.22.30-6.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                                      1/1 

Installed:
  gtk3.x86_64 0:3.22.30-6.el7                                                                                                                                                     

Complete!
[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa|grep  chrome  #原有的谷歌被卸载了,其实谷歌有用,并不想卸载呢,所有yum卸载连依赖一起卸载很危险,需要怎么解决这个 问题
[root@localhost ~]# 
[root@localhost ~]# ./firefox/firefox 
[GFX1-]: glxtest: libEGL initialize failed
[GFX1-]: glxtest: X error, error_code=2, request_code=148, minor_code=3
[GFX1-]: glxtest: process failed (exited with status 1)

卸载之后报错,重装gtk3之后成功启动火狐浏览器

 卸载了gtk2之后还是能启动火狐的,重新启动进程页面就正常加载出来

 卸载gtk3,谷歌浏览器被当做依赖误卸载掉

 重装谷歌

 

 谷歌还是能正常使用的

 

 

问题二复现及解决:

移除libXt文件,问题复现,重新yum安装,问题解决

[root@localhost ~]# ./firefox/firefox >/dev/null 2>&1 &
[1] 9310
[root@localhost ~]# ps -ef|grep firefox
root       9310   9294 48 09:13 pts/6    00:00:11 ./firefox/firefox
root       9437   9310  9 09:13 pts/6    00:00:01 /root/firefox/firefox-bin -contentproc -childID 1 -isForBrowser -prefsLen 1 -prefMapSize 248973 -jsInit 285716 -parentBuildID 20210901125518 -appdir /root/firefox/browser 9310 true tab
root       9488   9310  6 09:13 pts/6    00:00:00 /root/firefox/firefox-bin -contentproc -childID 2 -isForBrowser -prefsLen 160 -prefMapSize 248973 -jsInit 285716 -parentBuildID 20210901125518 -appdir /root/firefox/browser 9310 true tab
root       9524   9310  6 09:13 pts/6    00:00:00 /root/firefox/firefox-bin -contentproc -childID 4 -isForBrowser -prefsLen 5583 -prefMapSize 248973 -jsInit 285716 -parentBuildID 20210901125518 -appdir /root/firefox/browser 9310 true tab
root       9541   9294  0 09:13 pts/6    00:00:00 grep --color=auto firefox
[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa|grep libXt
libXtst-1.2.3-1.el7.x86_64
libXt-1.1.5-3.el7.x86_64

yum remove libXt-1.1.5-3.el7.x86_64
Removed:
  libXt.x86_64 0:1.1.5-3.el7                                                                                                                                         

Dependency Removed:
  dbus-x11.x86_64 1:1.10.24-15.el7              firefox.x86_64 0:78.14.0-1.el7.centos     libXaw.x86_64 0:1.0.13-4.el7            libXmu.x86_64 0:1.1.2-2.el7     
  xorg-x11-server-utils.x86_64 0:7.7-20.el7     xorg-x11-xauth.x86_64 1:1.0.9-1.el7       xorg-x11-xinit.x86_64 0:1.3.4-2.el7     xterm.x86_64 0:295-3.el7_9.1 
[root@localhost ~]# ./firefox/firefox
XPCOMGlueLoad error for file /root/firefox/libxul.so:
libXt.so.6: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
Couldn't load XPCOM.
[root@localhost ~]# 
yum install -y libXt-1.1.5-3.el7.x86_64
Running transaction
  Installing : libXt-1.1.5-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                          1/1 
  Verifying  : libXt-1.1.5-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                                                          1/1 

Installed:
  libXt.x86_64 0:1.1.5-3.el7 
[root@localhost ~]# ./firefox/firefox
Error: no DISPLAY environment variable specified
[root@localhost ~]# yum install -y xorg-x11-server-utils.x86_64 xorg-x11-xinit.x86_64
Installed:
  xorg-x11-server-utils.x86_64 0:7.7-20.el7                                            xorg-x11-xinit.x86_64 0:1.3.4-2.el7                                           

Dependency Installed:
  libXmu.x86_64 0:1.1.2-2.el7                                                   xorg-x11-xauth.x86_64 1:1.0.9-1.el7    
[root@localhost ~]# ./firefox/firefox
Error: no DISPLAY environment variable specified
[root@localhost ~]# eval `dbus-launch --sh-syntax`
-bash: dbus-launch: command not found
[root@localhost ~]# yum install -y dbus-x11.x86_64
[root@localhost ~]# eval `dbus-launch --sh-syntax`
[root@localhost ~]# ./firefox/firefox
Error: no DISPLAY environment variable specified

重新打开一个会话窗口,成功启动进程

[root@localhost ~]# ./firefox/firefox >/dev/null 2>&1 &
[1] 2333
[root@localhost ~]# ps -ef|grep firefox
root       2333   1891 22 10:40 pts/2    00:00:04 ./firefox/firefox
root       2484   2333  6 10:40 pts/2    00:00:01 /root/firefox/firefox-bin -contentproc -childID 1 -isForBrowser -prefsLen 1 -prefMapSize 249090 -jsInit 285716 -parentBuildID 20210901125518 -appdir /root/firefox/browser 2333 true tab
root       2536   2333  0 10:40 pts/2    00:00:00 /root/firefox/firefox-bin -contentproc -childID 2 -isForBrowser -prefsLen 96 -prefMapSize 249090 -jsInit 285716 -parentBuildID 20210901125518 -appdir /root/firefox/browser 2333 true tab
root       2601   2333  5 10:40 pts/2    00:00:00 /root/firefox/firefox-bin -contentproc -childID 4 -isForBrowser -prefsLen 5590 -prefMapSize 249090 -jsInit 285716 -parentBuildID 20210901125518 -appdir /root/firefox/browser 2333 true tab
root       2665   2333  2 10:40 pts/2    00:00:00 /root/firefox/firefox-bin -contentproc -parentBuildID 20210901125518 -prefsLen 5590 -prefMapSize 249090 -appdir /root/firefox/browser 2333 true rdd
root       2718   1891  0 10:40 pts/2    00:00:00 grep --color=auto firefox

 

 

 

 

需要安装的libXt依赖包总结:
libXt.x86_64 dbus-x11.x86_64 firefox.x86_64 libXaw.x86_64 libXmu.x86_64
xorg-x11-server-utils.x86_64 xorg-x11-xauth xorg-x11-xinit.x86_64 xterm.x86_64

[machangwei@aocxxx ~]$ rpm -qa|grep "libXt|dbus-x11|libXaw|libXmu|xorg-x11-server-utils|xorg-x11-xauth|xorg-x11-xinit|xterm"
[machangwei@aocxxx ~]$
firefox

问题3解决乱码:

Centos Firefox中文乱码(对Centos7/8都有效)
 yum -y groupinstall Fonts
马上生效。

查看是否安装成功

 

 

 

 

下载依赖包到本地:

yum install --downloadonly --downloaddir=/root/mcw/prob1 libXt dbus-x11 libXaw libXmu dbus-x11  xorg-x11-server-utils xorg-x11-xauth xorg-x11-xinit xterm
yum groupinstall --downloadonly --downloaddir=/root/mcw/language Fonts

功能测试

windows上打开linux版浏览器测试,正常访问

windows上启用linux版火狐,需要安装图形化界面,安装xmanger,xshell启用xmanager

linux火狐能正常访问

 

 

python程序测试火狐浏览器是否能正常使用

#from selenium.webdriver.chrome.options import Options
from selenium.webdriver.firefox.options import Options
from time import sleep
from selenium import webdriver

from selenium.webdriver.firefox.firefox_binary import FirefoxBinary

binary = FirefoxBinary('/root/firefox/firefox')


# 创建一个参数对象,用来控制chrome以无界面模式打开
chrome_options = Options()
#chrome_options.add_argument('--headless')  #无头浏览器
#chrome_options.add_argument('--disable-gpu')
#chrome_options.add_argument('--no-sandbox')
#chrome_options.add_argument('--disable-dev-shm-usage')
chrome_options.add_argument('--no-sandbox')
chrome_options.add_argument('--disable-dev-shm-usage')
chrome_options.add_argument('--headless')
chrome_options.add_argument('blink-settings=imagesEnabled=false')
chrome_options.add_argument('--disable-gpu')
print("111111111111111111111")
#实例化一个浏览器对象
#bro = webdriver.Chrome(executable_path='/root/chromedriver',chrome_options=chrome_options)
#bro = webdriver.Firefox(executable_path='/root/geckodriver',firefox_options=chrome_options)
bro = webdriver.Firefox(executable_path='/root/geckodriver',firefox_options=chrome_options,firefox_binary=binary)  #实例化火狐浏览器对象。指定浏览器启动文件firefox_binary位置,指定浏览器驱动位置executable_path,指定启动参数,firefox_options
print("22222222222222222222222222222222")
bro.get('https://www.baidu.com')
print("33333333333333333333333333")
sleep(2)
bro.save_screenshot('1.png')
print("4444444444444444444444444444444444444444")
print(bro.page_source)
sleep(1)
bro.quit()

执行程序,成功截图访问百度的页面

 

 

启动Linux版火狐浏览器,需要使用xmanger连接(4a登录的主机无法使用xmanager连接),支持图形化界面才能启动成功,并且在自己笔记本上打开图形化的linux火狐浏览器。
之前进入了一个误区,安装了软件就需要启动。自动化测试只需要使用无头浏览器来调用火狐,启动火狐进程。所以无需安装图形化界面等,只需要解决火狐的缺少的库文件,中文字符之类的问题,就可以使用程序测试是否能正常使用浏览器。

 

文档整理不全,可参考笔记信息:

yum install -y https://mirrors.aliyun.com/epel/epel-release-latest-8.noarch.rpm

yum install -y http://archives.fedoraproject.org/pub/archive/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm

#wget http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm

#rpm -Uvh epel-release--.noarch.rpm

http://archives.fedoraproject.org/pub/archive/epel/

https://npm.taobao.org/mirrors/chromium-browser-snapshots/Win_x64/884014/
https://download.csdn.net/download/qq_40949759/11593946

启动命令,火狐启动后出来火狐浏览器中文乱码
./firefox/firefox >/dev/null 2>&1 &

/opt/google/chrome/google-chrome --disable-setuid-sandbox --user-data-dir --no-sandbox
/opt/google/chrome/google-chrome --disable-setuid-sandbox --user-data-dir --no-sandbox >/dev/null 2>&1 &

说明dbus没有建立,要安装必要的工具:
# apt-get install dbus-x11
运行 dbus-launch :
# dbus-launch


1.启动Chrome
/usr/bin/google-chrome
会报错:
[31560:31560:0207/085601.085852:ERROR:zygote_host_impl_linux.cc(90)] Running as root without --no-sandbox is not supported. See https://crbug.com/638180.

修改 /usr/bin/google-chrome文件
将 exec -a "$0" "$HERE/chrome" "$@" 改为
exec -a "$0" "$HERE/chrome" "$@" --user-data-dir --no-sandbox
就可以直接启动了

Ubuntu
链接:https://www.jianshu.com/p/ea9a1a4ab95c

xmanager使用
https://blog.csdn.net/yongwan5637/article/details/84060709
xmanager安装
https://www.xshellcn.com/xiazai.html

启动程序
https://blog.csdn.net/longgeaisisi/article/details/90519690

安装x11
https://blog.csdn.net/h106140873/article/details/107135811

安装xterm,xterm出来小窗口
https://www.jianshu.com/p/23ba123ee874
2.在服务器端vi /etc/ssh/sshd_config,添加一行:需要root,不确定是否开启了的
X11Forwarding yes

dbus命令没有

dbus-x11 yum安装

centos6的源
https://developer.aliyun.com/mirror/

epel 6的源
http://archives.fedoraproject.org/pub/archive/epel/
yum install -y https://mirrors.aliyun.com/epel/epel-release-latest-8.noarch.rpm
yum install -y http://archives.fedoraproject.org/pub/archive/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm

 

posted @ 2021-10-18 12:45  马昌伟  阅读(234)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报